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To the Editor of "The Bulletin." 

Sir: In a discussion on the reliability 6* vac 
clnation aa a preventive of small-pox, the asser- 
tion w»g a.ade that In the three last epidemieV of 
thi^t 'disease In England the mortality was gre^J- 
«rt la the last one; necessarily since Jenner's d 
f covery. Please give some statistics on this su 

<In 1837 the British Parliament received an- 
swers from 542 physicians of all nationalities 
to questions which were asked them in reference 
to the utility of vaccination, and only two of 
] them spoke against it. Nothing proves this util- 
i ltv more than the statistics then obtained. Es- 
i pecially instructive were the figures compiled In 
an epidemic of small-pox at Chemnitz, Germany, 
In 1870-71. Its population was 64,225, of whom 
53.831 were vaccinated. 5.712 were unvaecin ■ 
ated. and 4,652 had had the small-pox b 
Of those vaccinated, 953. or 1.77 per cent, be- 
came affected with the disease; of the unvac- 
cinated, 2.643, or 46.3 per ceu:., suffered frxm 
it. The mortality of the vaccinated was 0/73 
per cent.' and of the unprotected 9.16 per 
Summary of recent statistics indicates that' 1 
general cases the danger of infection is six t!im 
as great and the mortality sixty-eight, times u 
srreat In the unvacciuated as in the vaccinnti'i', 
During the Franco-Prussian war there wp.s jj 
epidemic of small-pox in France; the Frety 
army, whose vaccination was not carefully c) 
ried out. lost 23,400 from small-pox; the q 
man army, where the men had been thorough 
Inoculated, lost only 450 men.) 

Harvey Cushing / John Hay Whitney 
Medical Library 


Yale University 
Gift of 
Dr. Alfred Evans 




And a Menace 


PersoQal Liberty, 


Statistics Sljowiijg Its Dangers and Criminality 

J. M. PEEBLES. A. M., M. D., Ph. D. 













Copyright, 1900 

By j. m. Peebles. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

Open Knowledge Commons and Yale University, Cushing/Whitney Medical Library 



a brief sketch from jenner to the present .... ii 
















No man, conscious of his moral integrity, intellectual abil- 
ity and studied efforts to benefit humanity, will ever apologize 
for speech or book ; hence I make no apology for publishing 
the following pages. 

The vaccination practice, pushed to the front on all oc- 
casions by the medical profession, and through political conni- 
vance made compulsory by the state, has not only become the 
chief menace and gravest danger to the health of the rising gen- 
eration, but likewise the crowning outrage upon the personal 
liberty of the American citizen. 

The immediate occasion which induced me to take up the 
pen against this great medical evil of the times, was the clos- 
ing of the public schools in San Diego, Cal., (February, 1899), 
against all children who failed to show a certificate of vaccina- 
tion. Emerging from that heated contest, with my feelings and 
convictions roused to their highest tension, these pages were 
thrown off at welding heat ; and if they are pervaded with sar- 
casm and irony as well as sterling fact and solid argument, they 
will serve all the better for popular appeal to the masses, who 
need rousing to a realizing sense of the unmitigated scourge 
that lurks on the point of the vaccinator's lancet. The general 
public are not aware ; the householders of the land have not 
given this subject that attention which, as parents and guard- 
ians of little children, it is their solemn duty to do. I send 
forth this book to open their eyes, to rouse their conscience. 
and to discover to them a cruel and insidious enemy where they 
have been cajoled into the belief they have a friend. 

For the last thirty years I have made a practical study of 
the workings of vaccination in the various countries of the 
globe. I have personally investigated it in Trebizonde, Asiatic 


Turkey, while there holding a Consular appointment under 
Genei al Grant ; in South Africa ; in New Zealand and Aus- 
tralia ; in British India and Ceylon ; in Egypt, China and the 
countries of Europe ; in Mexico and the Islands of the Pacific, 
not omitting our own United States. I have for many years 
been familiar with the heroic struggle of reformers in England 
for the repeal of the compulsory enforcement of vaccination, 
for resistance to which thousands among the laboring poor 
have been fined and imprisoned. In all hot countries the princi- 
pal mode is from "Arm to Arm" vaccination, on account of the 
unruly, uncertain behaviour of the ordinary putrid calf pus. 
This mode has spread syphilis and leprosy among the native 
inhabitants until the indigenous populations of the Sandwich 
Islands and the British West Indies are threatened with extinc- 
tion. Yet the fee-hunting doctors are incessantly hounding the 
legislatures for more stringent compulsory enactments, by 
which they will be enabled to inflict and repeat this degrading 
rite upon the defenceless natives for the enhancement of their 

Moreover, vaccination is a "civilized" practice. English, 
French, German, and American physicians, by means of com- 
pulsory vaccination laws which they have lobbied through the 
various governments and legislatures, have the masses of the 
people, and especially the native populations of the countries 
which their respective governments rule, at their mercy. The 
native Hindoo and the tropical islanders know full well the ca- 
lamitous results of arm to arm vaccination, but are powerless to 
protect themselves. In the United States and Great Britain, 
the evil assumes other and equally portentuous forms which are 
fully set forth in the following chapters. 

Compulsory vaccination, poisoning the crimson currents 
of the human system with brute-extracted lymph under the 
strange infatuation that it would prevent small-pox, was one of 
the darkest blots that disfigured the last century. Its pall, 


though partially lifted, still rests like a deadly nightmare upon 
the body politic, and, sad to state, the medical profession — save 
a few of the most broad-minded and enlightened — have been 
the chief instigators. They encouraged it just as they en- 
couraged and practiced in the past profuse bleeding — just as 
they encouraged catharsis, with the inflamed gums, loosened 
teeth and the mercurial sore-mouth. And there are medical 
Bourbons today that will salivate. Thirty years ago physicians 
would not allow their fever patients a drop of cold water to cool 
their parched tongues. Many died pleading — begging for 
water, water! 

The majority of doctors are behind the times. They may 
have diplomas, but they are laggards. They are not students. 
Many of them prefer the billiard-room to the post-graduate 
course. They prefer the club-room to the medical laboratory, 
the cigar to the clinic. They are fossils and away behind in the 
researches that gladden this brilliant era. 

While copious bleeding with much of the old "shot-gun" 
practice has been relegated to the dreamless shades of the past, 
they still compulsorily poison with cow-pox lymph ; and then 
piteously complain that "medical practice does not pay" — that 
multitudes prefer psychic physicians, hypnotic practitioners, os- 
teopathists, mental healers and sanitarium treatment to theirs. 
Of course they do. This is natural ; for just in the ratio that 
the latter increase do graveyards grow lean and coffin-makers' 
occupations are in less demand. 

It is admitted that prevention is preferable to cure. And 
there is not an intelligent medical practitioner in the land who 
will unqualifiedly risk his reputation upon the statement that 
vaccination is a positive preventative of small-pox. Volumes 
of statistics as well as the highest medical science of this coun- 
try, Canada, England, and the Continent would be directly 
against him. The most that any physician of good standing 
now contends for is that vaccination modifies the disease. This 


is stoutly denied. On the contrary it rather aggravates the dis- 
ease as there are two poisons now in the system instead of one 
for nature to contend against. It is sanitation, diet, pure air, 
calmness of mind, confidence, and cleanliness that modify the 
small-pox ; all of which modifiers are infinitely cheaper, safer, 
and in every way preferable to cow-pox poison, which, if it does 
not kill, often marks, maims, and sows the seeds of future ec- 
zema, tumors, ulcers, carbuncles, cancers, and leprosy. 

We have at our command testimonies — scores of testi- 
monies — proving beyond any possible doubt that men unvacci- 
nated have nursed small-pox patients in hospitals at different 
times, for years, and never took the disease, while on the other 
hand we have, with the dates and figures, the most positive 
proof that those who had been vaccinated — vaccinated two and 
three times — took the disease when exposed, and died there- 
from. These facts are undeniable. 

Time, at my age. is too precious to parry words with mere 
ordinary physicians : hence, will only add that when laymen or 
medical practitioners tell me that calf-lymph vaccination, how- 
ever manipulated, prevents or modifies the small-pox, they most 
severely, painfully, try my patience. I do not tell them they are 
falsifiers, but do state emphatically that if I should say that cow- 
pox vaccination invariably prevented or modified small-pox I 
should consider myself either a most pitiable ignoramus or a 
most infamous falsifier of facts ! Such is my position, and med- 
ical men, considering it, can pose upon just which horn of this 
dilemma — this downy couch — they find the most comfortable. 

The time has come for scholarly men, for cultured, inde- 
pendent physicians to speak out plainly against this baleful 
scourge — to take a brave stand for the right and defend it 
though the bigot's fire be kindled, or the crimson cross again be 

Compulsory vaccination and class legislation of all kinds in 
the interests of any one profession, are opposed to the genius of 


unfoldment, the spirit of the age, and to the Constitution of the 
United States. They are smitten with dry rot and stamped with 
the black seal of death. They are going graveward, and fee- 
hungering physicians are the principal mourners. This is em- 
phatically an age of research and progress. Nature, afire with 
the indwelling Divinity, and voiced by the law of evolution, 
says, grow — grow or die, giving place to something better. The 
good and the true, only, are immortal. 

Previous to the Reformation the state stood behind the 
priest and enforced his edicts, from whence thousands of vic- 
tims fell before the steel and the flame of a merciless persecu- 
tion. Today the state stands behind the commercialized, fee- 
hunting doctor, to enforce his vaccination fraud against the 
lives and health of millions of little children. It is especially for 
the removal of this disgraceful compulsory curse that I speak 
as with a tongue of flame, that I make my earnest, impassioned 
piea. Restore the American citizen to his liberty in matters 
medical as we have guaranteed his liberty in matters religious, 
and then if the medical profession have any specific of value to 
offer, the common sense of the people will come to know and 
adopt it. 


Battle Creek, Michigan. 

Our quotations from distinguished American physicians 
and laymen: Dr. Alexander Wilder, Dr. Leveson, Dr. Foote, 
Dr. Winterburn, Dr. E. M. Ripley, Dr. T. V. Gifford, Frank D. 
Blue, Esq., Hon. A. B. Gaston, W. H. Burr, Esq., Washington, 
D. C, the Rev. I. L. Peebles, Methodist Episcopal Conference, 
Mississippi, and others. From such English authorities as Wil- 
liam Tebb F. R. G. S., W. Scott Tebb M. A., M. D., (Cantab) 
D. P. H., Dr. Alfred R. Wallace, Dr. Creighton, Dr. Crook- 
shank, Dr. Ross, Dr. Hitchman, Dr. Sir J. W. Pease, Dr. Wil- 
liam Rowley, F. R. C. P., John Pickering, F. R. G. S., E. S. S., 
F. S. A. etc., Dr. T. Mackensie, F. R. C. P. From members of 


the Parliamentary Commission, and the brainiest men of 
Europe, are not only copious, but convincing to demonstration. 
The statistics in this volume, gathered from official reports and 
tabulated with the greatest care, — are strictlv, positively relia- 

The whole trend of the higher thought and study is against 
vaccination. To this end the learned Rev. I. L. Peebles, of the 
Mississippi M. E. Conference, says (page 28) in his crisp and 
stirring booklet, entitled, "Opposition to Vaccination :" "If I 
had ever suggested to a legislator to enact a law enforcing vac- 
cination, I should repent of it as long as I lived, either for being 
so cruel or so ignorant. Physicians and legislators who are par- 
ties to this filthy, poisonous butchery, and who practice it with- 
out having studied it most thoroughly and prayed over it most 
earnestly, should be ashamed of themselves. Let us remember 
that it is cruel enough to maim, scar, or butcher a person when 
he wants us to, but how much more cruel to butcher him by 
force !" 



Since the dawn of history the most dreaded scourge of 
mankind has been the prevalence of Zymotic diseases — small- 
pox, plague, yellow fever, typhus, scarlatina, diphtheria, etc. In 
certain years, at particular recurring periods, these diseases 
contribute a very large percentage to the total death rate, es- 
pecially among urban populations. They are contemplated in 
the popular mind as being so swift and merciless, that whole 
communities stand in helpless terror at their approach ! The 
desolation which has sometimes been reported from distant 
cities is apprehended to be as complete as that left in the path 
of a cyclone, or like the cindered remains of a great conflagra- 
tion. The most dreaded among these zymotic diseases is small- 
pox, because it is equally present and at home in all climates. 
But the popular notion that small-pox was a veritable plague 
until inoculation and vaccination provided a "sure and infalli- 
ble defence" against it, is altogether erroneous. It is certainly 
taken far greater account of since the days of Jenner than dur- 
ing the eighteenth century, and there are strong reasons for 
concluding that the special prominence given to it of late years, 
is due to the clamor of doctors who desire to have the state 
guarantee an unfailing resource for fees by making vaccina- 
tion compulsory. 

The people cannot be too often reminded that the native 


soil wherein small-pox most thrives and fattens, is "filth." It 
ever follows close upon flagrant violations of the law of cleanli- 
ness. Where large populations are crowded in the midst of 
wretched surroundings, reeking with filth and vicious in their 
dietetic and drinking habits, there expect a fearful fatality when 
once the small-pox has entered their foetid precincts. The in- 
dividual or the community that has a wholesome diet, pure 
blood, sanitary surroundings, immunity from poverty and free- 
dom from blood poisoning incident to vaccination, need have 
no more fear of small-pox than from a mild attack of measles. 
Until scientific sanitation began to engage the attention of state 
and municipal authorities, the plague returned as punctually to 
the cities of Europe as small-pox has during the last century. 
Now the percentage of fatality, not only in small-pox but in all 
zymotic diseases, is steadily declining, as sanitation becomes 
more rigidly enforced in crowded districts, in spite of vaccina- 
tion and other silly and reactionary devices which the doctors 
from time to time, aided by legislation, continue to inflict on 
mankind. Alfred Milnes, M. D., M. A., of London, well re- 
marks — "What About Vaccination?" page 17: 

''Small-pox is one of a group of allied diseases, called the 
Zymotics. The name means that the disease is due to a process 
of fermentation. But for common-sense purposes, it is better 
to call these diseases by the plain English name of filth diseases. 
They are diseases which take their rise in filth, which are na- 
ture's punishment for filth, which are both frequent and virulent 
where filth prevails, and which can be cleared away by the clear- 
ing away of filth. Now, in the eighteenth century, in the latter 
part of which Jenner lived, it must be confessed that the English 
people had not yet awoke to the beauty and the necessity of 
cleanliness. Filth was universal, and small-pox was terrible. 
Not so terrible as many persons want to make out, but still a 
formidable danger." 

A. M. Ross, M. D., in his vigorous pamphlet, "Vaccination 


a Medical Delusion," writes : — 

"Wherever the streets are narrow, the lanes and courts 
filthy ; where cesspits abound and filth is allowed to accumulate 
and ferment ; where the weak, intemperate and unclean congre- 
gate together, and where the children are ill-fed and badly 
clothed — there small-pox makes its home and riots in filth and 

The modes of treatment which have from time to time been 
invented to combat small-pox, have been for the most part em- 
pirical experiments and make-shifts, without any rational found- 
ation in science, which have been abandoned, one after another, 
but not until thousands of lives were destroyed and hundreds 
of thousands were cursed with grievous and incurable ailments ; 
net until self-sacrificing reformers had spent valuable lives in 
assailing the petrified superstitions of doctors and politicians. 
Once committed to an error, it is amazing with what conserva- 
tive persistence public bodies will continue to defend it. To re- 
peal a measure once adopted would seem to be a tacit confes- 
sion of fallibility, and fallibility is a human defect which legis- 
lative bodies are slow to admit. 

The earliest form of treating small-pox in Europe seems to 
have been imported from the same region the disease came 
from, namely, from the far East, which reached England by 
way of the Saracens at the time of the Crusades, or by way of 
the Moors who reached Spain. This earlier mode of dealing 
with small-pox was styled "the red cloth treatment." A priest 
and physician of the fourteenth century, John of Goddesden, 
England, wrote a treatise on this form of cure. The patient 
was wrapped in red cloth, while window curtatins and drapery 
of red were also provided for the sick room. It was thought 
this treatment conduced to throw the morbid symptoms out 
to the surface ; and as matter of fact, it was sinless and harmless 
in comparison to the thrice accursed practice of vaccination. 



About eighty years before Jenner's discovery — 1721 — a 
practice was introduced in England, called Inoculation, which 
was accomplished by taking pus matter direct from small-pox 
patients and introducing it into the blood of healthy individ- 
uals. Sometimes the virus was introduced into deep incisions, 
but more often from the point of the lancet just under the skin. 
The milder method was introduced by Gatti, a French physician, 
and adopted by Sutton and Dimsdale in England about 1763. 

Small-pox inoculation, the forerunner and parent of vac- 
cination, like its successor, was derived from a superstition 
practiced by the common people, which has come to be styled 
"the tradition of the dairy maids." Tenner derived his earliest 
idea of vaccination — while yet a student of medicine — from a 
young country woman who had contracted cow-pox. Small- 
pox inoculation was derived, not from scientific experimenta- 
tion, but from a superstition practiced by the common people 
in India since the sixth century. The fad having once become 
the fashion, the doctors adopted and bowed to it as a fetish 
which must not be questioned ; and after the people had thor- 
oughly learned by sad experience that it was a public curse and 
not a blessing, rose in revolt against it, still the doctors — who 
were now reaping a fat revenue from the practice — continued 
in the vigorous defence of the superstition, and in the persecu- 
tion and misrepresentation of the reformers who had arisen to 
overthrow it. Mr. Porter, who was English ambassador at 
Constantinople in 1755, informs us, (Gentleman's Magazine, for 
October of that year) : "It is the tradition and opinion of the 
inhabitants of the country that a certain angel presides over 
this disease. That it is to bespeak his favor and evince their 
confidence that the Georgians take a small portion of variolous 
matter, and, by means of scarification, introduce it between the 
thumb and the forefinger of a sound person. The operation is 


supposed to never miss its effect. To secure beyond all uncer- 
tainty the good will of the angel, they hang up scarlet cloths 
about the bed, that being the favorite colour of the Celestial in- 
habitants they wish to propitiate." 

We may well inquire : how did this superstition reach 
England, obtain royal patronage, receive sanction by the Royal 
College of Physicians, and dominate all classes of society for 
more than half a century before it was finally overthrown and 
superceded by another superstition that has not discounted one 
whit the mischief which the earlier superstition had accom- 
plished? The story may be briefly told. One Timoni, a Greek 
physician in Constantinople, in a letter addressed to Dr. Wood- 
ward, professor of physic, first brought the subject to English 
notice. This letter was printed in the Philosophical Transac- 
tions for 1714. But the real credit — or discredit — of the intro- 
duction of the practice into England, was due to Lady Mary 
Wortley Montagu, whose husband was ambassador to the 
Porte in 1716. Lady Montagu wrote a friend in England, de- 
tailing the process of "ingrafting" as a preventative against 
small-pox. This famous letter was written in 1717, but the in- 
oculation craze was not fairly inaugurated in England until 
1 72 1. In 1724 Steele congratulated Lady Mary for having 
"saved the lives of thousands of British subjects every year." 
Voltaire was in England about this time, and became an ardent 
worshipper of the newly imported fetish. He knew well how 
to reach the feminine portion of the population of his native 
France. He assured them that the charms of the ladies of Cir- 
cassia were due to this ingrafting practice, and that thousands 
of English girls had adopted this method of preserving their 
health and beauty. So it was not long before inoculation also 
became the rage in the kingdom of Louis XV. 

In the same year that inoculation reached England (1721), 
244 persons were inoculated in Boston, Mass., by Dr. Boylston, 
of whom six died. Numerous deaths also followed the practice 


in England, and by 1728 it became quite generally discredited; 
but in 1740 it again revived, and for thirty years held full sway. 
This revival was largely due to the luck of two doctors, Robert 
and Daniel Sutton, who gave minute attention to hygiene, by 
which their inoculated patients generally went through with a 
very mild form of small-pox, which all would invariably do un- 
der a thorough system of sanitation. But this simple secret 
was not generally understood in those days, and so the brothers 
Sutton not only received great credit, but reaped a very hand- 
some profit through their device of cleanliness. Their practice 
became very popular, receiving patronage from the nobility 
who paid them immense sums for their services. As small-pox 
induced by inoculation was infectious, the same as when taken 
in the natural way, enterprising inoculators persuaded whole 
parishes to submit to it, so that all having it at once, none would 
be expected to catch it by subsequent exposure. The rich har- 
vest of money accruing from the practice, therefore, became 
a powerful motive in the defence and perpetuation of the sys- 
tem, precisely as vaccination today, enforced by legislators and 
boards of health, gives lucrative employment to a class whose 
self interest prompts them to every specie of subterfuge and 
special pleading to perpetuate the compulsory clause in vacci- 
nation legislation. 

After the fruitless trial of nearly a century, it was discov- 
ered that inoculation was sowing the seeds of a long train of 
diseases, in their most fatal form, communicating infectious 
complaints from one person to another — cancer, scrofula, con- 
sumption, and other more loathsome diseases were spreading 
to an alarming extent. It was seen and confessed by hundreds 
of physicians that the net result of this practice was a multipli- 
cation of ailments and an enormous increase in the total mor- 
tality. Dr. Winterburn. of Philadelphia, writes, — "The Value 
of Vaccination," page 18: — 

"From the most trustworthy sources, however, it is evi- 


dent that just as now we have epidemics of measles, and other 
of the zymoses, varying greatly in intensity and fatality, so in 
the pre-inoculation period there were epidemics of small-pox 
of great fatality and others of very moderate intensity. But 
after the introduction of inoculation, the ravages of small-pox 
increased, not only directly as the result of inoculation, but each 
new case became, as it were, a centre of disease, from it spread- 
ing in every direction, often with great virulence. It spread 
small-pox just as the natural disease did. It could be propa- 
gated anywhere by sending in a letter a bit of cotton thread 
dipped in the variolous lymph. In this way, not only the num- 
ber of cases, but, also, the general mortality was very greatly 
increased. But so hard is it to alter the ideas of a people after 
they have crystallized into habit, that although it was evident 
that epidemics of small-pox often started from an inoculated 
case ; and although the most strenuous efforts were made to 
supersede it by vaccination, inoculation continued to flourish 
for nearly a century and a half. It was found necessary in 1840 
to make inoculation in England, a penal offense, in order to put 
an end to its use. Even that has not prevented its secret prac- 
tice by the lower orders, where ideas die hardest, and the rite 
is even now probably more than occasionally performed." 

Some knowledge of the history of small-pox inoculation 
is important at this time, since it furnished so many exact par- 
allels to the history of vaccination. With few exceptions medi- 
cal men defended it, made light of its multiform dangers, and 
held it up to public attention as the great desideratum of the 
common security and welfare. They juggled with statistics 
the same as vaccinators do today to defend their practice, point- 
ing out that 18 per cent, of small-pox patients died who took 
the disease in the natural way, while only one in ninety-one of 
the inoculated died. But at last the real facts — tragic and un- 
welcome though they were — confronted both doctor and lay- 
man in such a signal and alarming manner, that Parliament was 
invoked to put an end once and forever to the inoculating rite. 


Nevertheless, as we shall presently see, no sooner was this su- 
perstition abandoned, than the medical profession adopted an- 
other which was destined to curse the world in a ten-fold 
greater ratio, and while they petitioned Parliament to make the 
earlier practice a penal offence, they likewise made their new 
fad obligatory and compulsory. Hence the last estate of the 
people was made far worse than their first, for now the liberty 
of the citizen to defend the health of his family was cancelled. 

The first Compulsory Vaccination Act passed by Parlia- 
ment also contained this clause, retiring inoculation to the 
limbs : 

"Any person who shall after the passing of this Act pro- 
duce in any person by inoculation with variolous matter, or any 
matter, potency, or thing impregnated with variolous matter, or 
wilfully by any other means whatsoever produce the disease 
of small-pox in any person shall be guilty of an offence, and 
shall be liable to be proceeded against summarily, and be con- 
victed to be imprisoned for any term not exceeding one month." 

Arthur Wallaston Hutton, M. A., makes the following sig- 
nificant observation, — "The Vaccination Question," page 14: — 

"In the early years of the present century, when medical 
men, with almost complete unanimity, were seeking to replace 
the variolous inoculation by the vaccine inoculation, they con- 
fessed, or rather urged, that the earlier practice had destroyed 
more lives than it had saved. And this was undoubtedly true. 
For not only did the practice inflict the disease on the person 
inoculated, but that person became a new center of infection, 
from which small-pox could be and was occasionally 'caught' 
in the natural way. * * * * * * * We talk of small- 
pox inoculation, as if it were an uniform practice ; whereas it 
really varied as much as vaccination does now. It might com- 
municate the disease in its most deadly form, or it might do 
just nothing at all, beyond making a slight sore, which proved, 
if tested, no defence against subsequent exposure to the infec- 
tion of small-pox. Disastrous, however, as the practice was — 
and so clearly is that now recognized that for the last fifty 
years the practice has been penal — it may be admitted that there 
was 'something in it,' and that, in the special cases of medical 


men and of nurses, it might still be resorted to with advantage, 
if performed in isolation hospitals. For although some consti- 
tutions are so susceptible of small-pox (as others are of other 
fevers) that one attack does not afford security against a second 
or even a third, the general rule is that one attack does confer 
subsequent immunity ; and a person inoculated when in good 
health, and when there is no severe epidemic about, might con- 
ceivably pass through the ordeal with less risk than if a natural 
attack of the disease had been waited for and incurred." 


As we have seen, the inoculation superstition was the chief 
medical curse of the eighteenth century. It sent multitudes to 
untimely graves, and permanently impaired the health of other 
multitudes, since the septic poisoning from within reached the 
very fountains of life and laid the foundations for a long train 
of incurable diseases. In the final summing up its pledges 
were broken and its flattering promises were unfulfilled. Yet 
vicious as it proved, it was superseded at the hands of Jenner 
by a fallacy still more monstrous, until the nineteenth century, 
which, notwithstanding its boasted civilization, has been more 
cursed by the doctors than was the eighteenth. 

Edward Jenner, born in 1749, at Berkley, introduced vacci- 
nation in England in 1798. He is credited with the fanciful dis- 
covery that by poisoning the blood with cow-pox, a future at- 
tack of small-pox would be prevented. This delusion has been 
so completely disposed of by Dr. Creighton and Prof. Crook- 
shank that I need devote but little space to the Jenner episode. 
In the first place, Jenner was far from being a learned man. In 
the department of exact research he was a blunderer, yet his 
personal qualities were amiable and attractive. He was in the 
habit of writing verses and had a faculty of making fast friends. 
His medical degree was confered with the simple preliminary, 
not of an examination, but the payment of a fee of fifteen 
guineas to the University of St. Andrews. And his Fellowship 


in the Royal Society — according to the admission of his latest 
biographer, Dr. Norman Moor, by a procedure which amounted 
to a fraud. In the field of natural history, where he made some 
pretensions, his knowledge was scanty and empirical. His pub- 
lished observations on the cuckoo, — Phi. Trans. Vol. LXXVIII 
— read in 1788, called out a witty and critical tract entitled, 
"The Bird that Laid the Vaccination Egg." 

In strict truth, Jenner was not the discoverer of vaccina- 
tion. Many of the common folk in his time, chiefly dairy maids, 
had already noted the fact that those who took the cow-pox 
were less susceptible to small-pox ; and years before Jenner took 
the matter up, a Dorsetshire farmer, named Jesty, inoculated 
his wife and two sons with the cow-pox, in the conviction that 
this would prove a preventive. 


This is a filth disease, a "bad disease" whose original source 
is in the human degenerate ; a disease communicated to the 
cow's teats by stable boys who not only suffer from the "bad dis- 
ease," but whose hands are soiled by grooming the greasy heels 
of diseased and ill-kept horses. Bear in particular remem- 
brance, that the cow-pox is not natural to the bovine species. 
Bulls and steers are never troubled with it ; neither are heifers 
without the voluntary and conscious agency of man. It is only 
milch cows that catch the disorder. Dr. George W. Winter- 
burn, whom I have already quoted, writes : — 

"This disease which is called cow-pox in cows, is known 
as grease in the horse. Grease is a disorder 
resulting from inflammation of the sebaceous glands of the 
skin, about the heels of a horse, and is properly called eczema 
pustulosum. The disease originating from a scrofulous condi- 
tion, supervenes from exposure to wet, and from subsequent 
lack of cleanliness, and is always the result of carelessness on 
the part of the groom. The discharge from these vesicular pus- 
tules is often profuse, very irritating to the surface over which 


it flows, and foetid. * * * * This purulent matter, car- 
ried on the dirty hands of farm-laborers to the teats or other 
sensitive parts of the cow, produced the disorder which has 
been misnamed cow-pox." 

And these are the vile forms of corruption, charged with a 
deadly virus — sometimes horse-grease, sometimes srnall-poxed 
cow virus, but more frequently syphilized cow-pox — which Jen- 
ner pronounced "a sovereign remedy against small-pox," and 
who declared to the British Parliament when he applied for his 
£30,000 reward : "Whoever is once vaccinated with cow-pox 
is forever afterward protected from small-pox." Yet in spite 
of Jenner's promises, and notwithstanding the civilized world 
has been vaccinated and re-vaccinated ad nauseum, the world 
continues to suffer from small-pox epidemics, just as it did dur- 
ing the inoculation times, while such mitigation as we really en- 
joy is due—in spite of vaccination—to an increased sanitation ob- 
servance of more rational habits of living. Following up Jen- 
ner's observations, Arthur Wallaston Hutton remarks, — "The 
Vaccination Question," page 19 : — 

"His theory was that the disease of the horse's hoof, known 
as 'horse-grease,' was the source of human small-pox and also 
of cow-pox ; and in this way the relationship was established to 
his own satisfaction. Neither proposition is true ; nor indeed 
did Jenner care to maintain the truth of either proposition when 
the merits of vaccination had once become established in peo- 
ple's minds; but the theory justified or seemed to justify him 
in describing cow-pox as variolae vaccinae or 'small-pox of the 
cow;' and it is really this theory which has mis-directed pretty 
nearly all the observations that have been made on vaccination 
right down to the present day. Sir John Simon, a living author- 
ity on the subject, explains that persons vaccinated cannot take 
the small-pox, because they have had it already ; and this be- 
lief is still shared by hundreds and thousands of people." 

Again the same high authority says : — 

"But what is in truth the nature of cow-pox? It is an ail- 
ment, not of cattle, but of the cow, as its name implies, exclu- 


sively, and of the cow only when she is in milk ; and it is fur- 
ther a disease of civilization. It does not occur when a cow 
suckles her own calf ; nor, for that matter, does it occur where 
cow-stables are kept decently clean. Jenner observed that it did 
not occur when the milkers were women only ; and hence his 
theory that the disease originated in 'horse-grease,' his asser- 
tion being (first stated as an hypothesis, and then, a little lower 
down, as a thing which 'commonly happens') that the disease 
was communicated to the cow's teats by a man-milker who had 
just dressed the diseased horse's heels. Other observers also 
professed to have noted that the disease only occurred where 
there were both men and women milkers ; but they drew an- 
other inference as to its origin, for which they found confirma- 
tion in the disease's popular name. Apparently it is in some 
way due to the friction of the teats by the milker's hands ; it oc- 
curs spontaneously (i. e. apart from inoculation) only where 
cows are milked; and its name had reference not to small-pox 
but to "great-pox," with which its analogy was popularly and cor- 
rectly discerned. Presumably it is a consequence of its partly 
human origin that it is so easily (and ordinarily without danger) 
inoculable on man, which other diseases of animals are not. 
That, however, is mere conjecture ; what is now certainly estab- 
lished beyond all reasonable doubt is that cow-pox bears no 
pathological relation to small-pox. The similarity in name is 
the only connection ; for, though there is a superficial resem- 
blance between the vaccine vesicles and the variolous pox, the 
two diseases are really quite distinct. The definite establish- 
ment of this fact, which of course upsets the whole alleged 
scientific basis of vaccination, is due to the labors in recent years 
of Dr. Creighton and Professor Crookshank, though the real 
character of cow-pox had long ago been suspected." 

In an article communicated to the Academie de Medicine 
in 1865, by Auzias-Turenne, I quote the following language: 
"Between syphilis and cow-pox the analogy may be a long way 
followed up, * * * but, happily, for the vaccinated, cow- 
pox passes through a rapid evolution, and does not leave viru- 
lent remains for so long a time or so frequently as syphilis." 

In that thorough and carefully written work of Dr. Creigh- 
ton, published in 1887, he was the first to demonstrate Jenner's 


mistake. He set out to find some explanation for the com- 
plaints that were continually multiplying of the communication 
of syphilis by vaccination. The results of his investigations 
were embodied in the volume, "Cow-pox and Vaccinal Syphilis." 
His early judgment was that the communication of two diseases 
by one and the same act was improbable ; but as the evidence 
he accumulated became overwhelming, he at last gave up every 
doubt that these syphilitic symptoms are part and parcel of the 
cow-pox itself, which is sure to make its presence felt if inocu- 
lated in the system through the ordinary process of vaccination. 

In the same year that Creighton published his book, estab- 
lishing the connection between syphilis and cow-pox, Prof. 
Crookshank was pursuing independent investigations into the 
micro-pathology of a cow-disease that had broken out in Wilk- 
shire, which the Agricultural Department of the Privy Council 
thought might bear some relation to scarlet fever in man. In 
this investigation, Crookshank also critically examined the na- 
ture and origin of cow-pox, with the result that his researches 
fully bore out and confirmed Dr. Creighton's conclusions. "In 
fact," says Hutton, "the syphilitic nature of cow-pox is the 
theory which now holds the field ; and it is hardly contested by 
the advocates of vaccination, who are content to rely solely on 
the evidence of statistics." How horrid to contemplate ! 

We are therefore face to face with the gravest, and at the 
same time the most disgusting, aspect of the whole vaccination 
problem. Note that the cow-pox is not a natural bovine dis- 
ease ; that only milch cows contract it, and this invariably 
through human agency. Long before Creighton and Crook- 
shank wrote, it had been suspected by high authorities, that 
man is not only the medium of transmission of horse-grease to 
the cow's udder, but that he communicates a loathsome virus 
from his own person as well. Therefore the horse-grease dis- 
ease in the cow, is a very different malady from the cow-pox, 
which is derived from man and from man alone ! Let us be 


frank. A large percentage of vaccination practice has inocu- 
lated whole communities with the thrice accursed syphilitic 
taint, according to the brand or stock of vaccine used ; for be it 
known, that vaccine corruption has now become an ordinary 
article of commerce, the same as baking powders and "em- 
balmed" beef. I shall hereafter show that the vaccinator can 
rarely be certain of the quality of his stock, or of the extent of 
harm that will result from his practice. 

The identity of cow-pox and syphilis was first definitely 
pointed out by Dr. Hubert Boens-Boissan in 1882 ; and Dr. J. 
W. Collins in his "Sir Lyon Playfair" pamphlet gives 478 cases 
of "vaccino-syphilis," details of which have been published by 
various medical authorities, both in England and on the conti- 

When these facts shall be fully realized by a much crucified 
and long suffering public, it will not take long to put a stop to 
the compulsory feature of this infamous crime. We shall then 
no longer submit the bodies of our defenceless children to the 
assaults of salaried, place-hunting doctors, nor longer tolerate 
the flagrant usurpations of parliaments and legislatures over our 
personal liberties and the sacredness of the family circle. 

Now, to return to Jenner. His first vaccination was on a 
boy named James Phipps, who later died of pulmonary con- 
sumption. This was in 1787. Two years later he vaccinated 
his own son, then a year and a half old, with swine-pox, which at 
that time was considered as protective as cow-pox ; and had not 
this mode been considered too disgusting for popular ap- 
proval, it would in all likelihood have taken precedence over 
cow-pox vaccination. Thereafter Jenner repeatedly inoculated 
his child with small-pox. But being delicate in health he died 
in his twenty-first year. 

Dr. John Hunter, the noted physiologist in Tenner's time, 
expressed a wise judgment on the de-merits of Jenner's system. 
He wrote : — 


"The introduction by inoculation of mineral or vegetable 
poisons into the blood is hazardous, and in certain quantities 
may be destructive ; but the introduction of animal products 
from another living body, be it a man, a cow, or even an ass. 
is infinitely more pernicious, because allied to it in being vital- 

In 1797 Jenner made an abortive effort to get his treatise 
incorporated into the transactions of the Royal Society. Then 
he turned his attention to the feminine portion of English so- 
ciety, and soon enlisted the enthusiastic support of many ladies 
of the aristocracy, a number of whom became amateur vacci- 
nators in their respective parishes. In this way the practice was 
soon made so fashionable, so popular, and lucrative withal, that 
it soon became the rage among the English people. Even the 
clergy took it up, one of whom vaccinated three thousand per- 
sons in three years. Indeed, vaccination came so near being 
converted into a religious rite, that christening and vaccination 
of children were performed on the same day. 

After vaccination had been on trial for three years, before 
people or Parliament had any means of knowing whether Jen- 
ner's promise that vaccination would number the days of small- 
pox, the king signified to his prime minister his wish that Par- 
liament should award to Jenner a benefaction, and the Com- 
mons cheerfully responded, voting him £30,000. 

When Jenner was confronted with a large number of glar- 
ing failures in high life — of cases he had pronounced as "suc- 
cessfully vaccinated," who came down with small-pox, in the 
confluent form, he came forward with a new doctrine to repel 
his opponents, viz : "that as cases of small-pox after small-pox 
were not uncommon, vaccination could not be expected to do 
more than small-pox itself." Remember, this pitiful plea was 
not brought forward until the failures of cow-pox to protect 
had become multiplied and notorious. Dr. W. Scott Tebb, of 
London, in his valuable and exhaustive work, "A Century of 
Vaccination," writes, page 16: — 


"On all these grounds, I demur to the theory of identity, 
and hold that small-pox and cow-pox are antagonistic affec- 
tions — that cow-pox, instead of being, as Dr. Barton maintains, 
of a variolous, Is, in fact, of an anti-variolous nature — that it 
alters and modifies the human constitution so as to render some 
individuals wholly, others partially, and for a time, unsusceptible 
of small-pox. 

"At the end of 1798, six months after the publication of 
Jenner's 'Inquiry,' the case for vaccination stood thus : Most 
of the children's arms had ulcerated, and the variolous test, in 
the few cases in which it had been applied, had produced equiv- 
ocal results. Moreover, all Jenner's stocks of lymph had been 
lost, so that no further experiments could be made. Dr. Bed- 
does, of Bristol, in writing to Professor Hufeland, of Berlin, 
said : 'You know Dr. Jenner's experiments with the cow-pox ; 
his idea of the origin of the virus appears to be quite indemon- 
strable, and the facts which I have collected are not favorable 
to his opinion that the cow-pox gives complete immunity from 
the natural infection of small-pox. Moreover, the cow-pox 
matter produces foul ulcers, and in^hat respect is a worse dis- 
ease than the mildly inoculated small-pox." 

In the course of vaccine practice much confusion has 
arisen from the careless manner of diagnosing the cow disease. 
A variety of opposing symptoms have long been known to fol- 
low in eases of vaccination with pus taken from the cow. 
Thence it came to be asserted that there was a genuine cow-pox 
and a "spurious cow-pox." In cases of failure the spurious va- 
riety was made to do duty. Jenner held that cow-pox was 
small-pox of the cow, hence the misleading name he gave it, 
variolae vaccinae. Dr. George Pearson, a cotemporary of Jen- 
ner, objected to this designation, asserting that "cow-pox is 
a specifically different distemper from the small-pox in essen- 
tial particulars, namely, in tin nature of its morbific poison, and 
in its symptoms." More recentl) Dr. George Gregory — quoted 


by Dr. Tebb — opposed the identity theory. 

Winterburn says — "Value of Vaccination," page 41 : — 

"Experimenters, entitled to respectful attention, have 
shown that it is a delusion to suppose that the inoculation of 
cows with small-pox has ever produced cow-pox ; it produces 
small-pox and nothing else. The small-pox may be induced on 
the horse or cow by variolation, but the variolous inoculation is 
never transmuted into grease in the horse, or cow-pox in the 
cow." This is undeniable. 

Dr. Seaton, a high authority, says : "It is quite out of the 
question that cow-pox on the human subject should have been 
transformed into small-pox." The two diseases, therefore, be- 
ing specifically different, neither can have any effect to ward off 
the other. Why not inoculate with erysipelas to prevent small- 
pox? It would be just as rational, just as scientific, and to my 
mind, just as efficient. 

Dr. George Wyld, whose acquaintance I made in London, 
and whom I know to stand very high as author, physician, and 
scientist, endorses the conclusions of the French Academy. He 
says : — 

"I find that many medical men are under the false impres- 
sion that all that we require to do is to inoculate the heifer with 
smal)-pox matter, and thus get a supply of vaccine lymph. This 
might become productive of disastrous consequences. Small- 
pox inoculation of the heifer produces not vaccinia, but a mod- 
ified small-pox capable of spreading small-pox amongst human 
beings by infection." 

It will hence be seen that a large share of modern vacci- 
nation is really only a modified form of inoculation. It is 
neither cow-pox nor horse-grease, but small-pox propagated 
from human beings, through calves, to human beings again. 
This fact, horrible as it is, admits of no denial. 

We must therefore accept it as proven : Cow-pox is not 
small-pox in the cow, but it is "horse-grease" in the cow, whose 
udder often becomes secondarily infected with syphilis. 
Therefore when we submit to the official vaccinator, or 
we shall be treated to inoculation of virus from a small-poxed 


calf, or to the cow-pox virus often taken from a syphilizecl calf. 
Think of it, fathers and mothers, when the "Health Board" closes 
the door of the schoolroom yon are taxed to support, requiring 
your children to present a certificate of vaccination; requiring 
that their bodies be submitted to the dangers and degradation 
of vaccine corruption ! May your souls rise up in indignant pro- 
test against the sacrilegious invasion of the home which the 
American constitution has sanctified to liberty; aye, in pro- 
test against this infernal rite, becoming the hag of the pit! 
Think of it, mothers, who would bring your daughters up to be 
healthy, and clean, and chaste, that your state and city should 
have delegated the privilege to fee-hunting doctors, to break 
down the protective walks you have builded about your little 
ones, and poison the fountains of their life blood with a virus 
of contagion which may mock your solicitude and disappoint 
the fondest hopes you have cherished for the future of your pos- 
terity. Think of it, ye fathers and mothers of daughters, that 
your state and municipality should put you under compulsion 
to observe a rite which is liable to taint those daughters with 
the virus of the scandalous disease, the out-lawed disease, the 
disease whose home is the polluted den of the "Stingaree," the 
disease against which civilization revolts — aye, the disease too 
loathsome to name, except in whisper ! Is it not quite time the 
curses of the vaccine dispensation were numbered? 

Small-pox is a disease of towns, of the crowded, filthy 
quarters of towns. It is a disease of the poor, and particularly 
of the children of the poor. The average small-pox death rate 
in towns is fifty to seventy-five per cent, greater than in the 
country , while towns that have a large proportion of park space 
are greatly favored over those where this important feature is 
lacking. The epidemic in England of 1871-72 was notably se- 
vere in the mining districts where population is over-crowded. 


In the miserable dwellings of the poor, air and light — two most 
important essentials of health — are woefully deficient. In the 
beginning of the eighteenth century the government pursued 
the self-destructive policy of putting a premium on these prime- 
essentials by taxing the windows of the poor. Every aperture 
that would admit air or light into a dwelling had to pay for the 
privilege to exist. Even a window to light a stairway, garret, 
or cellar, was rated among the luxuries and had to be taxed. 
So windows could not be afforded by the poor, and which 
thousands who lived in filth and squalor, did not care to afford. 
We should hence feel no surprise when we learn that small-pox 
has always been chiefly confined to the lower strata of society. 
In Austria it is fitly named the "beggar's" disease, and in all 
countries it is most at home in crowded and unclean quarters. 
Concerning the epidemic of 1852, Dr. Rigden writes — "Medical 
and Surgical Journal, Dec. 22, 1852, — "The most severe cases, 
and the greatest number, existed, generally speaking, in the dis- 
tricts most thickly populated by the lower orders, and most 
badly drained." 

In the debate on the Compulsory Vaccination Bill in 1853, 
Lord Shaftsbury pointed out "that the small-pox was chiefly 
confined to the lowest class of the population, and he believed 
that with improved lodging houses the disease might be all but 

After the Warrington epidemic in 1873, the Royal Com- 
mission pointed out, that all but eleven of 445 infected houses 
were rated at less than £16 per annum, and 406 of them at 
£8 or lower ; and Dr. Coupland found at Dewsbury the disease 
was confined almost exclusively to the filthy working class. 

Again, small-pox is a disease of children, like measles and 
whooping-cough, and predominantly, as already stated, the 
children of the poor. In the eighteenth century, small-pox 
mrortality in the manufacturing towns fell almost entirely among 
children under five years of age. In Kilmarnock, from 1728 to 


1763, the infant small-pox mortality was 90 per cent. In Man. 
Chester, from 1769 to 1774, it was 94 per cent. In Warrington. 
for the same period, 94 per cent., Chester, in 1774, 89 per cent., 
and Carlisle, from 1779 to 1787, 95 per cent. Hence, in the 
eighteenth century small-pox was predominantly a disease of 
infants. This continued to be the case until the 1837 epidemic, 
when the average percentage fell to about 50 per cent. Since 
1873 there has been a marked shifting in the small-pox death 
rate in England and Wales. Here are the figures from the 
forty-third annual report of the Registrar General (1880, page 
22), quoted by W. Scott Tebb : — 

England and Wales. — Mean annual deaths from small-pox 
at successive life-periods, per million living at each life-period. 

Under 5. 5. 10 15 25 45 up 
Vaccination optional, 1847-53. . 1,617 337 94 io 9 66 22 
Vaccination compulsory, 1872-80 323 186 98 173 141 58 

This increase in the adult mortality, we shall hereafter see, 
is principally due to compulsory vaccination, and was therefore 
considered a sufficient ground for the repeal of the law. 


The history of small-pox in Leicester, England, has fur- 
nished conclusive testimony that this disease can be kept within 
narrow limits without any assistance from the hungry army of 
vaccinators. In 1872 Leicester was a much vaccinated town; 
but the large small-pox mortality during the epidemic of that 
year, generated such an emphatic protest against vaccination 
thai the percentage of vaccinations to the number of births be- 
gan to rapidly decline. By 1885 they dropped down to 39 per 
cmt. ; in 1886 to 23 per cent.; in 1887 to 10 per cent.; then to 
6 per cent.; and since 1891 has almost entirely ceased. From 
j 872 to 189s only 23 deaths from small-pox were recorded for 

Now in defence of the Leicester system — which is simply 
a system of thorough sanitation — the report of its medical of- 


ficer for 1893 tells a story which should be dinned into the ears 
of every health board throughout the civilized world, — a story 
of cleanliness as the preventive par excellence of small-pox. 
Addressing his townsmen, the Leicester health officer said : — 

"You are entitled to great credit — more especially in the 
case of small-pox, which, by the methods you have adopted, has 
been prevented from running riot throughout the town, thereby 
upsetting all the prophecies which have again and again been 
made. I need only mention such towns as Birmingham, War- 
rington, Bradford, Walsall, Oldham, and the way they have 
suffered during the past year from the ravages of small-pox, to 
give you an idea of the results you in Leicester have achieved, 
results of which I, as your medical officer of health, am, justly, 
I think, proud." Sanitation is the all-potent watchword. 

Writing on the relative value of vaccination, Dr. Scott 
Tebb remarks, — page 93 of his great work : — 

"Not only may well-vaccinated towns be affected with 
small-pox, but the most thorough vaccination of a population 
that it is possible to imagine may be followed by an extensive 
outbreak of the disease. This happened in the mining and agri- 
cultural district of Mold, in Flintshire. * * * * Leicester, 
with the population under ten years of age practically unvacci- 
nated, had a small-pox death rate of 114 per million; whereas 
Mold, with all the births vaccinated for eighteen years previous 
to the epidemic, had one of 3,614 per million." 

Here is one among hundreds of demonstrations that can 
be given of the utter worthlessness of vaccination as a preven- 
tive of small-pox. If protection is good for anything it should 
be effective during the prevalence of an epidemic ; but we see 
that is just where the unvaccinated enjoy the greater immunity 
from an attack of the disease. 

Besides filth and overcrowding, hard times and war are 
prominent factors in the spread of small-pox. In 1684 there 
were very severe frosts over Europe, followed with a general 
failure of crops. The poor suffered great privations and dis- 
coras:ement. This was followed the next season with a vast in- 


crease both of epidemic fever and small-pox. Then the great 
small-pox mortality among the weavers in the east end of Lon- 
don in 1 719 followed upon a season of great scarcity and loss 
of employment among these same weavers. Bad harvests in 
England were also encountered in 1794 and 1795, causing such 
widespread distress among the poor that Parliament had to take 
some measures for its temporary relief. The year following — 
179(3 — the small-pox fatality swelled to an unprecedented figure, 
being the largest within the London Bills. Then the harvest 
failure in 1816 was followed with small-pox and typhus in epi- 
demic form. 

War may be set down as another active cause of small-pox, 
and of zymotics generally. War is always attended with hard- 
ship, exposure, over-crowding, anxiety, and an abnormal mental 
tension. Our losses in the Civil War, on the Northern side, 
footed up to about 360,000, of whom 110,000 were killed, and 
250,000 died of disease : which — in round numbers — 62,000 
were cases of typhoid ; 62,000 died of bowel complaint ; 62,000 
from throat and lung trouble, and 62,000 from small-pox. 

Small-pox in eastern France, among the peasantry in the 
earlier part of 1S70, was only an average amount but late in the 
year, immediately following the terrible slaughter by invasion 
of the German army, it broke out with unusual violence. Dr. 
Robert Spencer Watson took notes on the field round Metz. 
He writes : — 

"November 6, 1870. Then I went to Lessy and Chatel St. 
Germain, hearing everywhere the same state of distress. All 
the crops gone, all the winter's firewood gone, many houses de- 
stroyed, and numbers needing help in every village. * * * 
When the mare's hoofs sunk deep, she knocked up bits of flesh, 
and the stench was so sickening that I should have fainted but 
for my smelling salts. 

* - * -.- * * * * * * * 

"In one place there were fifteen long streets of railway 
vans, filled with typhus patients; in another as manv streets of 


canvas tents, also filled with sick. I visited these places, and 
found them in the filthiest state ; but the Germans had begun to 
put them into order. At first, you might see soldiers, in full 
small-pox, walking about the streets, but this was soon for- 

"The main body were encamped outside the walls of Metz, 
on low ground near the Moselle, the wetness of the season hav- 
ing converted the camping-ground into a morass. In some 
places the impress of the men's bodies was left as a cast in the 
mud in which they had lain. Their clothes and their blanket 
were saturated with mud. Their food for weeks had only been 
a biscuit and a bit of horseflesh without salt. Dysentery was 
universal, and typhus and small-pox raged. Over a wide area 
around the camp the carcasses of dead horses were left to rot 
and contaminate the air." 

Mr. William Jones was in Metz when Bazaine's army sur- 
rendered : — "The constant cry of the wretched sufferers for 
water was distinctly heard outside the square in which they were 
isolated. All these black typhus patients perished, and were 
Ouried in huge trenches outside the walls of the city. * * * 
Mr. Allen, who was vaccinated, and, he believes, re-vaccinated, 
took the small-pox, and his own sister, who came over to 
nurse him, caught the disease from him and died there, and was 
buried in the cemetery at Plantieres outside the walls of Metz." 
Dr. Scott Tebb observes : "There is, indeed, some reason to 
believe that this war was the starting-point of the great Euro- 
pean pandemic of small-pox in 1871-72." 

The same high authority has furnished the following table, 
showing the decline in small-pox from 1838 to 1895 : — 

England and Wales. — Average annual deathrate per mil- 
lion living, from small-pox, fever, typhus fever, and scarlet 
fever, in five-year periods from 1838-95. 

Typus Scarlet 
Years. Small-pox. Fever. Fever Fever. 

1838-42 576 1,053 — — 

1847-50 292 1,246 — — 






















































"Over the whole period it will be found that the small-pox 
death rate declined 96 per cent., while fever declined 82 per 
cent. But the most extraordinary feature of the table is the 
large small-pox death rate in 1871-75, twenty years after vac- 
cination had been made compulsory." Thus from 1838 to 1871 
death from small-pox had only abated 29 per cent, while fever 
diminished 43 per cent. ; hence, since the commencement of 
registration, there was practically a very slight decline in small- 
pox until 1871-72 epidemic, while the death rate from fever very 
materially diminished. The cause of this abatement is very 
plainly stated in the forty-second annual report of the Regis- 
trar General (1879) : — 

"Had the deaths from one or more of this group of causes 
fallen, while those from others in the same group had risen, or 
had the fall been trifling, or the totals dealt with insignificant 
in amount, it might have been suspected that the alteration was 
a mere alteration in name. But as the deaths under each head- 
ing have declined, as the fall in the death rate from them has 
been enormous — 62.4 per cent, in the course of ten years — and 
as the totals are by no means small, it may be accepted as an in- 
disputable fact that there has in truth been a notable decline in 
these pests, and it may be fairly assumed that the decline is due 
to improved sanitary organization." 

Here is common sense : "improved sanitary organization," 
and no class in anv communitv understand this better than 


members of the medical profession. The only rational explana- 
tion, therefore, that can be assigned for the dogged persistance 
with which they continue to push their accursed vaccination 
practice to the front is, that it pays. 

In Oriental countries — China, India, Egypt, — where sanita- 
tion is almost wholly neglected, we have illustrated the utter 
futility of vaccination to check the fatal strides of small-pox. 
In the "Report on Sanitary Measures in India in 1879-80," page 
142, we read : — 

"The vaccination returns throughout India show the same 
fact, that the number of vaccinations does not necessarily bear 
a ratio to the small-pox deaths. Small-pox in India is related 
to season, and also to epidemic prevalence ; it is not a disease, 
therefore, that can be controlled by vaccination, in the sense 
that vaccination is a specific against it. As an endemic and epi- 
demic disease, it must be dealt with by sanitary measures, and if 
these are neglected small-pox is certain to increase during epi- 
demic times." 

Again, in the "Memorandum of the Army Sanitary Com- 
mission for the Punjab" (1879), we read: — 

"Vaccination in the Punjab, as elsewhere in India, has no 
power apparently over the course of an epidemic. It may mod- 
ify it and diminish the number of fatal cases, but the whole In- 
dian experience points in one direction, and this is that the se- 
verity of a small-pox epidemic is more closely connected with 
sanitary defects, which fritensify the activity of other epidemic 
diseases, than is usually imagined, and that to the general san- 
itary improvement of towns and villages must we look for the 
mitigation of small-pox as of cholera and fever." 

On this branch of the problem Dr. Scott Tebb sums up as 
follows : — 

"At the present time, compulsory vaccination, by paralyz- 
ing efforts in other directions, blocks the way towards sanitary 
reform. When the laws are abrogated vaccination must, like 
all other medical prescriptions and surgical operations, rest 
upon its own merits, or, in other words, on its inherent persua- 
siveness, unaided by the arm of the law. The practice will then, 


in my opinion, in the not very distant future be surely aban- 

'"This will prepare the way for a new era of improved health 
and human happiness, the result of scientific sanitary ameliora- 
tion in all departments of our social, domestic, and municipal 

We should not forget that all zymotic diseases run in peri- 
ods of greater and lesser intensity. This is true of yellow fever, 
of scarlatina, of typhus, and diphtheria, as well of small-pox ; 
and it is during periods of epidemic intensity that the complete 
worthlessness of vaccination is brought home to us. In the 
London Lancet, July 15, 1871, we read: — 

"The deaths from small-pox have assumed the propor- 
tions of a plague. Over 10,000 lives have been sacrificed dur- 
ing the past year in England and Wales. In London, 5,641 
deaths have occurred since Christmas. Of 9,392 patients in the 
London Small-pox Hospitals, no less than 6,854 had been vac- 
cinate d, i. e.j nearly 73 per cent. Taking the mortality at 17 1-2 
per cent, of those attacked, and the deaths this year in the whole 
country at 10.000, it will follow that more than 122,000 vacci- 
nated persons have suffered from small-pox! This is an alarm- 
ing state of things. Can we greatly wonder that the opponents 
of vaccination should point to such statistics as an evidence of 
the failure of the system? It is necessary to speak plainly on 
this important matter." 


In the history of zymotic diseases we are confronted with 
the very important fact, that though small-pox seemed to abate 
after vaccination came into fashion, other forms of zymotic dis- 
eases cropped up and swelled the death rate to the same uni- 
form proportions. When one epidemic predominated — as 
typhus, scarlatina, or diphtheria, — small-pox would be found 
to be in abeyance ; then one after another would manifest epi- 
demic violence, so that the death rate went on with singular 


uniformity. Given the same conditions the death rate of a peo- 
ple will display the same uniform percentage from year to year, 
and nothing will vary this number except a change in these 
conditions. When a whole people improve their sanitary regu- 
lations the death rate diminishes and the average duration of 
life advances. Aggravate these conditions, either by war, fam- 
ine, or intemperance in its multiform phases, and the death 
rate infallibly rises to a larger sum total. 

This compensatory law is well illustrated in Sweden, where 
deaths from small-pox in 1825 were 1,243, and from typhus, 
3,962; but four years later small-pox only claimed 53, while 
deaths from typhus rose to 9,264. Then again, in 1846, the 
small-pox fatality was only 2, while deaths from all causes were 
72,683. In 185 1 small-pox became epidemic again, notwith- 
standing very thorough vaccination, when the small-pox fatality 
rose to 2,448, but the total death rate was almost precisely that 
of 1846, being 72,506. 

The statistics of other countries reveal the same law. In 
Prague, from 1796 to 1802, the total mortality was 1 in 32, when 
small-pox fatality was very high; but from 1832 to 1855, when 
small-pox fatality was extremely low, still the total death rate 
was 1 in 32 1-3. 

Dr. Robert Watt, in 1813, considering the vast number of 
deaths from small-pox among children, says : — 

"I began to reflect how different the case must be now; 
and to calculate the great saving of human life that must have 
arisen from the vaccine inoculation. At this time (1813) above 
15,000 had been inoculated publicly at the Faculty Hall, and 
perhaps twice or thrice that number in private practice." 

In eight years (1805-13) little more than 600 had died in 
Glasgow, of small-pox ; whereas in 1784 the deaths by that dis- 
ease alone amounted to 425, and in 1791 to 607; which, on both 
occasions, exceeded the fourth of the whole deaths in the city 
for the year. To ascertain the real amount of this saving of in- 



fantile life, I turned up one of the later years, and, by accident, 
that of 1808, when, to my utter astonishment, I found that still 
more than a half perished before the tenth year of their age ; 
I could hardly believe the testimony of my senses, and there- 
fore began to turn up other years, but I found it amounted tc 
nearly the same thing. To make the facts clear, let us bring 
the results of the past three decades together, thus : — 




From Small-pox. 



1 783- '792 




1 793- 1 802 









ren Under Child 

ren Under 

Total Deaths 




All Ages. 

I 783- I 792 




I 793- 1 802 








To ascertain how a low small-pox mortality was compen- 
sated by other diseases, Dr. Watt divided the years 1783-1812 
into five periods, of six years each, and in this way set forth 
the proportionate mortalities : — 


W hoopiug- 










1 789- 1 794 


1. 17 


1 795- 1 800 













Children Under Children Under Total Deaths 




All Ages. 





1 789- 1 794 




1 795- 1 800 








1807- 1 81 2 




— "Diseases of Children," Glasgow, 1813. 

Now put these facts by the side of the idiotic — the false 
assertions of Sir Spencer Wells, that : — 

"It may not be generally known, but it is true, that Jen- 
ner has saved, is now saving, and will continue to save in all 
coming ages, more lives in one generation than were destroyed 
in all the wars of the first Napoleon." 

The fluctuations in the death rate between plague and 
small-pox is strikingly similar: — 


Year. Deaths. Year. Deaths. 

1604 896 1628 3 

1605 444 1629 o 

1606 2,124 io 3° 1)317 

1607 2,352 1631 274 

1608 2,262 1632 8 

1609 4,410 1633 o 

1610 1.803 J ^34 1 

161 1 617 1635 o 

1612 64 1636 10,400 

1613 16 1637 3,082 

1614 22 1638 363 

1615 37 1639 314 

1616 9 1640 1450 

1617 6 1641 1,375 

1618 18 1642 1,274 


1619 9 1643 996 

l620 21 1644 1,412 

l62I II 1645 1,871 

l622 l6 1646 2,635 

1623 17 1647 3.507 

1624 II 1648 6ll 

1625 35,417 1649 67 

1626 134 165O 15 

1627 4 1651 23 

In 1878 Sir Thomas Chambers said in the House of Com- 
mons : — 

"You cannot show that vaccination has reduced deaths 
or saved a single life. There may be no small-pox, but the dis- 
appearance of small-pox is by no means equivalent to a reduc- 
tion of mortality." 

Thus I might indefinitely multiply illustrations of the truth 
of this law of constancy which variations in the intensity of 
specific diseases does not affect. The practice of vaccination 
therefore is utterly opposed to the plain teachings of sanitary 
science. It is the most untenable dogma in the whole category 
of medical theories, which has never been demonstrated to be 
sanctioned by any ascertained law or principle in the healing 
art. No precious lives have been saved as the outcome of the 
vaccine delusion, while just in proportion as it has modified the 
symptoms of the contagion it professes to save us from, has 
other and more disgusting forms of zymotic disease multiplied 
upon the race. Aye, more. It has become an added factor for 
the wider diffusion of cancer, erysipelas, eczema, carbuncles, 
tumors, leprosy, and last but not least, to relegate the "bad 
disease" from its dark, infernal den, domesticate and make it 
common in the households of the land ! 



No vaccine stock used since the days of Jenner is en- 
titled to the designation "lymph." Lymph is a natural and 
healthy fluid that circulates in the lymphatic vessels. All so- 
called lymph — which is simply vaccine pus — is a collection of 
blood corpuscles in process of destructive fermentation. The 
various frauds of vaccine pus are charged with the same specific 
quality, their chief differences consisting in their relative de- 
grees of rottenness. They are each and all a species of septic 
poison, no matter how or where they were brewed. The fer- 
menting" cells in this vaccine substance abound with pathogenic 
globular bacteria, of which they are both the active element and 
chief factor in conveying filthy diseases of the blood and skin 
to the human body. Through this blood-poisoning ichor, into 
which the ruthless lance of the vaccinator is daily dipped, the 
germ of a legion of diseases assault the citadel of health, enters 
the peaceful precincts of home, and with the connivance and as- 
sistance of the politician and legislator, inflicts upon the little 
children of the land the barbarous and degrading rite whose 
curse will spread and multiply through generations yet unborn. 
I now remember, the prophet predicted a "time of trouble" for 
the last days. He must have had his eye on the vaccinator, and 
knew full well when he would arrive. Lo ! the last davs are 


here, and the trouble predicted is upon us ! 

That all so-called vaccine lymph contains blood cells has 
been well known to the medical profession since 1862. Dr. 
Heron Watson writes (Edinborough Medical Journal, March, 
1862): "There is no vaccine matter, however carefully re- 
moved from the vesicle, which, on microscopic investigation, 
will not be found to contain blood corpuscles." Upon this 
point the statement of Dr. Husband before the Royal Com- 
mission said in its report : "The evidence given by Dr. Hus- 
band, of the Vaccine Institution of Edinborough, established 
the fact that all lymph, however pellucid, really does contain 
blood cells." (Sec. 430.) Dr. Scott Tebb writes, (A Century of 
Vaccination, page 307) : "There is nothing necessarily in the 
appearance of the vaccine vesicle to lead one to suspect syph- 
ilis;" while Dr. Ballard informs us (Prize Essay) that ''the per- 
fect character of the vesicle is no guarantee that it will not fur- 
nish both vaccine and syphilitic virus." 

Let us see how much the guarantee to furnish "pure" vac- 
cine pus is worth. Mr. Earn, director of the National Establish- 
ment in England, when put under examination before the Royal 
Commission, furnished some details that would be well to re- 
flect upon : 

"Q. 4.130. You are a medical man. are you? Xo. 

Q. 4,133. Have you made any special study of microbes? 

Q. 4,154. With such (microscopic) power as you are able 
to employ would you be able to recognize or distinguish any 
micro-organisms which might be present? Xo, I should not. 

Q. 4,155. Have any micro-organisms been identified, or 
stated to have been identified, for such a disease as erysipelas 
and so on? I am afraid you are going rather out of my depth 
as a non-medical man. 

Q. 4,159. Is there any disease within your experience 
whose cause you can identify with such microscopical power 


as you employ ? Not that I am aware of. 

Q. 4,173. Having regard to what you have told us, do 
you think it would be possible, from the microscopical examin- 
ation you made, to guarantee that any lymph was pure? No; 
I should not undertake to say whether it would be a guarantee 
that the lymph was pure. I do not know that you could do it. 

Q. 4,200. Are we to understand that, as a matter of fact, 
you have ever guaranteed lymph? No. 

It seems, therefore, that there is no such thing known or 
obtainable as pure vaccine lymph, and it is very significant that 
as long ago as 1883 the Grocers' Company, by reason of the 
numerous disasters following vaccination, offered a prize of 
£1,000 for the discovery of any vaccine contagium cultivated 
apart from an animal body, but up to the present time the 
award has not been made. The matter has, however, been set- 
tled beyond all dispute by the Royal Commission itself. They 
say: "It is established that lymph contains organisms, and 
may contain those which under certain circumstances would 
be productive of erysipelas." (Sec. 410). 

— "A Century of Vaccination," page 269. 

It will hence be seen that the commercial sharks who ad- 
vertise to furnish vaccine lymph "absolutely free from all or- 
ganisms except the pure vaccine germ," are either as ignorant 
of the microscope as Mr. Farn, or else through motives for 
lucre they deliberately deceive the public. Probably both these 
allegations are true. 

"If it be asked, with what shall we vaccinate? the answer 
would seem to be simple enough — why, with vaccinal virus, of 
course. But if we ask, what is vaccinal virus? the answer is not 
readily found ; nor is there, even now, after nearly a century 
of vaccination, any concord in the profession as to the proper 
material to be used. 

"When Jenner first performed the rite, he used cow-pox 
virus. We have already seen what was the origin of this dis- 


order in the cow, viz., that it was a contagious disease trans- 
ferred, by careless manipulation, from the heels of the horse to 
the udder of the cow. Jenner believed that small-pox, swine- 
pox, cow-pox, and grease were merely varieties of the same 
disease, as he implied by the name variolae vaccinae. He vaci- 
llated his own son with swine-pox. He employed the grease- 
virus (horse-pox) in a large number of cases, and furnished it 
to other vaccinators. Acting on his suggestion, the king of 
Spain, in 1804, ordered all the children in the Foundling Hospi- 
lai at Madrid to be vaccinated with goat-pox. Jenner claimed 
that the virus of these and various other animals were all 
equally efficacious with cow-pox in warding off small-pox. He 
also used arm-to-arm vaccination, derived both from the cow 
and from the horse. He therefore practiced five distinct things 
under the one name of vaccination: (1) Cow-pox vaccination; 
'2) cow-pox-child vaccination ; (3) horse-pox (grease) vaccina- 
tion, which he denominated as the equination of the human 
subject; (4) horse-pox-child vaccination; and (5) swine-pox 

"Although he asserted that grease, cow-pox, and small- 
pox were all one disease, he made no attempt to prove it by in- 
oculating the cow with variola. But, as early as 1801, Gassner, 
of Gunsburg, inoculated with variolous virus eleven cows, pro- 
ducing on one of them vesicles having all the characteristics of 
vaccinal vesicles, and from which 'a stock of genuine vaccine 
lymph was obtained.' With this small-pox-cow vaccine four 
children were inoculated, and from them seventeen other child- 
ren were in turn vaccinated. In the following year (1802) a 
number of cows were successfully variolated at the Veterinary 
College at Berlin. 

% % ^= % :): $: %: % % % >'fi 

"Beside this variola-vaccine lymph, as it is called, another, 
and as it is asserted, a new variety of lymph or virus has been 
imported. This is the celebrated Beaugency stock, which is 
claimed to be a spontaneous case of cow-pox, untainted with 
variolation on one hand, or horse-grease on the other. 

Thus there are a number of strains of vaccine material : 

a. The original cow- pox of Jenner; 

b. Equine-pox stock ; 

c. Swine-pox stuck ; 


d. Goat-pox stock ; 

e. Variola cow-pox of Ceely, and others ; 

f. Spontaneous cow-pox of Beaugency. 

"Each of these have passed through many transmissions, 
and to a certain extent have become crossed or intermixed, 
and with the exception of what is now called 'calf-lymph,' it 
is impossible f'>r anybody to tell what he is using. This so-called 
'calf-lymph' is offered in two varieties. One of these is claimed 
to be inoculation from the Beaugency stock, which it is con- 
fessed, is of unknown origin, and which from the mildness of 
the vaccine-disorder which it sets up, is of dubious value. 

"The other variety of 'calf-lymph' is derived from small- 
poxing a heifer, and from the vesicles thus produced calves are 
inoculated ; these in their turn furnishing the 'lymph' or virus 
for the human subject. 

"T s furnishes two more varieties of vaccine material: 

g. Calf-Beaugency stock ; 

h. Calf-small-pox-cow-pox." 

— "The Value of Vaccination," pages 37-39, Winterburu. 

"When the Roval Commission on Vaccination was re- 
luctantly conceded by the late (Conservative) government in 
Anvil, 18F9, the medical profession was (and still is) in a state 
of hopeless confusion as to the merits of the various vaccines 
introduced and recommended by rival purveyors. One variety 
is used in Germany, another in France, a third in Belgium, and 
in England all have been tried more or less. It was suggested 
by the medical press that the Royal Commission should deal 
with this much vexed phase of the vaccination embroglio ; 
and after the evidence of Dr. Cory, Dr. Gayton, Mr. Farn, and 
other vaccine experts, it was anticipated the commission would 
have made a pronouncement on the subject. This professional 
expectation has not been realized. To illustrate the extent of 
this medical confusion, and for the information of those who 
contemplate subjecting their children to the vaccine operation, 
the writer subjoins a list of some of these vaccines: 

(1) The original Jennerian Virus, or Horse-grease Cow- 

(2) Woodville's spontaneous Cow-pox Virus, contami- 
nated with small-pox. 

(3) Swine-pox with which Jenner inoculated his eldest 


son. 'Swine-pox' has no relation to a pig's disease ; but is 
only an old name for the mildest form of small-pox, called also 
the white small-pox, or pearl-pox. (Crookshank, 'History and 
Pathology of Vaccination,' Vol. I, page 287.) 

(4) Horse-pox or horse-grease passed through the cow. 

(5) Spontaneous Cow-pox — the Gloucestershire brand. 

(6) Ceely and Babcock's lymph — small-pox passed 
through the cow. 

(7) The Beaugency Virus. 

(8) The Passy Virus. 

(9) Dr. Warlomont's Calf-lymph, in points, tubes or pots 
of pomade as supplied to the Royal Family in England. 

(10) The Lanoline vaccine or vesicle pulp invented by 
Surgeon-Major W. G. King, and used extensively in India and 

(11) Donkey-lymph, the discovery of Surgeon O'Hara, 
and strongly recommended to municipalities in India. 

(12) Buffalo-lymph, recommended in India as 'yielding 
more vesicle-pulp than calves,' but chiefly conspicuous for its 
abominable odor. 

(13) To these must be added the lymph passed through 
numberless more or less diseased human bodies, which has 
been shown by high authorities to be capable of spreading lep- 
rosy, syphilis, and other loathsome and incurable diseases." 

— Anti-Vaccination League Circular. 

Dr. Warlomont, of the Government Vaccine Depot, Bel- 
gium, advises medical practitioners, when families apply for vac- 
cination, to require such families to furnish their own vaccine 
material, thus making the family take the risk while the doctor 
pockets the fee. 



Since one form of vaccination after another has been tried 
and then abandoned because of the evil effects which followed, 
still the doctors and vaccine-farm firms have found the practice 


far too profitable to think of abandoning it ; and so from time 
to time they announce the discovery of a new brand of vaccine 
material, which they guarantee a gullible public to be double 
proof against the remotest possibility of danger, and an absolute 
safeguard against small-pox. "Pure Calf-lymph" is at present 
the harmless elixir which vaccination promoters offer in the 
market. Just how this "lymph" is manufactured is one of those 
mysteries which the vaccine firms never impart to their patrons ; 
and whether the secret is out or not, I know the nature and 
habits of the species, and propose to throw a search-light upon 
it long enough to allow the general reader to note a few items 
regarding its behavior. 

We have already seen that all vaccine material is animal 
pus, which is animal tissue in process of decomposition or ret- 
rograde metamorphosis — but a small remove from absolute 
rottenness. In other words, it is the serum of a particular dis- 
ease thrown out upon the skin, and this putrifying serum in- 
variably contains a specific virus, a putrefactive or septic poison, 
no matter in what way the putrefaction of animal tissue has 
been induced. The vaccine pus may be charged with one or a 
dozen forms of septic poison, according to the nature of the 
putrifying tissues which have contributed to its production. 
Nor is the danger lessened, but rather augmented, by subse- 
quent transmissions, as every additional channel through 
which it passes will contribute its own taint of involved dis- 

Dr. T. V. Gifford, of Kokomo, Ind., in an address before 
the Anti Vaccination Congress in Paris (1889), professes to 
have learned at least one method of producing vaccine calf- 
lymph. He says : — 

"A Boston medical student, whom I had long known as a 
reliable gentleman, voluntarily informed me how they pro- 
duced bovine virus at the Boston vaccine farm, where students 
are permitted to see the whole operation. He said they shave 


the hair from the udder of the heifer with a razor, then scratch 
or bruise the udder with a steel-tiued instrument and leave it to 
fester simply from the bruising. Now put this with the follow- 
ing which I have already quoted form Dr. Spinzig — 'Vaccina- 
tion is tantamount to inoculation and is septic poisoning' — and 
this from the little Philadelphia book afore mentioned — 'that 
vaccine virus has no special properties inherent to it' — and this 
from another scientific writer — 'All pus of animal organisms 
has the same specific quality and differs only in strength and de- 
grees of rottenness or development' — and you have a solution 
of the whole question, which is simply this : It makes no dif- 
ference how the pus is produced, whether by bruise, wound or 
introduction of other pus or other foreign poison. The degree 
of virulence of the pus is governed by the character of the tis- 
sue out of which it is formed and the length of time it remains 
in the sore." 

Again, "Animal lymph is admitted to be too active, es- 
pecially in tropical countries, to be used direct; and in gen- 
eral, therefore, it is available only after one or two removes, 
when it carries with it diseases both animal and human, as has 
been shown in evidence before the Royal Commission on Vac- 

— "Leprosy and Vaccination," page 181, Wm. Tebb. 

On this important phase of the vaccination question I will 
cite a number of authorities who are at the very summit of the 
medical profession, most of whom will be found quoted in Dr. 
Scott Tebb's excellent work, "A Century of Vaccination." 

The London Lancet (June 22, 1878), in a criticism of Dr. 
Henry A. Martin, observes : — 

"The notion that animal lymph would be free from chances 
of syphilitic contamination is so fallacious that we are surprised 
to see Dr. Martin reproduce it, and so contribute to the per- 
petuation of the fanciful ideas which too commonly obtain on 
the origin of vaccino-syphilis. 

"Dr. Henry M. Lyman observes : 'It is certain that the 
disturbances, produced by the use of a virus which has been 
newly derived from the cow, are generally much more marked 
than the effects which follow the use of a more perfectly hu- 


manized lymph.' " 

— "American Medical Times" for March 8, 1862. 

"But there is a special vesicular vaccine eruption attending 
the acme and decline of the vaccine disease. The Germans have 
called it 'Nachpocken.' I have often, nay almost always, seen 
it as a secondary eruption on the teats and udders of the cows 
immediately before and after the decline of the disease in them. 
The same I have repeatedly seen in children, especially in the 
early removes from the cow ; ind still continue at times to wit - 
ness it, to the great temporary disfigurement and annoyance 
of the patient, and the chagrin and vexation of the parent. It 
is essentially a genuine vaccine secondary eruption. I have wit- 
nessed it in vaccinating the dog. I have colored illustrations of 
this secondary eruption in man and animals, and have seen 
some severe and a few very dangerous cases in children where 
the skin and visible mucous membranes were copiously occu- 
pied with it." — Dr. Scott Tebb, page 367. 

"Vaccination with bovine lvmph has brought to light a 
series of phenomenal symptoms, except to those medical men 
who have kept fresh in their minds the descriptions of Jenner 
and the early writers. Jenner described the disease caused by 
early removes from the cow, and he consequently gave a picture 
of only the intensest forms of it, in his 'Inquiry' and 'Further 
Observations.' A glance at the colored engravings in Jenner's 
great work, in Woodville's, Pearson's, Bryce's, Willan's, and 
all others, shows that the vesicle was larger and the areola more 
intensely red than in the cases familiar to us up to the time 
of the introduction of the Beaugency lymph. The reader of the 
early vaccinographers can hardly believe there was not some 
exaggeration in their descriptions of the serious constitutional 
symptoms, and the bad ulcers which sometimes succeeded vac- 
cination ; ulcers so bad, indeed, that they had to be treated 
with solution of white vitrol." 

— Dr. Thomas F. Wood, New Jersey. 

"In the report of the Oxford Local Board to the New Jer- 
sey Board of Health, Dr. L. B. Hoagland, in referring to an ep- 
idemic of small-pox, says : 'About fifteen hundred persons were 
vaccinated during its prevalence, one-third of them with human- 
ized virus, and the remainder with non-humanized bovine virus, 
the constitutional effect being much the more marked when the 


latter was used. One child, of five years, lost its life by taking 
cold in her arm ; gangrene set in, and she died from septicaemia. 
Some of the sores were three or four months in healing." 

"In my use of bovine lymph it was observed that the vac- 
cine vesicle resulting was much larger, the areola and inflam- 
matory induration were more extensive, the crust large, flat, 
and thin, generally ruptured, and came away before the sore 
was cicatrised. In two instances the inflammatory action was so 
high that the vesicle sloughed out en masse, leaving a deep 
ulcer."— Dr. E. J. Marsh, Board of Health, Patterson, N. J., 

Dr. George B. Walker, of Evansville, Ind., writes: "The 
bovine lymph was more violent and caused troublesome ulcera- 
tion and sometimes eruption over the body." 

In the Journal of Cutaneous and Venereal Diseases Dr. 
Morrow bears out the almost universal opinion of medical men 
in the United States when he says : "The experiences of the 
profession in this country with bovine lymph shows that it is 
slower in its development, more intensely irritant in its local and 
constitutional effects, and more prolonged in its active con- 

Dr. Alexander Xapier, assistant to the professor of Materia 
Medica, Glasgow University, and physician to the skin depart- 
ment. Anderson's College Dispensary, calls attention to a cer- 
tain remarkable group of skin eruptions, which he finds re- 
ported in the American journals, and with scarcely an exception 
they related to cases where animal lymph was used. He first 
refers to instances reported by Dr. Rice in the Chicago Medi- 
cal Journal and Examiner for February, 1882, in which that 
gentleman states that "about one in ten of all vaccinated have 
bad arms, with a high grade of fever, and eruption resembling 
somewhat that of Roseda or German measles." 

— Dr. Scott Tebb, page 373. 

Dr. Pierce, quoted by Scott Tebb. writes : "Judging from 
the number of times I have been questioned by anxious parents 
on the meaning of these eruptions, I believe with Dr. Holt that 
the fact of their liability to follow vaccination should be widely 

"In nearly every instance I have mentioned in which spon- 
taneous generalized eruptions followed vaccination, the lymph 


used was animal lymph, not humanized lymph. What does this 
indicate? That, as Dr. Cameron, M. P., once argued before this 
society, tha nearer the virus to its original source in the days 
of Jenner, the stronger it is, and the more efficient the protec- 
tion it affords? Without venturing to give any opinion as to 
the greater efficacy of calf lymph vaccination as a prophylactic 
against small-pox — a matter which can only be settled on the 
basis of a wide statistical inquiry — it seems very clear that in 
animal lymph we have a more powerful material, one which 
more deeply and obviously affects the system than our ordinary 
humanized lymph, if the degree of constitutional disturbance 
is to be taken as an index of the effectual working of the virus." 
— Dr. Napier, Glasgow Medical Journal, June, 1883. 
More recently we find in an article on "Small-pox in San 
Francisco," by Dr. S. S. Herrick, the following remarks : "Be- 
sides the uncertainty of the bovine virus, there are other fea- 
tures of common occurrence, which are not pleasant and which 
are not found in the human product. The sores are apt to be 
quite serious in character ; a considerable eruption on the body 
is liable to take place ; and the points of vaccination frequently 
develop a raspberry-like excrescence (sometimes a true ecchy- 
mosis) which may remain for weeks, and is often mistaken by 
the inexperienced for the normal result of vaccination." 


When the "pure calf-lymph" was found to be uniformly 
harsh in its effects, and to be attended with extensive eruptions 
and ulceration, a new device was invented by the manufacturers 
of the vaccine stock for commercial purposes — a device to still 
further mask its insidious and destructive work. This was to 
add glycerine to the so-called lymph, which, it is claimed, de- 
stroys all micro-organisms except the vaccine germ that is 
wanted. In the first place, this is an admission that the lymph 
without the glycerine, which had already been in use for years, 
really contained micro-organisms in addition to the vaccine 
germs, which therefore embraced a real element of danger ; and 
in the second place, the virtues claimed for glycerine are pure 
assumption, without a shadow of evidence to sustain it. 


"The perennial cry of public vaccinators (when they are 
confronted with the results) is that the lymph is 'unsatisfactory.' 
Animal lymph is often attended with excessive inflammation, 
and the practitioner is obliged to dilute it with glycerine, lano- 
line, and other substances, and its use is much more expensive. 
Moreover, a good deal of the so-called animal lymph in vogue 
is only arm-to-arm vaccine, inoculated into calves, buffaloes, 
sheep, and donkeys, and partakes of the diseases both of man 
and of animals. Of the many cases of ulcerative and of fatal 
vaccination which have come under my notice during the past 
twenty years not a few have been due to the use of carefully 
selected animal vaccine." — "Leprosv and Vaccination," page 
381. Wm. Tebb. 

"Dr. Lurman, of Bremen, gives an account of an epidemic 
of catarrhal jaundice in 1883-84, in a large ship-building and ma- 
chine-making establishment in that town, which is of interest 
from the fact that the patients had been re-vaccinated with 
glycerinated lymph. One hundred and ninety-one persons were 
attacked. The disease began with symptoms of gastric and in- 
testinal catarrh, which persisted a week or more, until jaundice 
appeared. The symptoms comprised epigastric oppression, 
anorexia, vomiting, faintness. and there was usually constipa- 
tion. Yellow vision occurred in a few instances. In one case 
the patient suffered from general dropsy with cerebral symp- 
toms, but none of the cases were fatal. Eighty-seven persons in 
the establishment, who were re-vaccinated by other surgeons 
and other lymph, remained unaffected. Dr. Edwards, who re- 
lates these cases in the London Medical Record of April 15, 
1885. (Vol. XIII, page 142), remarks that the epidemic 'was 
causally connected with the re-vaccination, in some way or 

"A feature of glycerinated lymph appears to be that, when 
it takes, great intensity of action is observed, both local and 
general. Thus Dr. James Cantlie refers to 'much constitutional 
disturbance' produced by Japanese lymph. I may also allude 
to an article by Dr. Robert J. Carter. He details the results of 
319 re-vaccinations with glycerinated calf-lymph. He observes 
that in 106 of the patients the axillary glands were 'large, hard, 
and tender, and in some instances exquisitely painful ;' in three 
of the cases the glands above the collar-bone were also affected. 


In nine cases lymphangitis was present, the lymphatic vessels 
being felt as hard, swollen, tender cords along the course of the 
axillary vessels. In ninety-eight of the patients there was 
oedema and induration of the arm, and these manifestations 
were of a 'curiously persistent character.' Dr. Carter remarked 
that they were apparently dependent on the intensity of the 
local inflammation at the site of the vaccination." 

"Abundant evidence of the danger of glycerinated lymph 
is adduced in Appendix IX to the Final Report of the Royal 
Commission. The cases are, of course, mostly erysipelas or of 
a septic nature ; and, without including those of a less severe 
character, they number 84, and of these no less than 24 were 
fatal." — "A Century of Vaccination," Dr. Scott Tebb, page 382. 

"I emphasize the point, that no lymph, whether human or 
animal, or adulterated with other substances, can be guaran- 
teed as free from danger." — Ibid., page 386. 

"Glycerine is a nutritive medium for the growth of putre- 
factive and other germs and being fluid, the germs soon pervade 
it throughout; and, as a fact, this preparation (glycerinated 
lymph) in India soon becomes putrid and septically dangerous." 

Indian Lancet, March 4, 1897. 

Dr. T. S. Hopkins, of Thomasville, Ga., wrote a communi- 
cation concerning the results that followed the use of "patent 
solid lymph :" — 

"Our town authorities have employed a physician to vacci- 
nate all persons who present themselves for the purpose. The 
virus was procured from the New England Vaccine Company, 
Chelsea, Mass., as 'bovine matter.' The result has been fearful. 
Nearly every one vaccinated has suffered severely from ery- 
thema or erysipelas, the arm swollen from shoulder to wrist, and 
the point of puncture presenting the appearance of a sloughing 
ulcer, discharging freely sanious pus. Many of the sufferers 
have been confined to bed, with high fever, from five to ten 
days, requiring the constant application of poultices to the arm, 
and a free use of morphia for the relief of pain. I deem it my 
duty to inform you of the result here from the matter used and 
from whence it came. It came in cones, each one said to con- 


tain enough to vaccinate one hundred persons, at a cost of one 
dollar per cone. Those who have tried it tell me they would 
much prefer to have small-pox." — From the National Board of 
Health Bulletin, Washington, D. C, March 4, 1882. 

"We have no known test by which we could possibly dis- 
tinguish between a lymph which was harmless and one which 
was harmful to the extent of communicating syphilis." — Dr. 
Crookshank, Professor of Pathology and Bacteriology. 

Thus I might multiply testimonies indefinitely regarding 
the wide-spread injury which has followed the use of all forms 
of animalized and humanized grades of vaccine material. Glyce- 
rinated lymph and all modern brands of vaccine stock are only 
new devices to make an old discredited virus acceptable ; and 
the chief reason why they continue to be inflicted on the long 
suffering public, is because that public have no intelligent un- 
derstanding of the insidious effects or the grave dangers that re- 
sult from this ruinous practice. 

Neither the parent or the doctor has any means of judging 
the quality of the vaccine virus used, since it is an article of 
commerce ; and its production is not only associated with mer- 
cenary motives, but with empirical science as well. Commerce 
has usurped the field here as everywhere else, and the doctor — 
who is merely a "middle man" between the vaccine dealer and 
the vaccinated — knows no more about the composition of his 
stock, either in its occult properties or vital chemistry, than 
he does about his baking powders or canned beef ; whether the 
former are free from alum adulteration, or whether the latter 
has passed through the hands of the embalmer. We know at 
least that from first to last the whole consignment of horse- 
grease-cow-pox-syphilized-vaccine pus is now, has been, and is 
destined to continue the most damnable stuff that was ever ad- 
mitted into the category of commercialized medical practice. 
We may soon expect that the various vaccine farms will be 
massed into one gigantic trust, with a lobby at Washington and 


money to secure federal enforcement of a more stringent com- 
pulsory vaccination act for the entire country ! 

"And the beast causeth all * * to receive a mark on 
their arm * * and no man might buy or sell, save him that 
had the mark * * and there fell a noisome and grievous 
sore upon such as had the mark of the beast." — Rev. xvi-2. 

Every child successfully vaccinated will carry on its body 
the scar — the brute-caused scar, the grievous sore, the scar of 
the "beast" till death. 



The flattering promises made by Jenner and other advo 
cates of his school, that cow-pox is an absolute and infallible 
protection against small-pox, we have repeatedly seen is contra- 
dicted by the concurrent testimony of the highest medical au- 
thorities in all civilized countries, as also by the facts with which 
we are daily confronted, but more especially in seasons of small- 
pox epidemic. During the last twenty years all the leading 
countries of the world have expended every effort to render 
vaccination general and complete. Compulsory laws have been 
enacted, an army of vaccinators put into the field, tens of thous- 
ands of prosecutions have been brought, together with fines and 
imprisonments, against those who refused to comply with the 
provisions of arbitrary legislation, and millions of dollars have 
been expended to make vaccination universal. And I ask, what 
beneficent result has been accomplished by this unparalleled 
vigilance and expenditure? None. The average death rate 
from zymotics has not diminished, except where improved san- 
itary regulations have been adopted, and even there small-pox 
has not diminished in a greater ratio than scarlatina or diph- 
theria, as it should if the claims for vaccination had any valid 
basis or justification in recorded facts. Just in proportion as 
vaccination has modified the symptoms of small-pox it has ag- 
gravated other forms of infection, as will be amply shown in 


the course of this discussion. And had not improved sanitation 
gone forward as a counteractive cause, the destructive effects 
of vaccination would have been far more manifest than what 
has already been recorded, bad as that record has been. Sani- 
tation has acted as a powerful check to the otherwise rapid mul- 
tiplication and spread of zymotic diseases. 

Jenner himself found that those whom he vaccinated were 
not only subject to small-pox, but that they were sometimes 
attacked twice with the disease. Then he advised re-vaccina- 
tion, and finally re-vaccinated his patients once a year. He 
made a marked distinction between efficient and non-efficient 
vaccination. Its potency was not regarded as proved until the 
constitution was unmistakably affected with the vaccine dis- 
ease. Finally "due and efficient" vaccination meant great in 
amount and distinct in quality, i. e., often repeated, and vitally 
disturbing. As a matter of fact, if people had the small-pox 
under similar conditions that they usually have the swine, horse- 
grease, or cow-pox, it would be scarcely less disturbing, but like 
all zymotic diseases, the soil for small-pox is prepared by filthy 
living, intemperance, over-crowding, poverty, war, etc., until the 
populace is charged with infection to the point of explosion; 
then it breaks out with epidemic intensity as small-pox, typhus, 
or plague, according to the preponderating quality of the in- 
fection accumulated. Then a miracle is expected from the per- 
formance of a degrading rite, but the miracle is never per- 
formed, since during an epidemic small-pox ruthlessly treads 
down its victims without taking any note of the "vaccine-mark" 
on the arm, so much relied on as a talisman or magic charm 
against the disease ! Florence Nightingale combined experi- 
ence and common sense in this domain far better than nine- 
tenths of the doctors. She says : — 

"I was brought up both by scientific men and ignorant wo- 
men to believe the small-pox, for instance, was a thing, of which 
there was once a first specimen in the world, which went on 



propagating itself, just as much as there was a first dog. or 
pair of dogs ; and that the small-pox would not begin itself any 
more than a new dog would begin without there having been a 
parent dog. Since then I have seen with my eyes small-pox 
growing up in first specimens, in close rooms or over-crowded 
wards, where it could not by any possibility have been caught, 
but must have been begun. Nay more : I have seen diseases 
begin, grow up. and pass into one another; with over-crowding, 
continued fever : with a little more over-crowding, typhoid ; 
with a little more, typhus, and all in the same ward or hut." 







In 1820. that is. before Jcnncr's death, it was said: "Cases 
of small-pox after vaccination have increased to such an ex- 
tent, that no conscientious practitioner can recommend vacci- 
nation as affording a certain security against the contagion of 
small-pox." — "Gazette of Health," London. 1820. 

In 1828 there was a severe epidemic in Marseilles where 
2,000 were attacked with small-pox. who had been vaccinated. 
In the epidemic of 1831, in Wirtemburg, 955 persons were at- 
tacked with small-pox — all vaccinated. 

"The matter has been looked into by Dr. Creighton and 
by Prof. Crookshank as far as its pathological aspect is con- 
cerned; and the conclusions towards which we are pointed in 


this, that while vaccination is not, and from the nature of the 
case cannot be, a specific prophylactic against small-pox, yet a 
severe attack of cow-pox, or, in other words, vaccination fol- 
lowed by considerable constitutional disturbance, is likely to 
prove, while the febrile symptoms still last, antagonistic to the 
small-pox infection, and, so far, affords a temporary protection 
against it. Probably the same is true of any other disease that 
produces constitutional disturbance with febrile symptoms. 
We must, moreover, bear in mind that many persons, apart from 
vaccination, had been known to show constitutional insuscep- 
tibility to the variolous inoculation, and that inoculation 
itself was often enough a mere formality, producing no results ; 
and this was extremely likely to be the case when the operators 
were anxious that no results should be produced. Add to this 
the enthusiasm for the cause, which, unless Jenner and his fel- 
low-workers had been more than human, would lead them, with- 
out conscious dishonesty, to make no record of experiments 
that failed, and we have perhaps a fair explanation of the whole 
business ; but it is not altogether a satisfactory one ; and it is 
difficult not to regret that similar experiments cannot be re- 
peated now under conditions involving publicity, as that would 
really settle the whole controversy." — "Vaccination Question," 
Arthur Wallaston Hutton. 

"The small-pox is making still greater havoc in the ranks 
of the Prussian army, which is said to have 30,000 small-pox 
patients in its hospitals." — "London Morning Advertiser," Nov. 
24, 1870. 

"The United States frigate Independence, with a ship's 
company of 560 persons, there were 116 cases of small-pox, 
seven fatal. The crew of this ship almost universally presented 
what are regarded as genuine vaccine marks. The protection, 
however, proved to be quite imperfect." — U. S. Navy Depart- 
ment Reports, 1850. 

"In a cruise of the North Carolina up the Mediterranean, 
she shipped at Norfolk a crew of 900 men, most of whom had 
been vaccinated, or had the small-pox, but were nevertheless 
twice vaccinated prior to the ship sailing, a third time at Gibral- 
tar, and a fourth time at Port Mahon. Dr. Henderson, who 
reports these facts, states that notwithstanding this ultra vacci- 
nation under such various circumstances of virus, climate, etc., 


157 of the crew had varioloid." — Ibid. 

In New York (1870-71) the health department reported: 
"This extraordinary prevalence of small-pox over various 
parts of the globe, especially in countries where vaccination has 
long been efficiently practiced ; its occurrence in its most fatal 
form in persons who gave evidences of having been well vacci- 
nated, and the remarkable susceptibility of people of all ages 
to re-vaccinations, are new facts in the history of this pestilence, 
which must lead to a re-investigation of the whole subject of 
vaccination and of its claims as a protecting agent." — Dr. Win- 
terburn, page 73. 

In 1882 small-pox was epidemic in Baltimore. The vic- 
tims were principally foreigners, crowded together in the most 
filthy quarter of the town. In a crowded tenement from fifteen 
to twenty cases were often reported. In a single month (Janu- 
ary) over 162,000 persons were vaccinated by the city physi- 
cians. There were 4,930 cases, of which 3,506 were children. 
The deaths amounted to 1.184, of which 959 were children — 
about 78 per cent. This, together with hundreds of other in- 
stances that might be cited from crowded centers of popula- 
tion, proves vaccination a complete and glaring failure in times 
of small-pox epidemic — the only time when such protection is 

When the great London epidemic raged (1871-72), 96 per 
cent, of births were registered as vaccinated, yet there were 11,- 
174 cases of small-pox in the London hospitals. At the same 
period 17,109 cases were reported in Milan, of which but 278 
were classed as unvaccinated. In the French army during the 
Franco-Prussian war, 23,469 cases were recorded, every one of 
which had been vaccinated, and a large proportion re-vacci- 
nated. Dr. Bayard, of Paris, says: "Every French soldier on 
entering a regiment is re-vaccinated ; there are no exceptions." 

Sir Henry Holland reluctantly admits that "The circum- 
stances, of late years, have greatly changed the aspect of all 
that relates to this question. It is no longer expedient, in any 


sense, to argue for the present practice of vaccination as a cer- 
tain or permanent preventive of small-pox. The truth must be 
told as it is, that the earlier anticipations on this point have not 
been realized." 

"From childhood I have been trained to look upon the cow- 
pox as an absolute and unqualified protective. I have, from 
my earliest remembrance, believed in it more strongly than in 
any clerical tenet or ecclesiastical dogma. The numerous and 
acknowledged failures did not shake my faith. I attributed 
them either to the carelessness of the operator or the badness 
of the lymph. In the course of time, the question of vaccine 
compulsion came before the Reichstag, when a medical friend 
supplied me with a mass of statistics favorable to vaccination, 
in His opinion conclusive and unanswerable. This awoke the 
statistician within me. On inspection, I found the figures were 
delusive ; and a closer examination left no shadow of doubt in 
my mind that the so-called statistical array of proof was a com- 
plete failure." — Dr. G. F. Kolb, Royal Sta. Com., Bavaria. 

The Registrar General (England), in his official report for 
1880, points out some very important facts, namely, that the 
reduction in the sum total of zymotic diseases for the previous 
decade, should be put down to the credit of improved sanita- 
tion. The death rate from fever fell nearly 50 per cent. ; that 
of scarlatina and diphtheria, 33 per cent., while small-pox alone 
increased 50 per cent., and this when vaccination was general 
and thorough. This proves that vaccination has no appreciable 
effect to check the progress of small-pox when it becomes epi- 
demic. We also have here an illustration of the law, already 
pointed out, that when one zymotic disease is epidemic the 
others are in abeyance to the extent that the total death rate is 
not sensibly affected. 

The "London Lancet" (1871) says, editorially: "Those 
who have been building up in their imagination a great and ben- 
eficent system of state medicine, under which the great causes 
of diseases were to be controlled, must abate their hopefulness. 
It must be admitted that the existing system of public vaccina- 


tion lias been sadly discredited and almost mocked by the exper- 
ience of the present epidemic." 

In a speech in the London Vaccination Conference (1881). 
Dr. Bullard — with a salary of $3,500.00 as public vaccinator — 
said: "If it were not for the interference of such small-pox ep- 
idemics as that of 1871, the records of vaccination would be per- 
fectly satisfactory." Dr. Robinson retorted: "Dr. B. reminds 
me of a bankrupt who avowed he would be perfectly solvent, if 
it were not for his confounded losses." Aye, it is during a 
money-crisis that the solvency of a bank is tested ; and it is 
likewise during a small-pox epidemic the value — or total lack 
of it — of vaccination is tested. If at this critical period it fails 
to protect, it is thereby not only proved to be utterly useless, 
but an unmitigated curse ; for it not only fails to yield any ben- 
efit, but it charges the bodies of its unnumbered victims with a 
virus, the effects of which the most thorough sanitation will 
only partially counteract. 

Here are some figures : 


1851-60 7,150 

1861-70 8,347 

1871-80 15,551 

The deaths in England from the last three great epidemics 
of small-pox were : 


1857-9 14,244 

1863-5 20.059 

1870-2 44,840 

This is vaccinated London; this is vaccinated England, and 
observe that the last curse was far more grievous than the first 
— twenty years earlier. 

Florence Nightingale writes that "Every one who knows 
anything of public health questions, will agree as to the practi- 
cal unity of epidemics and their determining causes, and that ex- 


emptions from all alike must be sought, not by any one thing, 
such as vaccination, but by inquiring into and removing the 
causes of epidemic susceptibility generally." 


One of the ablest writers and thoroughly scientific men in 
England — Prof. Alfred R. Wallace — has enrolled himself on the 
side of reform, and has recently written and published (1898) 
one of the best books on the vaccination controversy which has 
appeared within the history of the agitation — "Vaccination a 
Delusion." This has been published both as a separate volume, 
and also embodied in his latest work — "The Wonderful Cen- 
tury," where it is receiving a wide circulation. Prof. Wallace 
has made a thorough study and analysis of the statistical prob- 
lem as it relates to vaccination and to small-pox, and arranged 
the results in diagramatic form — twelve diagramatic maps — 
the only form in which statistics show the exact truth at a 
glance. I am more than pleased to have access to such an ample 
and thoroughly reliable source of information, and shall embody 
some of Prof. Wallace's results in these pages : 

He critically examined the early tests employed by the ad- 
vocates of vaccination to prove the protective influence of the 
practice, and points out the fallacy and complete inefficiency 
of these tests. Moreover, he urges that the real test would have 
been to inoculate with small-pox virus two groups of persons 
of similar age, constitution and health, one group having been 
vaccinated, the other not, and none of them having had small- 
pox. Then have the results carefully noted and reported by in- 
dependent experts. But such practical tests have never been 
instituted by the apologists and defenders of the practice. 

The Board of the National Vaccine Establishment, ap- 
pointed in 1808, consisted of the president and four censors of 


the Royal College of Physicians, and the master and two senior 
wardens of the College of Surgeons. Speaking of this board, 
Prof. Wallace observes : — 

"The successive annual reports of the National Vaccine Es- 
tablishment give figures of the deaths by small-pox in London 
in the eighteenth century, which go on increasing like Fal- 
staff's men in buckram ; while in our own time the late Dr. W. 
B. Carpenter, Mr. Ernest Hart, the National Health Society, 
and the Local Government Board make statements or give fig- 
ures which are absurdly and demonstrably incorrect. * * * 
The unreasoning belief in the importance of vaccination leads 
many of those who have to deal with it officially to conceal- 
ments and mis-statements which are justified by the desire to 
'save vaccination from reproach.' " 

Next Prof. Wallace cites two cases which shows the un- 
scrupulous special pleading of members of the National Vaccine 
Establishment — the recklessness in making assertions which 
scorns the slightest attempt at verification : — 

"In the first edition of Mr. Ernest Hart's "Truth About 
Vaccination" (page 4), it is stated, on the authority of a mem- 
ber of Parliament recently returned from Brazil, that during 
an epidemic of small-pox at the town of Ceara in 1878 and 1879, 
out of a population not exceeding 70.000 persons there were 
40,000 deaths from small-pox. This was repeated by Dr. Car- 
penter during a debate in London, in February, 1882, and only 
when its accuracy was called in question was it ascertained that 
at the time referred to the population of Ceara was only about 
20,000, yet the M. P. had stated — with detailed circumstance — 
that 'in one cemetery, from August, 1878, to June, 1879, 27,- 
064 persons who had died of small-pox had been buried.' Ga- 
zetteers are not very recondite works, and it would have been 
not difficult to test some portion of this monstrous statement 
before printing it. Tenner's biographer tells us that he had a 
horror of arithmetical calculations, due to a natural incapacity, 
which quality appears to be a special characteristic of those who 
advocate vaccination, as the examples I have given sufficiently 

"Another glaring case of official misrepresentation oc- 
curred in the Royal Commission itself, but was fortunately ex- 


posed later on. A medical officer of the Local Government 
Board gave evidence (First Report, Q. 994), that the board in 
1886 'took some pains to get the figures as to the steamship 
Preussen,' on which small-pox broke out on its arrival in Aus- 
tralia. He made the following statements: (1) There were 
312 persons on board this vessel. (2) 4 re-vaccinated, 47 vacci- 
nated, 3 who had small-pox, and 15 unvaccinated were attacked 
— 69 in all. (3) The case was adduced to show that 'sanitary 
circumstances have little or no control over small-pox compared 
with the condition of vaccination or no vaccination.' 

"This official statement was quoted in the House of Com- 
mons as strikingly showing the value of vaccination. But, like 
so many other official statements, it was all false ! The re- 
ports of the Melbourne and Sydney inspectors have been ob- 
tained, and it is found: (1) That there were on board this ship 
723 passengers and 120 crew — 823 in all, instead of 312; so that 
the 'pains' taken by the Local Government Board to get 'the 
figures' were very ineffectual. (2) There were 29 cases among 
the 235 passengers who disembarked at Melbourne, of whom 
only 1 was unvaccinated. The crew had all been vaccinated be- 
fore starting, yet 14 of them were attacked with small-pox, and 
one died." 

— Page 81 of "Vaccination a Delusion." 

Again, officials of the Vaccine Establishment have no mo- 
tives why a record of small-pox mortality should not be cor- 
rect ; but they have a motive to charge the record up against 
the unvaccinated all that the state of the public health will bear. 
Of fatal cases none are returned as vaccinated unless distinct 
and visible vaccine marks are found, which often lead to error. 
Besides, official vaccinators have an admitted practice of giving 
vaccination the benefit of any doubt that may arise as to 
whether the victim of the disease was ever vaccinated. Hence, 
while statistics are sure to embrace the full number of the un- 
vaccinated, they rarely reveal the number of the vaccinated. 

Sweden is often quoted by advocates of vaccination as bear- 
ing out their contention that vaccination really protects. They 
point out that vaccination was introduced in Sweden in 1801. 


and that from that time to 1810 there was a great and sudden 
decline of small-pox mortality. But Prof. Wallace, taking the 
report of the Swedish Board of Health, and the statements of 
such authorities as Sir William Gull, Dr. Seaton and Mr. 
Marsen before the Commission of Inquiry in 1871, constructed 
a complete diagramatic table of Swedish mortality statistics. 
I will here attempt nothing more than a brief summary of a por- 
tion of the facts. 

In the first place, only 8 per cent, of the population were 
vaccinated in Sweden down to 181 2. The first successful vacci- 
nation in Stockholm was at the close of 1810. And here it is 
important to note that the decline in small-pox mortality was 
between 1801 and 1812, while only 8 per cent, of the population 
was yet vaccinated, and even this small percentage was mostly 
confined to the rural districts. From 1812, for sixty years there 
was a continuous increase in the small-pox death rate. The 
Stockholm epidemic of 1807, before a single inhabitant in that 
city was vaccinated, and the epidemic in 1825, were far less se- 
vere than the six later epidemics when vaccination had become 
general. By referring to Prof. Wallace's diagram, we see that 
vaccination had nothing to do with the reduction of small-pox 
mortality, which was all brought about before the first success- 
ful vaccination in the capital, Dec. 17, 1810. As vaccination in-> 
creased among the population, small-pox increased also. In 
1874 there was a small-pox mortality in Stockholm of 7,916 per 
million, reaching 10,290 per million during the two years in 
which the epidemic prevailed This was a higher mortality 
than the worst epidemic in London during the eighteenth cen- 

Prof. Wallace sums up the case as it rejates to Sweden : — 

"There has evidently been a great and continuous im- 
provement in healthy conditions of life in Sweden, as in our own 
country and probably in all other European nations ; and this 
improvement, or some special portion of it, must have acted 


powerfully on small-pox to cause the enormous diminution of 
the disease down to 1812, with which, as we have seen, vaccina- 
tion could have had nothing to do. The only thing that vacci- 
nation seems to have done is, to have acted as a check to this 
diminution, since it is otherwise impossible to explain the com- 
plete cessation of improvement as the operation became more 
general ; and this is more especially the case in view of the fact 
that the general death rate has continued to decrease at almost 
the same rate down to the present day! 

"This case of Sweden alone affords complete proof of the 
uselessness of vaccination ; yet the commissioners in the Final 
Report (par. 59) refer to the great diminution of small-pox mor- 
tality in the first twenty years of the century as being due to it. 
They make no comparison with the total death rate ; they say 
nothing of the increase of small-pox from 1824 to 1874; they 
omit all reference to the terrible Stockholm epidemics increas- 
ing continuously for fifty years of legally enforced vaccination 
and culminating in that of 1874, which was far worse than the 
worst known in London during the whole of the eighteenth 
century. Official blindness to the most obvious facts and con- 
clusions can hardly have a more striking illustration than the 
appeal to the case of Sweden as being favorable to the claims of 

In May, 1871, the Pall Mall Gazette expresses the medical 
opinion that : — 

"Prussia is the country where re-vaccination is most gen- 
erally practiced, the law making the precaution obligatory on 
every person, and the authorities conscientiously watching 
over its performance. As a natural result, cases of small-pox 
are rare." Never was there a more glaring untruth than this 
last statement. It is true that re-vaccination was enforced in 
public schools and other institutions, and most rigidly in the 
army, so that a very large proportion of the adult male popula 
tion must have been re-vaccinated ; but, instead of cases of 
small-pox being rare, there had been for the twenty-four years 
preceding 1871 a much greater small-pox mortality in Prussia 
than in England, the annual average being 248 per million for 
the former and only 210 for the latter. A comparison of the 



two cases shows the difference at a glance. English small- 
pox only reached 400 per million (in 1852) while in Prussia it 
four times exceeded that amount. And immediately after the 
words above quoted were written, the great epidemic of 1871-72 
caused a mortality in re-vaccinated Prussia more than double 
that of England." — Ibid, page 48. 

If we compare Berlin with London in 1871, we find the 
small-pox mortality for Berlin 6,150 per million — more than 
twice that of London ; and this, remember, is where vaccination 
and re-vaccination were most thoroughly performed. 

Again, vaccination was made compulsory in Bavaria in 
1807, and was so maintained down to the epidemic of 1871, 
when 30,742 cases of small-pox were reported, of which 95 per 
cent, had been vaccinated. 

Prof. Wallace truly remarks : "In Bavaria as in all other 
countries we have examined, the behavior of small-pox shows 
no relation to vaccination, but the very closest relation to the 
other zymotics and to density of population. * * Ninety- 
five per cent, of small-pox patients having been vaccinated is 
alone sufficient to condemn vaccination as useless." 

"One point more deserves notice before leaving this part 
of the inquiry, which is the specially high small-pox mortality 
of great commercial sea-ports. The following table, compiled 
from Dr. Pierce's "Vital Statistics" for the continental towns 
and from the Reports of the Royal Commission for those of 
our own country, is very remarkable and instructive : — 












Plymouth . 



"The small-pox death rate in the case of the lowest of these 
towns is very much higher than in London during the same ep- 


idemic, and it is quite clear that vaccination can have had noth- 
ing to do with this difference. For if it be alleged that vaccina- 
tion was neglected in Hamburgh and Rotterdam, of which we 
find no particulars, this cannot be said of Cork, Sunderland, 
and Newcastle. Again, if the very limited and imperfect vacci- 
nation of the first quarter of the century is to have the credit 
of the striking reduction of small-pox mortality that then oc- 
curred, as the Royal Commissioners claim, a small deficiency in 
the very much more extensive and better vaccination that gen- 
erally prevailed in 1871, cannot be the explanation of a small- 
pox mortality greater than in the worst years of London when 
there was no vaccination. Partial vaccination cannot be claimed 
as producing marvellous effects at one time and less than noth- 
ing at all at another time, yet this is what the advocates of vac- 
cination constantly do. But on the sanitation theory the ex- 
planation is simple. Mercantile seaports have grown up along 
the banks of harbors or tidal rivers whose waters and shores 
have been polluted by sewage for centuries. They are always 
densely crowded owing to the value of situations as near as 
possible to the shipping. Hence there is always a large popula- 
tion living under the worst sanitary conditions, with bad drain- 
age, bad ventilation, abundance of filth and decaying organic 
matter, and all the conditions favorable to the spread of zymotic 
diseases and their exceptional fatality. Such populations have 
maintained to our day the unsanitary conditions of the last cen- 
tury, and thus present us with a similarly great small-pox mor- 
tality, without any regard to the amount of vaccination that 
may be practiced. In this case they illustrate the same princi- 
ple which so well explains the very different amounts of small- 
pox mortality in Ireland, Scotland, England, and London, with 
hardly any difference in the quantity of vaccination. 

The Royal Commissioners, with all these facts before 
them or at their command, have made none of these compari- 
sons. They give the figures of small-pox mortality, and either 
explain them by alleged increase or decrease of vaccination, or 
argue that, as some other disease — such as measles — did not 
decrease at the same time or to the same amount, therefore 
sanitation cannot have influenced small-pox. They never once 
compare small-pox mortality with general mortality, or with the 
rest of the group of zymotics, and thus fail to see their wonder- 


fully close agreement — their simultaneous rise and fall, which 
so clearly shows their subjection to the same influences and 
proves that no special additional influence can have operated in 
the case of small-pox." — Ibid, pages 51-52. 

Prof. Wallace then proceeds to give two remarkable test 
illustrations of the utter worthlessness of vaccination : — 

"The first is that of the town of Leicester, which for the last 
twenty years has rejected vaccination till it has now almost van- 
ished altogether and small-pox is almost unknown. The 
second is that of our army and navy, in which, for 
a quarter of a century, every recruit has been re-vac- 
cinated, unless he has been recently vaccinated or has had small- 
pox. In the first we have an almost wholly unprotected popu- 
lation of nearly 200,000. which, on the theory of the vaccinators, 
should have suffered exceptionally from small-pox ; in the other 
we have a picked body of 220,000 men, who, on the evidence 
of the medical authorities, are as well protected as they know 
how to make them, and among whom, therefore, small-pox 
should be almost or quite absent, and small-pox deaths quite 
unknown. Let us see, then, what has happened in these two 
cases. In both it has been clearly proven that small-pox in- 
creased with the increase of vaccination, and decreased by sani- 
tation, cleanliness, and hygienic living. 

"Then commenced the movement (in Leicester) against 
vaccination, owing to its proved uselessness in the great epi- 
demic, when Leicester had a very much higher small-pox mor- 
tality than London, which has resulted in a continuous decline, 
especially rapid for the last fifteen years, till it is now reduced 
to almost nothing. ******** 

"The first thing to be noted is the remarkable simultaneous 
rise of all four death rates to a maximum in 1868-72, at the 
same time that the vaccination rate attained its maximum. The 
decline in the death rates from 1852 to i860 was due to sanitary 
improvements which had then commenced ; but the rigid en- 
forcement of vaccination checked the decline owing to its pro- 
ducing a great increase of mortality in children, an increase 
which ceased as soon as vaccination diminished. This clearly 
shows that the deaths which have only recently been acknowl- 
edged as due to vaccination, directly or indirectly, are really so 
numerous as largely to affect the total death rate; but they 


were formerly wholly concealed, and still are partially concealed, 
by being registered under such headings as erysipelas, syphilis, 
diarrhoea, bronchitis, convulsions, or other proximate cause of 

The small-pox history of Leicester presents one of the best 
object lessons of the past thirty years, for since the small-pox 
epidemic of 1871, the city not only rose in revolt and rid itself 
of the incubus of vaccination, but also instituted as thorough a 
system of sanitation as its crowded population of 180,000 would 
admit of. It therefore stands out clear and distinct above all the 
other cities in England, both as a rebuke to the vaccine prac- 
tice, and as a testimony that salvation from zymotic infection 
lies in the direction of hygienic habits and surroundings. In 
1S94 Leicester had only seven vacinations to 10,000 of the pop- 
ulation, while Birmingham had thirty times that proportion; 
and between 1891-94 Leicester had less than one-third the cases 
of small-pox and less than one-fouth the deaths in proportion to 
population, than well vaccinated Birmingham ; whence it is 
readily seen that for both numbers and severity the facts are 
decidedly against vaccination. 

"Now let us see how the commissioners, in their Final Re- 
port deal with the above facts, which are surely most vital to the 
"ery essence of the inquiry, and the statistics relating to which 
have been laid before them with a wealth of detail not equalled 
in any other case. Practically they ignore it altogether. Of 
course I am referring to the majority report, to which alone the 
government and the unenlightened public arc likely to pay any 
attention. Even the figures above quoted as to Leicester and 
Warrington are to be found only in the report of the minority, 
who also give the case of another town, Dewsbury, which has 
partially rejected vaccination, but not nearly to so large an ex- 
tent as Leicester, and in the same epidemic it stood almost ex- 
actly between un-vaccinated Leicester and well-vaccinated War- 
rington, thus : — 

Leicester had 1.1 mortality per 10.000 living, 
Dewsbury had 6.7 motality per 10,000 living, 
Warrington had 11.8 mortality per 10,000 living. 


"Here again we see that it is the unvaccinatecl towns that 
suffer least, not the most vaccinated. 

"What they urge is (the minority report), that sanitation 
and isolation arc the effective and only preventives ; and it was 
because Leicester attended thoroughly to these matters, and 
Gloucester wholly neglected them, that the one suffered so little 
and the other so much in the recent epidemic. On this subject 
every inquirer should read the summary of the facts given in the 
minority report, paragraph 261. 

"To return to the majority report. Its references to Lei- 
cester are scattered over 80 pages, referring separately to the 
hospital staff, and the relations of vaccinated and unvaccinated 
to small-pox ; while in only a few paragraphs do they deal with 
the main question and the results of the system of isolation 
adopted. These results they endeavor to minimize by declaring 
that the disease was remarkably 'slight in its fatality,' yet they 
end by admitting that the 'experience of Leicester affords co- 
gent evidence that the vigilant and prompt application of isola- 
tion * * * * is a most powerful agent in limiting the 
spread of small-pox.' A little further on they say, when discuss- 
ing this very point — how far sanitation may be relied on in place 
of vaccination — 'The experiment has never been tried.' Surely 
a town of 180,000 inhabitants which has neglected vaccination 
for twenty years, is an experiment. But a little further on we 
see the reason of this refusal to consider Leicester a test experi- 
ment. Paragraph 502 begins thus : 'The question we are now 
discussing must, of course, be argued on the hypothesis that 
vaccination affords protection against small-pox.' What an 
amazing basis of argument for a commission supposed to be 
inquiring into this very point! They then continue: 'Who can 
possibly say that if the disease once entered a town the popula- 
tion of which was entirely or almost entirely unprotected, it 
would not spread w r ith a rapidity of which we have in recent 
times had no experience?' But Leicester is such a town. Its 
infants — the class which always suffers in the largest numbers 
— are almost wholly unvaccinated. and the great majority of its 
adults have, according to the bulk of the medical supporters of 
vaccination, long outgrown the benefits, if any, of infant-vacci- 
nation. The disease has been introduced into the town twenty 


times before 1884, and twelve times during the last epidemic 
(Final Report, par. 482 and 483). The doctors have been assert- 
ing for years that once small-pox comes to Leicester it will run 
through the town like wild-fire. But instead of that it has been 
quelled with far less loss than in any of the best vaccinated 
towns in England. But the commissioners ignore this actual 
experiment, and soar into the regions of conjecture with, 'Who 
can possibly say?' — concluding the paragraph with — 'A priori 
reasoning on such a question is of little or no value.' Very true. 
But a posteriori reasoning, from the cases of Leicester, Bir- 
mingham, Warrington, Dewsbury, and Gloucester, is of value ; 
but it is of value as showing the utter uselessness of vaccina- 
tion, and it is therefore, perhaps, wise for the professional up- 
holders of vaccination to ignore it. But surely it is not wise for 
a presumably impartial commission to ignore it as it is ignored 
in this report." — "The Wonderful Century," pages 276-7. 

"Although the commission makes no mention of Mr. 
Bigg's tables and diagrams showing the rise of infant-mortality 
with increased vaccination, and its fall as vaccination diminished, 
they occupied a whole day cross-examining him upon them, en- 
deavoring by the minutest criticism to diminish their import- 

The second test illustration referred to a few pages back — 
that of the army and navy — is made complete and crucial by a 
comparison with Ireland, which is practically unvaccinated, 
while the army and navy are the most thoroughly vaccinated 
and re-vaccinated of any class in the whole population. In Dr. 
MacCabe's evidence before the Royal Commission, it appears 
but avery small proportion of the population in Ireland have 
been vaccinated, and in a thorough comparison which Prof. 
Wallace makes between Ireland, Scotland, England, and with 
the army and navy, he reaches the result that unvaccinated Ire- 
land shows a smaller small-pox mortality than Scotland, enorm- 
ously less than England, and overwhelmingly less than Lon- 
don. With seemingly little or no regard to vaccination, this 
graduated series of increase in small-pox mortality is in exact 
correspondence with increased density of population; while in 


these crowded centers we find that small-pox behaves in the 
same general manner as all the other zymotic diseases. One 
pays no more regard than the other to vaccination, but all have 
respect for cleanliness and hygienic living. 

After discussing these features of the question, and after 
paying his respects to the Royal Commission, Prof. Wallace 
continues : — 

"Now if there were no other evidence which gave similar 
results, this great test case of large populations compared over 
a long series of years, is alone almost conclusive ; and we ask 
with amazement, — Why did not the commissioners make some 
such camparison as this, and not allow the public to be de- 
ceived by the grossly misleading statements of the medical wit- 
nesses and official apologists for a huge imposture? For here 
we have on one side a population which the official witnesses de- 
clare to be as well vaccinated and re-vaccinated as it is possible 
to make it, and which has all the protection that can be given 
by vaccination. It is a population which, we are officially as- 
sured, can live in the midst of the contagion of severe small-pox 
ami not suffer from the disease 'in any appreciable degree.' 
And on comparing this population of over 200,000 men, thus 
thoroughly protected and medically cared for, with the poorest 
and least cared for portion of our country — a portion which the 
official witness regarding it declared to be badly vaccinated, 
while no amount of re-vaccination was even referred to — we 
find the less vaccinated and less cared for community to have 
actually a much lower small-pox mortality than the navy, and 
the same as that of the two forces combined. * * * * 

"It is thus completely demonstrated that all the statements 
by which the public has been gulled for so many years, as to the 
almost complete immunity of the re-vaccinated army and navy, 
are absolutely false. It is just what Americans call "bluff.' There 
is no immunity. They have no protection. When exposed to 
infection they do suffer just as much as other populations, or 
even more. In the whole of the nineteen years, 1878-1896 inclu- 
sive, unvaccinated Leicester had so few small-pox deaths that 
the Registrar General represents the average by the decimal 
O.oi per thousand population, equal to 10 per million, while for 
the twelve years, 1878-1889, there was less than one death per 


annum.' Here we have real immunity, real protection ; and it is 
obtained by attending to sanitation and isolation, coupled with 
the almost total neglect of the curse of vaccination. * * * 

"Now if ever there exists such a thing as a crucial test, this 
of the army and navy, as compared with Ireland, and especially 
with Leicester, affords such a test. The populations concerned 
are hundreds of thousands ; the time extends to a generation ; 
the statistical facts are clear and indisputable ; while the case of 
the army has been falsely alleged again and again to afford in- 
disputable proof of the value of vaccination when performed on 
adults. It is important, therefore, to see how the commisssion- 
ers deal with these conclusive test cases. They were appointed 
to discover the truth and to enlighten the public and the legis- 
lature, not merely to bring together huge masses of undigested 

"What they do is, to make no comparison whatever with 
any other fairly comparable populations, to show no perception 
of the crucial test they have to deal with, but to give the army 
and navy statistics separately, and as regards the army piece- 
meal, and to make a few incredibly weak and unenlightening re- 
marks. Thus, in par. 333, they say that, during the later years, 
as the whole force became more completely re-vaccinated, small- 
pox mortality declined. But they knew well that during the 
same period it declined over all England, Scotland, and Ireland, 
with no special re-vaccination, and most of all in unvaccinated 
Leicester ! Then with regard to the heavy small-pox mortality 
of the wholly re-vaccinated and protected troops in Egypt, they 
say, 'We are not aware what is the explanation of this.' And 
this is absolutely all they say about it ! But they give a long 
paragraph to the post office officials, and make a great deal of 
their alleged immunity. But in this case the numbers are 
smaller, the periods are less, and no statistics whatever ar*e fur- 
nished except for the last four years ! All the rest is an extract 
from a parliamentary speech by Sir Charles Dilke in 1883, stat- 
ing some facts, furnished of course by the medical officers of the 
post office, and therefore not to be accepted as evidence. This 
slurring over the damning evidence of the absolute inutility of 
the most thorough vaccination possible, afforded by the army 
and navy, is sufficient of itself to condemn the whole Final Re- 
port of the majority of the commisssioners. It proves that they 


were either unable or unwilling to analyze carefully the vast 
mass of evidence brought before them, to separate mere beliefs 
and opinions from facts, and to discriminate between the sta- 
tistics which represented those great 'masses of national experi- 
ence' to which Sir John Simon himself has appealed for a final 
verdict, and those of a more partial kind, which may be vitiated 
by the prepossesssions of those who registered the facts. That 
they have not done this, but without any careful examination 
or comparison have declared that re-vaccinated communities 
have 'exceptional advantages' which, as a matter of fact, the 
report itself show they have not, utterly discredits all their con- 
clusions, and renders this Final Report not only valueless but 
misleading." — "The Wonderful Century," pages 285-6. 

In addition to the above quotations, Prof. Wallace devotes 
an entire chapter to a criticism of the Royal Commission on 
Vaccination, in which their special pleading, their covert con- 
cealments, and their flagrant betrayal of the trust of the people 
through Parliament committed into their hands are unsparingly 
held up to view. But in this, as in nearly all similar bodies, 
there were a few men of conscience and integrity, who put the 
facts which were brought before them in their proper relation 
and embodied them in a minority report. The commission as 
a whole, however, conducted their investigations throughout 
as though they regarded the Vaccine Establishment as their 
clients, whom it was their duty to defend — even as a lawyer de- 
fends a client by suppressing or disparaging the testimony that 
bears on the other side. 

A further word of comment relating to this Royal Commis- 
sion may properly be inserted here. One redeeming feature of 
the medical profession is found in the fact that a fair percentage 
of its ablest members are loyal to the truth and have a large 
measure of regard for the public welfare. A certain residue are 
greedy and unscrupulous, and these are always plotting for 
place and privilege and power ; and as these — through the co- 
operation of politicians — are opened and made accessible, they 


are usually the foremost in securing official positions and places 
of responsibility. Now in the early history of vaccination this 
class secured state interference with a Compulsory Vaccination 
Law ; but as the more conscientious and experienced physi- 
cians became fully convinced that vaccination was working 
great mischief in the community, they opposed the practice and 
agitated for reform. Through this public agitation the people 
became sufficiently enlightened on the subject to protest, and 
thousands refused to submit, or suffer their children to be vac- 
cinated. Prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment followed. 

The public clamor became widespread, and Parliament 
was repeatedly petitioned to repeal the law, which it refused to 
do. It was then asked to appoint a commission to investigate 
and report on their grievances. This also was repeatedly re- 
fused. Finally, after repeated refusals by the government, a 
Royal Commission of Inquiry on Vaccination was at length 
granted — in April, 1889. This was granted in consequence of 
popular pressure. It was professedly to be constituted a fair 
and impartial tribunal ; but its real object was to "expose the 
distortions and misconceptions of the enemies of vaccination." 
It was really to become a "white-washing" commission to si- 
lence the public clamor and to intrench place-hunting officials 
and an army of vaccinators more strongly under the protection 
of the state. Not one of the fourteen members appointed was 
opposed to vaccination, though some of them did not favor 
compulsory legislation. Indeed, this commission of experts was 
a pretty good paralllel to that appointed in our own United 
States in 1898 — also in obedience to popular clamor — ostensi- 
bly to investigate official abuses, but really to "white-wash" the 
"embalmed beef frauds" perpetrated on our soldiers in the field 
by corrupt agents who had pushed their way to the front and se- 
cured federal appointments. The commission found that our 
soldiers had "no occasion to complain (?)." The agents did 
the best they could under the circumstances. The system of 


army contracts is a good one ; it pays, and therefore the people 
should submit without complaint. The "taffy" offered them by 
this body of trained experts ought to taste good and quiet their 
murmurings. Well, this Royal Commission spread its labors 
over a period of seven years, on big government salaries, before 
it made its final report. It is this report which Prof. Wallace 
so unmercifully scores. 

What I have said in the preceding paragraph may likewise 
be applied in large part to the National Vaccine Establishment 
in England, which was founded in 1806 and endowed by govern- 
ment with £3,000 per year. During the eight years succeeding 
the Jenner discovery, cases of failure continued to multiply 
which occasioned a deal of trouble to Jenner and Ins party to 
explain away. So the doctors sought the co-operation of gov- 
ernment to extend and perpetuate their schemes. Dr. Scott 
Tebb, after detailing these early failures, continues : — 

"The reports of failure at lengih became so numerous, that 
it was found necessary to take action. In a letter to Mr. Dun- 
ning in reference to Dr. Benjamin Moseley's publication of fail- 
ures, Jenner expresses the opinion that nothing would crush 
the hissing heads of such serpents at once but a general mani- 
festo with the signatures of men of eminence in the profession, 
unless Parliament had a mind to take the matter up again.*' 

So Jenner had a conference with Lord Henry Petty ''chan- 
cellor of the exchequer) who gave assurances that he would 
bring the matter forward in the ensuing session, which, when 
convened (1806) was readily persuaded to vote the Crown an 
address, praying "that His Majesty will be graciously pleased to 
direct his College of Physicians to inquire into the state of vac- 
cine inoculation in the United Kingdom, and to report their 
opinion and observations upon that practice, the evidence which 
has been adduced in its support, and the causes which have 
hitherto retarded its general adoption; and that His Majesty 


will be graciously pleased to direct that the said report, when 
made, may be laid before this House. 

"The College reported favorably, and the National Vac- 
cine Establishment was founded with a vaccine board of eight, 
each having a salary of £100 a year. Although the profession 
and Parliament had been practically committed to vaccination 
at the time of Jenner's petition (1802), this was the first instance 
of the establishment and endowment of the practice, and the 
natural tendency was to stifle opposition ; indeed, it may be said 
that one of the principal functions of the National Vaccine Es- 
tablishment was to explain away the failures of cow-pox to pro- 
tect from small-pox. * * * * * * In some towns fail- 
ures were such as to lead to a discontinuance of the practice. 
******* The practice afterwards became more 
general, until the small-pox raged epidemically. It was' then ob- 
served that many of the children who had been previously vac- 
cinated, and were supposed to be secure, caught the complaint; 
some of them died, and others recovered with difficulty." 

— "A Century of Vaccination," pages 122-23. 

In the "Medical Observer" for November, 1809, the details 
of fourteen fatal cases are given : — 

"1. A child was vaccinated by Mr. Robinson, surgeon and 
apothecary, at Rotherham, towards the end of the year 1799. A 
month later it was inoculated with small-pox matter without ef- 
fect, and a few months subsequently took confluent small-pox, 
and died. 

"2. A woman-servant to Mr. Gamble, of Bungay, in Suf- 
folk, had cow-pox in the casual way from milking. Seven 
years afterwards she became nurse to the Yarmouth Hospital, 
where she caught small-pox, and died. 

"3 and 4. Elizabeth and John Nicholson, three years of 
age, were vaccinated at Battersea in the summer of 1804. Both 
contracted small-pox in May, 1805, and died. They were at- 
tended by Dr. Moseley and Mr. Roberts. 

"5. Mr. J. Adams, of Nine Elms, contracted casual cow- 
pox, and afterwards died of confluent small-pox. 

"6. The child of Mr. Carrier, Crown Street, Soh.o, was vac- 
cinated at the institution in Golden Square, and had small-pox 
three months afterwards, and died. 


"7. Mary Finney's child, aged one year, died of small-pox 
in July, 1805, live months after vaccination. 

"8. The child of Mr. Blake's coachman, living at No. 5 
Baker Street, died of small-pox after vaccination. 

"9. Mr. Colson's grandson, at the 'White Swan,' White- 
• • ss Street, aged two years, was vaccinated by a surgeon at 
Bishopsgate Street, in September, 1803. He died of confluent 
small-pox in July, 1805. 

"10. Mr. Brailey's child, aged two years and eight months, 
was vaccinated at the Small-pox Hospital, and forty weeks after- 
wards'died of confluent small-pox. 

"11. Mr. Hoddinot's child, No. 17 Charlotte Street, Rath- 
bone Place, was vaccinated in 1804 and the cicatrix remained. 
In 1805 it caught small-pox and died. 

"12. C. Mazoyer's child, No. 31 Grafton Street, Soho, was 
vaccinated at the Small-pox Hospital. Died of small-pox Octo- 
ber, 1805. 

"13. The child of Mr. R died of small-pox in Octo- 
ber, 1805. The patient had been vaccinated, and the parents 
were assured of its security. The vaccinator's name was con- 

"14. The child of Mr. Hindsley at Mr. Adams' office, Ped- 
ler's Acre, Lambeth, died of small-pox a year after vaccination." 

Such entire failures of vaccination, as a remedy or protec- 
tion, multiplying on every hand, had no effect either on Parlia- 
ment or the College of Physicians. The failures were concealed, 
glossed over or explained away. Once committed to the vac- 
cine superstition there was no backing down to be thought of 
or tolerated. No confession of error must be allowed to cast 
reproach upon so learned a body as the College of Physicians. 
And then, it was a good thing — an establishment endowed by 
the crown ; a goodly number of government offices with fair 
salaries ; an army of vaccinators in government and municipal 
employ ; these are not to be lightly surrendered. Christ — if he 
were here — might plead for the little ones, for the rising gener- 
ation. But why should the rising generation stand in the way 
of business? "Business is business." "We must live." These 


are corporation and class ethics, without soul, without con- 
science, cruel as fate, knowing no other object or goal than 
what self interest dictates. This is the code by which oppressive 
laws become recorded on our statute books, and are kept there ; 
the code by which otherwise good men will enter into compacts 
which, in their composite character, become merciless tyran- 
nies — a veritable car of Juggernaut — bearing down its victims 
without pity and without remorse ! 

Again, the "Medical Observer" for August, 1810, states 
that the poor of the parish of Witford, in Hertfordshire, were 
vaccinated by Mr. Farrow, apothecary at Hadham, with matter 
procured from London Cow-pox Institute. During the small- 
pox epidemic that followed, of 69 vaccinated, 29 took small-pox, 
nine of whom died. The editor gives a list of the fatal cases : — 

Name. Age. 

William Barton 5 years 

Mary Catmore 13 years 

Ann Catmore 13 years 

Emma Prior 6 months 

Martha Wrenn 6 years 

William Catmore 3 years 

Charles Wybrow 6 months 

John Fitstead I year 

James Thoroughgood 2 years 

— Tebb, page 129. 

The "Medical and Physiological Journal," Vol. XXXII, 
page 478, said the cases of failure atCreighton were so numerous 
and decisive that they could not fail to excite alarm. Twenty-five 
cases were given where the vaccinations were considered per- 
fect. In these cases the fever was violent ; the heat was excessive, 
the pulse very quick, universal languor, pain in the head and 
loins, frequent vomiting ; occasional delirium, and sometimes 



In the same journal, Vol. Is.XXVII, pages 2 to 12, the fol- 
lowing cases were reported : — 

Robert Jones' 
two children 


Jos. James. . 

Wm. James. . . . 
Wm. Parker 
Elizabeth Fell 
Maria Stable. . 
Betty Turner. . 

Alice Turner. 

Robert Braith- 
waite's daugh . 

Mr. Rawlin- 
son's son . . . 

Ellen Physac- 

Wm. and Ben- 
jamin Kirby 

Joseph Kirby.. 
Sarah Bond... 

Jane Ellis. 

Isabella JDixon 
Marg'r't Dixon 
Betty Garnet.. 










By whom. 

Mr. Redhead 

Mr. Harrison 
Mr. Redhead 

Mr. Close, Dal 

Mr Briggs 
Mr. Carter 
Mr. Kedhead 

Mr. Kedhead 
Mr. Carter 

Mr. Bri.L'K- 
Mr. R'.dhcad 
Mr. T. Carter 

Mr. Redhead 
At Liverpool 

Mr Lodge, In- 

Mr. Ilarrisoi 
Mr Redhead 
Mr. Carter 

s 7, 5 

Nature of the Small-pox. 

Small horny pox, which continned 
out only five or six days ; were not 
seen by a medical man. One child 
had considerable fever during four 
days previous to the eruption 

Very feverish. Pustules distinct. A 
well-marked case of small-pox. 

Very feverish, and thought danger- 
ously ill for a few days. Eruption 
not so full as with Elizabeth. 

Had them (eruptions) milder than 
the two former. Continued out a 
few days. 

Delirious two days before the eruption 
appeared. Pustules numeious, aud 
continued out seven or eight Jays. 

Considerable fever previous to the 
erution, which was of the distinct 

Feverish before the eruption, which 
was of a small horny kind, and 
soon disappeared. 

Feverish three days, with delirium. 
Face full of pustules, and many on 
her body; small horny kind, which 
disappeared in five or six days. 

Feverish. Not somuch indisposed as 
Betty ; had ftawer pustules, but lai ger. 

Very feverish. Had a full crop of 
small horny pox. Face swelled. 
Blind three days. 

Much fever. Very full of pustules, 
and much marked. 

Very feverish. Had large distinct 
pox. Has marks on the face. 

The eruption on William was larger, 
and continued longer than the rest. 
These two children were infected 
four weeks after vaccination. Pus- 
tules of the horny kind. 

Got easily through the complaint. 

Much fever, with delirium. Had 
many pustules of the horny kind, 
which soon disappeared. 

Had a remarkably full crop; in fact, 
was one complete cake of incrusta- 
tion. Recovered pretty well, but is 
much marked. Was about a month 

Had a full crop. Is marked, but re- 
covered well. 

Not very full. Pustules perfectly dis- 
tinct. Recovered well. 

Distinct pustules. Was at the height 
in eight days, and recovered well. 

Dr. Macleod — as quoted by Dr. Scott Tebb, — says : — 

"I have seen too many instances of small-pox in children 


vaccinated in London, where that process was carried on in the 
way which the National Vaccine Establishment has recom- 
mended as the most efficacious, to retain much faith in its pre- 
ventive powers, in whatever manner conducted.' Again he re- 
marks (pages 8-9) : — 'The history of vaccination altogether 
forms a severe satire upon the mutability of medical doctrines. 
In the first ardor of discovery, not contented with its blessings 
to mankind, its benefits were also extended to the brute crea- 
tion. It was to annihilate small-pox, prove an antidote to the 
plague, to cure the rot in sheep, and preserve dogs from the 
mange. These good-natured speculations, however, were soon 
abandoned ; and more recently all had agreed in acknowledging 
its anti-variolous powers, which, we were told, were as well-esta- 
lished as anything human could be.' 

"But the present epidemic shows too clearly the mortifying 
fallibility of medical opinions, though founded on the experi- 
ence of twenty years, and guaranteed by the concurring testi- 
mony of all the first physicians and surgeons in the world." 

Sir Henry Holland — a high authority — indulges in expres- 
sions of disappointment in view of the general failure of vaccina- 
tion as a protective against small-pox, and particularly its failure 
during seasons of epidemic, the only time such protection is 
really needed. In his "Medical Notes and Reflections," he 
writes : — 

"Not only in Great Britain, but throughout every part of 
the globe from which we have records, we find that small-pox 
has been gradually increasing again in frequency as an epi- 
demic ; affecting a larger proportion of the vaccinated ; and 
inflicting greater mortality in its results." Again he says (page 
414) : — "It is no longer expedient, in any sense, to argue for the 
present practice of vaccination as a certain or permanent preven- 
tive of small-pox. The truth must be told, as it is, that the 
earlier anticipations on this point have not been realized." 

Dr. Gregory well observes: — "It is often noticed that per- 
sons — vaccinated or not — who resist small-pox in common 
years, though fully exposed to the contagion, are attacked by it 
in years of epidemic prevalence." This is well worth remem- 


bering. It has been illustrated scores of times in all civilized 
countries. It is indeed during seasons of small-pox epidemic 
that we most fully realize the utter worthlessness of vaccina- 
tion — if we but use our eyes rationally. Yet with all these facts 
before them, boards of health in a great number of cities and 
towns in our own country, dogged on by a motley crew of 
second-rate doctors, drag forth a mouldy Compulsory Vaccina- 
tion Act from its pigeon hole, and then order all school children 
vaccinated, on pain of expulsion from the public school, if their 
parents refuse. Why should not those who really think vacci- 
nation a protection be content when they get their own children 
vaccinated? If that is really their protection certainly they 
would receive no harm by contact with the unvaccinated. 

But people are prone to compel their neighbors to adopt 
their own modes of thinking and practice. And then, this vac- 
cination practice has become a business and source of revenue 
to a privileged class, which neither professional or politician 
will ever consent that it shall grow less. I say "professionals" 
with a qualification, since I have reference only to the mercen- 
ary class within the ranks of the medical profession. If this 
class do not constitute a majority, they have "cheek" sufficient 
to accomplish a vast amount of mischief. A mercenary doctor, 
lawyer, or priest is a curse in any community ; but when they 
form cabals and compacts to perpetuate a monstrous practice 
they augment the curse into a public scourge ! 

The following items are from Dr. A. M. Ross' pamphlet, 
"Vaccination a Medical Delusion." Dr. Ross is a physician of 
high standing in Toronto, and is a prominent leader in the vac- 
cination controversy in this country : — 

"Whoever closely watched the course of the epidemic in 
Montreal must conclude that vaccination is utterly useless as a 
protection from small-pox. Much of what transpired in our 
%mall-pox hospitals was suppressed, especially whatever was 
likely to operate against the progress of vaccination, which 


proves a golden harvest to the vaccinators. But notwithstand- 
ing the conspiracy of silence a few official reports pregnant with 
proof against vaccination, and proving beyond question that a 
large proportion of the patients admitted into our small-pox 
hospitals had been vaccinated, and that many of them died, 
some with two and others with three, vaccine marks upon their 

"I refer to the official report from the Civic Hospital, dated 
August 17, 1885: 'Up to this date, 133 patients suffering from 
small-pox have been admitted to the Civic Hospital ; of these 
73 were vaccinated, 56 had one mark, 13 two marks and 4 three 

'I refer to the official report from St. Roch's Hospital, 
dated October 22, 1885 : 'Number of vaccinated patients admit- 
ted since April . . . 197.' 

"I refer to the official report from St. Camille's Hospital, 
dated November 1 to 7, 1885: 'There are now in this hospital, 
188 small-pox patients ; of these 94 are vaccinated. Among 
the dead are 12 who were vaccinated.' 

"I refer to the first official report from St. Saviour's Hos- 
pital, November 1 to 7. 1885 : 'Thirteen small-pox patients ad- 
mitted ; of these 9 were vaccinated and 4 (only) unvaccinated.' 

"I refer to the official report from Crystal Palace Hospital, 
November 28 up to and including December 5, 1885: 'Number 
of patients admitted, 36; of these 19 were vaccinated.' 

"I refer to the second official report from St. Sa- 
viour's Hospital, covering a period of 15 days, that is, from Oc- 
tober 15 to 31, it was stated there had been in all 67 patients ad- 
mitted, of whom 60 had been successfully vaccinated, 36 having 
two vaccination marks, 2 having three, and 3 having four.' 

"I refer to the third official report from St. Saviour's Hos- 
pital, November 28 up to and including December 6, 1885: 


* Number of patients admitted, 6: of these 4 bear evidence of 
vaccination, and 2 were not vaccinated.' 


"Read the following- summary of the last report of the 
Registrar General of England, which proves conclusively that 
vaccination does not diminish or protect from small-pox : — 

In the first 15 years after the passing of the Compul- 
sory Vaccination Act, 1854 to 1868, there died of 
small-pox in England and Wales 54./0O 

In the second 15 years. 1869 to 1S83. under a more 
stringent law, ensuring the vaccination of ninety- 
five per cent, of all children born, the deaths rose to 66.447 

Total for 30 years 121. 147 

Of these, there died under 5 years of age 5 I 47 2 

From 5 to 10 years of age 16,000 

Total under 10 years 67.472 

Sir Thomas Chambers. Q. C. M. P.. recorder of the city of 
London, says: "I find that of the 155 persons admitted to the 
small-pox hospital, in the parish of St. James, Piccadilly. 145 
were vaccinated. At Hampsted Hospital, up to May 13, 1884, 
out of 2,965 admissions, 2.347 were vaccinated. In Marylebone, 
92 per cent, of those attacked by small-pox were vaccinated." 

''Of the 950 cases of small-pox, 1,870, or 91.5 per cent, of 
the whole cases, have been vaccinated." — Marson's "Report of 
Highgate Hospital for 1871." 

"There were 43 cases treated in the Bromley Hospital be- 
tween April 25 and June 29, 1881. Of confluent small-pox there 
were 16 cases; of discrete. 13; of modified, 13. All the cases 
had been vaccinated — three re-vaccinated." — F. Nicholson. L. 
R. C. P., "Lancet." Aug. 2j, 1881. 

But I must bring this chapter to a close, having already 
exceeded the limits I had assigned to pro/e that vaccination has 
failed to fulfill the flattering promises of its advocates and pro- 


moters. A volume could easily be filled with a record of these 
failures ; but it is only a small part of my purpose to point out 
what vaccination has failed to do ; I shall likewise hold up to 
view a portion of the detestable record of what it has clone and 
is now doing in the world, as also some items of legislation 
which has made large portions of the general population invol- 
untary and compulsatory victims of this unholy covenant with 
disease, death, and hell. 

The widespread mischief which inoculation — the forerunner 
of vaccination — accomplished in the eighteenth century, is less 
a matter of surprise when we compare that period of general in- 
tellectual enlightenment with the nineteenth century; but that 
vaccination should be so generally submitted to, or even tole- 
rated as it has been the last fifty years, is one of those marvels 
which prove the desperate persistence of a practice when once 
it has become intrenched in the self interest of a privileged class, 
and when a powerful profession discover an adequate motive to 
invoke legislation to establish its permanence. It is incredible 
to believe — after the disclosure of such a multitude of facts, and 
after the amount of discussion already expended on the subject 
— that the majority of physicians who still continue to vaccinate 
have the slightest faith in the operation. Must we then conclude 
that the fee takes precedence in their minds over any public ben- 
efit they confer? Aye, must they not be conscious not only that 
they do not confer a benefit, but that they are corrupting the 
blood and undermining the health of a large percentage of the 
community, sowing seeds and planting upas trees which must 
eventuate in a terrible harvest of disease and death in the near 
future ? If they do not realize the wrong they are perpetuating 
on the rising generation God pity their professional acumen ; 
and may He with the good angels of heaven especially pity the 
little children who are turned over to the lance and putrid pus of 
this modern molock ! Dion Casius, the Roman historian, writ- 
ing of the plague which scourged Rome in the second century, 


relates : "many died in another way, not only at Rome but over 
nearly the whole empire, through the practice of miscreants, 
who, by means of small, poisoned needles, communicated, on 
being paid for it, the horrible infection so extensively that no 
computation could be made of the number that perished." 

Unhappily, the "miscreants" are not all dead. They still 
walk the streets with their "poisoned needles" armed with a 
"permit" from the legislature to puncture and poison at so 
much per head, in the name of that public protection and benefit 
which they ruthlessly insult and over-ride. Look out for this 
public enemy reader, and bar your door against his approach ! 

Fifty years ago it was a serious thing to fall sick with fever 
and have a doctor — I mean the doctor was the serious part of 
the business — for in those old-time days the doctor said : "Cold 
water is death," and so fathers and mothers were solemnly for- 
bidden to give a drop of cold water to the child, tossing with a 
raging fever, and vainly pleading like Dives for "just a drop" to 
quench the fire that was fast consuming the life. But the parent 
must refuse this agonizing appeal for the doctor had forbidden 
the cooling draught. Instead of water — the remedy which na- 
ture prescribed — it was mercury and blood-letting in those days 
which made the weary hours of sickness a crucifixion, and which 
left hundreds of thousands of human wrecks by the wayside. 
But we can forgive the average doctor of those days, since his 
sin was the sin of ignorance. Xot so the vaccinator of today ; 
he is sinning against the light, and his motives can plead no such 
excuse as we readily grant to members of the medical profes- 
sion of fifty years ago. 



"I can sympathize with, and even applaud, a father who, 
with the presumed dread in his mind, is willing to submit to ju- 
dicial penalties rather than expose his child to the risk of an in- 
fection so ghastly as vaccination." — Sir Thomas Watson, M. D. 

The Anglo Saxon peoples have always proved to be re- 
fractory soil in which to plant authoritative dogmas — medical or 
ecclesiastical — and then attempt to put them in force by legis- 
lative enactments. True, they will tolerate encroachments to a 
certain limit ; for a time they will endure stripes and fines and 
persecution ; but at last the spirit of liberty is sure to flame up 
in emphatic protest, when noble reformers enter the arena, a 
season of intense agitation ensues, and when the people are 
made fully aware whether legislative encroachments — in the in- 
terest and at the behest of a privileged class — are conducting 
them, they invariably rise and strike down the marauder, even 
though it involves a political revolution. 

This insistence of the Saxon that his personal lib- 
erty shall be respected and held inviolate, has 
been illustrated in three notable instances in the last 
four hundred years in those world-famed movements headed by 
Luther, Cromwell, and Washington. The first was a successful 
protest against the divine right of the church to rule over both 


soul and body of the subject; the second was a revolt against 
the divine right of kings to rule over the citizen instead of 
guarding and protecting him in his rights ; the third transferred 
sovereignty from the king to the people, and made the pow- 
ers of government derivative from the people — made sover- 
eignty to inhere in the people ; but this chiefly in theory, since 
the people have not yet learned how to either protect or exer- 
cise that sovereignty in their associate capacity. 

The people's sovereignty is continually being men- 
aced by class interests which, through legislation, seek 
to acquire special privileges by which they may 
be able to compel them to pay a perpetual trib- 
ute. Last but not least among these class interests, is the vac- 
cination syndicate, which is continually lobbying our legislatures 
for an extension of privileges on the pretense that the public 
welfare will thereby be enhanced. How exceedingly grateful 
the public ought to feel towards these gentlemen for their con- 
tinued good health and welfare ! But dear gentlemen, let me 
remind you — you who pose as government vaccination sur- 
geons, members of departments of health, boards of health, mu- 
nicipal vaccinators, and small-pox scare promoters ; let me re- 
mind you, your time is nearly up ! The people — when a trifle 
better informed about what you are really doing — are going to 
get rid of this vile vaccination nuisance and turn you out of the 
office you have usurped, disgraced, and run for all the "traffic 
would bear." You will then be relegated to your proper station, 
put upon your good behavior, and compelled to wait until you are 
asked, before you will be permitted to enter our households 
with lance and putrid pus and run up a fee from one to three 
dollars per victim ! 

The government has no more constitutional right to com- 
pel the people to submit to vaccination in the nineteenth cen- 
tury, than it had in the eighteenth to enfe~ce inoculation which 
is now made a penal offence, or of legalizing the mercury prac- 


tice and blood-letting of the last generation. All these were 
once regarded as cure-alls and preventives, and would now be 
occasions for little harm so long as the people are left free to 
adopt or reject them. It is when physic and the state become 
united — when the state legalizes and enforces the creed of a par- 
ticular sect in medicine — that the serious and fatal mischief be- 
gins to be manifest. No class or creed or practice was ever 
granted special recognition and support by the state that did not 
forthwith begin to abuse those powers and make of them an oc- 
casion for human oppression. 

The people desire health and safety quite as 
much as the doctors desire it for them. And their 
common sense moreover demands the "open door" and a free 
struggle for the final survival of the "fittest" among the reme- 
dial agents brought forward. When these are found and tested 
— as cleanliness and wholesome living, for example — common 
sense people will adopt them without a resort to such coercive 
measures as repeated fines and imprisonments. Those who think 
vaccination is the absolute safeguard, by all means leave them 
free to erect this wall of protection, and then if vaccination is 
the thing they claim it is, at least they will not take the small- 
pox though every unvaccinated gentile falls a victim to the dis- 
ease. Excuse us, gentlemen of the lancet, we do not propose 
to jump out of the "frying-pan into the fire" by substituting the 
doctor for the priest. You are all right in your proper place ; 
but when we found the claws of the priest were growing too 
long for the safety of the innocents, we clipped them ; and we 
warn you — gentlemen doctors — if you continue to press legisla- 
tion to assist you in your vaccination scheme, we shall pretty 
soon clip your claws also. We don't mind having our bodies 
dragged through the mud now and then — good clean mud — but 
when you lobby the state to assist you in consigning our bodies, 
or our children's bodies, to the filthy pool of your vaccine pu- 
tridity, we object ; our Saxon patience has then gone beyond 


its limit, and unless you quit this business something serious is 
going to happen ! Mark it well ! 

Happily, though compulsory vaccination laws are on the 
statute books of nearly every state in our commonwealth, they 
remain for the most part a dead letter on account of the ex- 
treme difficulty experienced in enforcing them. They are a flag- 
rant violation of our constitution, and opposed to the genius 
and common sense of our average Anglo Saxon intelligence. 
And if the people adequately realized what consequences are in- 
volved by submitting themselves or their children to the vaccine 
poison, they would very soon sweep every vaccination act from 
our statute books, and relegate this vile superstition to the same 
obscure retreat to which the inoculation practice of the preced- 
ing century has been consigned. In the meantime, I should 
still leave the ordinary ''scrub" doctor free to ventilate his fads, 
for so long as he would be unable to invoke compulsory legisla- 
tion in behalf of his practice, the common sense of the citizen, 
left free to make his own choice, would in the long run choose 
what best conduces to his own health and welfare. Mrs. Eddy's 
unique medical creed may, or may not, benefit the world ; at any 
rate, while left in free competition with the multiplicity of forms 
constantly arising for treating disease, it is quite powerless for 
harm. But if it were to receive state support and made com- 
pulsory, it would then become a glaring wrong and outrage 
which the people would be justified in overthrowing without 
much ceremony. 

We should bear in mind that physic is in a state of transi- 
tion. Harsh and drastic modes of treatment were common a 
century ago. These have been dropped by the profession, 
one after another, until now the instinctive calls of nature are 
more or less heeded by the practitioner, and the profession as 
a whole is daily approximating nearer and nearer a construc- 
tive art of healing, which takes more account of sanitation and 
hygienic living, and far less account of drugs and poisons — 


whether taken into the stomach, or introduced directly into the 
blood through the skin, as in the accursed practice of vaccina- 
tion. Inoculation has come and gone, taking with it its hun- 
dreds of thousands of victims. Calomel and bleeding have had 
their day as well as the good will of the profession, and during 
that terrible day the sick chamber was a torture chamber — a 
gloomy and dreadful place ; the doctor's visit the most dread- 
ful part of the composite calamity. The light of heaven and the 
free air were excluded ; pure cold water was "sure death !" The 
life-blood was drained off through the puncture of the lancet; 
the mouth and throat and stomach were corroded with mineral 
poisons — and all this was part and parcel of the "healing art" of 
those days. From the time of Jesus Christ to the present it has 
been the same. The "woman which had the issue of blood for 
twelve years, and had suffered many things of many physicians, 
and had spent all that she had, and was nothing bettered but 
rather grew worse," it seems had much the same experience 
with the doctors which each generation from that time to the 
present has repeated. Now we have the greater curse of vacci- 
nation, backed up by the state, and an effort by its promoters 
to make it compulsory and universal. But with the growing 
good sense of the medical profession, I apprehend this supersti- 
tion would have been short-lived, but for the fact that the prac- 
tice became allied with the modern commercial spirit and an un- 
scrupulous class of medical men, who forecasted material ad- 
vantages in an alleged discovery which they warranted as a sure 
safeguard against a disease in regard to which the public stand 
in constant dread. 

The appointment of municipal boards of sanitation for the 
enforcement of cleanliness in crowded and filthy quarters is 
often urged by vaccinators as identical in principle with compul- 
sory vaccination. I insist that it is nothing of the kind. Vacci- 
nation is the medical creed of the class, the relative value and the 
relative peril of which a diversity of opinion exists, both in the 


community ami among medical men; while no class or profes- 
sion believe that any peril is threatened by thorough sanitation. 
The public are in practical agreement touching its propriety and 
necessity. Nobody has conscientious scruples against it. No 
popular revolt ever rose up to fight against it as a common 
enemy. The liberty of the citizen is not infringed by the most 
thorough sanitary measures. Nor do we object to isolation and 
quarantine during the prevalence of small-pox, yellow fever, or 
cholera. To insist on the identity of these two procedures is an- 
other instance of "borrowing the robes of an angel to serve the 
devil in." No, filth and vaccination arc boon companions; they 
both belong to the devil's order. Sanitation, like the golden 
rule, belongs to the divine order, which nobody but the devil or 
the devil's servants will oppose, or otherwise attempt to identify 
with their own abominable practices. 


Before the repeal of the compulsory clause in the English 
vaccination acts in England, there was annually paid out of the 
public funds on account of vaccination, over half a million dol- 
lars, while the aggregate receipts of private practitioners must 
have been largely in excess of this ; and well do these gentry un- 
derstand how to multiply their fees. A few cases of small-pox 
are reported, and immediately a rumor is started which is taken 
up by the press, and a small-pox scare is soon spreading terror 
among the populace. Then the vaccination harvest follows. 

As in all reforms, so in this, the laity are the first to aban- 
don vaccination; for the medical profession has an interest in 
addition to the pecuniary one. Having once committed itself — 
save an honorable minority — to vaccination as a beneficent dis- 
covery and great boon to humanity, and having adhered to this 


medical creed for the space of a century, it will not do now to 
show the "white feather ;" not do to "back water," to surrender 
prestige by a confession that the profession framed a mon- 
strous fallacy into its medical creed, which would be an imputa- 
tion of fallibility. No, it is the air and attitude of infallibility 
that must be uniformly maintained. Keep the purple robe on 
the medical oracle and insist that he shall stick to a lie when once 
told. This is better than the modest truth coupled with a con- 
fession that the College of Physicians made a great mistake 
when they took Jenner to their bosom and asked Parliament to 
vote him £30,000. 

When compulsory vaccination was urged upon the atten- 
tion of Parliament (1853) for adoption, the lords and commons 
were assured that the medical profession were practically unan- 
imous on two fundamental points in the vaccination contro- 
versy : — 

(1) That vaccination is an absolute protection against 
small-pox, and therefore that the vaccination of the entire popu- 
lation would prevent small-pox epidemic. 

(2) That universal vaccination involves no risk to life or 
health ; that the operation is of a benign character and free 
from peril. 

This protection was promised by Lord Lyttleton, the pro- 
moter of the Vaccination Bill of 1853, upon the unanimous as- 
surance of the entire medical profession. And when still more 
stringent legislation was demanded and secured by the doctors 
in 1867, Lord Robert Montagu, who introduced the bill, re-af- 
firmed the original promise, and declared it to be absolutely cer- 
tain that no person after vaccination could thereafter be in dan- 
ger of an attack from small-pox. Today there is not a director 
of a small-pox hospital in the civilized world who holds to that 
extraordinary view of vaccination. 

The worst epidemic of the century (1871-72), which rav- 
aged thoroughly vaccinated communities, causing the death of 


50,000 persons, in England and Wales, gave a most emphatic 
negative to the assurances of Lord Lyttleton in 1853, and by 
Lord Montagu in 1867 in behalf of the doctors. 

In regard to the second claim, namely, that the operation is 
"benign and free from peril," we have already seen how abso- 
lutely untrue it is ; and I promise that I shall in later chapters 
summon a "cloud of witnesses" to prove the terrible conse- 
quences which have resulted from the perpetration of this crime, 
in the name of the law, on the bodies of millions of defenceless 
victims. There is now om record in the London archives hun- 
dreds of pages of evidence brought before the Royal Commis- 
sion, which declares that loathsome and incurable diseases — 
syphilis, leprosy, cancer, etc. — have been inoculated into healthy 
persons at the point of the vaccinator's lancet ; and these facts 
were fully known to the profession when they lobbied to secure 
more stringent acts for the most complete enforcement of com- 
pulsory vaccination. The Borgia, in the sixteenth century, were 
distinguished for their cunning, cruelty, and perfidy. They 
plotted and poisoned to remove people who were in their way — 
if it were a pope, it didn't matter — they resorted to cruelty and 
perfidy to secure the places and livings they coveted. How 
much better than these will the vaccination plotters stand in the 
day of judgment? 

Compulsory vaccination laws were passed in England in 
1853, 1861, 1867, 1871, 1874, and 1878. In 1840 a vaccination 
act was passed, making inoculation a penal offence, and provid- 
ing facilities for public vaccination, but the compulsory vaccina- 
tion was not enforced until 1853, which made neglect of vaccina- 
tion punishable by fine and imprisonment. The most important 
act of the whole series, however, was that of 1867, which im- 
posed upon guardians the duty of seeing that all children were 
vaccinated ; and empowering them to appoint and pay officers 
to prosecute, fine and imprison all recalcitrant parents. True, 
no person in England has ever been vaccinated by main force ; 


but the repeated fines and imprisonment of the poor for refusal 
to comply, is equivalent to force, since the punishment inflicted 
exhausts their entire resources and wears them out. In Ger- 
many compulsion is applied literally, as any person who objects 
is held down by four men and vaccinated by force. 

Until 1867 no great amount of pressure was brought to 
bear to compel obedience to compulsory legislation ; but after 
that date, the doctors having secured a more vigorous law, be- 
gan to push the vaccinating business with enterprising zeal and 
persistence. About 25,000 prosecutions were made in the in- 
terval of five years before 1873. During the six years following, 
the total number of persons proceeded against under the vacci- 
nation acts, was 34,286. Of these 136 were committed to prison, 
19,482 were fined, 14 were bound over, and 7,354 suffered vari- 
ous kinds of punishments. The number of prosecutions reached 
their maximum in 1888, when vaccinations and prosecutions 
both began to rapidly decline, because boards of guardians were 
now being confronted with a thoroughly aroused public senti- 
ment and protest against these outrageous and oft repeated in- 
sults against personal liberty. A house to house census, taken 
about this time in a hundred towns and districts by sturdy mem- 
bers of the opposition — which had now become organized — re- 
vealed 87 per cent, of the people opposed to compulsory vacci- 
nation, and 68 per cent, opposed to both state interference and 
to the vaccine practice. 

Among the British colonies, Canada, Queensland, and New 
South Wales, there has never been any compulsory legislation 
on vaccination. In New Zealand they have a compulsory law, 
but public sentiment is decidedly against its enforcement, and 
therefore it remains practicallly a dead letter. In Tasmania a 
law was on the statute books for some years, but it has finally 
been repealed. In Switzerland vaccination was rejected at the 
referendum by a large majority in 1882. It has also been aban- 
doned by Holland. In state-ridden Germany the doctors are 


backed up by the government on this question ; yet it is signif- 
icant that the emperor will not permit his own children to be 
vaccinated. (See Vac. Inq. July, 1892.) At last in England, by 
the recent vaccination Act (1898), the compulsory feature in the 
vaccination laws was repealed. So Switzerland and grand old 
England, after discussing the matter in parliaments for ten or a 
dozen years, hearing the reports and sub-reports from men 
having small-pox hospitals in charge, have rescinded the com- 
pulsory features in their vaccination laws, and have thereby 
lifted a degrading and oppressive yoke which had fettered and 
galled the people to the utmost limit of endurance. Don't forget 
that in republican Switzerland and conservative old England, 
vaccination is now optional with parents and the people. And 
yet, be it said to the shame of America, that we still permit this 
foul blot from the filth pens of barbarism to smear and blacken 
the uages of our statute books. Shame on the state that legal- 
izes prize fights, "embalmed beef," cow-pox virus, discourages 
woman's suffrage, and persecutes the Mormons. Shame on the 
state that shuts the door of the school room against the child 
whose parent has sufficient enlightened common sense not to 
submit that child to the abominable pollution which, like a 
fanged serpent, strikes the victim from the point of the vaccina- 
tor's lance ! Indeed, the Garrison's and Philipp's and Parker's 
have only entered the American vaccination arena to sound the 
clarion of reform. Not long — not long will the parents of the 
land permit this brazen marauder to flaunt his legal credentials 
as a badge of privilege to continue in his merciless slaughter of 
the innocents ! 


Previous to 1880 the numerous reformers that entered the 
field to battle against this common enemy, fought single-handed. 


and though they did much in the way of enlightening the gen- 
eral public on the real dangers of the vaccine practice, they ac- 
complished little or nothing toward mitigating the oppressive 
laws that were in force throughout the kingdom. The effect 
of the vigorous measures adopted after the great small-pox ep- 
idemic of 1871-72, called for an organized and more skillfully 
conducted movement against compulsory legislation. Hence 
the formation of the "London Society for the Abolition of 
Compulsory Vaccination." Notices were sent to every known 
anti-vaccinator in the kingdom, requesting their attendance at 
a meeting called in London, Feb. 12, 1881. Only eight persons 
responded to this call. These met in an upper room at 76 Chan- 
cery Lane. In our Revolutionary war for American Independ- 
ence, the ball opened with the banding together of seven famous 
leaders. In this later movement the forces mobilized with one 
better, — there were eight, but these were scarred veterans who 
had seen service on many a battle-field. One — Mr. William 
Tebb — fought by the side of Garrison in our own anti-slavery 
struggle. This little organization included a chairman, secre- 
tary, treasurer, and a provisional executive committee. Every- 
body told them their enterprise was the most insane project that 
pestilent agitators and lunatics ever attempted to devise. But 
they were neither daunted nor discouraged, for the spirit of mar- 
tyrs and the sublime devotion of Apostles was in their hearts 
and heads. The London journals ridiculed and abused; the 
doctors warned; the proprietors of public halls closed their 
doors "for fear of the Scribes and Pharisees." Bill stickers re- 
fused to post their bills lest they should lose their jobs. The 
thorny path of the reformer was indeed theirs to traverse ; but 
the field of their operations gradually widened ; adherents mul- 
tiplied ; new centers for propaganda were established ; litera- 
ture was circulated; the "Vaccination Inquirer" was launched, 
and writers of ability rallied around their standard. The follow- 
ing year (1881), a new and powerful impulse was given to the 


movement, by the access of P. A. Taylor, S. P., for Leicester, who 
was made president and became a powerful advocate of the 
abolition cause. Within two years 300,000 pamphlets had been 
published and circulated. 

Perhaps the most notable event in the history of this organ- 
ized crusade, was the "Leicester Demonstration." In that city 
the doctors had overdone the business of coercive vaccination 
and public prosecutions, until the people rose en masse in open 
revolt. Upright, well-to-do and patriotic citizens of Leicester 
had been imprisoned, dragged through the streets hand-cuffed, 
and subjected to the most degrading punishments, because they 
stood for the defense of their children against the detested vacci- 
nator's poison. This public demonstration and popular protest 
included a procession two miles long. Hundreds of flags and 
banners with pictorial displays and a comic setting forth of the 
Jenner imposture, were carried, of which I will here append a 
sample : — 

Entire Repeal and no Compromise. 

Sanitation not Vaccination. 

From Horse Grease, Cow-pox, Calf Lymph, and the Local 
Government Board "Good Lord Deliver Us." 

Better a felon's cell than a poisoned babe. 

Who would be free themselves must strike the blow. 

It is not small-pox you are stamping out, but human creat- 
ures' lives. 

Revolt against bad laws is a christian virtue and a national 
duty. — Wm. Tebb, "Fourteen Years Struggle ," page 8. 

The vaccination acts were publicly burned in the market 
place, in presence of the mayor and other public officials. In 
the evening there was a large mass meeting and energetic 
speeches. I have in previous chapters made prominent mention 
of Leicester, as the foremost city in England which has come 
to the front, not only in the complete over-throw of the vacci- 
nation practice, but with the most rational method for stamping 


out small-pox which any crowded population has yet devised; 
namely, in a thorough system of sanitation, which, though di- 
minishing doctor's fees to an alarming extent, gives a most sat- 
isfactory result in an enormous reduction of zymotic diseases 
over other cities in England. This was one of the practical fruits 
springing out of the labors of the society which only the year 
before organized with eight members. 

In 1888 and 1889 the labors of the London society were 
powerfully accelerated by the appearance of two able works 
against vaccination, by the highest authorities in England — Dr. 
Creighton and Prof. Crookshank. The former is a distinguished 
graduate of Cambridge, and at the top of his profession as a 
pathologist ; while Dr. Crookshank is professor of comparative 
pathology and bacteriology in Kings College, London. Dr. Sir 
Benjamin Ward Richardson, in a critical review of Prof. Crook- 
shank's work, concludes : — 

"The work as a whole is one of reference to which the peo- 
ple, as well as the profession, will often turn. Already, indeed, 
the people have turned to it, and the so-called anti-vaccinators 
with a relish of revenge which is quite dramatic to see, have 
literally grabbed it. To many of them the work, without doubt, 
affords a vindication of much that has been said against vacci- 
nation, especially on the point of the evidence adduced by the 
too earnest advocates of vaccination and the method of enforc- 
ing it by compulsory law on free and yet sceptical members of 
the community. Some will feel that this disqualifies the book 
in a professional point of view. It should not do so. If it be 
true that we of physic have really, for well-nigh a century past, 
been worshipping an idol of the market-place, or even of the 
theatre, why, the sooner we cease our worship and take down 
our idol, the better for us altogether. We have set up the idol, 
and the world has lent itself to the idolatry, because we, whom 
the world has trusted, have set the example. But the world 
nowadays discovers idolatries on its own account ; and if we 
continue the idolatry it will simply take its own course, and, 
leaving us on our knees will march on whilst we petrify." 

— Wm. Tebb's Pamphlet, page 10. 


Previous to the public appearance of Doctors Creighton 
and Crookshank in the vaccination controversy, the reformers 
chiefly depended upon laymen for their literary authority on the 
vaccination practice ; and these, medical men affected to wholly 
despise and discredit. In Doctors Creighton and Crookshank 
however, they found foemen worthy of their steel. 

Soon after the appearance of Dr. Creighton's work, Mr. 
William White, an accomplished literary champion of the anti- 
vaccination cause, and author of "The Story of a Great Delu- 
sion," wrote : — 

"Lord Wolseley says the first axiom of war is to know 
everything about your enemy. It is an axiom we ought to real- 
ize about vaccination. If we are to prevail, it is not sufficient to 
dislike the practice ; we must dislike it intelligently. On the 
political side we have some powerful allies ; our weakness has 
hitherto lain on the medical side. We are told that medical au- 
thority is against us overwhelmingly, which is true, although 
we might dispute the grounds of that assertion. There is 
scarcely an affirmation by any authority relative to vaccination 
that is not contradicted by some other authority equally author- 
itative. Such is our position, and the trouble has hitherto been 
that we could not obtain a hearing for the facts against author- 
ity. The inconsistencies of the practice and its multiform irra- 
tionality have been persistently disregarded. A front of brass 
has been maintained towards the public by the medical pro- 

"This situation has been completely changed by Dr. 
Creighton's exposition and criticism. Upwards of twelve 
months have elapsed since his 'Natural History of Cow-pox' 
was published. It has been widely read and indifferently re- 
viewed, but, so far, not a single statement made in its pages has 
been impugned. Next, in the 'Encyclopaedia Britannica,' the 
article 'Vaccination' has been written by Dr. Creighton, wherein 
he re-states his position as to the origin and character of cow- 
pox, its irrelevance to small-pox, its consequent impotence as a 
preventive of that disease, and its close analogy to syphilis. 

"Now another work has been published by Dr. Creighton, 
the title and contents of which are given above, in which he re- 


views the history of vaccination, and describes the various arts 
and manoeuvres whereby it was conjured into popularity in 
England and the Continent. It is an extraordinary history, full of 
interest and instruction ; and no attentive reader who takes up 
Dr. Creighton's volume will lay it down a believer in the Jen- 
nerian craft." 

The following letter by Mr. William Tebb, which appeared 
in the "Manchester Guardian," shows the general situation in 
1892: — 

"Sir. — The importance of the unanimous recommenda- 
tions of the Royal Commission in their recent interim report, 
the promise of the government to consider the weight of evi- 
dence upon which this recommendation was made, and the no- 
tice given by Lord Herschell to call attention to the subject at 
an early day, prompt me to ask permission to present certain 
considerations which, in view of the present state of the ques- 
tion, can hardly be disregarded at this juncture. When Lord 
Lyttleton introduced the first Vaccination Bill, in 1853, ne 
stated that the absolute protection from small-pox by Jenner's 
prescription was a point upon which the entire profession were 
agreed. Nothing was said about a temporary benefit which 
needed renewing by re-vaccination or was effective only when 
conjoined with improved sanitation. Nor was there any allu- 
sion to the risk of disease and death now admittedly attendant 
upon the operation. The evidence disclosed before the Royal 
Commission shows that vaccination has been a failure from its 
commencement, and this failure, coupled with the mischievous 
results of the practice in spreading serious diseases, has caused 
a widespread and constantly augmenting opposition to the law. 
The feeling is so acute in places like Keighley, Gloucester, East- 
bourne, Leicester, Oldham, and other towns, that thousands of 
intelligent people declare they would suffer any punishment 
rather than expose their children to the perils of vaccination. 
A large majority of the people of England (including nearly all 
the working classes), are opposed to compulsory vaccination, 
as I have found by personal inquiries in every part of the United 
Kingdom. Household censuses made in about 100 towns and 
districts show that 87 per cent, are opposed to compulsion and 
that 68 per cent, have no faith in vaccination whatever. 


"It is unfortunate that the evidence laid before the Royal 
Commission on vaccination should have been given with closed 
doors, no newspaper reporter being allowed to be present, so 
that the public are still uninformed of the extent to which vacci- 
nation has been discredited. On numerous occasions when the 
houses of vaccine recalcitrants have been stripped of furniture, 
or when anti-vaccinators have been handcuffed and sent to 
prison, large bodies of exasperated citizens have assembled and 
the public peace has been endangered. I have been told again 
and again by the more ardent spirits of this prolonged struggle, 
especially by those who have suffered numerous prosecutions 
or had their children injured by vaccination, that unless they re- 
sorted to violence they would never get the law repealed. I 
have unfailingly counselled the use only of active but legitimate 
means of agitation, and begged them not to disgrace the cause 
by overt acts, inasmuch as by the exercise of patience and devo- 
tion we should be sure to win, the best forces of society being 
with us. There is a limit to this forbearance, which will not, 
like Tennyson's brook, 'go on forever,' and the patience of the 
long-suffering people is already well-nigh exhausted. If new 
legislation is enacted, as recommended by the Royal Commis- 
sion, and compulsion is continued even to the extent of one 
penalty, and that a nominal one, the government will be sub- 
jected to daily defeat and defiance. In the interests of public 
order, a modus vivendi should be established, as with the Quak- 
ers, Nonconformists, Catholics, Jews, and infidels. — Yours, etc., 

Devonshire Club, St. James's, London, June 9, 1892. 

Four years before the object of the London Society was 
consummated, in the midst of the heat and struggle for emanci- 
pation from the vaccination tyranny, Wm. Tebb penned the fol- 
lowing temperate but earnest words : — 

"I would specially take this opportunity to call upon all 
boards of guardians, in the exercise of that discretion which the 
law gives them, to abstain from prosecution which inflames pop- 
ular passions and creates an acute sense of injustice. I would 
also urgently appeal to our fellow countrymen and country wo- 
men who cherish liberty, to countenance and aid us in this right- 
eous struggle for parental emancipation. I would respectfully 


invite the press throughout the land to give wide publicity to 
the resolution of the London Society, exposing the unfair treat- 
ment we have received at the hands of the Royal Commission." 

It is generally conceded to the meanest and most wicked 
criminal, that he has some redeeming feature ; that he is not 
wholly and hopelessly depraved. This much too, we may con- 
cede to the Royal Commission, which though appointed and in- 
structed to ascertain and report the facts upon the whole vacci- 
nation controversy, was nevertheless privately acting in the in- 
terest of a vaccination clique — a combination of vaccine promot- 
ers — apparently determined that the vaccination interests 
should "pass muster." It was not the people of England, but 
the vaccine syndicate whom the commission evidently regarded 
as their real clients, and whom they were bound in honor to 
vindicate at all hazards. 

In their interim report the commission recommended the 
exemption from compulsion of the "conscientious objector." 
They did this, however, because the popular clamor had reached 
the danger point, and because the House of Commons had come 
to recognize the practical impossibility of forcing English peo- 
ple to obey a law which they practically regarded as committing 
them to a species of self-destruction. After forty-six years of 
compulsory vaccination over one-half of the 270 boards of 
guardians were declining to put the Act in operation on ac- 
count of the vigorous nature of the popular revolt. Not only 
this, but boards of guardians were being elected all over the 
kingdom on the express ground that they pledged themselves 
not to enforce the act. Every effort has been made to force the 
boards to make the vaccination laws operative, but to little pur- 
pose. The board in Keighley, in Yorkshire, was sent to prison, 
but they had to be let out, and the local government board 
found that as long as representative government was left the 


people, they could not be ruthlessly trodden upon until hope- 
lessly deprived of personal liberty. 

But why this stubborn persistence on the part of the gov- 
ernment, in cramming vaccination down the throats of a long- 
suffering and unwilling people ? Answer : A corrupt ring of 
medical gentlemen had lobbied a measure through Parliament, 
and by false promises secured a compulsory law, which their 
pecuniary and professional interests required should be vigor- 
ously enforced ; and the government was constantly reminded 
that it was expected to faithfully perform its part of the agree- 
ment with the doctors ; which it did until it found it had a thor- 
oughly aroused and indignant public sentiment to reckon with. 
This is certainly the most rational explanation which the case 
will admit of. 

The main feature of the Vaccination Act of 1898 is the 
"conscience clause" — properly the common sense clause : — 

"(Sec. 6). No parent or other person shall be liable to any 
penalty under section twenty-nine or section thirty-one of the 
Vaccination Act of 1867, if within four months of the birth of 
the child he satisfies two justices or a stipendiary or metropol- 
itan police magistrate, in petty sessions, that he conscientiously 
believes that vaccination would be prejudicial to the health of 
the child, and within seven clays thereafter, delivers to the vacci- 
nation officer for the district, a certificate by such justices or 
magistrate of such conscientious objection." 

In all other regards vaccination is still compulsory in Eng- 
land. The dissentient can avoid arrest, fines and imprisonment 
only by working the "conscience racket," which he will probably 
not be slow in doing since only vaccination promoters and the 
uninformed portion of the community have any interest to con- 
tinue their connection with the business firm at the "old stand." 




The report of the working of the vaccination department 
in Bengal for 1872, the commissioner says the compulsory law 
in the rural districts is practically a dead letter. Vaccination 
is rejected by all high class Hindoos — the Brahmins, Burmahs, 
Rajputs, and Marwaries ; while among the Mohammedans, the 
Ferazis hold the rite in the utmost contempt. Nearly every vil- 
lage — according to the commissioner's report — many families 
persistently refuse vaccination, and secrete their children to es- 
cape the vaccinators. 

In order to overcome these prejudices, advantage was 
taken of the Hindoo's known reverence for their ancient sages 
and philosophers, by palming off upon them deliberate literary 
frauds. A Mr. Ellis, of Madras, well versed in Sanscrit litera- 
ture, composed a short poem in the native's language on vacci- 
nation, tracing the origin of vaccine pus to their sacred cow. 
This he professed to have deciphered from very ancient parch- 
ments. In Bengal, similar attempts were made to deceive the 
inhabitants. Some very ancient leaves were purported to have 
been found, containing a chapter on "Masurica," or chicken- 
pox. The doctors quoted the following words, which they al- 
leged were contained in the ancient Sanscrit, on these musty 
parchments : — 

"Taking the matter of pustules, which are naturally pro- 
duced on the teats of cows, carefully preserve it, and, before the 
breaking out of small-pox, make with a fine instrument a small 
puncture (like that made by a gnat) in a child's limb, and intro- 
duce into the blood as much of the matter as is measured by a 
quarter of a ratti. Thus the wise physician renders the child 
secure from the eruption of the small-pox." 

— See "Life of Jenner," by Bazon, Vol. I, page 557. 


Think of it — forgery — the actual forgery of manuscripts to 
keep the Hindoo mind chained to the blood-poisoning Moloch, 
vaccination. What could be more infamous? 

It is much like the practice imputed to the church in gener- 
ations long gone by ; namely, that it is right and proper to lie 
and deceive when the interests of the church could thereby be 
enhanced. At any rate, the vaccination-business syndicate is up 
to that sort of thing, not seeming to recognize even a remote 
connection between corporation-conscience and Sunday ser- 
vice. In India, it can be shown that this species of deception has 
been practiced on a large scale. Not only this, and notwith- 
standing the multiplied proofs that vaccination in that country, 
is not only a complete failure as a prophylactic against small- 
pox, but a cruel injustice to the native population. Yet there 
are plenty of English doctors continually plotting to extend co- 
ercive legislation and increase the penalties for non-compliance 
with the law. When the Vaccination Bill of 1892 was before the 
Bombay legislative council, to make vaccination compulsory in 
certain additional districts, a native Brahmin asked for an 
amendment, and pointed out the clanger of transmitting leprosy 
and syphilis by means of arm-to-arm vaccination, and then read 
before that body a letter from a Brahmin physician — Dr. Baha- 
durjee — in which he writes: — 

"In answer to your letter in which you ask me my personal 
opinion on the arm-to-arm vaccination method, which it is in- 
tended to be enforced by the new Vaccination Bill, I have no 
hesitation in saying that, besides it being not suited to the pe- 
culiar conditions which obtain in this country, on professional 
grounds the method is objectionable, and for these reasons : — 

1. Arm-to-arm vaccination obviously acts as a channel for 
the transference of some skin diseases, and affords a ready means 
for propagating such inherited constitutional taints as those of 
syphilis and leprosy. No doubt, special rules, with full details, 
will be framed for the guidance of the operators in their selec- 
tion of proper subjects, with a view to avoid those mishaps; but 


having regard to the class of men from whom the supply of dis- 
trict vaccinators is to be obtained, the detailed rules will be of 
as much use to them as the paper on which they were printed 

! I . Syphilitic taint does not necessarily show itself in ill-health 
at the early age at which vaccination is practiced and demanded 
by law. A child may be in fair health, and yet have inherited 
syphilis. Moreover, syphilis does not stamp itself on the face 
and arms, so much as on the back and legs — parts not generally 
examined by the vaccinator, and thus apt to be overlooked. 
Only yesterday I was asked to see a case of skin disease in a 
child. On stripping the child bare, I found him fairly healthy 
to look at, and could see no skin blemish on his person. But 
closer examination of the hidden parts revealed the presence 
of unmistakable condylomata (syphilitic). These condylomata 
unnoticed, I should have passed the child as a very fair speci- 
men of average health, and a fit subject to take the lymph from. 
Syphilis, as betrayed in obtrusive signs, is not difficult to recog- 
nize, but when concealed, as is more often the case, it is by no 
means easy to detect it. 

III. In the case of leprosy it is still worse. There 
is no such thing as a leper child or infant. The leper 
heir does not put on its inherited exterior till youth is 
reached. And it is by no means possible by any close observa- 
tion or examination of a child to say that it is free from the 
leprous taint. Surely arm-to-arm vaccination will not help to 
stamp out leprosy. On the contrary, it has been asserted, and 
not without good reasons, that it has favored the propagation 
of the hideous disease. 

IV. It is acknowledged that extreme care is re- 
quired in taking out lymph from the vesicles to avoid 
drawing any blood, for blood contains the germs of disease. Ex- 
treme care means great delicacy of manipulation, and delicacy 
of manipulation with children is not an easy task, and requires 
some experience and training. Is this to be expected from the 
class of men who are going to act as public vaccinators in the 
districts ? Supposing a district vaccinator to acquire it to some 
extent after considerable practice, what about the delicacy of 
manipulation of one newly put on ? 

V. Puncturing a vesicle with such delicacy as not 
to wound its floor and draw blood is one great dif- 


ficulty. But the selection of a 'proper' vesicle is an- 
other as great if not a greater difficulty. Products of inflamma- 
tion are charged with the germs of disease, the contagion of 
contamination media, as much as the blood itself is. And the 
contents of an inflamed vesicle are quite as contaminating as 
the blood itself of a subject who, though charged with the poi- 
son of (inherited) syphilis or leprosy, has ^none of the obtrusive 
signs of the taint for identification. And as here inflamed, i. e., 
angry-looking vesicles are not the exception but the rule, as can 
be easily told by personal observation and experience and 
equally easily surmised if the habits of our poor be duly con- 
sidered. Thus, even if no blood is drawn, the danger of trans- 
ferring constitutional taints by the arm-to-arm method is by no 
means small ; remembering that leprosy that claims India, and 
not England, for one of its homes, does not admit of any detec- 
tion on the person of a subject from whose arm lymph may be 
taken, and that syphilis is more often difficult to detect than 
otherwise, and remembering, also, that both these are often met 
with largely in some districts." 

— "Leprosy and Vaccination," Win. Tebb, page 355. 

In nearly every village in India arrests and imprisonments 
for evading vaccination are of daily occurrence. Of this I speak 
from personal knowledge having witnessed the fact during my 
several visits to India and Ceylon. There are numerous fami- 
lies who if they fail to keep their offspring out of reach of the 
detested vacinator, after his departure they employ every means 
to wash and rub out the vaccine poison ; suck it out, cauterize 
the wound, and treat it much as we should a rattlesnake bite, or 
the bite of a mad dog. In a future chapter I shall return to the 
case of India again. 


On the Island Barbados, with a population of 1,096 to the 
square mile, there is no compulsory vaccination. The popular 
feeling in the island is so vigorously emphatic against vaccina- 
tion, that its advocates are afraid to move in the matter, and any 


attempt to enforce it would undoubtedly create a riot. William 
Tebb, who made the tour of the island in 1888, interrogated all 
classes upon this question and he writes : — 

"From the chief justice, Sir Conrad Reeves, to the poorest 
boatman or sugar plantation laborer, from one end of the island 
to the other, I failed to discover a single advocate of compulsion. 
Let those have it who want it, but don't force it upon me and 
mine, was the general straightforward reply." 

Yet epidemics are less frequent in this island than in the 
well vaccinated islands of Jamaica, Martinique, Guadeloupe, and 
Hayti. Another reason why they have kept compulsory vacci- 
nation at bay, is that they have representation in the govern- 
ment of the island. 

In Grenada, another island under English rule, the people 
being less proud and independent, compulsion is enforced with 
a rigor which amounts to cruelty, and as might be expected, 
small-pox frequently occurrs. 

The following is from a local paper, "The Grenada People," 
June 9, 1892 : — 

"During this week, upwards of thirty or forty of the peas- 
ants have been hauled before the police magistrate of the 
southern district for alleged violation of the vaccination act. In 
nearly every case fines of half-a-crown have been imposed, rep- 
resenting almost half of the week's wages which these unfor- 
tunates, if they are employed, can hope to earn. In face of the 
Royal Commission on Vaccination, we do not see why the old 
law, making vaccination compulsory should be still enforced. At 
most, it is of doubtful benefit ; and doctors differ as to the posi- 
tive good or injury which it does. The advocates of Jenner's 
specific can quote very few cases, if any, in its support ; whilst 
its opponents point with force and truth to the positive injury it 
has inflicted. Here, in Grenada, pure lymph is seldom employed. 
As a consequence, many of the children submitted to the pro- 
cess of vaccination contract therefrom fatal diseases. The 
lymph, in many cases, is collected from children inheriting a 
taint of the scrofulous disease which prevails amongst the peas- 
antry ; and many an otherwise healthy child, after the process 


of vaccination, presents the appearance of a disgustingly yaw- 
sey patient. As eminent medical men differ as to the value and 
utility of vaccination, we think it ought not to be made an of- 
fence punishable by fine or imprisonment if parents refuse to 
vaccinate their children ; but that the law should be amended 
in the direction suggested by the Royal Commission in their re- 
cent report, i. e., it should be optional with the parent whether 
the child should be vaccinated or not." 


Among the Latin populations — France, Austria, Italy, and 
Spain — where personal liberty is taken far less account of than 
among Anglo-Saxon peoples, the government has far less 
trouble in carrying out compulsory legislation. In France it 
has not generally been as rigorously enforced as in England. 
The higher thinking classes generally opposed it ; but new reg- 
ulations are coming into force which makes vaccination a neces- 
sary preliminary for admission into the public schools and into 
the army. In Italy the vaccination laws are extremely stringent 
and yet they are yearly meeting with stronger opposition. The 
authorities are disposed to attribute the spread of small-pox in 
all cases to the existence of a small percentage of vaccinated 
persons; and this in faee of the fact that large sections of the 
Italian population live in the midst of notoriously filthy condi- 
tions. There are many eminent medical men in Italy, nowever, 
who view this whole subject from the most enlightened stand- 
point; and if once the commercial element could be eliminated 
from the vaccination practice, it would take but a short time to 
consign the superstition — so far as legislation is concerned — to 
the under-world where eighteenth century inoculation has gone. 

In Holland. Switzerland, Belgium, Norway and Sweden, no 
soldier is now compelled to be vaccinated. In Switzerland, t lie 
terrible effects which followed many cases of vaccination caused 

"Vaccination is the Curse of Childhood.' 7 


(See Page 113.) 


the people to rise in their majesty and overthrow the compul- 
sory vaccination system. Here is one from a large number of 
Swiss cases where vaccination published its own repulsive char- 
acteristics. I subjoin a reprint from a monthly journal of health 
— Terre Haute, Indiana. 


"John Pfaender, child of healthy Swiss parents, born Sep- 
tember 23, 1875, was sturdy, beautiful, and healthy until vacci- 
nated, June 16, 1876, by the official vaccinator. Eight days later 
his feet began to swell, abscesses formed, his teeth began to rot, 
his glands to swell and fistulous sores appeared on his hands 
and feet. The foregoing photograph was taken in May, 1882. He 
could neither walk, nor stand. Several of the bones of his 
hands had rotted out. 

"It was such cases as this that led the Swiss people to over- 
throw the infamous system of blood poisoning, yclepted vacci- 
nation, which a medical clique was seeking longer to impose 
upon them. Since its rejection, not only has there been less 
small-pox, but the general death rate is the lowest in Europe. 
There are thousands of such cases in this doctor-ridden land. 
It is time the American people should know the truth in all its 
hideousness. Surely the spirit of freedom, the good sense and 
parental affection will soon arise and banish forever this mur- 
derous outrage and insiduous cause of so much disease and 


New South Wales has but a very small per cent, of vacci- 
nated persons. This fact I fully established during my several 
visits to this country — and yet small-pox has been literally 
stamped out by adopting a vigorous policy of isolating small- 
pox patients and by thorough sanitation in urban districts. Sir' 
Richard Thorne, in his testimony before the Royal Commission,. 


said : "The evidence is so abundant that I could keep you for 
hours in telling of cases in which epidemics have evidently been 
prevented by cleanliness and the isolation of the first cases." Sir 
Richard speaks of twelve different occasions where the disease 
did not spread beyond the house originally attacked. 


In nearly all, if not in every state of our American union, 
compulsory vaccination laws have been enacted, but in nine- 
tenths of these states the law is a dead letter on account of the 
extreme difficulty of enforcing it. The thinking, reasoning 
masses are strongly opposed to it and this opposition is becom- 
ing an army. Occasionally boards of health in municipalities 
are instructed to enforce the law. Then for a time the schools 
are closed against all children whose parents positively refuse to 
expose them to this public enemy — this serpent that stings and 
scars. A hot contest immediately succeeds ; mass meetings of 
indignant citizens are held and anti-vaccination leagues are or- 
ganized ; a test case is carried to the higher courts, and in the 
long run, when the fight is maintained with vigor and unyielding 
persistence the law is decided to be unconstitutional — as in the 
celebrated case from Geneseo, 111., — and the doors of the school- 
room are again opened to children who have been cruelly de- 
prived of at least one entire term of school privileges. And for 
what ? That a hungry hoard of second-class, scrub doctors may 
compel every householder in the land to pay tribute for a public 
commodity upon which the devil (personified meanness of the 
vaccine syndicate) has put his stamp. How much longer — oh, 
how much longer, I ask will the American voter tolerate this 
infamous travesty of justice, this flagrant outrage upon his per- 
sonal rights. The American's house is his castle and no doctor 


with poisoned lancet has a right to cross the threshold of his 
door and poison and scar his children. 

Usually from one to two new-school doctors, or psychic 
physicians, in a municipality, head the agitation for reform. The 
balance go with the Scribes and Pharisees and affect to sneer at 
and despise the dissentients as a crazy lot of agitators, "who 
make a great ado about a perfectly harmless operation which 
injures nobody, but is a wholesome precaution against a com- 
mon danger." Bourbons learn nothing. They are stupidly con- 
servative. While the rank and file, go the easy way; and not 
until the danger becomes painfully apparent with swollen arms, 
ulcerous sores and perhaps death in their own households, do 
they consider the question of vaccination of sufficient import- 
ance to engage their serious attention. True, no one is vacci- 
nated by physical force in this country as they are in some parts 
of Germany, but exclusion of children from public schools and 
of grown persons from government employ are unjust and il- 
legal, constituting an oppressive meanness which American 
citizens will not continue to tolerate when they come to fully re- 
alize the true danger and degradation of the situation. 

A decision of the supreme court of the state of New York 
in June, 1874, deprived the health commissioners of the powers 
which they had previously claimed to enforce vaccination and re- 
vaccination of adults. The attempt to compel free-born citizens 
of a representative commonwealth to submit to vaccination on 
the pretence that it is the "greatest good to the greatest num- 
ber," when their common sense and higher intelligence not only 
rejects its prophylactic value, but when their souls likewise abhor 
the vile intruder as a hundred times more to be dreaded' than 
small- pox — the attempt to coerce, I repeat — will ere long meet 
with such an angry, if not violent, protest that every compulsory 
act will be swept from statute books, else I fail to interpret 


rightly the quality and rigid energy of our Americanized, Anglo 
Saxon genius. 

Humanity constitutes a brotherhood and what affects one 
sympathetically affects the whole. Two classes in the United 
States particularly suffer in consequence of our outrageously 
unjust vaccination legislation — namely, the poor man and child, 
and the emigrant who lands at Castle Garden to make his home 
in this widely proclaimed, the land of the free. "Be vaccinated 
or be returned in the next census as among the illiterate," we 
say to every poor man's child. And the public vaccinator — 
who has become nothing less than a scourge in the land — would 
have the state keep those innocent children in illiteracy until the 
parents consent to hand them over to them to be punctured and 
poisoned at $1.00 a head. "Be re-vacinated or stay out," we say 
to every emigrant who proposes to adopt an American citizen- 
ship. Here are a few instances of the practical working of our 
vaccination laws as they relate to emigrants : — 

A German physician left Bremen on the steamer Nekar — 
Lloyd line — in November, 1882. Besides no cabin passengers 
there were nearly eight hundred in the steerage. This physi- 
cian writes : — 

"The United States law provides that every emigrant with- 
out regard to age or physical condition, shall be vaccinated 
within twenty-four hours after leaving the foreign port. Many 
of those on board were exceedingly ill, and to anyone who has 
ever suffered the pains and pangs of "seasickness" it will be ap- 
parent that that was not a favorable nor a proper time for vacci- 
nation, but it must be done, for the law is clear and peremptory; 
there is no evading it, for on our arrival in Xew York, all those 
who cannot show a certificate from the ship's surgeon are con- 
signed to Blackwell's Is'and. 

"During the three days following our departure from Bre- 
men, vaccination was the order of the day in the steerage. I 
was enticed thither by curiosity, and what I there saw was sug- 
gestive, to say the least, to me. and may be of interest to you. 
The surgeon sat on a box in the storeroom, lancet in hand, and 


around him were huddled as many as could be crowded into the 
confined space, old and young, children screaming, women cry- 
ing; each with an arm bare and a woe-begone face, and all la- 
menting the day they turned their steps toward 'land of the 
free.' The lymph used was of unknown origin, kept in capillary 
glass tubes, from whence it was blown into a cup into which the 
lancet was dipped. No pretence of cleaning the lancet was 
made : it drew blood in very many instances, and it was used 
upon as many as 276 during the first day. I inquired of the sur- 
geon if he had no fear of inoculating disase, or whether he ex- 
amined as to health or disease before vaccinating. He replied 
that he could not stop for that, besides, no choice in the matter 
was left with him. Ttoe law demanded the vaccination of each 
and every one, and he must comply with it or be subjected to a 
fine. I thought it a pitiful sight, and am persuaded that could 
the gentlemen through whose instrumentality the law was en- 
acted, see what I saw of the manner in which it was carried into 
effect, they would be as zealous in seeking its repeal. As con- 
ducted, the law is an outrage, and no one can estimate the num- 
ber of helpless, innocent children, as well as adults, who are in- 
oculated with syphilis or other foul disease, on every ship bring- 
ing steerage passengers to our shores." — G. H. Merkel, M. D., 
in the "Massachusetts Medical Journal," November, 1882. 

The following extracts from a graphic letter by a scholarly 
layman, describes the painful treatment to which emigrants are 
subjected: — 

Brooklyn, New York, May 7, 1883. 

Dear Sir : — I found the vaccination tyranny much more 
than sentiment on board the Adriatic. Aboardship, as every- 
where, it has attained terrible proportions, which makes it prob- 
able that in the near future it will become the Great Terror that 
shall 'cause that as many as will not worship the image of the 
beast shall be killed,' and that 'no man may buy or sell save he 
that has the mark of the beast.' ********* 

"One morning it was rumored that the doctor was coming 
to examine the passengers, and I went with two friends to the 
surgeon to state our objections. I told him that as we had been 
vaccinated, if that fact would let us pass without further trouble, 
we could satisfy him ; but if not, vaccinated we would never be. 


Like most doctors, he was without capacity to understand our 
conscientious objections, and the degradation involved in sub- 
mission to the rite. He curtly told us the law was not his ; it 
was United States law. He should come forward at two o'clock 
and if we showed him that we had been vaccinated he would 
give us a certificate, and if not. he would vaccinate us if we 
chose ; if not, we must take the risk of passing the doctor at the 
port. It mattered nothing to him. ******** 

"By and by came the doctor in his gold-laced cap. with his 
bottle of 'lymph.' pure from the sores of children or heifer's but- 
tock, and commenced operations. First a rope was stretched 
efrom a post, and held by two stewards in a horseshoe form, and 
into this enclosure passed, one by one, the victims of an insane 
medical legislation, and bared their arms to the Medical Igno- 
ramus, who stood on the other side. If he there saw the ortho- 
dox scars, he forthwith bestowed a ticket like this: — 

White Star Line. 

S. S. 



C. S. Murray. 


14th April. 1SS3. 

Which further had this 


ion on the back : — 

Keep this card to avoid detention 

at quarantine, 

and on 

railroad in the 

L'nited States 

'"There was nothing in common among them save their 
degradation, and. as I thought, the most degraded of the lot 
was the vaccinator. How a man with any sense of decency and 
the congruity of things, could for mere pay consent to the folly 
that the individuals of such a heterogeneous crowd were all 
alike liable to small-pox, and were all alike saved by his per- 
formance, passes my understanding. It is hard to believe in a 


man's sincerity in view of such absurdity; and yet he may be 
sincere. When a lie is taught, and still more when a lie is prac- 
ticed, it confounds the intellect, and is ultimately taken for the 
truth of truth. Yours truly, 


In the issue of the New York Tribune, March 18, 1884, is 
a significant editorial of the "Cow and Hog Doctor" trying to 
work up a panic among the farmers when some sickness ap- 
pears among their live stock. These editorial comments apply 
so exactly to the vaccination doctors that a paragraph will be 
appropriate here. 

"Whence, then, all this noisy affirmation? It emanates from 
a few persons already in government employ and naturally 
anxious to enlarge and perpetuate their easy places. Every 
slight local sickness is magnified and telegraphed over the whole 
land, as was the case the other day in Columbia county, N. Y. 
The alarmists are thoroughly organized ; they have been work- 
ing toward this one end half a dozen years, and it is proverbial 
that Plea is much more active than Protest." 

Certain doctors in San Diego, Cal., headed by one preten- 
tious Jones endeavored to get up a small-pox scare by starting 
the report : "Small-pox is spreading with alarming rapidity in 
Los Angeles and we shall have hundreds of cases here in a few 
weeks unless the city is thoroughly vaccinated." The cry spread, 
lancets were unsheathed, and doctors' pockets were filled. I re- 
peat, if it were possible to eliminate the commercial feature 
from the vaccination enterprise, this pathetic solicitude, on the 
part of the dear doctor to guard the public against the alleged 
danger of small-pox epidemic, would soon be found drooping. 


"Compulsory vaccination has been knocked out for the time 
being in Duluth, and we know that most of the really progres- 
sive and up-to-date physicians hope that it is knocked out for all 
time, but not so with the vaccination doctors, who made all the 
way from five to fifteen dollars a day in the way of vaccination 
fees during the last three weeks. It is estimated that the recent 


bulldozing scheme only brought about one-fourth of the chil- 
dren for vaccination after all, and the professional vaccinators 
wish as many of the other three-fourths scared into camp at no 
distant day, as possible. So, look out for another small-pox 
scare during the coming winter." — Duluth (Minn.) Tribunal. 

A judge of the circuit court of Milwaukee recently decided 
that compulsory vaccination of children by order of the board 
of education as a preliminary to their admission to the public 
schools of Wisconsin, was unconstitutional. The circuit courts 
in several other states have rendered similar decisions. 

But the noble state of Illinois has given the hardest blow to 
compulsory legislation which has yet come under my observa- 
tion. Thanks to the pluck and persistent fighting qualities on 
moral grounds of a single man. A test case was brought from 
Geneseo in which George Lawbraugh was the plaintiff. Five 
years ago the board cf education of that town issued their man- 
date, that all unvaccinated children after a certain period would 
be excluded from the public schools. Mr. Lawbraugh had a 
little girl whom he proposed should remain in school, which as 
a citizen owning real estate, he had paid his lawful tax to sup- 
port. He also proposed that his daughter should not be pol- 
luted with the vaccinator's lance and poison pus. He had al- 
ready lost a little boy from the effects of vaccination and he de- 
clared in terms most positive that his remaining child should not 
take a similar risk; and yet, she was peremptorily excluded 
from the school. Upon Mr. Lawbraugh's representation the 
state superintendent of schools advised the board of Geneseo 
not to enforce their mandate against this little innocent girl ; 
but the doctors standing shoulder to shoulder behind the board, 
the board stood by their mandate. Then Mr. Lawbraugh 
brought an action in the circuit court on two grounds : 

(i). That compulsory vaccination was unconstitutional. 

(2). That it was dangerous to the health of the rising gen- 

That court decided against Mr. Lawbraugh. He then car- 
ried the case up to the appellate court and again lost it. Brave, 
honest, cultured, and true to principle, he then carried his case 
to the state supreme court, where, after a patient hearing, that 
august body rendered a sweeping decision for the plaintiff — a 
decision which declared the vaccination act unconstitutional. 


This moral contest upon the part of Mr. Lawbraugh was not 
only noble and commendable, but it has likewise established a 
precedent in this country by which hundreds and thousands of 
children will escape the wicked work of the detestable enemies 
of our rising generation. It is indeed a sad commentary on the 
form of society under which we live, that human interests in- 
stead of being mentally helpful, morally up-lifting, and produc- 
tive of brotherhood, are largely destructive and antagonistic to 
health and happiness. Each class thrives, or strives to thrive, 
at the expense of every other class, warring not only against its 
rivals in the same field of activity but likewise against the com- 
mon social integrity. 

The corner-stone of modern society is self-interest and in 
its service we do not identify our brother's interests with our 
own, but rather sacrifice that brother that our own selfish self- 
interest may the better thrive. It has been too often and too 
truly said, that the interest of the lawyer is prompted by quar- 
rels ; that of the priest by ignorance, superstition, and creeds ; 
the dividends of corporations by the helpless dependence and 
impoverishment of the masses ; and finally that the self-interest 
of the doctor depends upon a sort of composite degeneration 
and degradation, ignorance, dirt, disease, dependence, and trans- 
mitted superstition. Thus we have a "brotherhood of thieves," 
for each of the four cardinal points of the compass. How is it 
possible then for the masses to rise and throw off this and that 
incubus when all institutions are framed with a special reference 
to plunder and despoilation manipulated by politicians ? 

Nevertheless, it must needs be in this preliminary 
state of unfoldment, "that offences will come ;" but 
great and good men — men full of faith, the mean- 
time, will hail the faintest token of the approach 
of the normal order in which there will be no bitter war 
among the members, but each will contribute to the up-building 
and moral integrity of the whole, while the whole will exercise 
more than a mother's care for the nourishment and protection 
of each member. Good men will hail the approach of that order 
in which the lawyer, unless peradventure their breed will have 
become extinct — will have no quarrels to promote or prolong; 
wherein the priest will give love for love and service for ser- 
vice, instead of preaching the obsolete dogmas of a petrified 


Calvinist creed for five thousand dollars a year ; an order in 
which corporate interests will include the whole people and 
where commerce will bestow its unstinted blessings upon every 
member of the commonwealth ; aye, an order in which the phy- 
sician, a physician, indeed, from whose ranks the blood-poison- 
ing vaccinator shall have disappeared ; an order in which the 
doctor will become the chief educator, a welcome guest in 
every household ; a friend whom the youth and maiden can 
counsel with and confidingly trust, who will rejoice in the public 
health and the private health of both soul and body, and from 
whose abundant personality will radiate and How forth the same 
quality of health and life and joy which made the Christ dear 
to his disciples. Jesus healed both soul and body. This is the 
work of the true physician. 


1840. To extend the practice of vaccination. 

1 841. To amend the vaccination act. 
1853. Vaccination made compulsory. 
1861. To facilitate prosecutions. 

1867. To consolidate and amend the acts. 

1871. To amend and more vigorously enforce the act. 

1874. To explain the act of 1871. 

1898. To insert the "Conscience Clause." 



"I can sympathize with, and even applaud a father who, 
with the presumed dread in his mind, is willing to submit to ju- 
dicial penalties rather than expose his child to the risk of an in- 
fection so ghastly as vaccination." — Sir Thomas Watson, M. 
D., London. 

Although the courts in many states have decided that 
boards of health or education cannot compel school children to 
be vaccinated, there is nevertheless a general and a vigorous 
move of late by these same boards to enforce compulsory legis- 
lation on the subject. These "boards" pretend to be acting in 
the interests of humanity and of the public health. Similar pub- 
lic interests were near and dear to the hearts of the Spanish In- 
quisitors, who drove the Huguenots out of France and burned 
scores of thousands at the stake on account of their "mischiev- 
ous" opinions. No, the intelligent portion of the American peo- 
ple have at last taken the true measure of such physicians as 
wield the lancet and the poisoning, putrifying calf pus. As doc- 
tors they are behind the age in their profession ; as business 
men they will pocket fees, though their professional edicts turn 
every poor man's child out of the public school. I ask, how 
much longer are intelligent Americans going to submit to this 



infamy? How much longer will they permit an unscrupulous 
class to victimize their children and defraud them of their birth- 
right for the sake of putting shekels in their pockets ? These 
health boards and examining boards be it remembered, have 
only in rare instances been asked for by the people. They are 
part and parcel of the vaccinating business firm, who instead of 
teaching sanitation and cleaning up centers of pollution where 
zymotics originate, enforce upon a long suffering populace a 
vile and discredited commercial commodity. As we always 
have the "poor" with us, so likewise the body politic is weighted 
down with a surplus of doctors turned loose from the medical 
colleges every year to prey upon society, not one-half of whom 
have the slightest genius for physic, and ought by all means to 
have kept their place in the ranks of the "Alan with the hoe." 
Not able to get a living in the field of legitimate medical prac- 
tice, they become "shysters" of the noble profession, secure ap- 
pointments cm boards of health, corrupt legislatures, get up 
small-pox panics, and saddle the public with fees for services 
which are curses and nothing else. 

Doctors must be supported, aye, right royally supported. 
Vaccination and compulsory laws are what they have found to 
be a superb thing. The public welfare — it is a hypocritical pre- 
tence ! Some of them would consign every child in the com- 
munity to an incurable disease, or slam the door of the school 
room in their faces, for the sake of the profit their lymph-poi- 
soning practice affords them. The public health is the least 
and last thing that concerns many of them. The compulsory 
law was not gotten up to make people more healthy, nor to pre- 
vent disease. If it had been, its promoters would manifest some 
solicitude regarding the real causes which every well informed 
person knows are the principal sources of all the zymotic dis- 
eases in this country, in the poor and crowded quarters of all 
large cities. These the vaccinators, like the Levite, pass by. 


Read the fearful arraignment of the distinguished Dr. A. M. 
Ross, of Toronto : — 

"In March, 1885, my attention was aroused by a report that 
several cases of small-pox existed in the east end of Montreal. 
Knowing something of the filthy condition of certain localities, 
I made a careful sanitary survey of all that part of the city east 
of St. Lawrence street, and southwest of McGill and St. An- 
toine streets. What I saw I will attempt to describe — what I 
smelt cannot be described ! I found ten thousand seven hun- 
dred cesspits reeking with rottenness and unmentionable filth ; 
many of these pest-holes had not been emptied for years ; the 
accumulated filth was left to poison the air of the city and make 
it the seed-bed of the germs of zymotic diseases. Further, I 
found the courts, alleys, and lanes in as bad a condition as they 
possibly could be — decaying animal and vegetable matter 
abounded on all sides. Everywhere unsightly and offensive ob- 
jects met the eye, and abominable smells proved the existence 
of disease-engendering matter, which supplied the very condition 
necessary for the incubation, nouiishment and growth of small- 

"Knowing well the fearful consequences that would result 
from the presence of such a mass of filth in such a densely popu- 
lated part of the city, I gave the widest publicity to the subject, 
hoping thereby to rouse the municipal authorities to a proper 
appreciation of the danger that menaced the health of the city. 
But I was an alarmist ; my advice went unheeded and the filth 
remained as a nest for the nourishment of small-pox, which 
grew in strength and virulence rapidly, until it swept into un- 
timely graves, from the very localities I have mentioned, thirty- 
four hundred persons! — victims of municipal neglect. Instead 
of removing the filth and putting the city in a thoroughly clean, 
defensive condition by the enforcement of wise sanitary regula- 
tions and the adoption of a rigid system of isolation of small- 
pox patients, the authorities were led by the medical profession 
to set up the fetish of vaccination and proclaim its protective 
virtues, through the columns of an ignorant, tyrannical and 
time-serving press. Day after day the glaring, snaring head- 
lines of 'Vaccinate ! vaccinate!' 'Alarm! alarm!' appeared in the 
morning and evening papers. A panic of cowardice and mad- 


ness followed, and tens of thousands of people were driven (like 
sheep to the shambles of the butcher), to the vaccinators, who 
reaped a rich but unholy harvest. Not less than 100,000 people 
were vaccinated while the panic lasted, yielding an unrighteous 
revenue to the vaccinators of at least $50,000. 

"Cleanliness, sanitation, and hygiene were 'nonsense,' un- 
worthy of notice or consideration by the board of health ! Tens 
of thousands of beastly vaccine points were imported and dis- 
tributed among the vaccinators, who were sent forth to poison 
the life blood of their victims and kindle the flame of small-pox. 

"I did all in my power to convince the authorities and the 
people of the sad mistake they were making; but ignorance, 
vaccination, and love of money gained the ascendancy, and threi 
thousand four hundred innocents were sent to untimely graves. 

"The truth of my prophetic warnings in March, 1885, was 
amply and sadly verified by the sickening and mournful fact that 
thirty-four hundred persons, mostly children under twelve years 
of age, died from small-pox in the very localities I pointed out 
as abounding in filth ; while in the west end, west of Bleury and 
north of Dorchester streets, where cleanliness prevailed, there 
were only a few cases and these sporadics. I do not hesitate to 
declare it as my solemn opinion, founded upon experience ac- 
quired during the epidemic, that there would have been no 
small-pox epidemic in Montreal if the authorities had discarded 
vaccination and placed the city in a thoroughly clean and defen- 
sive condition when I called upon them to do their duty in 
March, 1885. The greatest incompetency, cowardice, indiffer- 
ence and fickleness prevailed among the health officials. When 
at last the dread disease carried off sixteen hundred victims in 
October (although 100,000 people had been vaccinated), they 
began to enforce a system of isolation, which I had repeatedly 
but vainly recommended during March, April and May. When 
vaccination ceased and isolation was enforced, the epidemic 
rapidly subsided. 

"The causes, then, which gives rise to and propagate small- 
pox are within our control and are preventable. They may be 
summed up briefly as follows : — 

"Overcrowding in unhealthy dwellings or workshops, 
where there is insufficient ventilation, and where animal or veg- 
etable matter, in a state of decomposition, is allowed to accu- 


mulate ; improper and insufficient diet, habits of intemperance, 
excess in eating, idleness, immorality, and unsanitary habits of 
life, such as the neglect of ablution and the free use of pure 
water, want of proper exercise, and other irregularities of a like 

No money in that sort of thing for the third rate vaccinat- 
ing doctor ! It may be conceded that the average physician is 
an honorable man personally, the same as the average priest or 
lawyer or merchant ; but vaccination with him is not philan- 
thropy, but business ; it is one of his modes of making a living 
and getting on in the world. 

Dr. Ross, above quoted, and most of the truly great physi- 
cians whom I have quoted in these pages, belong to the real no- 
bility of the profession. These are physicians who place the 
public health and welfare above merely commercial motives. 
These are physicians of the normal order, the true friends of 
the race, whom future generations will delight to honor. These 
not only see where the trouble is located, but do what they can 
to remove the active causes of disease. It is this class who are 
laboring to secure better sanitation, and who are trying to 
teach the people that the real preventives of sickness lie in the 
observance of the natural law. But it is small headway that a 
few noble reformers can make in the direction of thorough san- 
itation when they have to deal with corrupt and unscrupulous 
politicians and municipal boards who are continually plotting 
selfish schemes for place, pelf, and privileges for themselves. 

Now, if the citizens of each municipality wiH exhibit a little 
firmness and more conscientious enthusiasm they can make a 
dead letter of the "edicts" of local boards of health and educa- 
tion. In the highest courts these edicts are invariably set aside. 
To each parent I declare : if you submit to have your children 
vaccinated ; if you allow this public enemy to enter your house- 
holds with his lancet and putrid pus to imperil the future of 
your children, you are morally responsible before high heaven ! 


The legal authority by which the vaccinator assumes the right 
to perpetuate this outrage upon the innocent little ones commit- 
ted to your charge, is a hase, infamous, and un-American usur- 
pation which your state constitution and your highest court 
do not sanction. You need not submit your children to this ac- 
cursed rite, nor need you submit to have them defrauded of 
school privileges which you have been taxed to provide. In 
many towns local boards have been chosen in accordance with 
an enlightened public sentiment; and these, knowing their con- 
stitutional rights, pay no attention to the Philipics and edicts 
of any state board. In other towns the sentiment is aroused, 
but the health and educational boards, being creatures of the 
political "ring," issue their mandates and then a hot contest is 
at once precipitated. 


I spent the winter and early spring of 1898 in my sunny 
home in San Diego. Early in February — if I remember — the 
local board of health directed the school board to issue a per- 
emptory order thai every child attending the public schools 
should be required to present a certificate of vaccination to their 
teacher, and on failing to do so should be excluded from further 
attendance. The battle was cm. Among the papers in the city, 
the Union was conservative, rather siding with the vaccination 
doctors; but the Sun and Vidctte freely opened their columns 
to my pen sketches of the situation. ( >nly erne doctor — P. J. 
Parker, M. D. — saw fit to publicly notice my arraignment of the 
vaccinati' n practice, and he was extreme'.', reserved and 
guarded. I opened the ball with the following h tier to the 
Daily Sun : — 

"Eciilor Sun: At the close of my lecture Sunday evening 
in the hall, literally packed, the subject came up relative to vac- 


cinating our school children. The consensus of opinion was de- 
cidedly against it — a majority of certainly nineteen-twentieths 
of those present. Further, it was a general expression that the 
doctors, lawyers, druggists, and merchants be vaccinated or re- 
vaccinated, and that the school children — our dear school child- 
ren — be spared. 

"When I began the practice of medicine over 50 years ago, 
bleeding was far more popular with doctors than vaccination is 
today. Times change. Vaccination 'wearing out,' as the theory 
is, in from about three to seven years, I was induced to be re- 
vaccinated in San Francisco just after the commencement of 
our late civil war, and came near losing my arm from the dire 
effects of the deadly poison. It put me in bed three weeks and 
impaired my health for several years. Personally, I should in- 
finitely prefer the small-pox, treating myself, than to undergo 
another such life-endangering siege of suffering from vaccina- 

"While there is no epidemic of small-pox in our city, nor 
the likelihood of there being any, it seems not only presumptu- 
ous but absolutely appalling that health officers should order 
vaccination. It certainly cannot be for the picayune finances 
that will accrue to a few physicians. They surely are not so 
grasping and heartlessly greedy as that. Can it be from a lack 
of information ? 

"It is well-known by the most eminent and erudite physi- 
cians of today that while vaccination is not even a common safe- 
guard against small-pox, it often conduces to blood-poisoning, 
erysipelas, eczema, and consumption. 

"Am I told, referring to 'tubes and points,' that calf-lymph- 
glycerinated vaccine, 'the pure,' will be used? Pure poison! 
Think of it, parents! Pure pus-rottenness — think of it! Pure 
calf-lymph from calves' filthy sores put into the arms of inno- 
cent babes and school children. 'Pure !' Why it is virtually 
beastly calf-brutality thrust into our children's budding hu- 
manity ! 

"The battle for compulsory vaccination was waged by 
spells most vigorously in the British house of parliament for 
nearly a dozen years, and finally a parliamentary commission, 


after a long and most rigid investigation, virtually reported that 
vaccination should be 'optional,' rather than compulsory. 

" A personal friend of mine, William Tebb, of London, one 
of God's noblemen, was arrested, if I rightly remember, four- 
teen times for refusing to have his children vaccinated. He paid 
his fines — and now wears a victor's wreath. And I, too, would 
be arrested — aye, I would rot in jail before I would again have 
that damnable vaccine poison thrust into my arm or into my 
children's arms. 

"Prof. Kranichfield, of Berlin, said in an elaborate report : 
'I, too, vaccinated my children at a time when I did not know 
how injurious it was. Today I would resist if necessary the au- 
thorities and the police law.' 

"Dr. Gregory in the Medical Times, June 1, 1852, (and 
then medical director of the London Small-pox hospital) said : 
'The idea of extinguishing the small-pox by vaccination is as 
absurd as it is chimerical, and is as irrational as it is presumptu- 

"Dr. Stowell, after twenty years' experience as a vaccine 
physician in England, said : 'The general declaration of my pa- 
tients enables me to proclaim that the vaccine notion is not only 
an illusion, but a curse to humanity.' 

"In a house to house census of a number of cities, towns, 
and villages in the north of England to furnish an average test 
of the dangers of vaccination, there were reported '3,135 cases 
of injury and 750 deaths, alleged to be due to vaccination.' This 
report was sent to the members of Parliament and to the prime 

"P. A. Taylor, a member of Parliament, said in a Com- 
mons' speech: T have seen scores of parents who tell me that 
they honestly believe that their children had died from vacci- 
nation. I am opposed to making it compulsory.' 

"Alfred Russell Wallace, LL. D., F. R. S., the compeer of 
the great Charles Darwin, says : 'that vaccination is the probable 
cause of about 10,000 deaths annually, by five inoculable dis- 
eases of the most terrible and disgusting character.' 

"William Tebb on July 2, 1892. gave evidence before the 
Parliamentary Royal Commission as to 2,138 cases of injury, 
and 540 deaths alleged by the proper medical signatures to be 
due to vaccination up to the end of 1889. * * * In the 


third report, (page 172), the number of injuries is increased to 
10,309 — think of it — and this in solid, conservative old Eng- 

"If necessary I can furnish the testimony of many eminent 
American physicians, college professors, in confirmation of the 
danger, and of the deaths resulting from compulsory vacination. 

"Upon the grounds, therefore, of continuous good health 
to our children ; upon the grounds of absolute right ; upon the 
grounds of personal liberty vouchsafed by the constitution of 
the United States, and upon the grounds of regard to the ma- 
ture judgment and cultured consciences of many educated 
parents and prominent San Diego citizens, I hope — earnestly 
hope — that this vaccination order will not be pressed. 

J. M. PEEBLES, M. D." 

The moral indignation of the community was aroused, and 
the local press teemed daily with articles from indignant citizens 
and with spirited editorials on the all-absorbing controversy — 
the two papers named siding with the people ; but the Union 
editorials abounded in expressions of "good Lord and good 
Devil," yet leaning perceptibly toward the latter. Among the 
protests from citizens, the following is a sample : — 

"Editor Sun : I consider that I have a grievance that it is 
my duty to put before the people of this city. 

"My son tells that he is excluded from the schools be- 
cause he can not show a certificate of vaccination. I sent a note 
by him this morning to Professor Freeman in which I desired 
the following information : If Jamie, my son, is not allowed to 
continue in the school, please, in justice to me, give me a writ- 
ten notice of his expulsion. I added also : I have been a tax- 
payer for many years, and if I am not to have any of its ben- 
efits, unless I bow down before one of the most un-American 
laws that was ever lobbied through a legislative body, I should 
have notice of it. 

"He wrote on the back of the note with a pencil, as fol- 
lows : — 

" 'Mr. Nulton : You appear to be aware of the law. We 
simply do our duty under it when we forcibly exclude children 
who have not been vaccinated.' 

"What conclusion can I arrive at from his answer ? I have 


never brought his devotion to duty in question, neither do I 
doubt that he may have excluded pupils from his school during 
his past life. But I would like to know whether the boy is play- 
ing 'hookey,' or whether it is the professor himself? 

"Is there anything in his answer that would show to a court 
of justice that the boy has been excluded from the schools? 

"I have been required several times to write notes to teach- 
ers why the boy was absent from school on certain days, and 
when I want information they seem to be as silent as a grave- 

"In regard to vaccination, I have this to say. I have heard 
of many that have died from vaccination and a great deal of suf- 
fering resulting from it. Now, the question is, shall I offer up 
my child to this vaccine god with the hope that a ram will be 
caught in the bushes and his life spared? or shall I stand on my 
feet like a true American and say to this Moloch, whose taste 
for children is proverbial, 'Stand out of the way and let the car 
of progress move on.' 

"If a parent forces his child to be vaccinated and he die 
from its effect, who murders him? Is it the parent, the vacci- 
nator, or the law, or should we wag our long ears and exclaim : 
'Mysterious Providence.' 

"A good thing can never be over-multiplied ; inflate it as 
much as you please, there will be no bad results. If vaccination 
is a good thing you cannot overdraw at this bank either. Com- 
mence with the doctors, then the old men and worn n, and some 
of us have nothing but an old shell left, and it would not take 
much vaccine matter to fix us ; then the middle-aged, then the 
youth, babes, cats, and dogs. S. D. NULTON." 

It is but justice to say, that Dr. Remendido, the leading 
physician and surgeon of the city, came out through the press 
and definitely condemned compulsory vaccination. The other 
physicians, with one exception, were as dumb as the dens of 
frozen adders. 

About this time — early in February, 1899 — 258 children 
had been sent home by the teachers for not presenting certifi- 
cates of vaccination, and many more were kept home by their 


parents who wished to spare their feelings, knowing what the 
result would be if they appeared without the official vaccinator's 
"tag." Parents were calling at my residence every day for ad- 
vice about what they could do ; so accordingly I published the 
following letter in the Daily Vidette : — 

"Editor Vidette: Honoring your moral bravery and ad- 
miring the breadth of thought and freedom of expression that 
characterize your daily columns, allow me to say that the heads 
of twenty-three families have called upon me at my residence 
during the past week, saying, 'What shall we do, doctor, about 
having our children vaccinated? We think vaccination danger- 
ous. We do not believe in it, and yet we want our children to 
attend school and be educated. What shall we do?' 

"My invariable reply has been, I am not 'my brother's 
keeper.' You must exercise your own judgment. I am frank, 
however, to tell you what I should do. 

"First : I should send my children to school unvaccinated, 
unpoisoned with pox-lymph virus, and put the responsibility 
upon the official authorities for refusing to educate them in the 
schools, for the support of which I had been taxed. I should 
then, as they have in Philadelphia, commence legal proceed- 
ings. It should not be forgotten that before the adjournment 
of our recent legislature, Senator Simmons introduced a bill pro- 
viding that if any injury or detriment to health was produced 
by vaccination, both the school authorities and the vaccinators 
might be sued for damages. This was right. The bill did not 
come to a vote. How could it, in a legislature charged and 
counter-charged with bribery — a legislature neither intellect- 
ually nor morally competent to elect a United States senator? 

"Second : Or, I should teach my children in my own home, 
inviting some of my neighbors' more advanced scholars to come 
in and teach them the higher branches. 

"Third : Or, I should unite with the citizens of my ward 
and organize a private school, employing competent and cul- 
tured teachers. For such a purpose I will contribute liberally 
in the eighth ward. 

"Fourth: Or, I should emigrate from slow, lag-behind San 
Diego, to some one of the states east where compulsory vacci- 
nation is not enforced ; or, perhaps what would be more prefer- 
able still, bidding adieu to the American flag (the presumed 


symbol of freedom and personal liberty), I would settle in 
some country, decent enough, civilized enough not to enact a 
monstrous compulsory vaccination law, and enlightened enough 
not to enforce if there was such a law. 

"Queensland, Australia, has no compulsory vaccination 
law; and grand, conservative old England, after a dozen years' 
fight of the people, assisted by the ablest members of Parlia- 
ment, against a majority of the doctors (who evidently had an 
eye to business), passed what has been termed the 'conscience 
clause,' as an addendum to the vaccination bill. This was signed 
by the queen, August 12, last year. Therefore, any person, now 
going before the registrar of the district, and making declara- 
tion before the justice of the peace that he conscientiously be- 
lieves vaccination to be detrimental to the heakh of the child, 
is exempt from arrest or penalty. All honor to England ! 

"Accordingly, in the single city of Oldham, Lancashire, 
England, 43,000 certificates of exemption under the 'conscience 
clause' had been issued up to the first of March. Other cities 
and towns are doing nearly as well. Shame, shame, to San 
Diego to thus snail-like drag — drag along in great reforms be- 
hind England, Australia, and some of the isles of the ocean. 

"There are not only thousands of our citizens, but there 
are members of the health and school board, just as strenuously 
opposed to compulsory vaccination as I am. I speak by the 
book. 'But it is the law.' Granted. 'It has been sustained by 
the supreme court.' Then, in the name of law and oredr, why 
was it not entorceel by the previous health and school board au- 
thorities? Did they not know their duty? Why were they not 
dismissed from office or fined $500? Who was responsible for 
that gross, official neglect ? and why has this vaccination law 
been virtually a dead letter throughout California these past ten 
years? and what has caused this present health-spasm? There 
is no small-pox in our city — and it is the general opinion that 
there has been none. Why do not doctors post themselves? 
Why are they such consummate cowards? 

"Finally, this so-called compulsory law, now the terror of 
so many parents, is not law. That only is law which is based 
upon the principle of justice, of right and of personal liberty. 
Enactments are not necessarily laws. Enactments made by one 
legislature are very often repealed by the next. The 'fugitive 


slave law' was once pronounced 'law' by politicians influencing 
even the supreme court ; and yet a band of Quakers, with my- 
self and many others deliberately violated that law — defied it, 
in fact, as often as possible, by helping such frightened, fleeing 
negroes as Fred Douglas, on their way toward the freedom of 
the British flag in Canada. The framers of that law are now 
remembered only in pity, or deserved infamy. And so history 
will brand the mark of Cain upon the legislature that ten years 
ago passed that infamous, unconstitutional, compulsory vacci- 
nation enactment. I would not — will not, obey it ! I defy it ! 
Arrest me, jail me, imprison me behind iron bars. I would stay 
there and rot in prison before I would obey it. And further, in 
the future I will vote for no member of the legislature till I 
know — positively know, how he stands upon this vaccination 
question. We must organize for the battle as they did for years 
in England; we must call meetings and distribute literature. 

"Only recently a judge of the circuit court in Milwaukee, 
Wis., decided that 'the compulsory vaccination of children by 
order of the board of education as a prerequisite to their admis- 
sion to the public schools of that state, was unconstitutional.' 
Another compulsory vaccination tumble ! And yet, San Diego, 
sitting under the shadow of Old Mexico, and brooded by the 
skeleton of a dead-letter legislative enactment, forbids her child- 
ren to enter the public schools — compels them to remain in ig- 
norance because, forsooth, their intelligent parents refuse to 
have brutality — cow-pox virus, calf-lymph cussedness, or any- 
thing of this nature thrust into their system, believing it to be 
unconstitutional, a violation of personal freedom, and danger- 
ous to health. Is this America — proud, progressive America, 
or old sixteenth century Spain ? J. M. PEEBLES, M. D." 

Next came what may be designated the Peebles-Parker 
discussion which appeared in the columns of the Daily Sun. 
The following is Dr. Parker's first letter: — 

"Editor Sun : In a recent issue of your paper you say you 
are opposed to vaccination of school children, as required by 
law, and you give as your reasons that physicians are divided 
among themselves as to the utility and advisability of vaccina- 
tion, and also that you do not like the idea of sticking scabs onto 


people. Permit me to reply that we do not use scabs for such a 
purpose. We use lymph taken from healthy young cattle steril- 
ized, put up in glass tubes and hermetically sealed up until used. 
The greatest care is used in vaccination. The arm or leg where 
the little wounds are made is thoroughly disinfected and cleansed 
before the work is begun, and the instrument used is boiled be- 
fore using, and then a light dressing of sterilized gause placed 
over the wound to prevent the entrance of any poisonous germs 
Done in this way there is no danger. Some years ago when 
scabs were used at times as well as lymphs, and no great care 
used to sterilize or keep the vaccine pure, and surgeons were 
careless in breaking of the skin without sterilizing or boiling in- 
struments, we had trouble with infection and blood poisoning. 
Also sometimes diseases were conveyed by using humanized 
virus. But with the old methods vaccination was a God-send 
to the human race. Before the days of vaccination the annual 
death rate from small-pox was about 3,000 per million of the 
population in England. At that rate, the death rate in the 
United States per annum would be over 200,000. Deprive the 
people of this country of the privileges of vaccination for twenty- 
five years and we would have about the same result. Modern 
treatment and care would lessen mortality some, but modern 
facilities of travel would spread it more than in former times. 

"One great danger in the spread of small-pox is the long 
incubation period, for it is about twelve days after exposure be- 
fore a person becomes sick. Anyone could be exposed to small- 
pox in Cuba or Porta Rica and travel to San Diego before he 
would get sick. 

"In reference to the division of opinion among physicians, 
there is in reality very few who oppose it. It is about as near 
unanimous as it is possible for any question to be. Only about 
one physician in this city speaks against it, and he says pus is 
used for vaccinating. I would expose vaccination if we had to 
use pus for such a purpose. This Dr. Peebles also stated in a 
public address before the Mother's Club that he had treated 
hundreds of cases of small-pox without losing a case. Any 
comment on such statements are unnecessary. 

"In the year 1889, Queen Victoria appointed a commission 
composed of eight of the most noted medical men of England 
and quite a number of eminent men in other professions, to in- 


vestigate the question of the effect of vaccination. The com- 
mission spent seven or more years in their investigations, held 
one hundred and thirty-six meetings, examined about two hun- 
dred witnesses and investigated six epidemics, which has oc- 
curred in recent years at Gloucester, Sheffield, Warrington, 
Devosberry, Leicester, and London. In Gloucester the prac- 
tice of vaccination had been greatly neglected for some years 
prior to the outbreak of small-pox. At Gloucester 26 vaccinated 
children under ten years of age were attacked, of whom one 
died ; of unvaccinated children of like age 680 were attacked, 
of whom 279 died. The report of the commission was unani- 
mous in favor of vaccination as the only effective means for the 
protection against the ravages of small-pox. In Germany 
where vaccination has been compulsory for years, small-pox is 
almost unknown in recent years. Hoping I have not made this 
too long, I am, Yours very trulv, 

P. J. PARKER, M. D." 

Peebles replies : — 

"Editor Sun : In-as-much as Dr. P. J. Parker, of our city, 
brought my name before the public in your issue of the nth, 
touching the question of compulsory vaccination, you will cer- 
tainly grant me equal space in your ably conducted journal. 

"In expressing an opinion adverse to compulsory vaccina- 
tion, you doubtless reflected the convictions of a large majority 
of the parents of San Diego. That the eighty-nine doctors, or 
the most of them, favor it, counts but little. Doctors without 
an exception once favored bleeding in fevers. Both Washing- 
ton and Byron, it is believed, died from blood-letting. Doc- 
tors do not bleed men now-a-days ; nor will they vaccinate in 
the near future. Much less will they dare, however ignorant 
they may be of Jennerism and the dangers attendant upon calf- 
poison, to compel vaccination. I recommend medical incompe- 
tents to weigh well these candid words (published Sunday) by 
the leading physician and surgeon of our city : 

" T am not in favor of anything that interferes in any way 
with the personal liberty or action of any individual. If a per- 
son seriously objects to being vaccinated or to having any mem- 


ber of his family vaccinated, the feelings of such a party are en- 
titled to respect, etc' — Dr. Remendido. 

"Certainly every man's 'feelings,' every man's conscientious 
convictions, are entitled to 'respect.' Every man's house is his 
castle, and upon the constitutional grounds of personal liberty, 
no vaccination doctor, lancet in one hand and calf-pox poison in 
the other, has a legal or moral right to enter the sacred pre- 
cincts of a healthy home and scar a child's body for life. 

' 'This' Dr. Parker informs the public that 'scabs' from cow 
and calf-pox sores are not used now. That is true — doctors 
have advanced from arm-to-arm 'scabs' to a more refined filth — 
a more delicate form of the poison pox-lymph. It is taken from 
'healthy young cattle,' we are told. How is it known that these 
cattle were 'healthy?' They were dumb. That they were 
'healthy' could only be proven by vivisection and dissection. 
Physicians know that tuberculosis is common among cows in 
some parts of the country. To say that these cattle are 'healthy' 
is an assertion — nothing more ! All technical terms and pedan- 
tic jargon aside — would a man be considered healthy if any por- 
tion of his body was spotted and dotted with pustules, with in- 
flamed bases — 'running sores ?' 'Only about one' doctor, we are 
gravely told (there are some eighty-five or ninety in San Diego) 
speaks against vaccination — so much the worse for the doctors ! 
'Only about one.' Well, I am proud to be that one ! for in fact 
one with the right, is a majority. Truth is never in minority — 
and laggards often find it out to their sore disadvantage. 

"Yes, 'Dr. Peebles stated in a public address that he had 
treated many cases of small-pox and never lost a case.' How 
many did 'this' Dr. Parker ever treat? and how many of them 
lived? I shall be pleased to hear the doctor's 'comments.' I 
pledge you my word he will be dumb. 

"On my journey around the world, while in the Godavari 
district, India, with a population of between two and three mil- 
lions, not a day passed after the first week there that I did not 
treat or assist in treating from twelve to twenty small-pox pa- 
tients lying in bungalows, outside tents, and bamboo huts. 

"In July, 1869, appointed by General Grant, the United 
States consul to Trebizonde, Asiatic Turkey, I was in this old 
city, crowded with Turks, Circassians, Georgians, Armenians, 
and other races — a city of filth — during its small-pox epidemic 



— and here again I treated or assisted other physicians in treat- 
ing for weeks and months small-pox patients. Small-pox is 
closely allied to filth, and sanitation, hygiene, pure air, healthy 
diet, sunshine, and bathing are much' more efficacious preventa- 
tives than vaccine virus, in whatever way manipulated, and 
whether called scabs, pus, lymph, serum, or calf-virus — words 
do not render poisons any the less malignant. 

"Speaking of 'humanized virus,' Dr. Parker says : 'The old 
method of vaccination was a God-send to the human race.' On 
the contrary I pronounce it emphatically a death-send, a 
scourge, and a most damnable curse. Here are a few of my au- 
thorities proving it : 

"In the English 'Digest of Parliamentary Returns,' No. 
488, session of 1878, entitled, 'Vaccination Mortality,' we find 
the startling statement that : 'Twenty-five thousand children 
are annually slaughtered by disease inoculated into the system 
by vaccination, and a far greater number are injured and maimed 
for life by the same unwholesome rite.' 

"Prof. Trousseau, of Paris, France, wrote in the 'Clinique 
Medicale,' 1874, a medical journal published in France: 'The 
transmission of syphilis by vaccination appears now to be an 
estalished fact.' 

"Prof. German, in 1878, in an address to the Diet of the 
German empire, said : 'Above all, the direful fatality which 
lately occurred at Lebus, would alone warrant the abolition of 
the vaccination laws. Eighteen school girls, averaging 12 years 
of age, were re-vaccinated and thereby syphilized, and some of 
them died.' 

"The report of the German vaccination commission of 
1884, contains the following: 'Up to 1880, fifty cases have be- 
come known in which syphilis, inoculated with vacine virus, 
caused severe illness to about seven hundred and fifty persons.' 
A strange 'God-send !' 

"The report of the British commission, appointed by the 
queen in 1889. was not unanimous in favor of compulsory vac- 
cination which fact ought to know it. By this report, anti-vac- 
cinationists 'obtained a great measure of parental freedom,' 
writes Dr. Winthrop from London to the New York Sun. 

Dr. Parker's statement concerning Gloucester and its vac- 
cination, is not only misleading but false. If figures do not lie 


those that make them can, and often do. The Gloucester Of- 
ficial Reports are decidedly against the benefit of vaccination. 
I have them at my command. Dr. Parker is no authority. 
His Ipse Dixit neither counts nor carries weight with either 
students of science or medicine. The report of the British 
commission so influenced Parliament that it pronounced against 
compulsory vaccination — and made the matter optional with 
the people. And so the matter still stands. 

"In Rhode Island, after a committee of the senate had 
heard evidence on both sides of the question, it repealed the 
vaccination law by a majority of 16 to 9. Petitions should be 
hurried on to Sacramento demanding that this disease-breeding 
law be promptly repealed. 

" \ late press dispatch informs us that Wm. Nagengast, of 
Cleveland, O., aged n years, was vaccinated in the free dispen- 
sary on January 4th. His arm soon became terribly swollen. 
The same night he exhibited symptoms of lockjaw, and the next 
evening he died, suffering intense agonies. In London, from 
1859 to 1896, there were one thousand and two hundred and 
seventeen admitted deaths from vaccination. There were doubt- 
less five times this number, say the minority reports, but they 
were 'hushed up to prevent vaccination from further reproach.' 

"Engaged wholly in literary pursuits and depending upon 
a livelihood from neither the vaccination business nor local med- 
ical practice of any kind, I can find leisure to ventilate the vic- 
iousness and villainous consequences of compulsory vaccina- 
tion, and I shall do it with ungloved hands, and will therefore 
say that if Dr. Parker desires a journalistic controversy with me 
upon the merits and demerits of compulsory vaccination he will 
find me girded for the conflict ; and I promise him a "foeman 
worthy his steel." J. M. PEEBLES, M. D. 

San Diego, Cal., Feb. 13." 

I will now extend my above reply and notice the following 
statements contained in Dr. Parker's letter : 

(1). "The instrument used is boiled before using." 

(2). "England before the days of vacillation had a death 
rate from small-pox of 3,000 per million of the population." 

(3). "Deprive the people of this country of the privilege 
of vaccination for twenty-five years * * * and we should 
have the same result." 


(4). "At Gloucester 26 vacinated children under ten years 
were attacked with small-pox — one died. Of un -vaccinated 
children of like age 680 were attacked, of whom 279 died." 

(1). This statement by Dr. Parker is very careless, for in 
many noted instances it is conspicuously untrue, in fact. I will 
give one instance where a United States official vaccinator uses 
the lance on scores of immigrants without once cleansing it. 
Our laws require that every immigrant arriving at Castle Gar- 
den shall be vaccinated before they land, unless they can show 
a vaccine mark or a certificate. "The surgeon sat on a box in 
the storeroom, lancet in hand, and around him huddled as many 
as could be crowded into the confined space, old and young, 
children screaming, women crying; each with an arm bare and 
a woe-begone face. * * * No pretense of cleaning the lan- 
cet was made ; it drew blood in very many instances, and it was 
used upon as many as 276 during the first day. I inquired of 
the surgeon if he had no fear of inoculating disease, or whether 
he examined as to health or disease before vaccinating He 
replied that he could not stop for that, besides no choice in the 
matter was left with him. The law demanded the vaccination 
of each and every one, and he must comply with it or be sub- 
jected to a fine." — G. H. Merkel, M. D., in Mass. Ec. Med. Jour. 
November, 1882. 

Here is a fact which I offset against Dr. Parker's statement 
— "the instrument used is boiled before using." When we con- 
sider that the point of a cambric needle, dipped in the blood 
of a leprous or syphilitic patient is sufficient to communicate 
the disease, if this is punctured through the skin, what a fear- 
ful indictment we have against the practice of vaccination ! Two 
hundred and seventy-six victims vaccinated without the lancet 
once being cleaned ! In this way it is possible for the "calf- 
lymph" to pick up on its way about all the curses which human 
flesh is heir to. 

(2). "Small-pox deaths in England before vaccination were 
3,000 per million of the population." In the connection in which 
it is used this statement as before said is entirely misleading. 
There is no hint here that other zymotic diseases in England 
have declined in a similar ratio with small-pox during the cen- 
tury just closing; and we are entitled to claim that the same 
causes that diminished scarlet fever also diminished small -pox. 


But the decline in small-pox has really been far less than in 
other zymotics, from which it may be fairly claimed that vacci- 
nation instead of mitigating it has kept it alive notwithstanding 
the presence of other really mitigating causes. By implication 
Dr. Parker assumes that such investigation of the disease as 
we have been able to secure, is to be set down to the credit of 
vaccination. Xo other mitigating factor is hinted at. In dis- 
cussing the causes of small-pox vaccinators stick to vaccination 
as Mr. Gladstone stuck to "Mitcheltown." They never pollute 
their lips by speaking aloud the word filth — having plenty of 
that article in their antidote. They are silent about sanitation. 
They do not tell us that small-pox is a filth-disease ; that it 
thrives on filth ; that it is chiefly confined to the dirty and crowded 
quarters in our cities. Had the doctors vaccinated for the 
plague, black-death, and the sweating sickness, they would now 
be claiming the credit for vaccination as the sole agent that was 
efficient in practically stamping these three zymotics out of Eu- 
rope. Since they cannot set up that claim, pray what has been 
the cause of their decline? I answer, sanitation and improved 
habits of living. Prof. Wallace, taking the Reports of the Reg- 
istrar Genera! from 1838 to 1896, makes a thorough statistical 
analysis and presents the result in diagramatic form — "Wonder- 
ful Century," page 305. Then he writes : — 

"The main teaching of this diagram — a teaching which the 
commissioners have altogether missed by never referring to 
diagrams showing comparative mortalities — is the striking cor- 
respondence in average rise and fall of the death-rates of small- 
pox, of zymotics, and of all diseases together. This corres- 
pondence is maintained throughout the whole of the first part, 
as well as through the whole of the second part, of the diagram ; 
and it proves that small-pox obeys, and always has obeyed, the 
same law of subservience to general sanitary conditions as the 
other great groups of allied diseases and the general mortality. 
Looking at this most instructive diagram, we see at once the 
absurdity of the claim that the diminution of small-pox in the 
first quarter of our century was due to the partial and imperfect 
vaccination of that period. Equally absurd is the allegation 
that its stationary character from 1842 to 1872, culminating in 
a huge epidemic, was due to the vaccination then prevailing, 
though much larger than ever before, not being quite universal 


— an allegation completely disproved by the fact that the other 
zymotics as a whole, as well as the general mortality, exhibited 
strikingly similar decreases followed by equally marked periods 
of average uniformity or slight increase, to be again followed 
bv a marked decrease. There is here no indication whatever 
of vaccination having produced the sligtest effect on small-pox 

How utterly misleading and untrue therefore is the state- 
ment of Dr. Parker which I am here commenting upon. Noth- 
ing but his vaccination hobby is permitted to come in sight 
when he would explain the causes which effect the periodical 
acceleration and decline of small-pox mortality. Vaccination 
is paraded as the sole cause of small-pox decline ; neglect of 
vaccination the sole cause when small-pox waxes strong and 
rages like a conflagration. 

Dr. Parker must be aware that during the period he re- 
fers to, before Jenner's discovery (?) when he says small-pox 
waxed stronger ; that the doctors then had a "sure thing," con- 
gener of vaccination, inoculation, — which they had "boomed," 
as they now boom vaccination. Inoculation was just as rational 
as vaccmation ; yet by the same act in 1840 England made in- 
oculation a penal offence and vaccination compulsory. 

But finally, I utterly deny Dr. Parker's allegation that 
small-pox deaths in England before vaccination was "3,000 per 
million of the population." This monstrous statement was 
taken from Dr. Lettsom's evidence before the Parliamentary 
Committee in 1802. How did Mr. Lettsom arrive at this fig- 
ure? He first assumed that the small-pox mortality of London 
before vaccination was 3,000 per million of population — which, 
in a future chapter I shall prove was only 2,000 per million — 
and then takes that as basis for the entire population of the 
kingdom, town, village, and country, making not the slightest 
allowance for the cleanliness and general wholesomness of the 
country in comparison with over-crowded, filth-accumulated and 
poverty-stricken districts in the city of London. The popula- 


tion of the kingdom was estimated to be twelve times as large 
as that of London, so London population was multiplied by 
twelve to yield the 36,000 annual small-pox fatality for the king- 
dom. Difference in sanitary conditions never was taken the 
slightest account of by advocates of vaccination. It is such 
glaringly false statistics as these that Dr. Parker, and vaccina- 
tors generally, are in the habit of quoting. 

(3). "Deprive the people of the country of the privileges, 
etc." Here again has Dr. Parker by implication raised an ir- 
revelant issue. Who has said anything about depriving the 
people of this country of the privilege of vaccination? I would 
not deprive one American citizen of the "privilege" of taking 
a half gill of calf-pus daily — either through the skin or into the 
stomach if he is inclined that way. That is not the present is- 
sue. What I am contending for, doctor, is that you have taken 
the state in with you in this vaccination disgrace ; and that you 
two have agreed between you, that I shall be compelled — or my 
children shall be compelled— to lake your medicine! Hence I 
. c ay — and I speak it in stentorian tones — take your unholy hands 
off from me and mine ! Leave me to my liberty regarding the 
practice of superstitions and degrading calf-lymph-poisoning 
rites, and be assured , I shall leave you to yours. 

(4). The statements of Doctor Parker relative to small- 
pox fatalities in Gloucester are still more misleading and un- 
true than anv of the above. He is silent regarding the quarter 
of the town in which nine-tenths of the small-pox cases oc- 
curred ; silent too, regarding the unmistakable causes that made 
the epidemic so fatal. I have space here to merely summarize 
results; and 1 shall state nothing but what I stand ready to sup- 
port by the annual reports of the medical officers of health. 
Those for the years 1875 to T 888 are the work of Mr. John P. 
Wilton; those for 1889 to 1895 of Dr. John Campbell. At the 
time of the Gloucester epidemic — 1895-6 — the urban population 
was 40,000; the rural population 11,000. In the southeast 
quarter — the poor, filthy and crowded quarter — the drainage 
was the worst possible. The new system of drains was con- 
nected with the old, crooked and much dilapidated brick cul- 
verts. The water supplied for domestic use was totally unfit to 
drink, charged as it was with sewage pollution. Into an exten- 


sive bed of gravel — from which this portion of the city was sup- 
plied with water, the drainage from cesspools and sewers had 
free access. In the language of the medical officer: 'The 
drainage of houses either empties into cesspools constructed 
close to them, and leaking into the bed of gravel, or is carried 
away in brick culverts, which, whenever they are uncovered, 
are found to be faulty, thus allowing their contents to ooze into 
the gravel. It is thus absolutely impossible that there can be 
any pure water in the district." 

In 1889 a flood choked these sewers and caused a back flow, 
mixing vast quantities of sewage with the water on the surface. 
The medical officer reports : "This water became so charged 
with sewage that I feared serious consequences in the houses 
that became flooded." 

In this pestilence-breeding and foul quarter the epidemic 
started late in 1895. At the end of the year 25 cases had been 
reported, 24 of which we confined to this southeast end. Here, 
my dear doctor, was the breeding ground and source of the 
Gloucester epidemic of 1896. You did not think these facts 
worthy of mention ! Just so, that is a common fault with vacci- 
nating doctors. You should have also stated, that out of the 
2.036 cases of small-pox reported during the epidemic, 1,822 
were confined to this same God-forsaken South Hamlet while 
only 214 cases were reported north of St. Michael's Square, 
where the city possessed a tolerable sanitary aspect. 

Another fact : The great scarlet fever epidemic of 1892 
was likewise practically confined to this South Hamlet. Every- 
body with a grain of common sense knows that this epidemic 
was caused by the wretched unsanitary condition at the south- 
east end of Gloucester. They know, too, that the small-pox 
epidemic originated in the same causes and was fed from the 
same source. Yet we are assured that the "un-vaccinated" 
were the occasion of the whole trouble. Get vaccinated and re- 
vaccinated, and then if the sewage comes up to your window- 
sills and you have no other fluid to drink, still you need not 
fear the smal'-pox! These little matters are unworthy of men- 


tion when a vaccinator is handling small-pox statistics. "Vac- 
cination had been greatly neglected in Gloucester before the 
epidemic," from which the reader is supposed to infer that this 
species of neglect was the real occasion of the fearful outbreak. 
What was neglected before the other epidemic broke out — the 
scourge of scarlet fever? Vaccination cannot be made to do 
duty here. Now I place these facts by the side of Dr. Parker's 
statements, and leave the decision to the common sense of my 
readers as to what occasioned the small-pox epidemic in Glou- 

Dr. Parker also refers to Leicester as one of the stricken 
cities, due to vaccinal neglect. He had better have remained 
silent regarding Leicester, for it has a thunderbolt in reserve 
for the vaccinators. After their small-pox epidemic of 1892-4, 
the citizens rose to the dignity of the occasion and turned the 
vaccinators out of office; then elected boards of guardians who 
were pledged not to enforce the compulsory law. At present 
the vaccinations are only one per cent, of the births. Did they 
stop there? No, but they set about real prevention by putting 
the city under more thorough sanitary regulations. Now Lei- 
cester is not only the freest city in England from the small-pox 
scourge, but the freest from scarlet fever and other zymotics 
as well. 

It is just as silly and illogical to refer small-pox fatality to 
neglect of vaccination, as it would be to refer fatalities from 
cyclones in the middle west to this same neglect. 

I will now resume account of the struggle in San Diego. 
The next step in the program was the organization of the Anti- 
Vaccination League — Dr. J. M. Peebles, president : E. P. 
Brooks and Col. J. L. Dryden, vice presidents, and F. M. Gregg, 
secretary. A little later — some time in April — a rousing mass 
meeting was held in the M. E. church. The following are ex- 
tracts from my address on that occasion, published in the Daily 
Sun: — 


"We have assembled tonight from the different city wards 
to take into consideration the compulsory vaccination law of 
California — a law that has thrown nearly four hundred of our 
children out of the public schools, that we have been taxed to 

This compulsory cow-pox enactment, so at variance with 
the higher medical science and personal liberty ; so repulsive 
to cultured manhood, the finer instincts of womanhood, and the 
God-implanted intuitions of childhood has remained like other 
unconstitutional laws passed by politicians and lobbied legisla- 
tures for the past ten years, a dead letter. Why — why, if this 
law was just and right, has it not been executed? Why is it now 
raised ? Who rolled the stone away from its mouldy and moss- 
shingled tomb? Who were the instigators? There is no small- 
pox in the city, and in the opinion of Mr. Hedges and the gen- 
eral public, there has been none. Who was responsible then, 
for the "scare," and who have been the financial gainers by it? 

Why are children with certificates in their hands from Dr. 
Stockton, the health officer, stating that, owing to their physical 
condition, they were not fit subjects for vaccination, turned 
away from the schools? Why this merciless blow to education 
and personal freedom? Why are the conscientious convictions 
of hundreds of intelligent San Diego parents violated or ridi- 
culed by vacincating officials? Why are the public school doors 
slammed in the faces of innocent children — children who, turned 
into the streets, wend their way home weeping for a lack of the 
privilege of gaining an education ? Do these health and school 
boards feel justified in making and enforcing a compulsory igno- 
rance law? Need I say that not only thousands of San Diego 
students, thinkers, and tax-paying parents, but thousands upon 
thousands are indignant at this state of things. It is currently 
reported that one of our city doctors said that nobody but 
'Mexicans, niggers, and ignoramuses' were opposed to compul- 
sory vaccination. This is the compliment that superstition, big- 
otry, and infamy pays to the intelligence of San Diego's cultured 
citizens. It is as certain as the stars are abiding, that thousands 
in this city will never — NEVER submit to thrusting a blood- 
poisoning virus into their children's systems. They will do as 
two families have done today, move over to Coronado, or they 
will move into the country townships to educate their children, 


or they will establish private schools — and I honor them for 
their decisions. Some families have already lc*t the city to ed- 
ucate their children. 

"This meeting has been called to consider — to devise ways 
and means concerning this very serious subject, and I counsel 
calmness and dignity of deportment. No matter how intense 
the indignation that may thrill you to your soul's depths, con- 
trol the temper and be guided by the dictates of moderation and 
reason. You are in the right. And in the end you are sure, 
each to wear a victor's wreath. This meeting is but the prelude 
to a series of similar gatherings. These will be educational, 
and thrillingly interesting, and, further, they will probably con- 
tinue here and in other portions of the state until the assem- 
bling of the next legislature, when our votes will count. There 
is nothing that a wiley, unprincipled politician so much fears 
as an honest vote. 

"The battle touching this compulsory vaccination law is fully 
on. The people are aroused. They are organizing. They are 
thoroughly in earnest. There is no lack of finances to conduct 
the campaign. And like the immortal \Ym. Llovd Garrison, 
these anti-vac cinationists 'will not equivocate, will not excuse, 
and they will be heard.' And I may add, they will politically 
'mark' every man at future elections who favors compulsory 

"Anti-vaccinationists, anti-compulsionists, vou are a power. 
You have culture, finance, influence, conscience, energy, and I 
charge you to mark such doctors as seek to enforce this dead- 
letter compulsory vaccination law ; mark such doctors as tell 
you privately that they are opposed to compulsory vaccination, 
yet are too sneakingly cowardly to openly express their honest 
convictions ; mark such school officials and members of health 
and school boards as make themselves unnecessarily offensive 
to those who conscientiously differ from them on the vaccina- 
tion question ; mark such public men, especially politicians as 
hunt with the hounds and run with the hares, and all to catch 
votes to get into offices ; mark such daily newspapers (NEWS- 
jiapers), as are owned, or edited by hunting poltroons, shaped 
like men. rather than by brave, fair-minded, royal-souled men, 
the worthy sons of this magnificent century ! 


"This cow-pox poison put into innocent children's arms is 
often from diseased calves or heifers, and can resultant disease 
prevent disease or produce health ? Do men gather grapes of 
thorns ? I say diseased heifers. You take supposed healthy- 
heifers from the fields, confine them in 'sterilized stables' (a 
phrase used by a San Diego doctor), rope them, throw them, 
shave their abdomens, puncture this portion of the hairless 
body with 'small-pox pustular poison ;' and then watch the irri- 
tation, watch the animal's thirst, the increasing inflammation 
up to the point of pus-rottening — and now call this brute healthy 
do you? Would you consider your own body healthy if half- 
covered with inflamed pustules and discharging sores? Then 
watch the applied clamps as they squeeze out the putrid mucus- 
like pus mingled with a little of the animal's inflamed blood, to 
be manipulated into 'pus-lymph' for your children's arms ! Is 
not the thought, th^ sight disgustingly infamous? * 

"How would it do to take catarrh mucus from the nose of 
some otherwise healthy young lady and manipulating up to the 
point of pure catarrh lymph, introduce it compulsorily into the 
school children's arms as a preventive say, against the grippe, 
erysipelas, or some kind of eczema? Some doctors advanced 
the theory awhile since, that traced back through the complex 
laws of heredity far enough, it might be shown that there is a 
close genetic relation existing between pure catarrh lymph, 
pure syphilitic lymph and pure cow-pox lymph. Be the rela- 
tion near or afar, I would stoutly resist any compulsory vacci- 
nation law that insisted upon introducing any such lymphs — 
'PURE LYMPHS'— into the human system. 

"During this conflict we shall demonstrate beyond any pos- 
sible question that : 

*NOTE — In gatheringitue materials for this volume I failed to secure 
one of Dr. Parker's letters in defense of compulsory vaccination, appearing 
in the "Daily Sun." Writing him for his full correspondence and forward- 
ing the same by special messenger, he informed me later that he did not 
wish his correspondence to appear in the volume. Considering its diluted 
contents in connection with that bad cause, calf-lymph poisoning, none can 
seriously blame him. Nevertheless his published letters in the "Daily Sun" 
became public property. And as such I am justified in using them. 
Only one however appears. His last letter was an indirect plea to be let 
down off from his "compulsory" stilts, gently as possible. This I did with 
my accustomed grace and gentleness. 


"I. Vaccination docs not prevent small pox. This every 
well-read, intelligent physician already admits. 

"II. Vaccination, by reducing the vitality through trans- 
mitting poisonous pus-brutality into the human system, not 
only tends to, but actually invites the epidemic termed small- 

"III. That our soldiers vaccinated in the San Francisco 
camps previous to sailing for the Philippines, and told that they 
were immune from small-pox, a number of them had the small- 
pox over there and several died from the disease. 

"IV. That, as vaccination weakens the constitution, affects 
deleteriously the red blood corpuscles, it necessarily deteri- 
orates the public health and is a danger, a menace, to the same. 
The death rate was greatly diminished both in Switzerland and 
in Leicester, England, after compulsion was abandoned. 

"V. That vaccination lays the foundation for erysipelas, 
eczema, carbuncles, abscesses, nervousness, pimpled faces, con- 
sumption, and cancers. 

"VI. We shall show that there is no such thing as pure 
calf lymph. To talk of pure lymph is equivalent to talking of 
pure poison originating from a putrified pustular sore, which, 
according to the distinguished Dr. Creighton, bears a striking 
resemblance symptomatically to syphilitic poison. The Hon. 
J. A. Bright, M. P., and member of the London Royal Vaccina- 
tion commission, testified that 'there are no means of determin- 
ing the purity of lymph or limiting the certainty of its inflamma- 
tory effects.' (The Lancet, Oct. 20, 1892.) 

"VII. We shall show that compulsory vaccination, while 
it does not prevent small-pox, has maimed thousands for life 
and caused the death of hundreds upon hundreds. In the third 
report of the minutes of the vaccination evidence commission, 
1890, testimony was given before the Royal Commission of six 
thousand two hundred and thirty-three cases of serious injury 
and eight hundred and forty-two deaths from vaccination. Can 
parents afford to run the fearful risks of vaccination poisoning? 

"VITI. Finally, as a registered physician in the state of 
California, as a professor for several years in a medical coMege, 
as a United States consul in Asiatic Turkey, during a portion of 
General Grant's administration, counseling with an English 
physician, or personally treating small-pox, which, by the way, 


T should prefer to have, under proper sanitary conditions to 
Jenner's cow-pox, I protest against the compulsory vaccina- 
tion law of this state that turns many of our children out of the 
public schools. I denounce it as a menace to good health, as a 
violation of personal freedom, and opposed to all those fraternal 
interests that constitute us the parts of one great brotherhood, 
clearly conscious that what affects one affects all through the 
laws of thought, of sympathy, of heredity, and the amenities of 
social life." 

Previous to sending the manuscripts for this volume to the 
press, I forwarded a communication to Dr. Parker by a special 
messenger, asking him for all his letters appearing in the daily 
press in defence of vaccination, for publication in this volume. 
He but briefly noticed my request. Evidently he was not very 
anxious to be booked and read in public libraries. This, on his 
part, was a shrewd stroke of discretion. 

Compulsory vaccinationists dare not meet in open manly 
debate anti-vaccinationists. They lack the courage of their 
convictions. Statistics and yawning graves face them. During 
this struggle in San Diego with the doctors, the health and 
school boards, with my didactic energies, saving nothing of an 
innate Scotch grit, I challenged the vaccinating-believing doc- 
tors to meet me in open discussion upon this subject in the 
opera house, the proceeds above the expenses to go to some 
benevolent institution. These were to be the questions or prop- 
ositions for consideration. 

1. Resolved, That the Jenner inoculation and the later calf- 
lymph-virus vaccination, while not a preventative of small-pox, 
endangers health, by poisoning the blood and promoting various 
zymotic diseases. 

2. Resolved, That compulsory vaccination laws are uncon- 
stitutional, un-American in genius, a barrier to education, and 
a menace to personal liberty. 

And believe me, readers, — not a doctor entered the arena. 
Such dastardly cowardice required no comment ! * * * * 
Now, in the face of California's compulsory vaccination laws, 


the un-vaccinated children of the city attend the public schools 
side by side with their cow-pox scarred playmates.. Such re- 
sults can be secured in any town or city of the commonwealth 
if the people will arouse themselves, distribute literature, get up 
public meetings and air this terrible delusion — calf-lymph vac- 

In the midst of this local controversy I sent the following 
communication to the R. P. Journal, San Francisco, which was 
published in its issue of Feb. 16, 1899: — 


For over fifty years I have been battling in such movements 
as anti-slavery, temperance, prohibition, the reform health- 
dress, woman suffrage, class legislation, "doctors' trusts," and 
now I am fighting on the vaccination battlefield. And the mad 
battle is fully on, here in San Diego. 

A vaccination law, passed some ten years ago by the Cali- 
fornia legislature, has remained nearly a dead letter ; but now, 
without a case of small-pox in our midst, the board of health, 
afflicted with a sort of health-spasm, has proposed that all the 
school children of this city, whose population is 22,000, be vac- 
cinated. And the threat is thrown out that unless parents com- 
ply and have that putrid calf-lymph put into their children's 
arms, their children will be denied the privilege of attending the 
schools. I repeat, the battle is on. My whole nature is aroused 
and I have written articles in every San Diego newspaper except 
one against the enforcement of this unjust law. Of the eight- 
five resident doctors in San Diego, only three or four are op- 
posed to vaccination, and these, with one exception, are too 
cowardly to stand up and say so, or to even sign a legislative pe- 
tition to repeal the law or so amend as to make it optional with 
the parents. The school board has not yet issued the order, 
though the health board is urging them to do so. 


The public is thoroughly awake. At the Mothers' Club 
meeting in our city lately the lower room in the school house 
was literally packed to hear the vaccination question discussed. 
Though many doctors were invited to come and defend vacci- 
nation, only two made their appearance. These spoke in its de- 
fense. I was present, clad in medical war paint, with my left 
hand full of anti-vaccination documents, sent me by Wm. Tebb, 
of London, Prof. Alexander Wilder, of Newark, and others. 
The discussion was keenly, critically hot. Thank the gods, a 
large portion of the mothers present were opposed to vaccinat- 
ing the children. My opposition was vehement, if not violent. 
I defied the law. I pronounced it unconstitutional ; and, treas- 
onable or not, I advised the mothers present to positively re- 
fuse to have that diabolical poison put into their children's arms 
— a poison that upon the highest medical authority does not 
prevent small-pox — but does kill thousands every years. Fool- 
ishly vaccinated a second time myself when in San Francisco 
in 1861, I was in bed three weeks from the poison. I came near 
losing my arm, and I felt the effects of the villainous virus for 
several years. 

What the doctors call pure virus — "tubes and points" — I 
publicly pronounced filthy, vile, impure, calf-lymph "cussed- 
ness." During the discussion I advised that instead of vacci- 
nating and poisoning the blood of our clean, sweet-faced chil- 
dren, that the doctors, druggists, lawyers, and preachers of San 
Diego — all be vaccinated and the dear, innocent children be 
spared. This was not a popular presentation to the vaccina- 
tionists present, and yet, two-thirds of the ladies cheered me 
roundly. Oh, that our mothers, wives, sisters, and daughters 
could vote, as they do in New Zealand, Wyoming, and some 
other states ! Heaven hasten woman-suffrage. 

Assuredly not. The law of God, written in the moral na- 


ture, is above any law enacted by political legislatures. Many of 
their pronounced laws, though having the signatures of govern- 
ors, are not laws. They are often repealed during the very 
next session of the legislature. Law to be law, must be based 
upon the eternal principle of right — the absolute principle of 
right and justice. I will not obey an unconstitutional law — a law 
that entails disease and death — a law that infringes upon my 
personal liberty. And be it treason or not,-— I will urge in the 
faces of popes, priests, and politicians, others not to do it. This 
vaccination law is undoubtedly unconstitutional — and is in per- 
fect keeping with ''medical trusts" and these nefarious "doc- 
tors' laws" that seek to compel patients to employ only physi- 
cians of their own school. 

This vaccination law is so odious, so dangerous to health, 
that it has never been enforced to any considerable extent in our 
noble state, California. It never will be. The people are too 
progressive. Petitions are now being circulated in this city for 
its speedy repeal. The English Parliament has recently, be it 
said to the glory of England, made vaccination optional with the 

The old fugitive-slave law was once the law of this coun- 
try, North and South. And this law was compulsory ; Northern 
nen were required to hunt, catch, hold, and return the negro 
(nine-tenths white perhaps) back into slavery, who were run- 
ning for the freedom of Canada, and for safety under the British 
flag. I would not, did not obey this law. Though compara- 
tively much younger then than now, I defied it, and I am proud 
to say that with a family of good Quakers in Cayuga county, 
New York, I helped several runaway negroes to make their way 
by the "underground railroad," as it was called, into the Cana- 
dian dominion. Wendell Phillips, William Lloyd Garrison, the 
Quakers, and thousands of reformers, were charged with trea- 
son for criticising a government that enacted such a congres- 
sional law (the Fugitive Slave Law), in the interests of per- 


petual slavery. They refused to obey it. Garrison was mobbed 
in Boston, Foster was egged in Worcester, Foss was stoned, 
others were vindictively persecuted by unprincipled politicians 
and conservative bigots. But the law was finally repealed — 
and slavery itself abolished. Now Phillips, Garrison, Foss. Ab- 
bie Kelley, Parker Pillsbury, Henry C. Wright, and many of 
those brave old soldiers of freedom, — scarred soldiers, fighting 
lor personal liberty and equality before the law, — are honored, 
and their very tomb-stones are wreathed in unfading laurel ; 
while the congressional and political manufacturers of that old 
f ugitive-slave law, are either forgotten, or their names have 
1 alf-rotted-away into the silence of merited infamy. Such will 
he the fate of this California vaccination law, and its doctor-in- 
spired makers. Let the eighty-five doctors of San Diego, and 
• he board of health — one or more of which are doctors — take 
due notice. Justice is sure to come ! 


During February (1899), as the controversy was waxing 
warmer, the doctors of San Diego made a sortie to get up a 
small-pox scare ! The wife of J. O. Hedges came to San Diego 
from Los Angeles, and died Feb. 19th. Before leaving Los An- 
geles she received a severe strain from lifting a heavy box. This 
caused back-ache, headache, vomiting and hemorrhage. The 
doctors pronounced it a case of small-pox and further reported 
the woman knew she had been exposed to small-pox, and con- 
fessed to this. But the husband denied that she had been ex- 
posed or that she had made any such confession ; as he was in 
the room during the consultation and heard all that was said. 
Nine different persons had been in the sick-room before the 
woman died, and everyone of these was quarantined for twenty- 
one days, not one of whom took small-pox. One doctor ad- 


mittec' the woman died irom hemorrhage — so the husband stated 
— and not from small-pox. But the doctors succeeded just the 
same in working up a panic, in moving the local board to en- 
force the compulsory law on vaccination — and withal, in enrich- 
ing their purses. There was not the shadow of a small-pox case 
in the city. 

The sequelae as the doctors would say, or after effects of 
this scare, may be in part gleaned from a Sun editorial, March 

"The finance committee of the common council will meet 
tonight at 7 :^o o'clock and some interesting bills will come up 
for approval or rejection. Among the number will be one from 
Dr. Jones, who was quarantined for 21 days by order of the 
board of health. Dr. Jones wants $210 for the twenty-one days' 
service." How modest the fee ! 

"Then there are claims of $2.50 per day each for three ex- 
tra policemen for twenty-one days necessitated by this same sus- 
pected small-pox case. The pest house, too, has been repaired 
at an expense of some $350 to date and small claims for medi- 
cine, disinfectants, etc., amounting to $50 will also be presented, 
making a total of $767, chargeable to the small-pox scare to date. 
The -bill of Nurse Lowe, who escaped quarantine has not yet 
been settled nor that of the undertakers, who buried Mrs. 
Hedges, but both bills will doubtless bring the amount up to 
over $1,000. 

" 'A few more small-pox cases and we're a busted com- 
munity, rain or no rain,' said a city official this morning, and 
really it does seem expensive to have these little luxuries. 

"By virtue of sec. 17 of article 13, of the city charter, the 
board of health has power to appoint additional health inspect- 
ors and at a conference held yesterday it was decided to appoint 
a committee to inspect all passengers coming on trains from 
Los Angeles. This will cost a few hundred dollars, but the 
health board feels the precaution is necessary." 

This small-pox scare — when there was no small-pox — made 
San Diego's doctors the laughing stock of all the regions 
'round about. Only one. Dr. Jones, however, was quarantined ! 
* * * It can now be stated that the labors of our Anti-Vaccina- 


tion league have been largely crowned with success. True, we 
have not as yet secured a repeal of the detestable compulsory 
law, but we have compelled a truce on the part of the local 
boards and opened wide once more the doors of the public 
schools. Complete victory is in sight. 

The municipal boards of Los Angeles are still enforcing 
the compulsory law, and so in my October "Temple of Health," 
I thus warned northern tourists who were expecting to spend 
the winter in Southern California to shun Los Angeles : — 

"Persons with families, proposing to spend the winter in 
Southern California, sending their children to the public schools, 
should avoid Los Angeles as they would a den of vipers, and 
go on down to San Diego, where parents are not (now) com- 
pelled by school boards to have their children's blood poisoned 
with cow-pox virus, before they can enter the public schools." 

This, the editor of a Los Angeles paper, Dr. A. P. Miller of 
the East Side News, copied, and then added: — 

"Let us add, that it was Dr. Peebles' efficient work which 
rescued the children of San Diego from the tyrant's clutch. 
Live another hundred years, doctor, and sweep all such mon- 
strous usurpation of power from off the earth." 

The Boston Daily Globe — Nov. 24, 1899, — says : "Four 
children of one family at Highland Falls, N. Y., are dangerously 
ill as the result of vaccination. All are badly poisoned, and the 
results will probably prove fatal. The school trustees ordered 
the vaccination. The father of the little ones is an inmate of 
the Soldiers' Home, and the mother is a poor washer-woman." 
A "poor washer-woman!" No redress for that stricken family, 
for that disrupted and ruined home ; and the next time the con- 
servative M. D. comes down from his professional stilts to no- 
tice an anti-vaccinator, he will repeat the stale declaration : "We 
use lymph taken from healthy young cattle, sterilized, put up 
in glass tubes and hermetically sealed up until used." Hence, 
how could the lymph be to blame? It must have been an "act 
of Providence." The school trustees ordered it. Who takes 
the risk in this business ? Why, the American people of course, 
among whom there is only a small per cent, of such characters 


as Wm. Tebb and Dr. Ross. The rank and file of our American 
citizens are today tamely and supinely submitting to this form 
of legal criminality, contented with a passing record of facts 
as a matter of daily news, and only rarely proving themselves 
equal to the supreme occasion, as Mr. Lawbraugh did in Gen- 
eseo, 111., fighting the vaccinators until he reached the steps of 
the state supreme court, where he got his rights. 

Here is another case reported in a Boston paper. I clip 
the following from "The Banner of Light," of Dec. 9, 1899: — 

"The supporters of that divinely-inspired barbarism known 
as vaccination are no doubt rejoicing with exceeding great joy 
over the beneficent effects of its application in Maiden, Mass. 
Percy Tanner, a boy of thirteen years, is the latest victim to this 
wicked practice. lie was vaccinated on Friday, Dec. 1, and his 
arm began to swell shortly afterward. On Saturday he went 
into convulsions, and passed away on Sunday. Medical aid was 
summoned, but the doctor could do nothing to save the boy. 
If the boy had been stabbed, or killed by a blow, his assailant 
would have been arrested for murder. As it is, the vaccinating 
doctor is still at large, ready and even anxious to treat other 
healthy patients by similar methods. Wherein does murder by 
assault differ from murder by vaccination ? Only in one respect 
— the latter is enforced by law, and those who commit it are 
protected from punishment. Other kinds of homicide are 
deemed crimes, but this one seems to be a special privilege of 
a few men called doctors, to whom the state gives a license to 
kill ad libitum. Young Tanner's death is the third caused by 
vaccination in Maiden alone. 

"N. B. — There are no cases of small-pox in Maiden, nor 
is there any special danger from that disease. When will the 
people assert themselves and secure the repeal of this most odi- 
ous law?" 

This winter (1900) there is a movement all along the line 
to enforce the compulsory law. In almost every state school 
boards have issued peremptory orders to vaccinate, or other- 
wise to exclude the children from the public schools. The taxes 
paid by the parents for public school service are not considered. 
The law, the boards and the vaccinators have the power of life 


and death, the same as was arrogated by the ancient kings. 
Lobbies and corrupt politicians make the laws. "Damn the 
people," say these impious usurpers ; "their province is to obey 
the laws and pay taxes." And half the people seem willing to 
pay this price for the privilege to live. The millionaire classes 
near rule in America today. The idea of the sovereignty of the 
citizen, has come to be regarded by the privileged classes as a 
form of silly twaddle which orators may affirm and re-affirm on 
the Fourth of July ; but it has become obsolete as a working 
principle for business men. Aye, business men, including the 
vaccinating syndicate, who "stand in" with the politicians and 
get the kind of legislation they want, and then proceed to dic- 
tate terms lo the protesting citizen with impunity. 

I admit that the coined phrase — "damn the people" — stands 
for a certain fact, since only a minority in the mass are sturdy 
and self-sacrificing defenders of both general and personal lib- 
erty. A very considerable contingent among our voting popu- 
lation do not appreciate or care for any stake they may have 
in the government, and therefore hold their vote as a com- 
mercial commodity which they are ready to sell in the market 
and which political parties are just as ready to buy. This class 
of people, too, will generally turn their children over to the vac- 
cinator rather than be subject to any expense or inconvenience 
in protecting them. 

Civilization breeds curses unknown to barbarism. A prim- 
itive and childlike people are sure to fade and die out by con- 
tact with a civilization like the mercenary Anglo-Saxon. Our 
sectarists and schools do not compensate for the evil effects of 
our vaccination-virus syphilis and "rotgut" whiskey. In a later 
chapter I shall show that vaccination imposed by the countries 
of Europe and the United States upon the West Indies, Sand- 
wich Islands, South Africa and Hindustan, outweigh all the 
other curses we have imposed upon those unfortunate peoples. 
Japan, though civilized, is departing from her ancient traditions 


and borrowing her mo.Jels from the West. She is now being 
taken in hand by the commercial sharks and has recently 
adopted our vaccination practice and issued a decree making it 
compulsory. In the Philippines, too, the irrepressible vacci- 
nator is plying his unholy calling. There, as here, it is finan- 
cially profitable. 

Down in Georgia the vaccinators are likewise busy. I clip 
the following from the New York World, Nov. 17, 1899: — 

"Americus, Ga., Nov. 16. — Two cases of small-pox exist 
here and the local authorities have passed an ordinance making 
vaccination compulsory. Half a hundred members of the First 
Church of Christ (Scientists) oppose vaccination as against the 
doctrines of Christian Science, and the affair will be settled in 
the courts. 

"Where citizens have refused to obey the new ordinance 
charges of disorderly conduct have been made against them in 
the Mayor's court. 

'"Yesterday Mrs. C. B. Raines, wife of a prominent physi- 
cian, was summoned to court for refusing to be vaccinated. 
She is a Christian Scientist. Upon her refusal to be vaccinated 
or leave the city, Mrs. Raines was sentenced to thirty days in 
the police barracks. At the request of friends sentence was sus- 
pended until today, when the entire Christian Science church 
congregation was summoned to court upon the same charge. 
Among the number were many young girls, business men, 
matrons, and mothers with their babies. 

"Attorneys for ihe Christian Scientists secured a continu- 
ance until tomorrow. The Christian Science church is an incor- 
porated body and holds a chaiter from the state of Georgia 
guaranteeing reiigious liberty. The members will steadfastly 
refuse to be vaccinated contrarv to their religious creed, and 
the entire membership will doubtless be sent to prison tomor- 
row for contempt of court." 

This appears in the daily press merely as an item of newsj 
no comments ; no protest against this flagrant injustice and vio- 
lation of individual rights. Here is a religious body who have 
normal and conscientious scruples as well as rational and scien- 


tific objections, against vaccination. The vaccinated are safe 
anyhow — according to the oft-repeated assertion of the vacci- 
nators — from all danger of taking small-pox from the unvacci- 
nated. Then why not leave the unvaccinated to their own lib- 
erty ? Answer : because the aggregate fees from the whole pop- 
ulation being vaccinated would be greater than those accruing 
from only a part being vaccinated. As long as the state has 
guaranteed this business, why not run it on "business princi- 
ples?" In the tithing days of the compulsory priest-tax, if we 
didn't pay up promptly, we were threatened with future damna- 
tion. Now, having transferred the privilege of compulsion from 
the priest to the doctor, he brings calf-lymph-virus-hell right 
into our households, here and now ; — brings it to stay and blos- 
som cut into eczema, sores, tumors, and various skin diseases. 

I clip the following editorial from the Los Angeles "Med- 
ium," Sept. 21 : — 

"The foulest blow that could possibly be struck at liberty 
of conscience has been dealt out this morning, (Monday, Sept. 
18,) when the doors of the public schools (by decree of school 
directors backed by the board of health and an infamous state 
law,) closed against our children because we cannot consent to 
have their young bodies poisoned and enfeebled by the injection 
of vaccine rottenness into their healthy veins. 

"This invasion by the doctors of the most sacred right of 
home, (the protection of our children's welfare,) is the most hu- 
miliating subjugation to another's will in a matter where intelli- 
gent conviction of duty points in the opposite direction, which 
parents can endure. Humiliating as it is for the fathers to bare 
their backs to the lash of these diplomatized tyrants, these, ras- 
cally whippers-in. it is ten thousand times more so for the 
mothers. Fathers have the one noble and unquestioned right 
remaining, viz. legislative protest and appeal. Woman has no 
such able weapon as the ballot with which to defend the objects 
of her supremest love from desecration by these M. D.'s in 
their unholy work. Is it possible that woman needed this last 
and most audacious heart-thrust to goad her on to demand and 
secure the noblest right of citizenship, — a voice in making the 


laws by which she shall be governed in the fulfilment of her duty 
to her children? 

"Mother love is the highest expression of the human soul, 
and must yet command every resource for the carrying out its 
sacred impulses. 

"We especially ask our brother voters, to meet with us and 
tell us whether they intend to pay their school taxes while their 
children are robbed of the benefits so precious to every Ameri- 
can heart ; — to consider what steps to take toward the repeal of 
the infamous law ; — to take counsel with the mothers as to the 
surest and most speedy way to secure an honorable representa- 
tion in the legislative halls of the state. 

"Since our children cannot be allowed to run in the streets 
deprived of the advantages of school, while we carry forward 
measures for the repeal of this unrighteous law, we must devise 
means for assuming the unjustly imposed burden, of private 
schools for them. Come one, come all, to the meeting an- 
nounced on opposite page. MRS. O. F. SHEPARD." 

T clip another protest from the Chicago "Times-Herald," 
Nov. 20, 1899: — 

"Chicago, Nov. 20.--T0 the Editor: The article bearing 
the title 'Vaccination for Chidren' should be read by the parents 
of all school pupils. I had just such a case of vicious vaccinat- 
ing and my little boy died from the poison introduced into his 
system by the vaccination. When the entire city becomes 
aroused against the crime of vaccination then will every attempt 
to carry out the outrage of vaccinating healthy children be sup- 
pressed. There is no law to compel pupils to suffer any person 
to tamper with the health of school children, and the doctors 
know it, yet they threaten the parents with keeping out of school 
the children who are told to leave the school if vaccination is at- 
tempted to be enforced. Let no rest be given the agitation of 
anti-vaccination. It is a crime, and no mistake, to infect a 
healthy babe with poison of anv kind. 


778 North Rockwell Street." 

I will now go a little outside the local province and insert a 
letter from an able Italian physician — Charles Ruata, M. D., 


Professor of Hygiene and of Materia Medica in the University 
of Perugia, Italy. It was published in the New York Med. 
Jour., July 22, 1899:— 


PERUGIA, Italy, June 21, 189^ 
To the Editor of the New York Medical Journal : 

"Sir: In his presidential address to the American Medical 
Association Dr. Joseph M. Mathews had the goodness to call 
mad people, misguided people those who have not the good 
luck to be among the believers in the preventive power of vac- 
cination against small-pox. It is not surprising to hear such 
language from fanatics ; in fact it is most common to see igno- 
rant men make use of similar vulgar expressions ; but it seems 
to me almost incredible that the president of such a powerful as- 
sociation as the American Medical Association in his address 
showed himself so enthusiastic in his belief as to forget that re- 
spect which is due to his colleagues who do not have the same 
blind faith. 

"It may be that we anti-vaccinationists are "mad" and "mis- 
guided," as Dr. Joseph M. Mathews affirms in his late address, 
but I feel that we are far more correct in our expressions, al- 
though we do not believe, but are quite sure, that vaccination 
is one of the most wonderful and most harmtul mistakes into 
which the medical profession has ever fallen. I can assure you 
that if I am a madman, my madness is very contagious, because 
all my pupils for several years have become as mad as I am, so 
that several thousands of the foremost medical men in Italy are 
suffering now with the same kind of madness. 

"One of the most prominent characteristics of madness is 
shown in illusions and hallucinations which are accepted as fun- 
damental truths. Now, let us see what are the main facts about 
vaccination and small-pox in Italy : 

"Italy is one of the best vaccinated countries in the world, 
if not the best of all. This we can prove mathematically. 

"All our young men, with few exceptions, at the age of 
twenty years must spend three years in the army, where a regu- 
lation prescribes that they must be directly vaccinated. The of- 
ficial statistics of our army, published yearly, say that from 1885 
to 1897 the recruits who were found never to have been vacci- 


nated before were less than 1.5 per cent., the largest number be- 
ing 2.1 per cent, in 1893, and the smallest 0.9 per cent, in 1892. 
This means, in the clearest way, that our nation twenty years 
before 1885 was yet vaccinated in the proportion of 98.5 per cent. 
Notwithstanding, the epidemics that we have had of small-pox, 
have been something so frightful that nothing could equal them 
before the invention of vaccination. To say that during the 
year 1887 we had 16,249 deaths from small-pox, 18,110 in the 
year 1888, and 13,413 in 1889 (our population is 30,000,000) is 
too little to give a taint idea of the ravages produced by small- 
pox, as these 18,110 deaths in 1888, etc., did not happen in the 
best educated regions of our country, but only in the most igno- 
rant parts, where our population live just as they lived a century 
ago — that is, the mountainous parts of Sardinia, Sicily, Cala- 
bria, etc. .Among the great number of little epidemics which 
produced the 18,110 deaths mentioned, T will only note the fol- 
lowing: Badolato, with a population of 3,800, had 1,200 cases 
of small-pox ; Guardavalle had 2,300 cases with a population of 
3,500; St. Caterina del Jonio had 1,200 cases (population, 
2,700) ; Capistrano had 450 cases (population, 1,120) ; Mayerato 
had 1,500 cases (population, 2,500). All these villages are in 
Calabria. In Sardinia the little village of Laerru had 150 cases 
of small-pox in one month (population, 800) ; Perfugas, too, in 
one month had 541 cases (population, 1,400); Ottana had 79 
deaths from small-pox (population, 1,000), and the deaths were 
51 at Lei (population, 414). In Sicily 440 deaths were registered 
at Noto (population, 18,000), 200 at Ferla (population, 4,500), 
570 at Sortino (population, 9,000), 135 at San Cono (population, 
1,600), and 2,100 deaths at Vittoria (population, 2,600)! Can 
you cite anything worse before the invention of vaccination? 
And the population of these villages is perfectly vaccinated, as 
I have proved already, not only, but I obtained from the local 
authorities a declaration that vaccination has been performed 
twice a year in the most satisfactory manner for many years 

"Vaccinationists were not a little puzzled by these facts, 
and yet with the greatest certainty they asserted that this enor- 
mous number of deaths was due to wane of revaccination. Hap- 
pily, in Italy we are able to prove that revaccination has not the 


least preventive power. I only give a few figures : During the 
sixteen years 1882-97, our army had 1,273 cases of small-pox, 
with 31 deaths; 692 cases, with 17 deaths, happened in soldiers 
vaccinated with good result, and 581 cases, with 14 deaths, hap- 
pened in soldiers vaccinated with had result. This means that 
of a hundred cases of small-pox, fifty-four were in persons vac- 
cinated with good result, and only forty-six in those vaccinated 
with bad result, and that the death rate among those vaccinated 
with good result was 2.45 per cent, and only 2.40 per cent, in 
those vaccinated with bad result. 

"Vaccinationists say that when vaccination does not 'take' 
the operation must be repeated, because no result means no pro- 
tection given. Now, we see that soldiers not protected because 
vaccination did not 'take' were less attacked by small-pox than 
those duly protected by the good result of their revaccination ; 
and that the death rate in those vaccinated with good result was 
greater than among those in whom vaccination did not 'take.' 

"Our vaccinationists did not lose their extraordinary cour- 
age before these facts, and they objected that they might be ac- 
counted for by considering that during the years before 1890 
vaccination was not well performed. I can not understand this 
objection, but accepted it, and have limited my analysis to the 
last six years, during which the only lymph used in all our army 
has been animal lymph, exclusively furnished by the government- 
institute for the production of animal Ivmph. The results are 
the following: The total number of our soMiers during these 
five years was 1,234,025, of which 783,605 were vaccinated with 
good result, and 450,420 with no result. In the first the cases of 
small-pox were 153 — that is, 1.95 to every 10,000 soldiers, while 
in the others the number of cases was only 45 — that is, 0.99 cases 
to every 10,000 soldiers. The 'duly protected' soldiers were at- 
tacked by small-pox in a proportion double that among the 'un- 
protected' soldiers. 

As you see, these are official statements, extremely trust- 
worthy, because the official statistics were made in a country 
where and at a time when no one thought that it was possible 
to raise a doubt against the dogma of vaccination. In our coun- 
try, we have no league against vacination, and every father 


thinks that vaccination is one of the first duties ; for these rea- 
sons no bias could exist against vaccination %n making these sta- 
tistics. I could continue for a long while to quote similar facts, 
but I wish to call your attention only to the two following ones : 
During the three most terrible years of epidemics that we have 
had in Italy lately (1887, 1888 and 1S89) the death rate from 
small-pox among our people of the same age as the soldiers 
(twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two years) has been 21 per 
100.000, and it was 2J.7 during the worst year (1888). Tn our 
army the same death rate during nine years (1867-75) na * been 
20 per 100,000, and it was 61.3 during the worst year (1871). 

"In consequence of our young men being obliged to spend 
three years in the army, it happens that after the age of twenty 
years, men are by far better vaccinated than women, and, if vac- 
cination did prevent, after the age of twenty small-pox should 
kill fewer men than women. But in fact just the reverse has 
happened. I give here the statistics of the three years 1887, 
1888 and 1889 as the ones of greatest epidemics, but all the other 
years give the same results : 

Deaths before Man. Woman. Man. Woman. Man. Woman. Man. Woman. 

the age of 20.... 5.997 5.983 7.349 7.353 5.625 5.631 18.972 18.968 
After the age of 20 2.459 i-8io 1990 1.418 1.296 863 5749 4091 

"After these facts I would most respectfully ask Dr. Joseph 
M. Mathews if he can show that in considering them I have lost 
my mind. At any rate, I do not consider it correct for a medical 
man to make use of such language against other medical men, 
who have the only fault of considering facts as they are, and 
not as one wishes they should be. 

"The progress of knowledge has for its principle base, truth 
and freedom, and I hope that in the name of truth and freedom 
vou will publish these observations, badly expressed in a lan- 
guage that is not mv own, in your most esteemed journal. 




"Small-pox, typhus, and other fevers, occur on common 
conditions of foul air, stagnant putrefaction, bad house drainage, 
sewers of deposit, excrement-sodden sites, filthy street surfaces, 
impure water, and over-crowding. The entire removal of such 
conditions is the effectual preventive of diseases of these species, 
whether in ordinary or extraordinary visitations." — SIR ED- 

In the last century it was the intelligent poor who, with an 
unerring instinct in such matters, were the first to rise in open 
revolt against the practice of inoculation, a practice which the 
doctors assured the general public would modify and mitigate 
the severity of small-pox to the extent that would render it 
harmless. The inoculators had a pecuniary interest in the prac- 
tice then, the same as vaccinators have in the practice they are 
now, through legislation, pushing to the front for its compulsory 
enforcement. It was thoughts and votes — it was the popular 
dread and the persistent opposition of laymen which finally over- 
threw the old inoculation practice. So in this more modern 
practice, if the doctors were not supported by political legisla- 
tion, there would be little to complain of. The vaccinator would 
be but rarely consulted, and it would not be long before the gen- 
eral verdict would be pronounced against it. 


There are very many painful facts associated with the prac- 
tice of vaccination which point toward a distinct vaccinal dia- 
thesis as having been engendered in the general population from 
ihe presence in the blood of the vaccinal virus as an active mor- 
bid agent. But few families in this country have escaped its 
baleful effects. This deadly virus works its way slowly, perhaps, 
into the weakest organs of each child, and there industriously 
sets up its inversive kingdom to wage an unrelenting war against 
;he physiological integrity of the organism. The vaccine virus 
once introduced into the blood it extends its poisonous influ- 
ence, and later usurps permanent possession. It has come to 
stay, and henceforth make a hades ot trouble for the possessor. 
This malignant spirit, intrenched in the very center of the life 
forces, will defy all the arts we may employ to exercise it. Some 
poisons are swift, instantaneous : they speedily accomplish their 
destructive work and then depart : but the vaccine-poison is a 
composite fiend into which has entered the subtle germs or 
sporules of eczema, leprosy, consumption, cancer, erysipelas, 
scrofula, syphilis, and tetanus together with other diseases 
known and unknown, picked up on the way from Jenner to the 
present time. Once installed beneath the skin, they take their 
time to "develop their claim" — one year, ten years, this genera- 
tion or the next ; no matter, death has a mortgage on the prem- 
ises and will claim his own and receive it on demand. If vaccina- 
tion were made a penal offence today, yet would the crop of dis- 
eases which the vaccinator has sowed continue to yield its terri- 
ble harvest of disease and death for generation to come. And the 
major portion of all this — like a bastard bundle of live flesh — is 
set down at the door of compulsory legislation — legislation 
which has been urged and manipulated and lobbied through by 
politic-members of the medica 1 profession. 

In the present chapter I shall reproduce a small per cent, of 
the reports of vaccinal injuries and fatalities, as furnished by hos- 
pital surgeons, medical practitioners, and official reports of 


boards of health. And I may here premise that vaccinal injuries 
among the upper classes are far less frequent than those re- 
ported from the lower walks of life. The children of the upper 
class, particularly in England, have good resisting powers, the 
result of good feeding, plenty of exhilerating exercise, comfort- 
able clothing, abundant bathing, and a clean neighborhood 
where filth and infection do not abound. Nor is vaccination en- 
forced among the upper class as with the poor. 

Vaccinators are never troubled about filthy quarters in a 
crowded city. They never call a mass meeting of citizens to dis- 
cuss the menacing danger of cess-pools. Cess-pools have no 
terrors for them ; but an unvaccinated person is a "focus of con- 
tagion" that threatens the very foundations of the public health. 
Even the vaccinated are not safe while a town is menaced by the 
presence of an unvaccinated person ! How fortunate that we 
have among us a class of skilled experts ( ?) who thrill with dis- 
interested solicitude for our citizens of every class, lest they 
catch the small-pox ! 

A small-pox epidemic is feared; the doctors fan the flames 
of public anxiety until a panic is on. The order then goes forth 
to vaccinate — to vaccinate everybody. A motley crowd of 
mothers with their children from among the poor gather at the 
vaccination station. No mother is asked by the doctor in 
charge : "Have you any one at home down with a fever, or suf- 
fering from any disease, the virus of which floating about in the 
air may taint the blood of anyone who may have an abrased 
skin?" No, the business on hand is to vaccinate. The conse- 
quences may be considered later. The prospect of the fee is not 
to be lightly considered. The thing has to be done. It is law, 
and it is — it is — business. Bring forward the children. 

The first case I shall here present is a marked one ; a most 
pathetic and distressing one. I reproduce it from Dr. John 


Pickering's large work, "Which, Sanitation or Vaccination," 
page 159. Dr. Pickering is a prominent physician of Leeds, 
England : — 

"I proceeded to Colne to investigate the circumstances sur- 
rounding this impotent lad early in March, 1890. My visit at- 
tracted some attention, and on its reaching the ears of the editor 
of the 'Burnley Gazette,' one of the staff was sent to Colne to 
furnish a full report. I take the following particulars from the 
above-named periodical, dated March 26, 1890, and as it is from 
the pen of a strictly impartial observer it will have more weight 
with some people than one written by myself. 


"'The victim of the disease which is attributed by the parents 
and various medical men, including Dr. Miller, medical officer 
of health for Nelson, to the effect of vaccination, is a young lad 
residing with his parents in Sutcliffe's Place, Colne. Thither our 
representative proceeded for the purpose of investigating the 
matter. The mother of the lad, a cleanly and intelligent woman 
leceived myself and guide, and conducted us to the spacious 
kitchen. Here we found the lad seated listlessly in a large, com- 
fortable rocking-chair by the side of a glowing fire. He was 
clothed in a shirt, vest, and knickerbockers, his arms and legs 
being left uncovered, and presented an appearance painful in the 
extreme. Dwarfed and deformed, with a small pale face, large 
eyes which instead of beaming with intelligence, showed a hope- 
less indifference to everything which passed around him, the 
lad's condition looked pitiable indeed. His mother informed 
us that he was nearly twelve years old. but the unfortunate boy 
looked no more than five at the outside. The right arm, which 
had been vaccinated, was much the worse deformed of the two. 
It was scarcely as thick as three fingers of an ordinary man's 
hand, and was drawn up across the narrow chest, as if in a sling, 
the hand being turned away at an unnatural angle, giving a dis- 
located and claw-like appearance. Only two thin, skeleton-like 


fingers were extended, the others being clutched together in 
one close clasp. The whole limb was paralyzed and totally use- 
less. On the back of the hand, the elbow, and shoulder, were 
sores too hideous to be described in detail, which exuded, al- 
most continually, a foul yellow matter. The elbow joint was 
swollen and contrasted strongly with the slenderness of the 
arms above and below, which were merely skin-covered bones. 
Two other sores existed, one on the body under the arm, and 
another the chin. This latter wound had closed up, but 
the mother of the lad said that some time ago, a hole under the 
chin, where the sore now existed, went so far down thai: 'you 
could see th^ roots of the tongue.' On the left cheek was an- 
other large core which disfigured the little face sadly. The left 
arm, although not so deformed as the right, was of very little 
use to its owner, being thin as a lath, except at the joints. The 
back of the eft hand too was covered with a foul, festering mass, 
and the fingers were slender and elongated until they also re- 
sembled the claw of a bird. Sores, little better than those on the 
hands, almost covered the lad's knees; and both feet, which 
were naturally small, bore similar corrupt excrescences. The 
mother informed us that all the sores exuded filthy matter which 
made perfect cleanliness among the lad's clothing and bedding 
impossible, although she made every effort within her power to 
effect this end. 

"Another young iad of about nine years old was in the 
room, and he presented an appearance the exact opposite of that 
of his elder brother. He was a sturdy strong little fellow with 
ruddy cheeks and bright eyes, and looked as if he had never 
known a day's illness. 'This child,' said the woman, 'has been 
vaccinated too, but I plucked the stuff off the minute it had been 
put on, and I wouldn't have another child vaccinated like the 
other one if I was to go to Court every day.' 

' Several doctors, it appeared, had attended the eldest lad 
at different times, but all had been equally unsuccessful Dr. 
Brodiibb, Medical Officer of Health for Colne, had lanced one 
of the sores on the lad's right hand, but this treatment only 
made the hand appear worse, and the mother would not permit 
him to use the lancet on the other hand. Dr. Miller, Medical 
Officer of Health for Nelson, had attended the lad and had told 


the mother that neither he nor any other doctor could cure 
him. 'The child's blood,' he said, 'is poisoned from head t3 

"Questioned as to how long the child had been in that con- 
dition the mother said that from the time the child was vacci- 
nated it had never been healthy, but not until two years after 
the operation had been performed did the sores break out iv. 
the manner described. The child then had endured nearly ten 
years of this 'living death,' as his condition has been described. 
Many people had done their best to relieve him, the woman told 
us. T had him at one doctor and he said that if he did not cure 
him he would not charge anything. He gave him fifteen bottles. 
at 2s. a bottle, and he was just as far off when he had got it as he 
was before he began, and he said, Til give him up.' 

"The mother of the boy said she had had twelve children, 
and had always been a hearty woman. Her husband was also 
a healthy man, and she could not think that the lad had taken 
any disease from them. They had always lived in Colne, in 
Chapel Fold 15 years, and in Colne Lane 20 years. After de- 
scribing the various treatments to which the child had been sub- 
jected, the woman went on to speak of the manner in which his 
life was spent. He had never learnt to read. Pie had been sent 
to school when he was able to get about, but he had been or- 
dered back, as it would not do for him to sit with the other 
children. When he was better than usual he was able to run 
about a little and on fine days he would wander about the street 
on which they lived ; and on one occasion he was even able to 
walk as far as the station. The other children in the street 
would not play with him, and directly he went into the thor- 
oughfare their parents called them into the house until the boy 
had gone. Thus the poor lad was shunned like a leper and at 
that early age, experienced one of the greatest trials to which 
he could possibly be subjected." 

Dr. Pickering continues: — "The subject of my illustration 
has been described by medical men as a case of 'vaccinal syphi 
lis.' Not that I think much of their opinion. It may be that or 
it may be that and something more. I lean to the latter opin- 
ion. * * * My illustration shows what an ugly blot and 
what a ghastly risk vaccination is when it can change a health v 



child into an object the mother can never look at without a 
shudder. No consideration in the wide world, save that of its 
money value, would lead a body of men, claiming some knowl- 
edge of pathology, physiology, and chemistry, to retain an ob- 
servance where such accidents are possible." 

This poor boy died while Dr. Pickering's book was going 
through the press. His agonies weie so terrible a few days be- 
fore his death, that he said to his mother, "Mother, give me 
some poison to send me home." That had already been done by 
the vaccinator, who probably felt as little concern over the result 
as the saloonkeeper does over the wrecked and wretched home 
whose husband and father he prepared the pit-falls for which 
precipitated his destruction. 

Many children die of diseases after vaccination, previously 
unknown to physicians — diseases so malignant as to suggest 
a connection with a distinct order which requires new rules of 
classification in order to refer them to their proper categories ; 
an order in which the last and highest potency of both human- 
ized and animalized virus have formed a conjunction and evolved 
a new species, from which a new and distinct diathesis has been 
established in the human organism. Those who wish to experi- 
ment with these poisons on their own person, by all means leave 
them to their liberty; but to subsidize this practice by state 
grants and enforce it by means of state penalties, is a usurpation 
of personal liberty which the American people would not tole- 
rate a single day if they could once realize the really dangerous 

As earlv as 1808 Dr. Richard Reece wrote — Prac. Diet, of 
Domestic Medicine, London : — 

"Even if the cow-pox did afford a certain security against 
small-pox infection, as Dr. Jenner has represented it, it would 
still remain a question whether the human race would really be 
benefited by its universal adoption, since the cutaneous erup- 
tions that have followed have in many instances proved more 
fulsome than even small-pox itself. That those eruptions do oc- 
cur after cow-pox infection must be allowed by its most stren- 


nous advocates, being perfectly novel, of a nature unknown be- 
fore the introduction of vaccination, and peculiar to those who 
have been vaccinated, and often so inveterate as more than 
to counterbalance ihe trivial advantages that we were first led to 
expect from its introduction." Again, he says : — "It must be 
allowed that the local inflammation excited by the inoculation 
with this matter, is of a very unfavorable nature, and often ends 
in a deep sloughing, frequently producing such an adhesion of 
the muscles of the arm. as very much to confine its motions; 
and some instances have occurred of the mortification spread- 
ing, so as to destroy the life of the child ; an instance of which 
happened in St. George's Fields. The child was inoculated at 
the Cow-pox Institution, Salisbury Square, Fleet Street ; the in- 
flammation of the arm exceeded its usual boundary ; on the 
sixth day mortification ensued, which proved fatal to the child." 

In the "Medical Observer" for Septemebr, 1810, Dr. 
Charles McLean gives a list of sixty cases of vaccinal injuries, 
with the names and addresses of ten medical men, including two 
professors of anatomy, whose families had suffered, seriously 
suffered, from vaccination. 

Dr. Scott Tebb, of London, details the following case. — 
"A Century of Vaccination," page 282 : — 

"At an inquest held on December 8, 1882, on the body of 
Lilian Ada Williams, born in St. Pancreas Workhouse, and vac- 
cinated on the seventh day after birth, the jury found 'that I he 
death was caused by suppurating meningitis, following ulcera- 
tion of vaccine vesicles on the arm, and they were of opinion 
from the results of the post-mortem examination that the vacci- 
nation of the child ought to have been postponed." 

"Such instances are by no means rare, as disclosed in Ap- 
pendix ix. to Final Report of the Royal Commission, one of the 
most flagrant cases there reported being a fatal one of pyaemia 
in a 'puny and probably syphilitic' seven months child weigh- 
ing 4 pounds 2 ounces, and vaccinated when less than two days 
after birth. (No. exxi).' 

The London "Lancet" remarks in a leading article. — Vol. 
II, page 35 :— 


"There is a belief — it may be denounced as a prejudice, but 
it is not the less a deeply-rooted conviction, and one not con- 
fined to the poor or the ignorant — that if the vaccine disease 
may be transmitted by inoculation, other diseases less beneficial 
may be propagated m the same manner, and by the same opera- 
tion. Many a parent of high and low degree dates constitutional 
disease in her offspring to vaccination with 'bad matter.' Who 
shall say that this etiological conclusion is always false?" In 
the number for October 28, 1854, (vol. ii., p. 360), it is stated: — 
"The poor are told that they must carry their children to be 
vaccinated by medical men who may be strangers to them. 
They apprehend — and the apprehension is not altogether un- 
founded, or unshared by the educated classes — that the vaccine 
matter emp^yed may carry with it the seeds of other diseases 
not less loathsome than the one it is intended to prevent." 

That cow-pox disease is sufficient to cause death in a 
weakly child, is shown by a case where calf lymph was em- 
ployed, recorded b\ Dr. Farrar — British Med. Jour., Oct. 13, 
1894: "I consider her death to have been due to a constitu- 
tional malaise, induced by vaccine virus in a poorly nourished 

Again, Dr. Tebb writes — "A Century of Vaccination," page 
291 : — 

"A disease of the skin which has been especially referred 
to by the Vaccination Commissioners is impetigo contagiosa. 
The frequent occurrence of this malady after vaccination has 
been remarked on by the late Dr. Tilbury Fox and others. An 
extensive epidemic of impetigo contagiosa was occasioned by 
vaccination in the Isle of Rugen in 1885 ; seventy-nine children 
were vaccinated on June 11 with humanized thymos-lymph ob- 
tained from a government establishment at Stettin ; all, with 
three exceptions, were attacked with impetigo contagiosa, and, 
by infection, the disease was spread to 320 out of a population 
of 5,000 inhabitants. A commission of inquiry was appointed 
by the German government, who reported that they were unan- 
imously of opinion that the outbreak of the disease had been a 
direct consequence of calf-lymph vaccination." 

In Prof. Wallace, — "Wonderful Century," page 232, are the 
details of a most distressing case :— 


"As an example of the dreadful results of vaccination, even 
where special care was taken, the following case from the Sixth 
Report of the Royal Commission (p. 128) is worthy of earnest 
attention. It is the evidence of Dr. Thomas Skinner, of Liver- 

' 'Q. 20,766. Will you give the commission the particulars 
of the case 5 — A young lady, fifteen years of age, living at Grove 
Park, Liverpool, was re-vaccinated by me at her father's re- 
quest, during an outbreak of small-pox in Liverpool in 1865, as 
I had re-vaccinated all the girls in the Orphan Girls' Asylum in 
Myrtle Street, Liverpool (over 200 girls, I believe), and as the 
young lady's father was chaplain to the asylum, he selected, and 
T approved of the selecticn, of a young girl, the picture of health, 
and whose vaccine vesicle was matured, and as perfect in appear- 
ance as it is possible to conceive. On the eighth day I took off 
the lymph in a capillary glass tube, almost filling the tube with 
clear, transparent lymph. Next day, 7th March, 1865. I re- 
vaccinated the young lady from this same tube, and from the 
same tube and at the same time T re-vaccinated her mother and 
the cook. Before opening the tube I remember holding it up 
to the light and requesting the mother to observe how perfectly 
clear and homogeneous, like water, the lymph was, neither pus 
nor blood corpuscles were visible to the naked eye. All three 
operations were successful, and on the eighth day all three vesi- 
cles were matured 'like a pearl upon a rose petal,' as Jenner de- 
scribed a perfect specimen. On that day, the eighth dav after 
the operation, I visited my patient, and to all appearance she 
was in the soundest health and spirits, with her usual bright 
eyes and ruddy cheeks. Although I was much tempted to take 
the lymph trom so healthy a vesicle and subject, I did not do 
so, as I have frequently seen erysipelas and other bad conse- 
quences follow the opening of a matured vesicle. As I did not 
open the vesicle that operation could not be the cause of what 
followed. Between the tenth and the eleventh day after the re- 
vaccination — that is. about three days after the vesicle had ma- 
tured and begun to scab over — I was called in haste to my pa- 
tient, the young lady, whom I found in one of the most severe 
rigors I ever witnessed, such as generally precedes or ushers 
in surgical, puerperal, and other forms of fever. This would 


be on the 18th of March, 1865. Eight days from the time 
of this rigji my p3tient was dead, and she died of the most 
frightful form of blood poisoning that I ever witnessed, and I 
have been forty-five years in the active practice of my profes- 
sion. After the rigor, a low form of acute peritonitis set in, with 
incessant vomiting and pain, which defied all means to allay. 
At last stercoraceous vomiting, and cold, clammy, deadly sweats 
of a sickly odor set in, with pulselessness, collapse, and death, 
which closed the terrible scene on the morning of the 26th of 
March, 1865. Within twenty minutes of death rapid decompo- 
sition set in, and within two hours so great was the bloated and 
discolored condition of the whole body, more especially of the 
head and face, that there was not a feature of this once lively 
girl recognizable. Dr. John Cameron, of 4 Rodney Street, Liv- 
erpool, physician to the Royal Southern Hospital at Liverpool, 
met me daily in consultation while life lasted. I have a copy of 
the certificate of death here. 

" 'Q. 20,767. To what do you attribute the death then? — 
I can attribute the death there to nothing but vaccination.' " 

Prof. Wallace continued : — "In the same report, fifteen em- 
inent medical men gave evidence as to disease, permanent in- 
jury, or denth caused by vaccination. Two gave evidence of 
syphilis and one of leprosy as clearly due to vaccination. And, 
as an instance of how the law is applied in the case of the poor, 
we have the story told by Mrs. Amelia Whiting (QQ. 21,434- 
21,464). To put it in brief: — Mrs. Whiting lost a child, after 
terrible suffering, from inflammation supervening upon vaccina- 
tion. The doctor's bill for the illness £1 12s. 6d. ; and a woman 
who came in to help was paid 6s. After the first child's death, 
proceedings were taken for the non-vaccination of another 
child ; and though the case was explained in court, a fine of one 
shilling was inflicted And through it all, the husband's earn- 
ings as a laborer were us. a week." 

Let us moralize for a moment. Had Mrs. Whiting's child 
been injured or killed by a railway train, he could sue the com- 
pany for heavy damages. But suppose the state not only 
quashes this indictment, but arrests and fines Mr. Whiting for 
not having already exposed his second child to the same danger. 


We should justly conclude that the corporation and the state 
were in a conspiracy to sacrifice the children of the poor. The 
case is not quite parallel, I admit ; for while we can readily dis- 
cover an adequate motive in the vaccinator, it would be difficult 
to find a corresponding motive in the corporation. Here the 
vaccinator had already killed one child, and not only collected 
his fee for inoculating the blood with his vaccine poison, but 
also another fee for treating the fatal symptoms he had occa- 
sioned. One would think he ought to be satisfied with this, and 
so spare the crucified and bereaved parents further sorrow. 
But no, the vaccinator was not going to stop with any half way 
sacrifices. Mr. Whiting had failed to show due respect for the 
vaccinating god in not bringing all he had and placing it upon 
that vaccine god's accursed altar. And therefore, notwithstand- 
ing the day's wages were barely sufficient to keep the family 
from hunger, he is arrested and fined. There must surely be 
impending a judgment day for the manifold oppressions which 
have so long cried to heaven for redress. 

Dr. Pickering writes — "Sanitation or Vaccination," pages 


' In a census organized by the A. V. Leagues in Scarbro, 
about four \ear ago (1888), the results as to cases of injun-, the 
experience of the householders of a certain district were certi- 
fied to as follows: Cases of injury 7+, and of death 37; total 
in. An analysis showed them to be composed of skin diseases, 
more or less severe, 24; scrofula, 2; abscesses, 13; convul- 
sions, 3 ; ruined health, 16; erysipelas and other forms of blood- 
poisoning, 18; crippled for life, 7; not stated, 28; total. III. 
These results, it must be allowed, are somber and suggestive 
in detail. 

"Other answers, in various towns, have yielded similar re- 
sults. If Scarbro, a health iesort, gives such convicting evi- 
dence as to the baneful effects of the complications and sequelae 
of vaccination, what would 'Whitechapel' say?" 

"Look at. that little child the mother is fondling on her 


knees. She how she caresses it ; 'tis the loveliest of all earthly 
gifts. Its skin is white as Alpine snow ; its rounded arms and 
legs are supple, yet firm withal. The eyes are bright as when 
they first saw Eden. Its sleep is calm and sweet. With a sense 
of awe and anxiety unknown to man that mother lingers over its 
fair features, and heaves a sigh pitiful and sad — that child has 
to undergo a medical operation on the morrow. A medical 
operation ! ! The morrow comes, and with it the doctor. He 
has carefully selected 'good matter,' the incision is made, and 
the cancerous deed is done. After many assurances, which are 
not worth a breath — the mother heeded them not — the vacci- 
nator packed up his traps and away he went, dreaming not of 
what he had left behind to work out its cunning. In a few days 
the child became ill ; the arms were inflamed, the eyes and nose 
were running sores ; it wasted away, and death ended the puny 
child's career, and that was all ! No, it was not. The mother 
lost her child; her reason went after it, and she was consigned 
to a mad-house. The father was a widower and childless. This 
is vaccination ! Do you say it is an exceptional case ? So far 
as father and mother are interested, yes ; but not so with regard 
to the child itself. I maintain that for the United Kingdom a 
folio volume of the size of Dooms-Day Book would be required 
in which to register the mishaps of a single twelvemonth ! 

"Here is another case of vaccine injury, unique and har- 
rassing in its details. A child was vaccinated, and a short time 
afterwards it developed sores over the whole body. Infirmaries 
and their medical staffs were helpless to relieve the sufferer, and 
it survived for nearly two years ; but the skin shrivelled up and 
resembled that of a mummy. Prior to its decease the parents 
covered up the face, it was so agonizing to look at. 

Here is a case, also related by Dr. Pickering, though not a 
special case of vaccinal injury, it is nevertheless so full of sug- 
gestiveness and common sense, I will insert it here — page 65 : — 

"During the epidemic years 1871-2, I had the most singular 
requests made to me. I was sent for to see patients young and 
old, in all stages of the disease and at all hours of the day and 
night, both in Leeds and the suburbs. One morning when I was 


about to leave my house a note was brought from Miss H., the 
daughter of a soldier, saying that the husband of a sister of her 
maid, living at Armley, was very bad with the small-pox, and 
would I kindly go and see him. After reading my letters at the 
office, I took the train up to Armley, and proceeded to the house 
of a Mr. Skinner, at the address furnished me by my correspond- 
ent. He was in a bad condition truly. I never saw a worse case. 
The wife was in a state of mind bordering on distraction. She 
said to me, 'The doctor says my husband can't recover. He 
came yesterday and said he should not go into the bed-room 
again, as it was the severest attack he had seen.' I answered, 
'You may perhaps save your husband's life if you are prepared 
to carry out my injunctions with a woman's will.' 'Sir,' she re- 
plied, 'tell me what I am to do, and it shall be done.' 'Go, then,' 
I said, 'at once to the nearest shop, and purchase a piece of 
mackintosh two yards by two, and some soft soap ; place the 
mackintosh under him, and wash the body well with wash 
leather, using the soft soap and tepid water ; do this five or six 
times during the day and, when the fever symptoms abate, you 
can reduce rhe washings to three or four per day, but the ablu- 
tion of the body must be continued morning and night for a 
fortnight. After the second day you can use a bed-room towel 
instead of the wash ieathcr. but in the present tender state of the 
skin the wash leather will not irritate it more than he can bear. 
Let him have milk, oatmeal gruel, and as much cold water as he 
can drink. Have the windows and doors open, but keep him 
warm with extra blankets. In a few days — two or three — 
sponge the body with cold water after the tepid wash, and with 
this treatment put an additional blanket over him, so as to en- 
courage a healthy re-action. Do this, and you have done your 
best to save your husband's life.' I repeated my orders again 
where necessary, and left the two, wife and husband, in charge 
of the good angel of Sanatory Science. 

"In tlvee weeks time that man was at his work, 'sound, 
wind and limb.' He and his wife have since emigrated to Aus- 
tralia, and I heard, only a month ago, they were doing well in 
their adopted country. This man had been vaccinated." 

That small-pox is such a terrible scourge, is chiefly due to 
popular ignorance. Drastic drug specifics are not required in 


its treatment, or will not be when people order their lives in con- 
formity with the physiological laws and rise above the depress- 
ing influence of fear. Every year fever slays its thousands. Dr. 
Pickering lived in the midst of the small-pox for years nursing 
and caring for those afflicted with the disease, yet the infection 
never became active in his organization. 

In the "Family Physician" issued by Cassell & Co., p. 508, 
we read: ''We know of no cure for small-pox and the disease 
must be allowed to run its course." Again on page 568: "It 
must always be borne in mind that we have no specific remedy 
tor any of our common fevers. We cannot hope to cure them 
and in many cases the object of the treatment is simply to con- 
duct the fever to a favorable termination, and to ward off any 
inter current disease." This work is the product of many med- 
ical writers End is a compendium of physic up to date. I sim- 
ply drop these hints, but it is not my present purpose to enter 
upon a discussion of a rational mode of treating all zymotic af- 
fections. But I will state on general principles, if the regular 
doctors could bring themselves to feel a small fraction of the 
solicitude for the people to adopt sanitation, hygiene and phys- 
iological modes of living, that they do for forcing vaccination 
on the general public, we should then have prevention on a scale 
that would amount almost to perfection. If it were not for the 
shekels associated with vaccination and lack of it in teaching 
the laws of clean-living, — in other words, if the wampum, to use 
the Indian's word for cash, could be transferred to the other 
"bull's horn ' — we might then hopefully look for a changed atti- 
tude from that fraud of the profession whose main dependence 
is the calf-lymph infected lancet, and drastic drugs. 

William Forbes Laurie, M. D., Edinburgh, St. Saviour's 
Cancer Hospital, Regent's Park, says: "Being anxious not to 
do mischief to my fellow-creatures, and being, as regards my 
own family, liable to fine or imprisonment under the Compul- 


sory Vaccination Act, I lately wrote to some members of Parlia- 
ment on the subject. I asked them to come here and see for 
themselves the dismal results of vaccination in cases of paraly- 
sis, blindness of both eyes, hip joint disease, consumption and 
frightful forms of skin disease. Though I received replies they 
have not yet inspected the cases." 


Cancer in the human system is somewhat analagous to the 
mistletoe on forest trees, as it grows at the expense of the life 
or structure upon which it fastens. It is a morbid and foreign 
growth, converting the cells and tissues of organs in which it 
has established itself for the growth of its own inversive death- 
prophesying structure. In its immediate vicinity the tissues de- 
teriorate and die, often leaving a gap or open ulcer between 
the sound flesh and abnormal growth. It is often hereditary and 
may remain latent for thirty or forty years, and then suddenly 
burst forth in its work of destruction. It may be propagated 
or communicated to the blood of a healthy person through an 
abrased skin, or from the point of a lancet, somewhat after the 
manner of the leprosy contagion. In Zurich, Germany, Dr. 
Hanan succeeded in propagating cancer in rats by inoculation in 
1890. It may be readily communicated by means of arm to arm 
vaccination, since the cancer virus is latent in the blood of many 
an apparently healthy child. Nor can we be certain that calf- 
lymph is free from latent hereditary cancer. Indeed, there are 
not wanting the highest medical authorities who believe vacci- 
nation is the principal cause of the alarming increase in cancer 
during receni years. 

Dr. William Hitchman, consulting surgeon to the Cancer 


Hospital, Leeds, formerly public vaccinator to the city of Liv- 
erpool, stated in 1883, that "syphilis, abdominal pathisis, scrof- 
ula,, cancer, erysipelas, and almost all diseases of the skin, have 
been either conveyed, occasioned, or intensified by vaccina- 
tion.' — Vac. Inquirer, p. 31. 

Dr. Dennis Turnbull, author of "The New Cancer Treat- 
ment," says : — 

"In my treatment of cancers and tumors during the last 30 
years, it has fallen to my lot to come in contact with all grades 
of society; and, with a view of eliciting the true facts, it is my 
habit carefully to interrogate my patients, relative to their gen- 
eral habits of life, their antecedents, and the health of their an- 
cestors. I nave, therefore, gathered a considerable store of in- 
formation, which enables me to speak with some authoritv; and 
I have no hesitation in stating that, in my judgment, the most 
frequent predisposing condition for cancerous development 
is infused into the blood by vaccination and re-vaccination." — 
The Vegetarian, London, 24th November, 1888. 

•Cancer" says Dr. Hitchman, "is a blood disease; so also 
is cow-pox; and when, to inherited or acquired morbid ten- 
dency, vital exhaustion, digestive disorder, and unhealthy sur- 
roundings, are added the various complications attending vacci- 
nation, the presence of certain growths, or even bony structure 
in the larynx or any other part, is not surprising to one who be- 
lieves in casual sequence. Scientifically, whatever tends to a 
diminution in the natural color and specific gravity, especially of 
the red corpuscles of the blood, may, sooner or later, lead to 
serious transformation into tubercular, syphilitic, or cancerous 
affection." — Vaccination Inquirer, London, February, 1888. 

it is also important to note a very peculiar relationship be- 
tween calf-lymph and human tissue, namely, in their relative 
rates of organic change. The growth from infancy to adult life 
in man is extremely slow, while bovine organic processes are 
very rapid. Hence inoculation of the blood through the skin of 
a human subject with calf-lymph — however pure — would fur- 
nish the conditions for the commencement and growth of can- 
cer, owing to difference in rate of growth of the two sets of 


plasmic cells. The foreign cells thus introduced would grow in 
the weaker organ where they would become seated, at the ex- 
pense of the cells in the surrounding structure ; and when we re- 
member that all vaccine matter is a degenerate form of lymph — 
lymph which has undergone retrograde metamorphosis, putri- 
faction — the disturbance and ultimate destruction it will occa- 
sion by injection into the circulation, will be a hundred-fold 
greater than if taken into the stomach, where nature could dis- 
pose of it without sensible harm. 

The lymphatic system is traversed by a far finer network of 
glands and vessels than is comprised in the veins and arteries, 
and according to Swedenborg, the lymph that circulates in these 
vessels is "the true purer blood" of the body. Now, the poison 
that finds its way through an abrasion or puncture of the skin, 
is immediately taken up by the lymphatic vessels ; and when a 
cancer begins to grow its little branches and rootlets traverse 
and ramify in these very vessels, which are specially and im- 
mediately invaded by vaccination. We need not therefore, be 
surprised that so many cases of vaccinal injury occur even 
when "pure glycerinated calf-lymph" only is used by the vacci- 
nator. For every case of small-pox which vaccination ''miti- 
gates" we may be pretty sure there will be ten cases of cancer. 
Cancer cases are now most rapidly multiplying in those coun- 
tries where vaccination is well nigh universal — Germany, Eng- 
land, New Zealand, and the United States. It has been stated, 
re-stated and never denied so far as my knowledge extends, that 
no Jew or Jewess was ever known to have a cancer unless they 
had first been vaccinated. It is undeniable that calf-lymph virus 
— the extract of heifer sores and ulcers — is the cess-pool that 
breeds blood diseases — the medical wayside weed-patch, on 
which grows and thrives pimpled faces, ulcerous sores, tumors, 
cancers, scrofala, and consumption. 

Dr. Turnbull, in his book, "The New Treatment," writing 
on the origin and spread of cancers, after referring to sundry 


exciting causes — tight lacing, smoking, drinking, etc., says ; 
"Numbers of my patients have expressed themselves as abso- 
lutely certain that they never had the slightest sign of cancer 
until after they submitted to re-vaccination. Let all truly scien- 
tific men cease to vaccinate, and, my word for it, the spread of 
cancer will be materially lessened/' 

In a carefully written pamphlet on "Cancer and Vaccina- 
tion," by "Esculapius," the writer concludes as follows : — 

"No candid and scientific inquirer who has read the recent 
works of Drs. Creighton, Edgar Crookshank, and Scott Tebb, 
can be surprised that an alarming increase in cancer is even 
now evident. Those who adopt so blindly the brutal practice 
calf-lymph vaccination are but too surely sowing the wind 
which they must inevitably reap as the whirlwind, a whirlwind of 
corruption, disease, and national deterioration. Where the so- 
called human lymph is employed, syphilis, leprosy, and tubercu- 
losis follow in its train ; and wherever calf-lymph is used, tuber- 
culosis and cancer spread like a conflagration." 

Erysipelas is one of the most frequent as well as serious 
effects that foliow vaccination. But of late years the deaths re- 
sulting from this cause have been classed under different head- 
ings. In England and Wales, between the years 1859 and 1880, 
379 deaths from erysipelas were directly traceable to vaccina- 
tion. Indeed the usual inflammation excited by cow-pox virus 
is erysipelatous in character. 

The following table, from Dr. Scott Tebb's work, page 346, 
gives the number of deaths for each of the intervening years : — 

Deaths from Deaths from 

Yettr erysipelas after Year. erysipelas after 

vaccination. vaccination. 

1859 5 1870 20 

1860 3 1871 24 

1861 2 1872 16 

l8 62 3 I 1873 19 

1863 11 1874 29 

l86 4 13 T875 37 

1865 10 1876 21 

1866 10 1877 29 

l86 7 4 1878 35 

1868 9 1879 32 

i869 19 1880 39 


In the "Am. Jour, of the Med. Sciences," October, 1850, 
Mr. W. Moreland, secretary of the Boston Society for Medical 
Improvement, gives extracts from the records of the society 
relating to erysipelas following vaccination, and reported on by 
medical men. Eleven cases were given, three being fatal. Of 
the eight that did not prove fatal, four were very severe, three of 
which were attended with extensive sloughing. 

In the "Lancet," May 31, 1863, Mr. J. R. Wells relates a case 
of a lady aged 55 years, who was re-vaccinated. Symptoms of 
phlegmonous erysipelas set in the following day and in four days 
after the operation she died. 

The "Lancet - ' of Nov. 24, 1883, relates the cases of two chil- 
dren named Elliston and Griggs, who were vaccinated October 
16, and in seven days two other children were vaccinated from 
lymph taken from the child Elliston. In a short time the Ellis- 
ton child and the two last children vaccinated, died of erysipelas. 
The operations were performed at the regular vaccinating sta- 

"In 1875, there was an official inquiry at Gainsborough by 
Mr. Netten Radcliffe, of the Local Government Board, into 
cases of erysipelas following vaccination, of which six died; a 
searching investigation failed to dissociate the operation from 
the fatal erysipelas. 

"In 1882 another Local Government Board inquiry was 
held by Mr. Henley and Dr. Airy at Norwich into certain deaths 
alleged to have been caused by vaccination. It was shown that 
eight children suffered from erysipelas 'due to some abnormal 
peculiarity or contamination of the lymph ;' of these, four died. 

"On the 25th of May, 1883, sixty-eight recruits were vacci- 
nated at Dortrecht, Holland. Of these seven were attacked 
with erysipelas, and three died. In consequence of these cases, 
the minister of war, Mr. Weitzel, issued a circular notifying re- 
cruits that hereafter re-vaccination was not obligatory in the 
Netherlands army. 

"Before Ire South Wales and Monmouthshire branch of the 
British Medical association, on Nov. 15, 1883, Dr. C. T. Vachell, 


of Cardiff, related a series of cases where erysipelas followed 
vaccination. On November i, a child, aged three months, and 
an adult were vaccinated with lymph obtained from London. On 
the eighth day the arm of the adult was much swollen and red. 
On the same day the child presented every appearance of having 
been successfully vaconated, and five tubes were charged from 
it. On November 10, five children were vaccinated from these 
tubes. On the nth and 12th all these cases were attacked with 
erysipelas of the arm vaccinated, and, on inquiry, it was found 
, that the child from whom the vaccine lymph had been taken was 
attacked with erysipelas on November 9." 

--'A Century of Vaccination," page 348. 

Among the older records of the Local Government Board 
are the following : — 

"(1). A series of nineteen cases of erysipelas from vacci- 
nation at Warrington, with five deaths, in 1871. 

"(2). A case of serious erysipelas from vaccination with 
National Vaccine Establishment lymph at Stoke Newington in 
1871, in which inquiry elicited that violent inflammation had oc- 
curred in others vaccinated with lymph from the same vaccin- 
ifer; the vaccinifer having an inflamed arm on the thirteenth 
day and a small abscess in the axilla 

''(3). Six cases of serious inflammation and three deaths 
in a series vaccinated with ninth-day lymph from one vaccinifer 
at Appleby, in 1873. 

"(4). Several cases of erysipelas and inflammation, with 
five deaths, in a series of vaccinations at Chelsea, in 1875. 

"(5). Twelve cases of excessive inflammation, six of ery- 
sipelas, with three deaths, two cases of axillary abscess, and one 
large ulcer, in a series of vaccinations at Plomesgate, in 1878. 

"(6). Ten cases of erysipelas or abscesses, with four deaths, 
and several cases of eczema in a series of vaccinations at Clerk- 
en well, in 1879, in which 'it is clear that the erysipelatous con- 
tagion was imparted at the time of vaccination.' These assumed 
the form of syphilis. 

"(7). Three cases of extensive erysipelas from vaccination 
at Blandford, in 1883. 

"(8). Three fatal cases of erysipelas from vaccination at 
Sudbury, in 1883. 


"Between the ist of November, 1888, and the 30th of No- 
vember, 1891, one hundred and thirty-two cases of inflamma- 
tory or septic disease (mostly erysipelas) following vaccination 
and terminating fatally, were the subject of inquiry by the Lo- 
cal Government Board. Numerous cases have also been inves- 
tigated by the Royal Commission on vaccination, and are cited 
:n Appendix ix. to their final report. — Ibid. p. 350, Scott Tebb. 

"Dr. Theodore Dimon, St. Louis "Courier of Medicine," 
1882, vol. vii., pp. 310-312. Boy, nine years old; vaccinated 
January 6, 1882, with bovine lymph. Tetanus supervened on 
January 27; no cause discovered except vaccination, which was 
followed by an irregular shaped ulcer. Boy died on the tenth 

"Dr. H. J. Berkeley, 'Maryland Medical Journal,' 1882-83, 
vol. ix., pp. 241-245. Healthy man, forty years old ; vaccinated 
in the middle of January, 1882. Tetanus supervened on Feb- 
ruary 7; death on February 13. No lesion discovered except 
at the point of vaccination, which was occupied by a deep ulcer, 
with an inflamed and indurated border resembling syphilis. 

"Dr. W. T. C. Bates, 'Transactions of the South Carolina 
Medical Association ' 1882, vol. xxxii., p. 105. Mulatto boy, 
aged five years ; vaccinated February 9, 1882, with humanized 
lymph. Tetanic symptoms supervened on March 8. No other 
cause but vaccination discovered. Boy lived fifteen days. 

"Dr. R. Garcia Rijo, 'Cronica Medico Quirurgica de la Ha- 
bana,' 1886, vol. xii., p. 388 White child, two years old; vac- 
cinated in April, 1886. Characteristic tetanus appeared in lat- 
ter part of May. No lesion beyond vaccination discovered. 
Death followed on the fourth day. 

"Dr. Zahiroodeen Ahmed, 'Indian Medical Gazette,' 
March, 1889, vol. xxiv., p. 90. Adult, aged twenty-one. The 
symptoms appeared fourteen days after primary vaccination. 
He died. 

"Local Government Board, Case x., Appendix ix., Final 
Report, Royal Commission on Vaccination. Female, aged two 
years; vaccinated on September 10, 1889. Symptoms of te- 
tanus first appeared on October 2, and patient died on the 5th 
of October. 


"Dr. P. A. Morrow, in referring to eruptions incident to 
vaccination, observes: 'It must be confessed that the profes- 
sion has manifested a most decided unwillingness to recognize 
their direct dependence upon vaccination.' 

"Again, in the Local Government Board inquiries on ery- 
sipelas, held by Mr. Netten Radcliffe at Gainsborough, and by 
Mr. Henley and Dr. Airy at Norwich, before referred to, there 
were in all ten deaths, and in only one of these was vaccination 
mentioned on the certificate of death. 

"It is impossible to form any accurate estimate of the total 
amount of serious and fatal injuries produced by vaccination; 
the following table only gives the deaths recorded by the Reg- 
istrar-General : — 

England and Wales. — Deaths from cow-pox and other effects of 
vaccination, from 1881 to 1896. 

1881 58 I 1889 58 

1882 65 1890 43 

1883 55 1891 43 

1884 53 1892 58 

J885 52 1893 59 

1886 45 1894 50 

1887 45 1895 56 

1888 45 1896 42 


"This shows that in England and Wales, according to med- 
ical death-certificates, one child on an average dies every week 
from the effects of vaccination. This fatal record, however, does 
not by any means represent the damage done by the operation, 
as for every death there must be a very large number of chil- 
dren who are injured; but survive for years with enfeebled con- 
stitutions. — Ibid pp. 360-61. 

"Also, in an inquiry, on behalf of the Royal Commission, 
on a series of injuries from vaccination at some villages in Nor- 
folk, in 1890, Dr. Barlow found, from the brief provisional inves- 
tigation he was able to make, that some septic material had been 
introduced at the time of the insertion of the vaccine lymph, 
and that this was mainly responsible for the untoward results 


obtained. There were three deaths and in none of these was 
the word 'vaccination' mentioned on the death certificate. — 
Ibed p. 364." 

A perusal of the history of vaccination is not calculated to 
excite our veneration toward the medical profession, the older 
schools of which sanction a species of blood-poisoning with con- 
centrated animal virus in a manner that contravenes the prin- 
ciples of all true science. Their specifics are largely derived 
from the traditions and superstitions of an ignorant age. All 
their theories concerning the preventive and mitigating effects 
of vaccination belong to the category of pseudo-science. The 
profession knows this to be pseudo-science, and yet with craft 
and cunning they shnn discussion, shelve complaints, evade and 
mutilate facts, twist statistics raise false and irrevelent issues, 
make false returns of death from vaccinal injuries, dub anti- 
vaccinators as pestilent agitators, lobby for compulsory vacci- 
nation, persecute the true psychic who restores the sick without 
medicine, and do many other things which reveal motives for- 
eign to the public welfare. 

In this domain — the vaccinating branch of the profession — 
medical practitioners arc inversivc, reversive, and subversive; 
they invert the order of nature by creating disease with the pre- 
tence of preventing disease ; they revert to an ancient super- 
stition which Jenner borrowed from peasant milk-maids, and 
which Lady Montagu borrowed from the common folk in Tur- 
key; and they subvert the intention of nature by sowing an 
extra crop of incurable diseases in the name of health — scrofula, 
cancer, erysipelas, leprosy, consumption, etc. 

No part of the organism requires greater care and attention 
than the skin. It is the most fatal avenue through which poi- 
sons can reach the blood. The venom of the rattlesnake would 
be comparatively harmless in the stomach, but reaching the 
blood and nervo-circulation through the skin it is swiftly fatal, 


while the virus of scrofula, leprosy, or cancer, reaching the 
blood in the same manner, may lie latent for years and then 
spring forth with malignant activity. Note also, that the func- 
tion of the skin is to excrete not to absorb ; it is to throw out 
waste material that has fulfilled its use, not so much to take in 
material, for this would be "climbing up another way" than the 
one ordained by nature. Ninety-nine per cent, of all substances 
that enter the body through the skin are interlopers and enemies 
which forever war against the original integrity of the man. 
A mosquito made a minute puncture on the neck of a healthy 
girl; it had just previously left the cheek of a leper. The fol- 
lowing year that maiden revealed the unmistakable symptoms 
of leprosy. A blue bottle fly inoculated an abrazed surface on 
the nose of a butcher; a rusty nail pierced the foot of a girl in 
her stocking feet : a wasp stung a delicate child on her arm. 
All these died with blood poisoning. Only last Forth of July, 
about a dozen small boys in various parts of the country re- 
ceived slight skin flesh wounds from gunpowder; all of whom 
developed lock-jaw in a few days, and died. And not many 
months since I read accounts in the daily press of one child bit- 
ten by a red ant, and another child was stung by a bee, in both of 
whom blood poisoning supervened, and they died. 

Thus we see how the skin is a gateway through which the 
most subtle and infinitesimal poisons may reach the citadel of 
life, there to deploy in the work of destruction, either slowly or 
swiftly, but always surely, having only one goal, which is death. 
It is through the skin the opium fiend injects the agent of his 
fantasia, through, the skin the viper strikes his venom ; aye, 
through the skin the vaccinator pushes his lance, dipped in the 
virus that may have traveled from afar, gathering a legion of 
diseases on the wav. 

It is frequently asserted by advocates of vaccination, that re- 


vaccinated hospital nurses very rarely if ever contract small- 
pox, and still more rarely die of it. While we may admit with 
Bacon that, "The plague is not easily received by such as are 
continually abou' them that have the plague, as keepers of the 
sick and physicians ;" still, such immunitiy as they enjoy is in 
no wise related to vaccination or re-vaccination. They take the 
disease and die, the same as other people, but more rarely. Their 
unifom protection lies in their general health, sanitary habits, 
and in their cheerful spirits, which are never associated with 
fear. Dr. Robert Cory officially distributed cards to parents at 
public vaccinating stations, which stated that: "For fifty years 
nurses in small-pox hospitals had wholly escaped small-pox, ow- 
ing to their re-vaccination." This card was originally printed 
— "Nurses at the small-pox hospital, Highgate." By dropping 
out "the" and appending an "s" on hospital, a much stronger 
case for the vaccinator was made out. This same Dr. Cory was 
the heroic gentleman who inoculated himself with syphilis from 
a syphilitic child to prove experimently by vaccination that it 
could not be thus communicated. But its possibility was duly 
and painfully demonstrated in his person. The sad sequel need 
not be related. 

I will here append a few reported cases, sufficient to illus- 
trate two or three aspects relating to hospital nurses : 

"Dr. C. T. Pearce said to the Parliamentary committee of 
1S71 : T yesterday visited the small-pox hospital at Highgate, 
and (after the statements which have been made in this room 
that the nurses of that hospital are secure against small-pox by 
re-vaccination) I confess that I was not a little astonished when 
the door was opened by a nurse whose face was scarified all over 
with small-pox. I asked the nurse how many patients there 
were in the hospital ? She said 104. Are there many vacci- 
nal cd?' 'Nearly all, sir, now, and many of them twice over.' 
'How many nurses are there?' 'Twelve.' 'How many night 
nurses?' 'Two.' I went from Highgate to Northumberland 
Street, and there had an interview with the assistant clerk, who 


gave me the astounding information that at Stockwell a nurse 
recently engaged because she was pitted with small-pox, was 
re-vaccinated on her engagement, and she is now in bed with 
confluent small-pox!" — London Soc. Tract, p. 6, Hospital 

"At the Fulham Hospital, three of the re-vaccinated attend- 
ants under Dr. Makuna took small-pox." — Small-pox and Vacci- 
nation. Dr. W. T. Iliff p. 10. 

"At the same hospital, Dr. Sweeting states that four of his 
re-vaccinated nurses had taken the disease." 

"At the Halifax Hospital, in April, 1881, the matron and 
a nurse contracted small-pox from a patient ; the matron had 
been previously vaccinated, while the nurse had been re-vacci- 
nated only a week before she was taken ill." — British Medical 
Journal, May 7, 1881. 

"At the Lewes Fever Hospital a nurse was engaged, and 
re-vaccinated November, 1881. She took small-pox about a 
week afterwards, and had it badly, but was not marked. She had 
been vaccinated in infancy, and again when ten years of age." — 
Vaccination Inquirer, vol. iv., p. 66. Letter, W. T. Martin. 


"In a letter addressed to Mr. Wm. Tebb, dated January 20, 
1882, the late Dr. W. J. Collins states that on the occasion of a 
recent debate on the vaccination question, at which the house 
surgeon of the lulham Hospital was present, he (Dr. Collins) 
'had a chat with him afterwards, when he confessed that five of 
his re-vaccinated nurses had taken small-pox ! He (the house 
surgeon) said he had not considered the difference as regards 
stating between vaccinated and re-vaccinated.' " ( ! !) — Ibid. 

"Ashton-tmder-Lyne has just passed through a small-pox 
scare in consequence of the occurrence of some twenty cases 
with seven deaths. Nearly all were vaccinated, including two 
re-vaccinated nurses in the Workhouse Infectious Hospital." — 
Vaccination Inquirer, v. 10, p. 5. 

"The 'Leicester Chronicle,' July 1, 1893, stated that Mr. 
Clarke, Inspector of Nuisances to the Blaby Union, died of 
small-pox at the board's 'hospital camp.' In commenting on the 
case, 'The Vaccination Inquirer' says: — Tt was not long before 
he contracted his own fatal illness that he remarked, in conver- 


sation with Mr. Amos Booth, that he considered it impossible 
for him to take small-pox, so well protected was he.' " 

"Writing in 'The Star,' March i, 1894, in reply to state- 
ments in The Brivish Medical Journal,' Mr. J. T. Biggs, member 
of the sanitary committee, Leicester, said: — 'During the present 
outbreak, which began in September last, five of the nurses and 
attendants at the hospital, all well vaccinated (one of the nurses 
being re-vaccinated), have been attacked with small-pox. One of 
these, a very bad case, died of confluent small-pox." 

"Nurses, being generally advanced in years, habituated to 
fatigue, and little liable to worry of spirits, do not readily re- 
ceive infection." — Instructions Relative to Contagious Dis- 
eases, London.. 180T. 

"This well-known phenomenon attending small-pox will 
appear less singular when we reflect that the same observation 
has been made respecting the plague, a more virulent contagion, 
the history of which shows in every invasion of that dreadful 
malady, that many escape, though constantly employed about 
the sick, or infants sucking their infected mothers." — (Small- 
pox) R. Walker, M. A., London, 1790. 

'In Buck's 'Treatise on Hygiene and the Public Health.' 
vol. 2, p. 521 (Art. 'Small-pox and Other Contagious Diseases') 
we read: 'It is a fact, fully appreciated by medical men, that 
persons constantly exposed to small-pox very rarely contract 
the disease. In the case of physicians, health inspectors, nurses, 
sisters of charity, hospital orderlies, and some others, this is the 
rule ; and of over one hundred persons who have been, to my 
knowledge constantly exposed, some of them seeing as many 
as a thousand cases, I have never personally known of more 
than one who has contracted the disease ; but there are many 
writers who believe perfect immunity to be extremely rare. In 
this connection, attention may be called to the exemption of 
certain persons who occupy the same room, and perhaps bed. 
with the patients, and though sometimes never vaccinated, al- 
together escape infection." 

"The late Dr. W. J. Collins, of London, who had a long 
experience as a public vaccinator, in his essay entitled 'Have 
You Been Vaccinated?' writes: — 

' T have had a good deal to do with nurses, and know 


their physical capabilities as well as any man. At one tine I 
had a staff that I was in the habit of employing, and they weie 
so constituted in mind and body as to resist any infection. They 
were built upon the square, hard as nails, broad as they weie 
long, with plenty of room for the vital organs to play. They 
had no idea of danger, and seemed to have been born before 
nerves were invented. They were always in capital spirits, and 
troubled with a good appetite. * * * These nurses were 
in constant attendance upon patients who were suffering from 
small-pox, fever, etc. They had never been vaccinated or had 
small-pox.' " 

"Mr. Thorpe Porter, M. R. C. S., of the Small-pox Hospi- 
tal, South Dublin Union (see 'Medical Press and Circular, 
March 2, 1872), says: — 

" 'With reference to re-vaccination, I have no faith in it. 
Not one of the thirty-six attendants at the South Dublin Union 
Sheds has taken small-pox. Only seven of the number were 
re-vaccinated, and as the remaining twenty-nine enjoyed the 
same immunity, wherein is the necessity of the operation?'" — 


The experiments conducted by M. Toussaint, in France 
(1881) leave no room for doubt that tuberculosis is due to a spe- 
cific organism, and may be communicated to a healthy person 
through vaccination. He vaccinated a tubercular cow with 
lymph from a vaccine vesicle raised on a healthy child. Then in 
turn with the lymph from the pocks of the cow he vaccinated 
four rabbits and a pig. The rabbits were killed two months 
afterwards <\nd found to be suffering from tuberculosis at the 
point of inoculation, in the glands and in the lungs. The pig 
also developed tuberculosis, both local and general. Here we 
are confronted with a fact of great significance. Toussaint's ex- 
periments prove that tuberculosis is communicable through vac- 
cination ; and as cows are subject to the disease, both in its lat- 
ent and active form, we can never be certain that the calf-lymph 


from the vaccine farms is free from this subtle and insiduous 
enemy — consumption. 

In the preface to Dr. Pickering's large work — "Sanitation 
or Vaccination" — he presents some significant details from his 
own family history : — 

"My attention was first directed to vaccination by hearing 
the details of a mishap in my own family circle. The grand- 
father of my first wife was a surgeon practicing in a town in the 
East Riding of Yorkshire. About the year 1808 there was some 
stir amongst the members of the profession as to the duty of 
vaccinating their own children, I suppose by way of showing 
their confidence in the operation. Now the surgeon's wife. — 
a woman remarkable for her strong common sense, — exhibited 
considerable reluctance to her own children being dragged at 
the chariot wheels of this new invader. At length her husband 
said, 'Well, it matters this much to me: if vaccination is not per- 
formed in my own family, I am so teazed about it that J must 
give up my profession, and seek for some other means of gain- 
ing a livelihood.' This was an argument the wife was not able 
to resist ; her consent was withheld no longer. 

"The next question was where to find a healthy child from 
whom to gather a small harvest of Jenner's 'pure lymph.' A 
medical neighbor interested himself in this behalf, and in a few 
days the opportunity occurred to him, when a young woman, 
resident in Banish y, came home with her child, three months 
old, to visit her parents, and was advised to have vaccination 
performed by the physician who had attended their own family 
for many years, and she applied to him accordingly. The child 
was apparently strong and healthy ; vaccination was perpe- 
trated ; virus was stored from this vaccinifer ; and the two chil- 
dren, ranging from one to three years old, members of the sur- 
geon's family firstly referred to, were vaccinated in due course 
with the lymph thus acquired. 

"There was no taint of hereditary disease in the surgeon's 
family; his progenitors had been farmers in that part of York- 
shire for two centuries or more; and the wife's family came 
from a healthy stock. 

"Within twelve months after vaccination the two children 
sickened; the ruddy cheeks became pale ; and the whole con- 


stitut'.on showed symptoms of some unaccountable yet disas- 
trous change. By a sort of instinct peculiar to woman, the wife 
insisted that her husband should go to Barnsley to inquire into 
the antecedents of the parents from whose child the lymph had 
been abstracted. He went, when, to his dismay, he found that 
both parents were the offspring of families subject to hereditary 

"The cloud of dejection and regret was never lifted from 
the future careers of either husband or wife ; and the two chil- 
dren, a boy and a girl, knew not what health was in their after 
lives. The two grew up tall and handsome ; both married in 
due time, but the sister only had a family ; she had three boys 
and a girl. 

"To cut a long story short, the parents died of consump- 
tion before they reached 46 years of age ; and of the second 
generation two of the three boys and the sister died of consump- 
tion before they attained their 26th year ; the other boy, by em- 
igrating to a warmer climate (Springfield, La., U. S.), added ten 
more years to a weary and painful existence ; — he died of con- 
sumption, at 35 years of age. 

"The sister above mentioned became my wife ; we were 
first cousins ; she left two daughters ; one died of consumption, 
in her 26th year; the other still lives, but she has never known 
what 'life' is ; she has been more trouble in her rearing than all 
the eight children by my second wife 'put together.' 

"Thus the members of a whole family had been hunted 
— thrust out of existence — by one unfortunate vaccination. 
How many similar instances there have been in the same period 
unrecorded, no one will ever know. Some estimate may be 
formed when I say that, in my journeyings to and fro in the 
world, I have never met with an individual whose experience did 
not run on parallel iines with my own ; he or she had to re- 
count misadventures in his or her family, or in the family of a 
friend or neighbor. No exception to this rule has presented it- 
self during an advocacy extending over the third part of a cen- 
tury — a remarkable fact ! 

If the people of England knew the full meaning of "Vacci- 
nation," of the misery and death for 92 years last past, of which 
it has been the sole exciting cause, and if they could but follow 


the history of each event with its far reaching consequences, 
through three generations of people, not a vaccinating station 
would be standing in England tomorrow night ; nor is there 
a vaccinator who would ever be permitted to refer to the sub- 
ject in any educated family to the end of his days. 

It is bad enough in all conscience, that the medical profes- 
sion recommend a form of blood-poisoning as a prophylactic 
against a dreaded disease ; but to force such a practice on the 
children of the poor, is a piece of human folly which deserves 
to be branded as a merciless crime against society. The physi- 
cian should be to the people the most reliable oracle, pointing 
the way to life and health ; but instead he sends them the way 
of disaster and death — even forcing, — compulsorily forcing — 
them into the path that conducts thither ! Professing to stand 
as guardians and protectors of the little children in seasons of 
danger, he cuts off every avenue of escape by the device of pol- 
itic-compulsory laws ; then with lance and pus proceeds to poi- 
son the fountain of youth by the performance of a rite that was 
imported from the lowest pit of beastliness, sores on horses 
heels and cow's teats ! Neither the third or fourth generation 
may atone for the injury thus inflicted. Certainly, the doctors 
would abandon this dreadful business were not their pecuniary 
interests so completely interwoven with it. I do not say that 
vaccinators always sin against transparent knowledge, for I 
know how prone we all are to nurse opinions and beliefs when 
they favor our self-interest. The "love of money" is, indeed, 
the root of this "evil" as of every other, and we must be very 
watchful if we are not caught compounding with error when our 
bank account is steadily increasing. If it were possible to sep- 
arate this practice wholly from pecuniary considerations, it is 
my firm conviction that the concensus of medical opinion would 
right soon declare against it. 

In the evil times upon which we have fallen, each individ- 


ual should strive to become "wise as serpents and harmless as 
cloves," for it is now incumbent upon each human unit in the 
fermenting body politic, to watch and defend his own integrity. 
Against this integrity all class-interests combine. Produc- 
tion, massed in great trusts which are in possession of the labor- 
saving machines, sends the individual adrift who depends upon 
the labor of his hands. The grocer feeds the body with adul- 
terated food; the manufacturer clothes it with shoddy gar- 
ments ; the vaccinator punctures and poisons it with putrid pus 
— and so on to the end of the chapter. From every direction 
enemies arise to assail the integrity of the man. We must. 
therefore, be alert and don our defensive armor. Of these 
other sinners, I am only making a passing reference to them ; 
it is the chief of sinners — the public vaccinator — the seed-sower 
of disease — whom these pages are designed to more especially 
describe. It is my earnest desire to portray his hideous aspect, 
to depict the "color of his sandals" in a manner that even the 
little child — the arch enemy of whom he is — will avoid and flee 
at his approach ! Unfortunately, it is not the supreme desire; 
of the average human creature to know the truth and follow it 
whithersoever it leads. If it was, the question of reform would 
be a very simple one for solution and adjustment. Persecu- 
tion of reformers does not arise from the fact that they are con- 
ceived in error, but they are hated and persecuted because the 
proposed reform strikes at the root of class privileges and self- 


It is no exaggeration to assume that nine-tenths of the dis- 
eases that afflict mankind have their origin in some species of 
blood poisoning; these poisons being chiefly conveyed to the 
blood through the skin, but also in part through the mucous 


surfaces of the mouth, throat, stomach and lungs. In the Reg- 
istrar General's office, London, there were registered one 
thousand diseases that afflict the human body, the larger pro- 
portion of which are based on the sequelae or after effects, and 
not upon the real disease or its productive cause. Moreover, 
if medical men had a predominant and enthusiastic interest in 
the public health as they now have in disease, the facts pertain- 
ing to blood poisoning would receive a very different treatment 
at their hands. 

In the discussion of vaccination as a form of 
blood poisoning, practitioners have never gone to the core of 
the subject to find a scientific warrant for the support of their 
claim. They persistently evade the fundamental aspects of the 
question, and like a party politician, work upon the fears and 
prejudices of the populace to enhance a practice which they 
must know neither cures nor prevents disease. In order to pro- 
mote these interests, the registration department increases 
death-causes in general, and others in particular, which are in- 
definite and so arraigned that vaccine disasters may be screened 
or covered up at the vaccinators discretion. 

The leaders in the vaccination movement must be perfectly 
aware that vaccination stands condemned, but they have no 
idea of surrendering it ; first and foremost, because of its money 
value ; secondly, because they do not wish to affect or disturb 
the present disease conditions of the country and the world; 
and thirdly, they dread the manner in which an awakened con- 
science and an indignant public would call them to account for 
a century of blood poisoning. Disease — kept "booming" In- 
vagination — when discontinued and superseded by sanitation. 
the death rate will decline so rapidly that the "way faring man 
though a fool"' will be able to see whereof he has been deceived 
bv the rash vaccinating doctor, who thenceforth will be rated at 
his proper value. Judas went to his own place and that is where 
he ought to have gone. God is just. 


Such poisons as nature fails to readily eliminate from the 
system are stored up in the blood, awaiting the specially excit- 
ing cause that shall call them forth, — such as deteriorated vital 
power, bad habits, exposure, anxiety, disappointment, worry, 
etc. Any or all of these may rouse the poison into fatal activity. 
Syphilitic, leprous, or cancerous poison may be vaccinated into 
a family and there remain inert to the third or fourth genera- 
lion ; hydrophobia poison may lie dormant for a term of years ; 
cancer and scrofula may sleep for a time, but at last each and all 
of these will usurp the soil in which they have been planted. 

Dr. Pickering mentions the case of a syphilitic patient with 
a bad knee, who, by constant use of mercurial ointment for fif- 
teen years brought on a most deadly salivation, which ran from 
his mouth day and night. The tongue became knotted and the 
odor was so intense as to be offensive to pedestrians passing 
that way. 

We may not be able to calculate the results of that first dis- 
ease taint which the vaccinator introduces through the skin 
puncture he inflicts on our little ones. Our eye may not follow 
it in its various paths, through its sure ramification and develop- 
ment in later life ; through the children and children's chil- 
dren in whom that blood taint will deploy and accomplish its 
work of final ruin. It is indeed a serious thing to poison life at 
its fountain head, even thoughtlessly thinking to avert a possible 
future danger; but to thus poison the blood — the life forces — 
deliberately for gain is a most infamous crime against society. 

Infection and contagion are in truth one and the same 
thing; it is a body possessing weight and form, a germ, an egg 
or sporule containing within it the property of life, which will 
grow and multiply when sown in a suitable soil, like that of the 
human blood. Cow-pox pus, broken down cells desquamating 
from the skin surface of a small-pox patient, and the dissolving 
tissue of a decaying corpse, contain these poison germs or, 
sporules ; and they are so deadly and persistent in their action, 


that even the boasted "glycerine" with which vaccine calf-pus 
is mixed, has no potency to destroy. 

The presence of these sporules in the blood is blood-poi- 
soning and nothing less, no matter whether the effects become 
manifest in eight days, in eight years or even until the second 
or third generation. Yet in the hands of an intelligent and cau- 
tious person this infectious matter is comparatively harmless. 
It may come in contact with the hands, the face or neck, but if 
not rubbed in, or if it does not reach an abrazed surface, no in- 
jurious results may be known to follow. True, a person with a 
depressed vital tone, with blood corrupted in whom the mucous 
surfaces of mouth or thioat are cankered or slightly abrazed, 
then there would be danger; the deadly virus might then find 
ready access to the circulation and infect the person with a 
specific disease. Probably the most concentrated and deadly 
animal poison known is found in the female after death from 
puerperal fever. But even this the dissecting operator may re- 
ceive on his hands without harm ; but clip the point of a cam- 
bric needle into this putrifying tissue and puncture the skin with 
it would be an inevitably fatal procedure. 

The crowded and filthy quarters where infectious diseases 
are generated fill the air of all the contignant country with 
infectious matter, but it; and near these centers the contagion 
is far more concentrated and active. These disease germs lodge 
in our garments, enter our lungs, get in ; ;o dwellings, but they 
will remain inert until their spring season arrives or in other 
words, until the human soil is suitably prepared. A healthy per- 
son need not fear them as long as that person is positive, free 
from fear and worry, and who rigorously guards the portals of 
the skin. The demon of darkness must have been on an active 
campaign when the vaccinator obtained permission from the 
state to assail this sacred inclosure — the skin — and befoul the 
fountain of life with his septic poisons. 


In time of small-pox epidemic infection is more than ordin- 
arily dangerous, because it is then more abundant and concen- 
trated, and also because the populace are then more negative 
and susceptible. Whether they have been vaccinated or re-vac- 
cinated makes no perceptible difference. Small-pox epidemics 
are nearly always preceded by depressing influences of a general 
character, like failure of crops, depression in business, lowering 
of wages and the effects of a grievous war. Then through the 
mucous surfaces of mouth, throat, stomach and lungs, the 
germs of disease may crowd and find their way to the circula- 
tion. Even here vaccination increases but never mitigates the 
severity of the disease or conditions of fatal sickness. When a 
whole people shall learn to live in conformity with the natural 
laws — ethical as well as physical — these zymotic scourges will 
practically disappear together with the infectious matter which 
now develops in consequence of an inverted system of physic. 


During the Middle Ages the nations of Europe were peri- 
odically devastated by four distinct forms of plague — the plague 
proper, the sweating sickness, the black death, and the small- 
pox. They were each about equally fatal and each most at home 
in the midst of squalor and filth. During the last century, in 
consequence of improved sanitation, three of these scourges 
have practically disappeared in the West, though they continue 
their hold upon the Orient, where sanitary laws are quite un- 
known. In the West we have only small-pox left, which should 
have departed with the other three, and would have departed 
had the doctors and the state brought to the altar the same dis- 
interested solicitude (?) to secure general sanitation, which they 
have displayed to enforce vaccination. It cannot be too often 
icpeated: the present home of small-pox, as in times of yore, is 


where filth abounds ; and its proper antidote is not vaccination, 
but cleanliness. It pays not the slightest respect for a vaccina- 
tion certificate, but does take full account of dirt and dissipation. 
To the drunkard and prostitute it says : "I have a mortgage on 
that man's, that woman's life ; they are mine !" and so it moves 
among the motley crowd, letting its pestilent shadow fall upon 
the dirtiest and most wretched, gathering these as its pre-or- 
dained harvest. Of the importance of cleaning up these hells 
of dirt and stench the vaccinator says not a word, but lobbies 
the legislative bodies to compel every member of these dirty 
dens to be vaccinated. 

Circumcision so long practiced by 'he ancient Egyptians 
and later up to this day universally insisted upon by the Jews in 
all countries as well as by many Orientals, is considered cleanly 
and health inspiring. Phimosis is certainly abnormal and un- 
healthy often leading, by irritation through the sympathetic 
nervous system, to the secret vice. It has also indirectly caused 
death. Why not then, inasmuch as the circumcision-practicing 
jews are the healthiest and about the longest-lived people on 
earth — why not, I say, enact a rigid circumcision law? And as 
this would require a surgical operation, politico-doctors could by 
persistent lobbying legislators, make it compulsory. And fur- 
ther, it could also be made a fertile source of medical and surgi- 
cal revenue. This matter has already been favorably agitated 
in San Francisco, Cal. I should rather favor such a law myself, 
provided one of the clauses compeled the doctors by way of ex- 
ample, to be the first to submit to the surgical knife. Would 
not our medical gentlemen pronounce this a menace to per- 
sonal liberty ? Speak out doctors ! 

Dr. Pickering, in an interview between daily visits among 
small-pox patients, penned the following paragraph which is in- 
serted in his very important work on "Sanitation or Vaccina- 
tion,'' page 47 :— 

"Epidemics, and, in fact, all 2ymotic diseases, may be said 


to be filth-diseases. There is no exception to that rule. Whom 
do they attack? The unclean. What neighborhoods do they 
visit ? The filthiest. What towns do they select? Those where 
sanitary conditions are the most neglected. Note the last small- 
pox epidemic, and take Leeds as an example. Who were the 
victims? The very lowest classes of society, children that were 
filthy, neglected, and ill-fed, others living in houses that were 
overcrowded, destitute of proper ventilation, and in courts and 
alleys where sanitation is a term unknown ; adults, who are 
1 ramps, drunkards, prostitutes, men and women without homes, 
wanderers, — with a very modest sprinkling of the very lowest 
sections of the working classes ; these formed seven-tenths of 
the patients who passed through the hospital of the Leeds 
Union, and these are the very self-same people, resident in the 
Tame houses, streets, and neighborhoods, who would have fallen 
the first victims to any other epidemic which had sprung up. 
If they had not yielded to the small-pox they would have suc- 
cumbed to scarlet fever, typhoid, or the like. If the unsanitary 
surroundings are there, and the physically deteriorated In health 
within reach, then the conditions for producing an epidemic are 
{ resent, and the result cannot fail to be disastrous. The strong 
and healthy do not take the small-pox." But if they have been 
vaccinated poisoning the blood, searing the flesh, and depleting 
the vital forces, they have opened the door and invited small- 
pox to enter. 

A Mr. John Oyer, an ardent anti-vaccinationist, taught 
school in Bradford, Eng. One day he noticed a lad of about 
twelve years — a new pupil in school. He questioned him : 
"Where did you come from?*' "Sheffield, sir." "How long 
have you resided there?" "Six years, sir." "How many are 
there in the family? - ' "Six of us, sir." "Then you were in Shef- 
field during the small-pox epidemic?" "Yes, sir." "Did any of 
you have the small-pox?" "Oh, no, sir, we lived in a front 
street." That last sentence tells the whole story. It is worth 


more than a dozen reports of Local Guardians ; worth more 
than whole columns of statistics. It hits the nail square on the 
head, and locates the disease. Why didn't the lad say: "Oh, 
no. sir, we were all vaccinated?" Because children tell the truth, 
and this was a spontaneous utterance which in one brief sen- 
tence gave the facts, the law and the philosophy. "We lived in a 
front street." When all streets shall be made like unto this 
front street, and all the people observe hygienic habits ; when all 
shall be washed and made clean ; when vaccination stations 
shall be superseded with free public baths — in that city small- 
pox will not be able to secure a night's lodging. For that city 
small-pox epidemics will have been numbered ; and no class 
know this better than the medical profession. But then, what 
would become of the vaccinating fraternity if the last epidemic 
of small-pox should bid a final farewell and be no more known 
about its accustomed haunts? No, for the present the profes- 
sion must cling to antidotes, specifics and prophylactics as their 
main chance, while they give to sanitary science a merely formal 
and tacit recognition. The profession are well aware that such 
mitigation of zymotic plagues as the civilized world have been 
able to realize in the last fifty years, is chiefly due to improved 
sanitation, while prophylactics and antidotes have played but an 
infinitesimal part, and that part generally working more injury 
than good. 

I never yet met a fever case where the cause was difficult to 
find; either personal uncleanliness, a vitiated atmosphere, im- 
pure water, a cess-pool nuisance, or defective drainage ; these 
or their kind, have invariably been found the exciting cause. 
When I am called to the bedside of a small-pox patient, I never 
once inquire whether the person has been vaccinated. What 
is the state of that patient's skin? Were there any abrazed sur- 
faces about the body through which the disease could gain ac- 
cess to the blood? Is the house well ventilated? No, the at- 


mosphere is foul. I discover, too, that from the convenience off 
the hall a sewer gas stench proceeds and fills the whole house. 
The house is in a crowded quarter. I know the rest. It was 
not neglect of re-vaccination but neglect of the simplest rules 
of health which caused the small-pox infection to "take." It 
was in its native soil and the conditions favored its springing 
forth. Here is a case which illustrates how the small-pox may 
be communicated through an abrazed skin : — 

"In the small-pox epidemic of 1871-2, a lady's housemaid 
caught the small-pox. It was a mild attack. She did not leave 
the house. I called to assist the enquiry as to how she had got 
it. I said to the lady: 1. Is the maid a cleanly girl in her per- 
son and habits? Yes. 2. Is the house in a fairly sanitary con- 
dition ? It is in a good condition, in every respect. 3. Does she 
offer any explanation? Only today. She said that about ten 
days before her attack she called at the small-pox hospital for 
a sister who had had the disease and was discharged that night, 
and took her home. 4. That circumstance of itself would not 
account for the small-pox unless the girl had an abrazed skin 
or spots in process of healing about her where the blood would 
be directly inoculated by the germs held in the air of the room. 
Enquire of her if she can bring to mind any incident of that 
sort? The girl cannot tax her recollection with any such facts. 
5. To be more particular, please enquire again — had she 
scratches on her hands, face, or neck, where a wound of any 
kind was in a bleeding state? This time, I think, we have got a 
clue to the mishap. The girl is subject to chapped hands in 
frosty weather, and they are worse on the washing day. The 
evening she went to the hospital was during the severe frost 
in the second week of December ; she had a hard day's washing, 
and she says she remembers that her hands bled very much 
from 'deep cracks' on the second joints of her fingers on both 

"The small-pox is accounted for, I said, and you will be 
more satisfied now that a cause has been found which explains 
the phenomenon. 

"The attack was mild — 1. Because the girl was possessed 
of a vigorous habit of body. 2. Because the air in the waiting 


room was constantly changing by persons passing to and fro, 
and the contagion was not strong enough to infect the system 
thoroughly. Had she remained there half-an-hour instead of 
five minutes, her case would have been more severe. 

This coincidence shows how careful people should be not 
to have open wounds in exposed places. Even the scratch of a 
pin is dangerous in the presence of an infected atmosphere. 
A piece of Diachylon plaster should be near at hand in every 
nousehold, or the wound should be covered with a little clean 
cotton fastened by a bit of thread. It also shows the danger of 
vaccination. Many of the children of the poor go direct home 
to an infected atmosphere, the blood is inoculated, and from the 
supervening fever, or its sequelae, they perish — thousands per 
annum ! * * * The vaccinator never dreams of the danger 
of blood-inoculation." — Pickering, page 72. 

And here is the royal household of small-pox : — 

"I called upon the chief constable of Leeds one evening 
and preferred the following request, viz: T want a detective 
told off to go with me to the common lodging houses. I 
wish to see how people live, in the small hours of the morning.' 
'It shall be as you require. If you call here at 1 a. m.. the detec- 
tive will be in waiting.' I went home and tried to obtain a few 
hours sleep, but the prospect of my novel undertaking was too 
engrossing. I slept not. At midnight I wrapped myself in the 
folds of a Scotch plaid and started for the police office. Arriv- 
ing there a few minutes before the appointed time, I found my 
detective ready for business. Of course we took an easterly 
direction. Detective observed, 'We shall have to be discreet 
as to the representations we make to hide the real object we 
have in view; so I sliall be on the lookout for a criminal, and 
you will have to support me in that bit of deceptiveness. It 
does not do to call these people up at 2 a. m. and search the 
house from top tc bottom without an adequate motive.' 'I un- 
derstand,' I said, 'and I am pleased to hear that our search is to 
be from top to bottom.' 'Well,' he answered, T suspect you do 
not want to do iu by halves.' 

It was in the month of December, a bitterly cold night, the 
moon shone brightly, and the stars twinkled in their merriest 
fashion as we kr.ocked loudly at the door of a C. L. H., No. 7, 


in a narrow street leading out of Kirkgate. In turn we woke up 
the principals of tour of these museums of uncleanliness. 

"To describe one is to describe them all. The houses were 
composed of three floors — ground, first, and second — the cellars 
were only used for coals and lumber. All the rooms were spa- 
cious for that class of house, perhaps 15 by 13 feet. Half a cen- 
tury ago the houses were respectably tenanted, no doubt, but 
they ^.ad come down in the world's esteem. The kitchen, which 
served as a living room for twenty-eight or thirty people from 
5 p. m. one day to 10 a m. on the next day, was in a filthy condi- 
tion — essentially filthy. Pots and pans of all patterns and sizes 
were thrown on chairs, tables and shelves, unwashed, bearing 
upon their exterior no evidence of having been cleansed since 
the day they were made ; whilst the stocks in trade of a dozen 
venders of gimcrack varieties were piled up in a corner. Not a 
crumb was to be seen. Bones of all sizes and odors, well 
picked, lay scattered about. There was no waste in that domi- 
cile. The window was stuffed with bits of rag to exclude the 
fresh air and to keep in the warmth. This was a noticeable fea- 
ture in all the rooms of the house, and very successful it was. 
But how shall I describe those bedrooms, two on each floor, 
each one affording sleeping accommodation for seven or eight 
adults of both sexes, married and single, with sundry 'infants in 
arms' in addition? The latter don't count as lodgers, they are 
given in.' 

'"These children, the very dregs of mankind, head the list 
in the statistics of the 'Unvaccinated' who perish annually in the 
periodic outbreaks of small-pox, bronchitis, measles, diarrhoea, 
syphilis, and their kinsfolk. Unfit for vaccination — nay, unfit 
for life — they are the 'unhealthy unvaccinated' who picnic in the 
vital statistics of Dr. Barry and Dr. Buchanan as the 'unvacci- 
nated.' and whose deaths, thus basely certified go to prop the 
cranky columns on which Jennerism is sustained, and to throw 
doubt on the veracity of the leaders in the anti-vaccination en- 
terprise who adhere to that representation. 

"But to return to my story. On opening the door of the 
bedroom 1 met with an atmosphere laden with the exhalations 
from herrings, onions, and compounds not mentioned in cook- 
ery books in various stages of digestion and indigestion. In 


>ober sadness, if I had remained in that room inhaling the me- 
phitic fumes at an elevation of five feet from the floor, there 
would have been an end of me and my fads in fifteen minutes. 

1 feel quite certain on that point. I could only account for life 
maintaining itself eight inches from the floor on the principle 
(hat some little fresh air crept into the apartment under the door. 
The inmates lay feet to feet, covered with the clothes they wore 
in the daytime, with some small article of underclothing 
squeezed up into a bundle for a pillow ; they were fast asleep, 
not one showed any symptoms of life beyond the hard breathing 
of those who were semi-asphyxiated as they slept ; but I was 
destined to learn there was philosophy in the exclusion of fresh 
air from each of these dormitories. 

"I enquired of our guide, the female owner of this fever 
den. why all the bedrooms were so studiously air-proofed. 'Oh, 
yer don't know then. It's just 'ere. If they'ev fresh air, when 
they waken up they're hungry; bnt if they ev'nt, — they're not 
hungry. D'ye see?' 'Yes,' I said, with a sigh, T see.' This was 
my first initiation into the patent method of cheating the stom- 
ach, and it was a saddening lesson I learnt. 

"During the small-pox epidemic of 1871-2 I saw these same 
houses and visited them. Each one supplied its quota of victims 
to swell the death-rate from the prevailing zymotic, and to dem- 
onstrate the fact that the small-pox is a filth disease, connected 
strangely with the sin of overcrowding. 

"And yet there are Simons, Playfairs, Barrys, and Buchan- 
ans in any number, diffused in space, saying, 'Small-pox is not a 
disease due to unsanitary conditions,' thus lying in the face of 
facts, in the face of Nature, and of God. 

"Oh you philosophizing machines, did you ever go, between 

2 and 5 a. m., exploiting amongst the fever-stricken outcasts of 
society and the dens in which they live, to watch how fevers do 
germinate and grow up in first specimens? No, I should not 
surprise you at that game. Of what value, then, is your long- 
eared theory as to small-pox not being a filth disease. 'Small- 
pox is a special disease, needing a special remedy, Vaccination,' 
So you say. I know better. Small-pox is a filth disease, it 
never was anything else. Do you think you can go on deceiving 
this nation, her Queen, her Parliament, her people, and her poor 


for ever? Your theories, like Pindar's razors, are made to sell. 
Vaccination is worth so much, so many hundreds of thousands 
per annum, to the medical faculty and the observance must be 
continued, let the consequences be ever so disastrous. The vac- 
cinator has said to Evil, 'Be thou my good.' " — Dr. Pickering, 
page 74. 

"To show that small-pox is a filth disease I call Sheffield 
into the witness-box. I cling to Sheffield, as Mr. Gladstone 
clings to Mitchelstown. There's nothing like a big broad fact 
to hurl at an enemy when you know he is misstating events or 
statistics to cover his own failures. So I refer to Sheffield, a 
town where, in 1887-8, there was a fatal epidemic of small-pox; 
a town reeking in its own filth, vaccinated up to 95 per cent, of 
the births ; a town with, perhaps, ten anti-vaccinators in it, just 
enough to save it from the fate which befell the Cities of the 
Plain in the days of 'Abraham ; and a town where all who per- 
ished were either vaccinated or unfit for vaccination — the last- 
named were as good as dead to begin with — not one healthy 
'unvaccinated' person perished in that epidemic ! Not one ! 
What, then, becomes of the official report of the Sheffield epi- 
demic and of the statistics inside? Nothing, the thing — the 
book, — I mean, like Pindar's razors, was made to sell ! Tis a re- 
port crimson'd in falsehood. 

"I call Leicester and Keighley into the witness-box. I 
could call several other very populous towns if I stood in need 
of their evidence. Neither of these two towns, in 1887-8, had 
any filth, any vaccination, and the small-pox, like the Levite, 
passed by on the other side. 

"A thriving trade in filth and vaccine — means plenty of 

"No trade in filth and vaccine — means no small-pox. 

"You Local, but illogical, Government Board, what say you 
to this indictment? 

" 'Ephraim is joined to idols ; let him alone.' " — Pickering, 
pages 73-74. 

If one will read a description of the city of London during 
the early part of the eighteenth century, he need not look any 
further for the causes which insured a periodical return of the 


plague and black death. In the Appendix to Prof. Wallace's 
chapter on Vaccination, he gives quite a lengthy account of 
London's unsanitary condition two hundred years ago, a por- 
tion of which I will quote and the other portions condense : — 

"In the early part of the sixteenth century London was in 
a condition of over-crowding and general filth which we can now 
hardly realize. The houses were low and overhung the streets 
and almost all had cess-pools close behind or underneath them. 
The streets were narrow, the main thoroughfares being paved 
with cobble stones, which collected filth and allowed it to soak 
into the ground beneath until the soil and the subsoil became 
saturated. Slops and refuse of all kinds were thrown into the 
streets at night, and only the larger streets were ever cleaned. 
The by-streets and the roads outside London were so bad that 
vehicles could only go two or three miles an hour; while even 
between London and Kensington, coaches sometimes stuck in 
the mud or had to turn back and give up the journey. The 
writers of the time describe the streets as dangerous and often 
impassible, while only in the main thoroughfare were there any 
footways, which were separated from the narrow roadway by 
rows of posts. Gay, in his Trivia, speaks of the slops thrown 
from the overhanging windows, and the frequent dangers of 
the night, adding — 

'Though expedition bids, yet never stray 
Where no ranged posts defend the rugged way.' 
And throughout his poem, dirt, mire, mud, slime, are continually 
referred to as being the chief characteristics of the streets. 
They mostly had a gutter on each side, and with few exceptions 
rain alone prevented their being blocked with refuse. The ef- 
fects of a heavy shower in the city are forcibly described by 
Swift in his usual plain language, — 

'Now from all parts the swelling kennels flow, 
And bear their trophies with them as they go ; 
Filths of all hues and odours seem to tell 
What street they sailed from by their sight and smell. 
* * * * * * 

Sweeping from butchers' stalls, dung, guts, and blood, 
Drown'd puppies, stinking sprats, all drench'd in mud, 
Dead cats, and turnip tops, come tumbling down the flood?* 


Macaulay tells us that down to 1726, St. James' Square, though 
surrounded by houses of the nobility, was a common receptacle 
for refuse of all kinds, and that it required an act of Parliament 
to stop its being so used. Hogs were kept in St. George's, Han- 
over Square, and in i;6o many were seized as a common nuis- 

"The numerous small streams which flowed through Lon- 
don from the northern heights — Langbourne, Wallbrook, Fleet, 
Tybourne, and Westbourne — which were in earlier times a 
source of health and water-supply, gradually became noisome 
open sewers, and one after another were arched over. There 
were many wells in London, indicated by such names as Holy- 
well, Clerkenwell. and .Aldgate Pump, and there were also con- 
duits in Cheapside and Cornhill ; but it is certain that, from the 
filthy streets and house-cesspools, all the water derived from 
them must have been contaminated, and thus helped to produce 
the terrible mortality from plague and fevers of the seventeenth 
century. It has been often suggested that the Great Fire of 
London in 1666 was the cause of the final disappearance of the 
plague, but how, except that the new house were for once clean 
and wholesome, lias not, I think, been satisfactorily explained. 
I believe, however, that it can be found in the action of the fire 
upon the soil, which for more than a thousand years had been 
continually saturated with filth, and must, as we now know, 
have afforded a nidus for every kind of disease-germs. The long 
continued fire not only destroyed the closely-packed houses, 
but in doing so must have actually burnt the whole soil to a 
considerable depth, and thus have destroyed not only the living 
germs, but all the organic matter in it. The new city for the first 
time for many centuries, had beneath it a dry and wholesome 
soil, which to this day has not had time to get fully polluted 
as before the fire. 

When we remember the filthy condition of the streets, and 
that owing to the cess-pools either under or close behind the 
houses, the scarcity of water, and the absence of ventilation, the 
shops and living rooms were always full of foul air, bad smells, 
and poisonous gases, how can we wonder at the prevalence of 
zymotic diseases and the dreadful amount of infant and general 


mortality? And in many houses there was an additional peril 
in the vicinity of church yards. In Nicholl's "Illustrations of 
Literary History" (vol. iv. p. 499), Mr. Samuel Gale is quoted 
as writing (in 1736,) as follows : — 

"In the churchyard of St. Paul, Covent Garden, the burials 
are so frequent that the place is not capacious enough to contain 
decently the crowds of dead, some of whom are not laid above a 
foot under the loose earth. The cemetery is surrounded every 
way with close buildings ; and an acquaintance of mine, whose 
apartments look into the churchyard, hath averred to me, that 
the family have often rose in the night time and been forced to 
burn frankincense and other perfumes to dissipate and break 
the contagious vapor. This is an instance of the danger of in- 
fection proceeding from the corrupt effluvia of dead bodies.' 

"Many illnesses then originated in churches, and even those 
whose houses were exceptionally wholesome were often ex- 
posed to a dangerous atmosphere when they went to church on 

"The general food of the poor and the middle classes added 
greatly to their unhealthiness, and itself caused disease. Owing 
to the absence of good roads, it was impossible to supply the 
large population of London with fresh food throughout the 
year, and, consequently, salt meat and salt fish formed the staple 
diet during the winter. For the same reason fresh vegetables 
were unattainable ; so that meat, cheese, and bread, with beer 
as the common drink at all meals, was the regular food, with 
chiefly salted meat and fish in winter. As a result, scurvy was 
very common. Dr. Cheyne, in 1724, says, 'There is no chroni- 
cal distemper more universal, more obstinate, and more fatal in 
Britain, than the scurvy.' And it continued to be common down 
to 1783, when Dr. Buchanan says, 'The disease most common 
in this country is the scurvy.' But very soon afterwards it de- 
creased, owing to the growing use of potatoes and tea, and an 
increased supply of fresh vegetables, fruit, milk, etc., which the 
improved roads allowed to be brought in quantities from the 
surrounding country. 

"Now it is quite certain, that the excessively unhealthy con- 
ditions of life, as here briefly described, continued with very 
partial amelioration throughout the middle portion of the cen- 


tury ; and we have to consider what were the causes which then 
came into operation, leading to the great improvement in health 
that undoubtedly occurred in the latter portions of it and in the 
early part of our century. 

"Beginning with improvements in the streets and houses, 
we have, in 1762, an act passed for the removal of the overhang- 
ing signboards, projecting waterspouts, and other such obstruc- 
tions. In 1766 the first granite pavements were laid down, which 
were found so beneficial and in the end economical, that during 
the next half-century almost all London was thus paved. In 
1768 the first Commissioners of Paving, Lighting and Watching 
were appointed, and by 1780 Dr. Black states that many streets 
had been widened, sewers made, that there was a better water 
supply and less crowding. From this date onward, we are told 
in the 'Encyclopoedia Britannica' (art. 'London'), a rapid rate 
of progress commenced, and that since 1785 almost the whole of 
the houses within the city had been rebuilt, with wider streets 
and much more light and air. In 1795 the western side of Tem- 
ple Bar and Snowhill were widened and improved, and soon 
afterwards Butcher's Row, at the back of St. Clement's church, 
Was removed. Of course, these are only indications of changes 
that were going on over the whole city ; and, coincident with 
these improvements, there was a rapid extension of the in- 
habited area, which, from a sanitary point of view, was of far 
greater importance. That agglomeration of streets interspersed 
with spacious squares and gardens, which extends to the north 
of Oxford street, was almost wholly built in the period we are 
discussing. Bloomsbury and Russell Squares and the adjacent 
streets, occupy the site of Bedford House and grounds, which 
were sold for building on in 1800. All round London similar ex- 
tensions were carried out. People went to live in these new 
suburbs, giving up their city houses to business or offices only. 
Regent's Park was formed, and Regent street and Portland 
Place were built before 1820, and the whole intervening area 
was soon covered with streets and houses, which for some con- 
siderable period enjoyed the pure air of the country. At this 
time the water supply became greatly improved, and the use of 
iron mains in place of the old wooden ones, and of lead pipes 
by which water was carried into all the new houses, was of ines- 


timable value from a sanitary point of view. 

"Then, just at the same time, began the great improve- 
ment in the roads, consequent on the establishment of mail- 
coaches in 1784. This at once extended the limits of residence 
for business men, while it facilitated the supply of fresh food to 
the city." — A. R. Wallace's "Nineteenth Century." 

In 1801, London, within the Bills of Mortality, was in- 
creased in area by almost fifty per cent, with comparatively very 
little increase of population, owing to the suburban parishes of 
St. Luke's, Chelsea, Kensington, Marylebone, Paddington, and 
St. Pancras being then included; and even in 1821 this whole 
area had only a million inhabitants, and therefore enjoyed semi- 
rural conditions of life. This was a powerful sanitary cause 
which led to the great diminution of mortality, both general and 
from the zymotic diseases. Then the change of diet from bread, 
beer, and salted meat, to potatoes, and fresh meat, substituting 
tea for beer, occasioned a marked change in the death rate. Po- 
tatoes were first used in hospital diet in 1767. 

Now, the various classes of improvements here briefly in- 
dicated — wider and cleaner streets, construction of sewers, bet- 
ter water supply, more wholesome food and especially the 
spreading out of the population over a much wider area; all oc- 
curing simultaneously, are in their combination amply sufficient 
to account for the remarkable decrease of mortality which oc- 
cured within the half century from 1775 to 1825. Small-pox is 
only included with all zymotic diseases in the decrease, yet the 
Royal Commissioners lay particular stress on the connection of 
small-pox with vaccination as the cause for the decrease of that 
particular disease. Prof. Wallace concludes : — 

"I have now supplied the last piece of confirmatory evi- 
dence which the commissioners declared was not forthcoming; 
not because I think it at all necessary for the complete condem- 
nation of vaccination, but because it affords another illustration 
of the curious inability of the commission to recognize any 
causes as influencing the diminution of small-pox except that 


vaccine-virus operation. In this, as in all the other cases I have 
discussed, their report is founded on the opinions and beliefs of 
the medical and official upholders of vaccination ; while the great 
masses of national experience, embodied in statistics of mortal- 
ity from various groups of diseases, as well as the well-known 
facts of the sanitary history of London during the critical half 
century, 1775-1825, are either neglected, misunderstood or alto- 
gether overlooked." 

With the vaccinating doctor these pest breeding centers of 
filth are trivial and unimportant matters in comparison with vac- 
cination. Never mind the dirt and stench, but if you neglect to 
vaccinate it is at your own peril ! It is better that the populace 
wallow up to their necks in the cess-pools than to neglect to 
vaccinate and re-vaccinate. Indeed, vaccination is the main prop 
and dependence of the old outworn school of physic. It is a 
conservator of old superstitions, of the bank account and an 
available friend in the period of senility. Not a good thing to 
mitigate too much. Financial conditions should be kept in a 
state of equilibrium. When a money center becomes disturbed 
everything is disturbed. "Hang it," said Thoreau, "if it were 
not for these pestilent agitators how smooth this business would 

Small-pox appears and disappears under precisely the same 
conditions that attend scarlet fever, typhoid, and diarrhoea. It 
is met with in the streets, in the same haunts and amongst the 
same people. Vaccination has no more effect to mitigate one 
than it has upon any other member of the group of zymotics. 
We shall never stamp out small-pox, cancer, consumption, or 
leprosy, so long as we continue to stamp them in through the 
idiotic rite of a vicious cow-pox vaccination. The Germans en- 
deavored to stamp out syphilis by stamping it in with syphilized 
vaccine pus. They have abandoned that now, and later they 
will abandon vaccination altogether. It should be a question 
for every householder to know that his only protection is in per- 
sonal and domestic cleanliness. Sanitation is the only accessi- 


ble agency which God has placed within our reach ; and this 
agency is full and adequate if we will apply it with religious 
fidelity. Let us turn from the idol which the "King" com- 
manded us to worship : — 

"And a tempest arose, thunders and waves and lightenings, 
and the moan of winds ; and the dome of the Temple was rent ; 
and the whirl and the rains rushed in. And behold! a flash, and 
it rolled down like a God ; and grappling the Image it smote 
it from head to foot, and dashed it in fragments ; its crown of 
jewels was broken ; its scepter was a ruin ; its law as lies a 
blackened corpse ; it was stricken into small pieces, and the rain 
roared and buffeted its remnants." — Knock. 



"Vaccination differs, however, from all previous errors of 
the faculty, in being maintained as the law of the land on the 
warrant of medical authority. That is the reason why the blow 
to professional credit can hardly help being severe, and why the 
efforts to ward it off have been, and will continue to be so in- 
genious." — Dr. Creighton. 

"I want no proof that if I imbibe the causes of disease, I can 
only disguise the result, — I can never escape it, — by artificially 
infusing fresh disease. That I can thus escape or lessen it, is 
the monstrous doctrine to which our wise vaccinators commit 
themselves."— F. W. Newman, Emeritus Professor, Weston- 
super-Mare, April, 1876. 

The specific vegetable and animal poisons that war against 
the physiological processes in man have a very wide range in 
their action, both as regards their relative intensity, and the 
period after being planted when they commence their work of 
destruction. Some poisons, conveyed to the blood through the 
skin, are instantaneously fatal ; others will apparently lie dor- 
mant for a term of years and then become roused to action, 
fasten upon some organ — like tubercle in the lungs — disinte- 
grate its tissue and destroy the life. Still others — like leprosy — 
slowly but surely breaks down the tissue of every organ from 
nerve to bone, until the entire body falls a mutilated and inde- 
scribably repulsive ruin. The vaccine virus proper acts with 


comparative promptness in .producing its specific disease ; but 
is at the same time the most insiduous and dangerous among 
the poison-fiends on account of the masked, many-sided and 
multiform properties that lie concealed within its substance. 
It has traveled a sinuous jojpmey and nested with every con- 
ceivable species of infernality, picking up on its way micro-or- 
ganisms and chemical subtleties which neither bacteriologist or 
organic chemist are able to detect ; but which nevertheless are 
potent and implacable enemies when sown or cast into the circu- 
lating life-stream of a human being. Almost daily we read of 
vaccinal disasters, of cases that have "gone wrong" though only 
the "immaculate" and "sterilized" calf-lymph was used in the 
operation ! 

All vegetable and animal poisons inoculated through the 
skin is blood-poisoning. Some of these may be physiologically 
combated and gotten rid of without serious harm. Other poisons, 
which the blood cannot expel — like scrofula, cancer and tubercle 
and vaccine — arc sequestered for a season and reduced to a min- 
imum of mischief, a truce having been arranged between the or- 
ganism and the poison, each waiting for an opportunity to worst 
the other. Necroscopic poisoning proves fatal in a few days. 
Syphilis, it were far better to prove fatal and be done with it. 
The savages of Lamas and Ticunas, South America, extract a 
subtle vegetable poison by fire from divers plants, and with this 
they treat their arrow-points, which when they pierce an ani- 
mal's skin, cause instantaneous death. Yet their flesh is not 
thereby rejected for food. Mous de la Condamine, of the Royal 
Academy of Science, Paris, experimented with this poison on 
dogs, bears, cats, rabbits, birds, etc., and in nearly every case 
death was instantaneous ; but the same amount of the poison 
introduced into the stomach was inert ; inert also when applied 
to the surface of the skin. It is beneath the skin — where it can 
reach the circulation — that its fatal effects are manifested. The 


bite of a musquito, or red ant, or the sting of a bee, or the bite 
of a rattlesnake, or puncture from a lance tipped with cow-pus, 
each and all are forms of blood-poisoning. When deliberately 
inflicted, blood-poisoning is a murderous operation. Vaccina- 
tion is blood-poisoning with expectations of the fee. How many 
removes is it from a capital crime against society? The poisons 
concealed in calf-pus permanently affect the blood ; but the ef- 
fect is often not perceptible until a time arrives when the physi- 
cal powers are deteriorated by bad habits, exposure, disappoint- 
ment, or depressing influence of some kind, and then it is that 
the special poison begins to manifest its fatal effects. Syphilis, 
cancer, scrofula, or tubercle, borne into the blood with the vac- 
cinal virus, may lie dormant for a series of years, but its oppor- 
tunity punctually arrives when it will claim and conquer its vic- 


In 1862, M. Ricord, one of the most eminent authorities on 
syphilitic affections, during a lecture in Hotel Dieu, Paris, said: 
"If ever the transmission of disease with vaccine-lymph is clearly 
demonstrated, vaccination must be altogether discontinued ; for 
in the present state of science, we are in possession of no cri- 
terion which may permit the conscientious practitioner to assert 
that the lymph with which he inoculates, is perfectly free from 

The following year (May 19, 1863,) standing in the same 
place, this same eminent authority declared : — 

"At first I repelled the idea that syphilis could be trans- 
mitted by vaccination. The recurrence of facts appearing more 
and more confirmatory, I accepted the possibility of this mode 
of transmission, I should say, with reserve, and even with repug- 
nance : but today I hesitate no more to proclaim their reality. 
* * * Who, pray, will run such risks to escape the small- 


In 1868, Dr. Ballard, one of the vaccine inspectors for the 
English government, observed: — 

"There can be no reasonable doubt that the vaccine virus 
and the syphilitic virus may both be drawn at the same time, 
upon the same instrument, from one and the same vesicle. The 
vesicle which is thus capable of furnishing both vaccine and 
syphilitic virus may present, prior to being opened, all the 
normal and fully developed characters of a true Jennerian vesicle 
as ordinarily met with." 


During the same year (1868) Dr. Cornell, president Home- 
opathic Society of Pennsylvania, said in his annual address: "To 
no medium of transmission is the wide spread dissemination of 
this class of disease so largely indebted as vaccination." Dr. 
ncim, public vaccinator, Wurtemburg, declared: "I have my- 
self planted syphilis from a child winch seemed at the time per- 
fectly healthy." — "Horrors of Vaccination," page 26. 

A patient was brought to the class room of the Clinical So- 
ciety and exhibited to Dr. Hutchinson, when he said :— "We have 
now c nerged from the reign of doubt to one of belief in the pos- 
sibility of such an untoward occurrence. * * * The facts 
new before the public will tend to rouse them, if they have not 
been roused already, from the false security into which they 
have been lulled." — "Med. Times and Gazette," Feb., 1872. 

Here is a record which the heads of every family in the land 
should carefully read and ponder. The teaching of the medical 
faculty that blood inoculation, either as a preventive or modify- 
ing agent of any disease is a fallacy of the worst type. It is false 
in principle and pernicious to the last degree in practice. Inoc- 
ulation for measles, scrofula, and syphilis have all been tried, 
and abandoned on the fullest proof that the antidote is far worse 
than the original disease, and that it neither prevented nor mod- 
ified a second attack. The vaccination folly not only fails to mit- 


igate small-pox, but it is a fearful agent of disease by communi- 
cating along with the vaccine virus, diseases far more to be 
dreaded than the small-pox — diseases which threaten to depopu- 
late tropical archipeligos, and even the continents, if compul- 
sory vaccination were to be enforced for another century. Prof. 
Germann said in an address to the Diet of the German Empire: 

"Above all, the dire fatality, which lately occurred at Lebus, 
a suburb of Frankfort-on-the-Oder, would alone warrant the 
abolition of the vaccination laws. Eighteen school girls, aver- 
aging twelve years of age, were re-vaccinated, and thereby syph- 
ilised. and some of them died. * * * Yet the lymph, the 
syphilitic lymph, used in this case, was obtained from the Of- 
ficial Royal Establishment, and was the new regenerated or 'an- 
nualized' vaccine lymph so warmly recommended for the re-vac- 
cination of schools." 

In 1877, Brundenell Carter, surgeon to St. George's Hospi- 
tal, London, observed: "I think that a large proportion of the 
cases of apparently inherited syphilis are in reality vaccinal; 
and that the syphilis in these cases does not show itself until the 
age of from eight to ten years, by which time the relation be- 
tween cause and effect are apt to be lost sight of." — Med. Exam., 
May 24, 1877. 

In "Journal d' Hygiene," Aug. 25. 1881, Dr. Desjardins 
gives a detailed account of the syphilization of the 58 French re- 
cruits in Algeria. The most cautious silence was maintained by 
the military authorities. These soldiers were solaced in a small 
measure by being granted pensions. 

Dr. G. W. Winterburn, physician-in-chief to Manhattan 
Hospital, gives the details of a very distressing case that came 
under his observation. In December, 1879, there came to the 
out-patient department of the hospital, a mother with her little 
girl, twenty-one months old. The husband had died of pneu- 
monia, leaving mother and three children, which the mother 
supported by odd jobs at laundry work. Poor but neat, they 
excited Dr. Winterburn's attention and sympathy. According 
to the mother's report, the three children seven weeks previ- 
ously, had been forcibly vaccinated in a house to house visita- 
tion. The arms of all her children had remained sore ever since. 


For about a week before calling at the hospital she had noticed 
ulcers on the body of one, and applied salve from the drug- 
store ; but the child grew worse. The day before she noticed 
places breaking out on the second child — the little girl twenty- 
one months old — and had brought it to find out what was the 
matter. Dr. Winterburn says : — 

"On examining the child, I found the place of insertion of 
the vaccine virus, a shallow, cleancut ulcer, filled with a dirty 
exudation. The cellular tissue round about it was infiltrated and 
very hard, extending over nearly one-half of the upper arm. 
The axilla was tender, and the glands swollen. There were six 
ulcers on the body; four of them very small, just forming that 
day, and two somewhat larger, having appeared thirty-six hours 
previously. These ulcers began, like a blister, the size of a split 
pea, with a swollen indurated base of a copperish hue, and in all 
respects resembling syphilitic rupia. The ulcers were so charac- 
teristic, that I ordered the whole family to appear before me on 
the morrow. When, on the following day, I saw the infant strip- 
ped of its clothes, revealing no less than thirty dreadful ulcers, 
some of them as large as a silver dime ; it made me heart-sick. 
Some of these had already begun to scab, showing the peculiar 
watch-crystal formation, so characteristic of this eruption. On 
the oldest child I found four small blisters on the back, and she 
a'so, in a day or two, had a full share of syphilitic sores. Here 
were three children, which a very careful investigation in the 
neighborhood, where they lived, showed that they had been, up 
to the time of their vaccination, in very good health, suddenly 
stricken with the most incontestible evidences of this dreadful 
disorder." — "The Value of Vaccination," Winterburn, page 130. 

In his appendix to the 37th annual report of the Registrar 
General of Great Britain, Dr. Farr, page 121, writes: "Syph- 
ilis was twice as fatal in the five years, 1870-1874, as it was 
twenty years ago. Its most fatal recorded forms occur in chil- 
dren under one year of age." The following table gives the re- 
lation between vaccination, small-pox and syphilis, from 1850 to 
1881. It is from the nth annual report of Local Government 
Board, page 346: 





at the ex- 
pense of the 

Poor Rates. 








































3.798 ] 




2,713 ^ 




1 ,290 ] 




1.579 ] 




5,891 ] 




7.624 ] 




6,361 ] 




2,977 1 




2,467 ] 




1,994 ] 




1 ,482 ] 




2,547 ] 




23,062 i 




19,022 ] 




2,303 ] 




2,084 ] 




849 i 

j, 1 42 



2,408 i 




4,278 i 




1.856 s 




536 i 




648 i 

j, 1 62 



3,098 : 


Thus the average increase of syphilitic fatality has been 50 
per year during a period of thirty years, while deaths from 
small-pox waxes and wanes without any seeming connection 
with vaccination as affecting its producing cause. 


Dr. J. G. Beaney, of Melbourne, says — "Constitutional 
Syphilis," page 373 :— 

"And I at once announce at the outset my firm belief that 
syphilis is in very many instances communicated by means of 
'child's vaccine lymph.' This opinion I have deliberately formed 
and as firmly defend. The evidences of such being the case have, 
in my practice, been numerous and well-pronounced; so dis- 
tinct, indeed, that no doubt whatever could exist as to the na- 
ture of the eruptions, and the certainty of transmission." 

Dr. Scott Tebb, of London, publishes a table giving 700 
cases of vaccinal syphilis in countries outside of England. The 
cases which first attracted serious attention in England, were 
those of Dr. James Whitehead, of the Clinical Hospital, Man- 
chester, 1857. Out of 1,717 children brought to the hospital, 
1,435 had been vaccinated, a large number of whom the mothers 
blamed vaccination for the persistent and troublesome erup- 
tions which subsequently appeared. Among these Dr. White- 
head found thirty-four children suffering from vaccinal syphilis. 
I subjoin cases 2, 11 and 56 from Dr. Whitehead's Third Clin- 
ical Report: — 

"Case 2. An infant, aged nine months, of a bad habit of 
body. Copper-colored blotches appeared after vaccination. 
When seen, there was a mixed eruption on the face and scalp 
and extreme irritability of the whole surface ; the vaccinated 
spots remained unhealed at the end of five months, presenting 
a well-formed rupia with excavation. The father a«d mother 
are described as apparently healthy. 

"Case 11. An infant, aged eleven weeks, of medium habit 
of body. When seen, there were two deep ulcers with hardened 
bases where the vaccine vesicles were formed three weeks pre- 
viously ; copper-colored roseola on the nates and chin, sallow 
complexion, mucous tubercles round the anus, eruptions and 
intertrigo behind the ears, coryza, atrophy, and dysentery. The 
history of the case is that roseola appeared from twelve to four- 
teen days after the vaccination, at the age of two months ; the 
mucous tubercles nine weeks after, while under treatment, and 
atrophy four months after. Father said to be healthy ; mother 


feeble, but apparently free from taint. 

"Case 56. An infant, aged seven and a half months, of good 
habit of body. After the subsidence of the vaccination, the ves- 
icles degenerated into ulcers, surrounded by erythema. When 
seen, there were erythematous blotches of a copper color on the 
chest and neck, eczema auris, arthritis of the left elbow joint, 
and syphilitic pallor. Father said to be healthy; mother ap- 
parently healthy." 

In Dr. Hutchinson's communication to the Royal Medical 
and Chirurgical Society, April 25, 1871, among the numerous 
cases he cites, I select the following: — 

"A mother and her two children, one an infant and the 
other a child of two, were found to be suffering from secondary 
syphilis. The children were vaccinated in September, 1875, and 
their vaccination sores had re-opened and for a long time re- 
mained unhealed. The mother had contracted a sore on her 
nipple from the younger child, and her symptoms were two 
months behind those of the children. The husband subse- 
quently contracted syphilis from his wife." 

Scott Tebb writes — "A Century of Vaccination," page 310: 

"The disease that cow-pox most resembles is not small-pox, 
but syphilis. This view of the analogy of cow-pox with syphilis 
was held by Auzias-Turenne, and in this country it has been ad- 
vocated by Dr. Creighton. Auzias-Turenne says : 'Between 
syphilis and cow-pox the analogy may be a long way followed 
up. The inoculation of cow-pox — a malady with a fixed virus 
sufficiently well-named pox of the cow (verole de vache) — may, 
for example, give rise to polymorphic vaccinides, and sometimes 
to disseminated pathognomonic vesico-pustules, just as the con- 
tagion of the mucous patch, symptom of a malady with an 
equally fixed virus, gives rise to various secondary eruptions, 
and sometimes to the appearance of disseminated mucous 
patches. But, happily for the vaccinated, cow-pox passes 
through a rapid evolution, and does not leave virulent remains 
for so long a time or so frequently as syphilis. 

"The difficulty of distinguishing some cases of cow-pox 
from syphilis has been recognized by the best authorities. Mr. 
George Berry, ophthalmic surgeon to the Royal Infirmary, 


Edinburgh, in a communication on cow-pox of the eye-lids, says 
that the main interest in these cases consists in the possibility 
of the inoculation taking place at all, and in the differential diag- 
nosis between vaccinia and a primary syphilitic sore." 

"Emily Maud, a child, was vaccinated on March 26, 1889, 
and died at the Leeds Infirmary on July 1 of the same year. At 
the inquest on July 10, four members of the Infirmary staff, 
Messrs. McGill, Ward, Littlewood, and Dr. Barrs, gave evi- 
dence that the child died from vaccino-syphilis, and the verdict 
of the jury was that she 'died from syphilis acquired at or from 
vaccination.' " — Ibid. 

"If it be a fact, as maintained by Dr. Creighton, that the 
phenomena of vaccino-syphilis so-called, are due to the inherent, 
though mostly dormant natural history characters of cow-pox 
itself, we should expect the same appearances to take place oc- 
casionally in cases of calf lymph ; and in this connection the ex- 
perience recorded by Dr. Hutchinson in the 'Archives' for Jan- 
uary, 1891, (pp. 213-215), is of interest. He particularises a case 
of vaccination with calf-lymph presenting certain symptoms 
simulating syphilis. 

"The child was born of healthy parents in July, 1890; was 
perfectly healthy at birth ; was vaccinated at three months of 
age with Jenner's calf-lymph, at the same time as several others 
who did well : on the eighth day. only one place seemed to have 
taken, but later on all three looked satisfactory ; at the end of 
three weeks, the arm was inflamed, and there were large black 
scabs with pus at their edges ; a Aveek later a large slough com- 
prised all the vaccination sores and passed deeply almost to the 
bone, and there was also a pustule on the nose, and three nodes 
on the skull. 

"Dr. Hutchinson compares this case with another he had 
described in an earlier number of the 'Archives' (October, 1889, 
page no.) These two cases resembled one another, in that in 
both the infant was perfectly healthy up to the time of vaccina- 
tion ; the lymph used was not taken from the human subject, 
the skin around the vaccination sores passed into gangrene, 
with at the time a large granular swelling in the arm-pit. There 
were also periosteal swellings of considerable size in the skull 
bones, suspicious sores on the skin ; and both patients appeared 


to be much benefitted by mercurial treatment." — Ibid., page 317. 

"Before concluding the evidence under the heading of 
'Syphilis,' I wish to allude to the disastrous consequences of 
vaccination in the American Civil War (1861-65), in which some 
hundreds of men were affected with a disease presenting all the 
characteristics of syphilis. The facts are related by Dr. Joseph 
Jones, and the conditions described were truly frightful. 

'"The symptoms included phagedenic ulcers, with indurated 
and everted edges, secondary skin affections, ulcerated throats, 
loss of hair, and other phenomena distinctive of syphilis. In 
some cases the gangrenous ulcers caused extensive destruction 
of tissue, exposing arteries, nerves, and bones, in many cases 
necessitating amputations. 

"Dr. J. T. Gilmore, in a letter to Professor F. Eve, refer- 
ring to three hundred cases in the Georgia brigades, remarked : 
'The cases presented the appearances that are familiar to those 
of us who were connected with the Confederate army — large 
rupia-looking sores, sometimes only one ; generally several on 
the arm in which the virus was inserted. In a number of case? 
these sores extended, or rather appeared on the forearm, and 
in two cases that I saw, they appeared on the lower extreme- 
ties. The men suffered severely from nocturnal rheumatism. 
Several cases had, to all appearances, syphilitic roseola. I saw 
enough of the trouble to convince me thoroughly that the virus 
owed its impurity to a syphilitic contamination. 

"Dr. James Bolton testified that 'on careful inspection the 
ulcers presented the various appearances of genuine chancre 
In some instances there was the elevated, cartilaginous, well- 
cut edge surrounding the indolent, greenish ulcer; in others 
there was a burrowing ulcer, with ragged edge ; in others there 
was the terrible destructive sloughing process devastating the 
integuments of the arm. Many of the cases were so situated 
that their history could be preserved, and in these secondary 
symptoms appeared, followed in due time by tertiary symptoms. 
The chancre was followed successively by axillary bubo, sore 
throat, and various forms of eruption (syphilis dermata), while 
the system fell into a state of cachexia.' 

"Dr. E. A. Flewellen testified that 'while the army of Gen. 
eral Bragg was at Tullahoma, I was medical director, and I 


know that very great complaint was made to me as to the char- 
acter of the vaccination practiced in the army. A large num- 
ber of men were represented as unfit for duty. I think that one 
division represented nearly a thousand men as unfit for duty on 
account of spurious vaccination. I saw a number of cases in 
the early progress of the vaccination, but they presented noth- 
ing abnormal that I could detect. But, as it advanced, the cases 
seemed to have the appearance very nearly of syphilitic rupia. 
It diffused itself more or less over the whole surface. A large 
number of surgeons regarded it as a complication of vaccinia 
and syphilis." — Dr. Scott Tebb, pp. 320-321. 

In April, 1866, Dr. Percival was called to Graniteville, a 
manufacturing town in South Carolina, to examine and treat 
150 cases of syphilis from vaccination. The cases comprised 
men, women, and children of all ages, from fifty down to one 
year of age. They all broke out about the same time, and in all 
the disease was well advanced. The individual first vaccinated 
was with virus obtained from a man whom it was later learned 
was suffering from primary syphilis, and one was vaccinated 
from the other, and so it spread. In every case excoriated ulcers 
were formed ; in some cases abscesses formed on the inside of 
the arms ; in several cases the hair dropped off. The usual 
treatment for veneral u^ers effected a cure in from three to six 
weeks. The account from which this is a brief summary, is 
contained in Dr. Jone's work, "Med. and Surg. Memoirs," vol. 
iii., p. 478. 

Now, with the overwhelming mass of evidence which has 
been put on record, and notwithstanding the repeated testimo- 
nies of the most conscientious and competent medical practi- 
tioners, connecting vaccinating and syphilis — yet a majority of 
the medical profession and medical press affect to treat with 
contempt this entire mass of evidence. Their day of reckoning 
is at hand. The people are reading, rising, and the star of truth 
is already in the ascendency. 

So far as possible every mishap resulting from vaccina- 


tion is discreetly hidden from public view. The average M. D. 
of the elder school is secretive and mysterious in medical mat- 
ters. A medical priesthood has grown up which is ineffective, 
crafty, selfish, persecuting and intolerant toward recent schools 
of medical reform ; implacably savage towards psychic treat- 
ment — towards the divine gifts of healing — such as Schlatter 
displayed — giving a superlative position to drastic drug poi- 
sons, and a mean, unimportant and obscure place to sanitation, 
hygienic laws and habits ; and lastly, guarding and defending 
the most destructive, poisonous, outlawed, and infamous fea- 
ture in the whole range of medical practice with a jealousy and 
craftiness which would shame a ward politician or government 

All the authorities I have cited in the foregoing pages 
stand high, both in their professional practice and in the world 
of letters ; and they have recorded their opinions, and detailed 
the cases that came under their observation with a most con- 
scientious candor, and certainly without selfish ends in view, 
inasmuch as their testimony goes to discredit the main pillar of 
old time medical practice. Nineteen-twentieths of our witnesses 
that have testified, belong to what is denominated the "Regular 
Professions," and the majority of them stand at the head of the 

Seventeen school girls syphilized at Lebus, near Frankfort, 
by pure, official, "sterilized" calf-lymph; yet the vaccinator con- 
tinues to repeat : "Not the slightest danger." * * * "Our 
lymph is from a well-known source, absolutely pure, glycerin- 
ated, sterilized, all germs but the 'vaccine sporule' destroyed, 
hermetically 'sealed until used,' " and as often as repeated, even 
fo often does the daily press report cases of vaccinal disaster, 
exposing these hungry second-class-doctor vaccinators. 

Again, ponder well the indictment by Dr. Carter, of St. 
George's Hospital, London, who expresses his firm conviction 


ihat a "large proportion of the cases of apparently inherited 
syphilis are in reality vaccinal." Multitudes of little children 
under one year of age cursed with syphilis at the hands of the 
public vaccinator! You fathers and mothers, take this home to 
your own hearthstones. Think of it — ponder it. It may be 
your children whose lives will next be blighted ; and I know if 
you realized the full purport of the danger which threatens your 
home and posterity, you would be calling mass meetings ; you 
would memorialize the legislature ; you would raise heaven and 
earth but that you would get this compulsory curse off the 
statute books — this unholy compact between the medical-po- 
litico priesthood and the state dissolved — forever dissolved. 

In the foot-hills of the California mountains, mothers are 
extremely cautious 'est a rattlesnake creeps out from a rock 
crevice and fangs their little ones; but I warn these mothers 
that the vaccinator carries something concealed in his vest 
pocket which menaces the life and welfare of their children and 
children's children a hundred fold more than all the rattlesnakes 
along the Coast range of the Sunset State. Rattlesnake venom 
never reaches more than an infintcsimal fraction of one per cent, 
of the population; but children are poisoned by the hundred 
thousand at the instance of that unholy conspiracy between the 
state and old time medicine — compulsory vaccination. 

"But we don't vaccinate any longer from arm to arm; we 
use calf-lymph, giycerinated and sterilized." Very well, gentle- 
men, but your "calf-lymph" has been tried and convicted in the 
highest courts of medical opinion. Read Dr. Hutchinson in the 
"Archives," pages 213-215, for 1891 : A child three months old, 
perfectly healthy, vaccinated October, 1890. with Jenner's calf- 
lymph, resulted in three weeks w-ith distinct syphilitic ulcers. 
Dr. H. also describes other well marked cases which were di- 
rectly traceable to the much vaunted calf-lymph. Moreover, 
they do continue to vaccinate whole populations by the old pro- 


cess of arm to arm, with humanized virus. This is notably the 
case in Hindustan, South Africa, West India Islands, and the 
Sandwich Islands, and that too, by English and United States 
officials ; and to this fact, I shall presently find the cause for the 
alarming increase of leprosy in recent years. 

Humanity is one, all are units of the great whole. There 
are many races, yet but one human species. The Occident and 
the Orient are hand-clasping brothers. The Hindoos and our- 
selves are of Ayran descent. When in India I feel that I am so- 
journing among my elder and venerable Brahmanic brothers. 
If torrid suns have darkened their faces it has illumined their 
minds. They are thinkers, mystical, metaphysical, yet on the 
higher planes of life profoundly practical. Already they seek 
our shores — and all are threads in the web and warp of human 
life. Vaccination and leprosy, in India, are becoming almost 
synonomous terms. Leprosy from vaccination has already got 
a foothold in this country. 

In tropical countries annualized and glycerinated lymph has 
been found to be too irritating, and attended with so much 
fever and inflammation, that the earlier method has been re- 
vived, — revived through vaccinators knowing the awful dangers 
attending arm to arm vaccination, — revived and made brutally 
compulsory over those native populations, because mammon 
takes precedence of humanity, and accustomed revenues must 
be conserved though this involve the extinction of a race. 


"Leprosy is, perhaps, the most terrible disease that afflicts 
the human race. It is hideously disfiguring, destructive to the 
tissues and organs in an unusual degree, and is hopelessly incur- 
able, the fate of its victims being, indeed, the most deplorable 
that the strongest imagination can conceive, and many years 


often passing before death rids the unhappy sufferer from a life 
of misery, to which there is scarcely any alleviation. It is not to 
be wondered at, then, that the question is one which philanthro- 
pists in these enlightened days are taking up actively." — British 
Medical Journal, Nov. 19, 1887. 

Leprosy has claimed the serious attention of a large num- 
ber of thoughtful minds of late years and a considerable amount 
of literature has accumulated on the subject. One could easily 
collect fifty volumes which have appeared in the last twenty 
years, besides voluminous reports from hospitals and boards 
of health and discussions in the medical journals. But the most 
candid, thorough and exhaustive work which I have read was 
published by Mr. YVm. Tebb, of London,, "The Recrudescence 
of Leprosy," 412 pages. I made the acquaintance of the author 
in London nearly a generation ago, and esteem him not only 
as a gentleman and scholar of wide attainments, but as a phil- 
anthropist and reformer of the most conscientious and persist- 
ent type. To him more than to any single reformer in England 
is due the passage of the Vaccination Act of 1898, into which 
the "Conscience Clause" was inserted. Mr. Tebb has traveled 
into every quarter of the globe to make a personal investigation 
of leprosy and to study the question in all its aspects, — India, 
Ceylon, British Guiana, Venezuela, West Indies, Norway, 
United States, Sandwich Islands, Egypt. Xew Zealand. Aus- 
tralia, South Africa, South America, Greek Archipelago, Syria. 
A^ia Minor, etc. Upon his thorough researches I shall mainly 
depend for the facts presented in this section. 

The chief claims which leprosy has on public attention at 
the present time, are the dangers which confront the civilized 
world by its rapid spread among all classes of society. It 
threatens civilization today in a far greater ratio than small-pox, 
and is ten-fold more to be dreaded, for upon each and every 
victim it sets the seal of an inevitable doom ! Xew germ centers 
of leprosy are springing up and the old centers are steadily wid- 


ening. Sir Morell Mackensie said in a lecture in 1889: "It is 
impossible to estimate even approximately the total number of 
lepers throughout the world, but it is certain they must be 
counted by millions." Lepers are becoming numerous in all the 
countries of Europe and there are some in several states of our 
own commonwealth, but as far as possible these cases are con- 
cealed from public observation and scrutiny. The patient and 
his friends, knowing with what horror the public regard the dis- 
ease, naturally shun publicity, no one outside save the physician 
is acquainted with his malady, and he humanely guards the 
secret. Nor will the leper submit to isolation until his last re- 
source for remaining in touch with his friends is exhausted, 
since he knows that when isolated he will henceforth be con- 
demned to dwell amidst the most repulsive and saddening sur- 
roundings. Mr. Tebb informs us that leper hunting in Hawaii 
is a dangerous business, as many unfortunate lepers do not hes- 
itate to shoot their pursuers. They would prefer a public exe- 
cution to confinement in the lazaretto. This statement with 
similar ones I can personally verify (to say nothing of the lepers 
I had previously seen in India, Ceylon, Syria, and Egypt), for on 
my third tour around the world, exchanging steamers per ar- 
rangement at Honolulu, I remained over a month in this city 
and other places in the Sandwich Islands, studying leprosy in 
all its hideous forms. One or two physicians accompanied me 
during my investigations. The sights seen were not merely 
sad ; they were sickening. Some from utter hopelessness com- 
mit suicide. 

That the reader may appreciate the serious gravity of this 
complaint, I will subjoin a description, from a few eminent au- 
thors and practitioners who have had wide experience with 
lepers. Wm. Tebb observes in the preface to his last painstak- 
ing work : — 

"Leprosy is one of the most loathsome as it is one of the 


most tissue-destructive diseases known, and when going 
through the wards of leper hospitals I have frequently noticed 
with pain the poor afflicted creatures bending their heads and 
covering their hands to conceal from strangers the sight of their 
distorted features and mutilated limbs. It is hardly possible 
to conceive, much less describe, the depth of human misery 
caused by the spread of this hideous and destructive disease ; 
but some idea of its nature may be gathered from the follow- 
ing description of leprosy, which may well excite the sympathy 
of the philanthropist. It will be found in a recent work on 
leprosy by Dr. Thin, pp. 99-100. It is translated from Leloir, 
an eminent French authority on leprosy, and refers to the 
tubercular variety of the disease. 'If the patient,' he remarks, 
'does not die of some internal disorder or special complication, 
the unhappy leper becomes a terrible object to look on. The 
deformed leonine face is covered with tubercles, ulcers, cica- 
trices, and crusts. His sunken, disfigured nose is reduced to a 
stump. His respiration is wheezing and difficult ; a sanious, 
stinking fluid, which thickens into crusts, pours from his nos- 
trils. The nasal mucous membrane is completely covered with 
ulcerations. A part of the cartilaginous and bony framework is 
carious. The mouth, throat, and larynx are mutilated, de- 
formed, and covered with ulcerated tubercles. The patient 
breathes with the greatest difficulty. He is threatened with fre- 
quent fits of suffocation, which interrupt his sleep. He has lost 
his voice, his eyes are destroyed, and not only his sight but his 
sense of smell and taste have completely gone. Of the five 
senses hearing alone is usually preserved. In consequence of 
the great alterations in the skin of the limbs, which are coverd 
with ulcerated tubercles, crusts, and cicatrices, the pachydermic 
state of skin which gives the limbs the appearance of elephant- 
iasis, and of the lesions of the peripheral nerves which are pres- 
ent at this time, and by which occasionally the symptoms of 
nerve leprosy are combined with those of tubercular leprosy, 
the sense of touch is abolished. The patient suffers excruciat- 
ing pains in the limbs and even in the face, whilst the ravages 
of the disease in his legs render walking difficult and even im- 
possible. From the hypertrophied inguinal and cervical glands 
pus flows abundantly from fistulous openings. In certain cases 


the abdomen is increased in size on account of the liver, spleen 
and mesenteric glands being involved. With these viscerial 
lesions the appetite is irregular or lost. There are pains in the 
stomach, diarrhoea, bronchial pulmonary lesions, intermittent 
febrile attacks and a hectic state. The peculiar smell, recalling 
that of the dissecting room, mixed with the odor of goose's 
feathers, or of a fresh corpse, is indicated but poorly described, 
by the authors of the Middle Ages who compared it to that of 
a male goat." 

Dr. John Hillis, who spent a number of years in British 
Guiana, says of the anaesthetic variety: — 

"It is known as lenke of the Greeks, baras of the Arabians, 
jointevil of the West Indies, sunbahiru of the East Indies, and 
dry leprosy in contradistinction to the other form known as 
humid leprosy ; and is characterized by a diseased condition of 
the nerves, and a peculiar eruption the primary characteristic of 
which is the loss of sensation, or anaesthesia ; hence its name. 
After a time ulcerations form, a sort of dry gangrene of the 
limbs sets in, and joints drop off, and finally there is more or 
less paralysis. It would take a large volume to describe the 
signs or symptoms of leprosy, but the preceding account is suf- 
ficient to show what an alarming affection we have to deal 

Surgeon Major G. G. Maclaren, who established Dehra 
Dun Asylum, writes a chapter in Mrs. Hay's "My Leper 
Friends," in which he observes : — 

"In the many examinations I have made, post-mortem, I can 
testify that not a single organ in the whole body is exempt from 
the inroads of this dire and loathsome malady. It invades the 
brain, spinal nerves, the eyes, tongue, and throat, the lungs, the 
liver, and other digestive organs. In addition, as is generally 
known, it maims and deforms the external parts of the body in 
a manner too revolting to describe. It is painful to witness the 
amount of deplorable suffering some of these creatures en- 
dure !" 

The following paragraph from Wm. Tebb will sufficiently 
indicate my reason for making the discussion of leprosy a lead- 
ing feature in the present chapter ; namely, its close connection 


with the vaccination outrage which doctors in league with the 
government, are perpetrating on the victimized and defenceless 
populations of India and the tropical isles, and which also 
threatens the very citadel of civilization itself: — 

"In the West Indies, in British Guiana, in the Sandwich 
Islands, and in South Africa, when cases of unvaccinated dis- 
eases were related to me, I was urged by the sufferers and by 
their friends to make known their grievances to English people 
and to the Imperial Parliament, and, if possible, to bring public 
opinion to bear upon a mistaken and mischievous system which, 
without doing the least good, has been the cause of such terri- 
ble and far-reaching consequences. Acting upon these entrea- 
ties, and upon others contained in communications from various 
leprous countries, I have prsented to the public through the 
press, and to members of Parliament, such facts on this subject 
as came before my personal notice up to July, 1890. I now offer 
to the public further evidence and testimonies, on behalf es- 
pecially of the afflicted population of our Crown Colonies and 
Dependencies, whose grievances have been so long and so fla- 
grantly disregarded. Every attempt to introduce compulsory 
vaccination in the populous Island of Barbados, British West 
Indies, has been thwarted, owing to the widespread belief that 
leprosy and syphilis are communicated by the vaccine virus. In 
St. Thomas, Danish West Indies, and in Georgetown and other 
parts of British Guiana, it has, for similar reasons, been found 
practically impossible to enforce the vaccination law, and, in 
spite of severe compulsory enactments, entire districts remain 
unvaccinated by reason of this special danger; while, in the 
Sandwich Islands, a bill for the repeal of the vaccination law 
was introduced in the legislative assembly, July, 1890, by J. 
Kalua Kahookano, a scholarly representative from North Ko- 
hala, Island of Hawaii." — "Leprosy and Vaccination," Wm. 
Tebb, p. 15. 

In every civilized community may be found two classes with 
distinct and opposite interests relating to the public health — 
two medical schools I may call them. One holds to tradition 
and dogma, with two cardinal tenets in their medical creed ; a 
drastic drug for the stomach to cure disease and a putrid de- 


coction of decayed animal tissue for inoculation into the blood 
to prevent disease. The second class — the new higher school — 
the hard students — places only a secondary reliance upon anti- 
dotes and drastic specifics, the main article of their creed being : 
Sanitary regulation, hygiene, and obedience to the immutable 
laws of nature. The members of the old style school are like 
our bankers, who urge that the issuance of money should be rel- 
egated exclusively to them. In like manner vaccinators and the 
conservative class of doctors generally, would like to have all 
matters affecting the public health left exclusively to them. 
They want the health conditions of the community under their 
control, so they can manipulate them as a financier manipulates 
the stock market. They make no earnest effort to instruct the 
people how to preserve health and prevent disease. No — no ! 
They have no interests identified with a general and thorough 
system of public sanitation. They have "de-monetised" air, 
water, and general hygiene, and set up a sort of "gold standard" 
of their mysterious drugs, latin-named, and still more mysteri- 
ous vaccine pus, and secured a law that compels everybody to 
buy; and if any "divine healer" — like Schlatter, or a psychic 
like the late Dr. Newton, comes along, even certain of the 
Homoeopaths and Eclectics would arrest and fine him. Ah, 
more ! If Jesus Christ, the Great Physician, should appear in 
our midst as of old, long-haired, sandal-footed, and Syrian- 
clad, curing the leper, making the deaf to hear, the blind to see, 
the lame to walk, and the dumb to speak, Allopaths, Homeo- 
paths, Osteopaths, and Eclectics of the "baser sort," would 
quite likely unite, arraign, try, condemn, and jail him ! The 
hydra-headed monster of persecution is not dead. There is if 
possible more medical than theological idolatry and bigotry in 
the land. Schools and pathies aside, only the educated, cul- 
tured, conscientious, and inspired man or woman that treats 
and restores the sick — teaching them in the meantime how to 
keep well — is worthv the name physician ! 



The second class, or better school of physicians, thoroughly 
educated, has a real interest in the public health, and a rational 
and scientific mode of promoting it. They are foremost in urg- 
ing measures for thorough public sanitation. Where centers of 
filth and pollution abound they would cleanse and purify. They 
have a fellow feeling foi the race. They are sympathetic. They 
are self-sacrificing and they have a keen sense of identity with 
the common welfare. 

In Honolulu, both schools are represented. The vacci- 
nators are continually lobbying for more stringent compulsory 
laws by which they may be able to compel every unit in the so- 
cial organism to pa}- them tribute. A sanitary organization is 
also laboring for the repeal of those laws, and for the adoption 
of measures which will prevent zymotic diseases without wreck- 
ing the health in othe r regards, They insist that vaccination 
shall be left optional with the people. But the vaccinators know 
full well if they are not permitted to vaccinate with compulsion 
they cannot vaccinate at all, and their occupation would be 
gone., for the native population are a unit against the practice, 
believing the prevalence of syphilis and leprosy in the islands to 
be mainly due to vaccination. Vaccinating officers, too, are 
charged with reckless carelessness, operating upon hundreds 
of persons in succession with no pretence to cleaning the instru- 
ments ; also that the virus used is a common source of serious 
inflammation and illness. A determined resistance to vaccina- 
tion therefore, is spreading throughout the islands, and officials 
encounter increasing trouble in enforcing the law. 

A condensed and much abridged summary of the conclu- 
sions to which Mr. Tebb arrives concerning the relation of lep- 
rosy to vaccination, in the following: — 

i. Leprosy is an inoculable disease, in which the leprous 
virus usually finds its way to the blood through a punctured 
or abrazed skin-surface. 

2. The most frequent opportunities of inoculating this 


virus is afforded in the practice of vaccination, which is the only 
inoculation that is habitually imposed by law. Note also in this 
connection that where leprosy most abounds, the mode of vac- 
cination is from arm to arm 

3. That the increase of leprosy in the Sandwich Islands, 
West Indies, Colombia, British Guiana, South Africa, and New 
Caledonia, has been parallel with the introduction and extension 
of vaccination in these countries. This fact is neither ques- 
tioned nor denied. 

In some of these — as the Sandwich Islands — there was no 
leprosy until the natives came in contact with civilization. In 
these countries, moreover, arm to arm vaccination is all the 
more dangerous because leprosy is of very slow incubation, and 
often exists incipiently in apparently healthy persons through 
whom vaccine virus often passes. 

Leprosy is found to be rapidly increasing all over the world, 
but more especially along the channels of commercial activity. 
Mr. Tebb devotes 60 pages of his large work with evidence on 
this point alone. In parts of Russia, particularly the Baltic and 
Caspian provinces, the disease is spreading. In 1887 Dr. Berg- 
man discovered t>7 cases in Riga and 21 cases in its environs. 
In 1893 the number had increased to 100. In and around Dor- 
pat the disease has reached alarming proportions. In Bokhara 
and provinces east of the Caspian it is reported as spreading rap- 
idly. Throughout the West India Islands lepers are multiply- 
ing altogether beyond the hospital accommodations provided. In 
1889 Mr. Tebb visited the lazaretto at Barbados, where from 
300 to 400 lepers were congregated from a single parish of 30, 
000 population. While the population increases at the rate of 
six per cent, lepers are increasing at the rate of 25 per cent. 
The report on leprosy in Trinidad in 1891, as given by Dr. 
Koch, says : "The new infirmary ward, which was finished at 
the end of 1889, and occupied early in 1890, has been full all the 
year round. There was a rush of patients to fill it." In 1805 
but three lepers were known in Trinidad ; eight years later there 


was 73, out of a population of 32,000. In 1878 there were 860 
out of a population of 120,000; and in 1892, the increase was es- 
timated to be four times more rapid than that of population. 


In the Sandwich Islands leprosy is allowed to be the chiei 
of the destructive forces which are gradually depopulating the 
native race of this beautiful archipelago. Its rapid increase is b> 
far th r most urgent and anxious question of the hour, and suc- 
cessive medical officers of health seem powerless to cope with 
it. This was fully confirmed when on my third journey around 
the world studying chronic diseases and their remedies. 

Leaving my Australian bound steamer by previous ar- 
rangement at Honolulu, I spent much time in Hawaii in the 
leprosy-receiving hospitals, and at the homes of isolated lepers 
accompanied by an attending physician. It is admitted here 
that in many cases the leprous taint is directly traced to vaccina- 
tion. This is the chief reason why the natives oppose it. 

"In a leading article on 'The Nature of Leprosy,' 'The Lan- 
cet,' July 30, 1881, p. 186, says: 'The great importance of the 
subject of the nature and mode of extension of leprosy is evi- 
dent from the steady increase in certain countries into which 
it has been introduced. In the Sandwich Islands, for instance, 
the disease was unknown forty years ago, and now a tenth part 
of the inhabitants are lepers. In Honolulu, at one time quite 
free, there are not less than two hundred and fifty cases ; and in 
the United States the number is steadily increasing. 

"According to the latest returns handed to me (October, 
1890) by Mr. Potter, the secretary to the board of health, Hon- 
olulu, 1 154 lepers were segregated»in Molokai, to which must 
be added thirty, sent from the Hospital of Suspects at Kalihi 
to Molokai on the 30th of the same month, while there are prob- 
ably several hundred secreted by relatives in the various*lslands. 
On March 31, 1888, the number officially reported to be at large 


in the various islands amounted to 644, but efforts have been 
made during the past three years to capture these afflicted crea- 
tures and segregate them at Molokai." — Win. Tebb, p. 40. 

It is estimated by Dr. White, surgeon to the United States 
Navy, who visited the islands in 1882, that the concealed cases 
amounted to at least three per cent, of the population. On the 
origin and spread of leprosy in Hawaii Wm. Tebb writes, pp. 

42-43 :— 

"According to Mr. Dayton, president of the health board, 
Honolulu, leprosy was discovered in the island in 1840, but Mr. 
D. W. Meyer, agent for the Honolulu board of health, in the 
appendix to the report presented to the legislative assembly of 
Honolulu in 1886, says it was in 1859 or i860 that he saw the 
first case of the disease. That 1840 was the date of its introduc- 
tion is the opinion of Dr. W. B. Emerson, ex-president of the 
board of health, Honolulu, who, in his report published in 'The 
Practitioner' of April, 1890, attributes the introduction of the 
disease to a case reported by the Rev. D. D. Baldwin, M. D., 
to the Minister of the Interior, May 26, 1864. In 1863 Dr. Bald- 
win received reports from the deacons of his church at Lahaina 
with the names of 60 people who were believed to be affected 
with this disease. In a very few years leprosy increased to an 
enormous extent, and in 1868 Dr. Hutchinson reported 274 

"To account for the appalling spread of this terrible 
scourge of humanity within such a short period of time, the 
evidence points conclusively to one prominent cause — vacci- 
nation. There is no evidence to show that leprosy increased 
in Hawaii until after the introduction and dissemination of the 
vaccine virus. 

"Small-pox was intioduced from San Francisco in the year 
1868. In that year a general vaccination took place, spring lan- 
cets being used, which the president of the board of health (Mr. 
David Dayton) informed me were difficult, if not impossible, 
to disinfect — the operation causing irreparable mischief. The 
synchronicity of the spread of leprosy with general vaccination 
is actually a matter beyond discussion, and this terrible disease 
soon afterwards obtained such a foothold amongst the Ha- 


waiians that the government made a first attempt to control it 
by means of segregation. Another outbreak of small-pox oc- 
curred in 1873, and yet another in 1881, both followed by gen- 
eral arm to arm vaccination and a rapid and alarming develop- 
ment of leprosy, as may be seen in successive reports of the 
board of health. In 1886 the then president of the board of 
health recorded his conviction, in an official report, to the ef- 
fect that that 'to judge by the number of cases in proportion to 
the population, the disease (leprosy') appears to be more virulent 
and malignant in the Hawaiian Archipelago than elsewhere on 
the globe.' Leprosy became then, and is now, the most press- 
ing question in these islands." 

In Xew Caledonia (South Pacific) leprosy was unknown 
until 1853, when the French formally annexed and converted 
it into a penal colony. In 1890, 500 cases were reported among 
the natives and seven of European parentage. Vaccination had 
been practiced with rigor, and to this a large percentage of the 
cases are indirectly attributable. But once introduced, it has 
also spread by means of a peculiar habit the natives have of 
tattooing and scarifying the skin, making a free channel through 
which the leprous virus or bacillus can reach the blood. This 
practice has been with them from time immemorial, and yet 
no leprosy was known there until they were brought in con- 
tact with the vaccination of European civilization. 

In India leprosy is estimated to be increasing at the rate of 
i.ooc per year (British Med. Jour. Sept. 13, 1890.) The Prince 
of Wales stated in a speech in Marlborough House, June 17, 
1889. that there were in India at least 250,000 lepers. In some 
districts 22 per cent, of the population are afflicted. The leper 
asylum* are totally inadequate to their accomodation. In the 
city of Bombay, where at least 1,000 lepers are found, they col- 
lect '.n 'dark corners, in gullies where rats and bandicoats have 
taken their abode, thrown out by their families, neglected and 
mdiscribably wretched." 

Whether leprosy is contagious, the greatest diversity of 


opinion exists among medical men. As no one has studied this 
question more carefully and extensively than Mr. Tebb, I con- 
sider his opinion entitled to much weight. He does not believe 
it to be contagious in the ordinary sense in which that term is 
used; but that the principle mode by which it is communicated 
is through puncture or abrasion of the skin, that is, by inoculat- 
ing the blood through the skin with the leprous virus. A sew- 
ing needle or pin from the garments of a leper is sufficient, if 
these penetrate through the skin. Mr. Tebb writes, pp. 80-81 : 

"In the pursuit of my investigation, I have been confronted 
on every hand by tlfe most conflicting theories with regard to 
the causation of leprosy, and particularly with regard to this 
question of contagion. The contagionists, when pressed, I 
found invariably included virus inoculation, and interpreted the 
word in that sense. They admitted that the leprous discharge 
might be touched with impunity, when the integument is intact, 
but not otherwise. Every nurse, doctor, attendant, or laun- 
dress, in the hospital, is bound to come in repeated contact with 
pus from ulcerated tubercles. It is only by the insertion of the 
leprous virus into the blood, through a sore, prick, or abraded 
surface, that the disease is communicable. This view is now 
held by the highest authorities in all parts of the world. At the 
same time, there are others who hold that the disease is trans- 
ferable in a lesser degree by inhalation, heredity, and cohabi- 

"From personal inquiries made at asylums and lazarettos 
in various countries where leprosy is endemic, I am convinced 
that, apart from the risk of inoculation, there is little or no dan- 
ger of contagion, using the word to mean simple contact be- 
tween unbroken surfaces of the body. So far as my investiga- 
tions have extended, the only country where the belief in com- 
munication by simple contact prevails to a certain extent is 
Hawaii ; but here also I found much diversity of opinion, not 
a few using the word contagion to include cow-pox inoculation, 
both accidental, as in a cut or a sore, and by design, as in vac- 

The first serious hint from a high medical authority that 


leprosy is a frequent result of vaccination, was by Dr. R. Hall 
Bakewell in 1870. He was vaccinator general of Trinidad and 
visiting physician of leprosy hospital. He writes : — 

"The question is not as simple as it appears. It is not a 
question of half-a-dozen minute punctures in an infant's arm 
versus an attack of small-pox. It is a question of performing 
on every child that is born into the world, and that lives to be 
three months old, an operation sometimes, though very rarely, 
fatal ; sometimes, but not frequently, attended with severe 
illness, always accompanied by considerable constitutional dis- 
turbance in the form of fever; sometimes, in an unknown pro- 
portion of cases, introducing into the system of a healthy child 
constitutional syphilis, but suspected in the West Indies of in- 
troducing a poison even more dreaded than that of syphilis — 
leprosy. And the parent is required cornpulsorily by law to 
subject his child to these evils, most of which are only possible, 
but one of which is certain (the fever), for the purpose of avoid- 
ing the chance of an epidemic of small-pox, which, when it does 
occur, may or may not attack the child. 

"It may be taken as proved that the syphilitic poison may 
be, and has been, introduced into the system of a previously 
healthy child by means of vaccination. But we know that lep- 
rosy is a constitutional disease, in many respects singularly re- 
sembling constitutonal syphilis; like it, attended by stainings 
and diseases of the skin ; like it, attacking the mucous mem- 
brane of the nose, throat, and month ; like it, producing falling 
off of the hair, diseases of the nails and bones; and, like it, 
hereditary." Why should not the blood of a leprous child, 
whether the leprosy be developed or not, contaminate a healthy 

"It seems to me not merely a popular opinion, but a medi- 
cal one also. In returning to Europe in the spring of this year, 
I met several medical men from Demerara and other tropical 
countries, and they all considered that leprosy might be, and is, 
propagated by vaccination." 

Dr. Bakewell was summoned on behalf of the government 
to give evidence before the Select Vaccination Parliamentary 


committee in 1871, and testified as follows (Answer 3563, p. 207, 
Official Report) :— 

"There is a very strong opinion prevalent in Trinidad, and 
in the West Indies generally, that leprosy has been introduced 
into the system by vaccination ; and I may say that as vacci- 
nator general of Trinidad, I found that all the medical men, 
when they had occasion to vaccinate either their own children 
or those of patients in whom they were specially interested, ap- 
plied to me for English lymph ; and that was so marked that in 
one instance a man, who had never spoken to me before, wrote 
me quite a friendly letter, in order to get lymph from England 
when he had to vaccinate his own child. It is quite evident that 
the only reason for wanting lymph from England must be that 
they consider it free or measurably free, from contaminating 
the system by leprosy ; because, of course, there is an equal 
chance, and probably a greater chance in England, of the lymph 
being contaminated by syphilis." 

Queston 3564 and Dr. Bakewell's answer (pp. 207-8) are as 
follows : — 

"Q. — Have you had experience of any case in which leprosy 
has been introduced by vaccination? 

"A. — I have seen several cases in which it seemed to be the 
only explanation. I have a case, now under treatment, of the 
son of a gentleman from India who has contracted leprosy, both 
the parents being of English origin. I saw the case of a child 
last year, who, though a Creole of the Island of Trinidad, is born 
of English parents, and is a leper, and there is no other cause 
to which it is attributable. Sir Ranald Martin, who is a great 
authority on these points, agreed with me that the leprosy 
arose from vaccination." — "Leprosy and Vaccination," pp. 134- 

In the "British Medical Journal," June 11, 1887, Dr. W. T. 
Gairdner, professor of medicine in the university, Glasgow, 
gives a lengthy and sadly interesting account of a case of lep- 
rosy which came under his observation in England. As this 
case resulted from vaccination, I will make an abridged state- 
ment of it. The case was a confidential one and hence names 


and localities are omitted except that the island referred to is 
one of the group in the British East Indies. 

A sea captain and his wife had a little boy with a peculiar 
eruption on the skin, and took him to Dr. Gairdner who made a 
thorough diagnosis of the case and pronounced it to be incipient 
leprosy. The parents had just brought the child from a British 
tropical island ;they wero Scotch and were horrified. As the child 
continued to grow worse the mother did not accompany the 
husband on his voyages, but settled down in England where 
their unfortunate child might have the advantage of good med- 
ical advice. 

Three years subsequently Dr. G. was lecturing in the town 
where the lady was stepping and so went to see how the mal- 
ady was progressing in the little boy, whom he found in the 
most advanced stage of the disease, proceeding to mutilation 
of the extremeties and in the last degree of emaciation. It was 
on the occasion of this visit that Dr. Gairdner learned the his- 
tory of the case. On the island where the parents temporarily 
sojourned, the child was vaccinated by a Scotch physician who 
had been a pupil in Dr. Gairdner's university. This physician 
took lymph from the arm of his own son, whom a short time 
previously he had vaccinated with lymph from the arm of a na- 
tive child which he afterwards learned was from a leprous family 
and leprosy later devloped itself in this child, and as a matter of 
course the two children — the physician's child and the child of 
the sea captain — developed it also. The latter died soon after. 
Dr. Gairdner saw him the second time. In 1887 the physician's 
son was still alive, sequestered in an English town, but hope- 
lessly afflicted with the terrible and incurable disease. 

This was an undoubted case of vaccinal leprosy. It is a 
fearful irxlictment against the practice ot vaccination, and re- 
veals how grave a danger confronts every parent who submits 
their children to the perilous ordeal. This case is likewise an 


other link in that long chain of evidence which confirms the 
popular belief among the native populations that vaccination is 
the direct cause of the alarming spread of leprosy. Still, with 
all these facts before him, the vaccinating doctor — literally the 
medical lilliputian — not only has no thoughts of quitting his 
murderous practice, but is continually plotting to make com- 
pulsory vaccination more complete and its enforcement more 
rigorous ! Referring to the cases above detailed, the acting sur- 
geon general of Trinidad, Dr. C. B. Pasley, observes : "The 
fact remains, that an unlucky boy, of undoubted English parent- 
age, acquired a most loathsome disease, and died a miserable 
death as the result of vaccination." 

A sad case of leprosy occurred in the island of St. Kitts, 
British West Indies, in 1890. The little daughter of a Wesleyan 
missionary was taken sick and on examination it was found the 
child had contracted leprosy. Fearing the small-pox, which oc- 
casionally visited the isle, the parents in order to save their lit- 
tle girl from a remote and possible danger, inoculated her with 
the terrible poison that made her existence a living death and 
source of unfailing sorrow to her parents. The missionary re- 
signed his charge and decided to return to England, hoping he 
might find some adequate medical skill for his unfortunate 
child ; but a new trouble was encountered in securing passage 
to England, as the Royal Mail company steamers would not 
take a leper passenger. The family finally took passage on a 
sailing craft, but before the vessel got fairly away from the 
island, it struck a reef, and they barely escaped with their lives. 
So they remained on the island where their misfortunes began, 
and where they will perform the offices of love for their stricken 
one until the authorities tear her asunder from her parents and 
consign her to the lazaretto, from whence no traveler ever re- 
turns. The vaccinator meantime remains abroad, and is not 
only permitted to pursue his nefarious business, but assisted by 
the state to hunt down his victims and inflict upon them the 


curse of all curses — a disease which savages never saw or heard 
of until the civilized man found him a convenient subject with 
which to increase his revenues ; then he compassionately ( ?) 
began to "protect" him. 

"While in Trinidad, I made inquiries of a highly intelligent 
merchant, who has resided forty-three years in the West Indies, 
and has always been much interested in the public health. He 
says the belief is general in the islands that leprosy is being ex- 
tensively disseminated by vaccination, and he furnished me 
with particulars of a number of healthy families where leprosy 
and other diseases have broken out after vaccination, of others 
who, in spite of a law enforcing vaccination, have preferred to 
undergo the worry and penalties of prosecution to the terrible 
risks of this hideous and incurable malady. In some instances 
the children infected with leprosy have been sent by their par- 
ents to France and England, where, after treatment by some 
of the most distinguished physicians, they have either suc- 
cumbed to the disease or returned to die at home ; and in one 
case the mother died of a broken heart on seeing her eldest son 
come back a complete wreck, loathsome to the sight. All the 
victims described by my informant were in good circumstances 
and none were even sent to the leper hospital, where only the 
poor are entered. He says that had he kept a record he would 
have been in a position to have given details of very many cases, 
with all the attending circumstances, and adds, T have come to 
the conclusion that we are indebted to vaccination for not only 
this (leprosy) but many other diseases, especially those of a 
scrofulous nature, as well as syphilis.' " — Wm. Tebb, p. 146. 

"Mr Alexander Henry, vice-chairman of the Council of the 
British and West Indian Alliance, and formerly editor of the St. 
Kitts Gazette, who has resided some years in the West Indies, 
and has devoted much attention to the spread and causation of 
leprosy, writing June 12, 1890, says: 'A medical officer of health 
cautiously admitted to me that leprosy was contracted by means 
of careless vaccination. Now, careless vaccination means vac- 
cination from arm to arm, which is almost universal in these 
islands. I do not believe there is a doctor of any standing in 
the West Indies who would deny that leprosy can be inoculated. 
It is admitted that owing to the slow incubation of the disease 


it is difficult to distinguish a leper; and when you take into ac- 
count that medical officers are constantly complaining to the 
government 'that they cannot get a supply of calf-lymph,' and 
add to this the indiscriminate and careless yet vigorous man- 
ner in which they carry out the vaccination laws upon an igno- 
rant and simple people, who have no means of asserting them- 
selves, I think we may safely conclude there is a high prob- 
ability that leprosy is spread by vaccination." — Ibed. p. 151. 

"My own experience has compelled the conviction that lep- 
rosy has on numerous occasions been propagated by the vacci- 
nator's lancet in these islands. Children have been brought to 
me a year or two after vaccination who have shown unmistak- 
able signs of leprosy, and whose parents assured me that such 
had never been in their family before. On the other hand, in- 
quiry into the antecedents of the child from whom the lvmph 
had been selected revealed the existence of leprous taint either 
on the paternal or maternal side. 

"My own experiences have been confirmed by Dr. Bech- 
tinger, formerly a resident and practising physician here, whose 
extensive researches entitle his opinion to great weight 
amongst pathologists. 

"The belief, also, in the British West Indies as to the con- 
veyance of leprosy in this way is widespread, and forms one of 
the strongest grounds against compulsory vaccination that I 
know of. 

"In view of such a fact, and in face of such a terrible dan- 
ger, it is my conscientious opinion that every physician should 
hesitate before subscribing to such a doctrine, as compulsory 
vaccination." — Extract from a letter from Dr. Chas. E. Taylor, 
of St. Thomas, Danish West Indies, read before Vaccination 
Commission, Jan. 2, 1890. 

Now, the chief secretary of state for the colonies — Lord 
Kimberly — sent out a circular of inquiry, as to whether there 
were any grounds for the belief that leprosy was spread by vac- 
cination in the West Indies. A dozen or more of physicians in 
these islands, who were practically familiar with leprosy, re- 
sponded to this circular and gave their emphatic testimony that 
vaccination was causing a vast amount of leprosy. Their evi- 


dence was before the College of Physicians. What did this 
learned body do with these facts in their possession? Did they 
advise Lord Kimberly to relax the rigor of compulsory vacci- 
nation in the islands? Did they express sorrow at the leprous 
havoc that had already been wrought by the adoption of a mis- 
taken policy? Did they suggest measures whereby a modicum 
of justice might be returned to a wronged people for the bar- 
barous practice that had already been wantonly imposed upon 
them ? Nothing of the kind ; but in their answer and advice to 
Lord Kimberly they said : "The College of Physicians feel they 
can not press too strongly on your lordship the importance of 
enforcing the practice of vaccination for the protection of those 
who are too ignorant to protect themselves." It is difficult to 
say which is the most pronounced in the above passage — bald 
hypocrisy, or cold-blooded traffic in the blood of human beings 
at one dollar per head ! May the day soon dawn when the peo- 
ple — the thinking, toiling people — will be wise enough — en- 
thusiastic enough — to protect themselves from the tender mer- 
cies of Colleges of Physicians ! Between the members of that 
brotherhood of thieves — the commercial agent, the supersti- 
tious priest, the scheming lawyer, and the doctor, — the native 
populations of all countries, lying near the tropics, are having 
a most unequal struggle. Each class manipulates these natives 
in a different way, but all have the same purpose — the money 
value they make them instrumental in returning to them. All 
profess philanthropic motives. The commercial sharper wants 
to advance the native's material interests; the priest wants to 
rescue their soul from endless hell torments ; the lawyer is as 
painfully, as self-sacrificingly anxious to assist all the others in 
"protecting" him ; the doctor, with a heart all tenderness is so 
alarmed lest he catch the small-pox ! that he invokes the mighty 
power of the state and all the resources of the surgical art to 
"protect" the poor creature, seeing he is "too ignorant to pro- 
tect himself." So between the various "privileged classes" the 


civilize, the tropical populations, are being ground to powder. 

Gold is today's god. It was Rome's before her fall. Civili- 
zation, sad to say, worships it however ill-gotten. For it the syn- 
dicate is formed — for it the treasure-safe is blown to atoms — for 
it the highway robber, revolver in hand, boards the railway 
train — and for it the hungrier, leaner class of doctors will fight 
— persistently and politically — fight for compulsory vaccination. 
When, oh v\Vn, will the world come to understand that God is 
just, that all, here or hereafter, will reap what they have sown — 
that compensation is as certain as the needle to the pole — that 
sin brings suffering in all worlds, and that heaven is attained 
only by being right and doing right — only by living the upright, 
Christlike life. 

Dr Edward Arning made a thorough bacteriological study 
of leprosy in the Sandwich Islands ; and in a letter to Wm. Tebb 
dated Sept. 6, 1889, he says : — 

"During my stay on the Hawaiian Islands for the bacterio- 
logical study of leprosy, I was naturally drawn to a scrutiny of 
the question whether leprosy is transmissible, and had been 
there transmitted by vaccination ; all the more so as there is a 
general opinion prevailing on these islands that the unusually 
rapid spread of the disease about thirty years ago may probably 
be attributed to the great amount of indiscriminate vaccination 
there carried on about that period. And there is no mistake 
about the actual synchronicity of the spread of vaccination and 
of leprosy in the Hawaiian Islands ; but many a mistake is pos- 
sible as to the real casual relation between the two. 

"I could trace the first authenticated cases of leprosy back 
to about 1830, but the terrible spread all over the islands did not 
take place until very nearly thirty years later, at a time when an 
epidemic of small-pox had given rise to very general and very 
careless vaccinations throughout the group. ***** 
I attach far more importance to an instance of an increase of 
leprosy soon after vaccination on a much smaller scale, and dur- 
ing a much more recent period than the above. I have it on 
good authority that a very remarkable new crop of leprosy cases 


sprang up at Lahaina, on the island of Maui, about a year after 
vaccination had been practiced there. 

"The impossibility of detecting leprosy in its early stages 
is a matter of common notoriety amongst physicians, so that 
many who believe in the prophylaxis of vaccination refuse to 
incur the terrible risks involved by its practice in leprous coun- 
tries." — "Leprosy and Vaccination," p. 157. 

Dr. F. B. Sutliff, of Sacramento, Cal., who has studied the 
disease as government physician on the Island of Maui, says : — 

"I very seldom visited a school without excluding some 
(children), while the spots just beginning to show in others 
made it only too probable that they would not long be doubt- 
ful cases. It did not seem to me a difficult task to read the fate 
of Hawaii in the little dark faces that looked up from their 
books." — "Occidental Medical Times," April, 1889. 

It is the general opinion of all residents in Honolulu, that 
the remarkable spread of leprosy subsequent to 1853 was due 
to indiscriminate and general vaccination in that year. Alarmed 
by an invasion of small-pox, a vaccination of the whole popula- 
tion was ordered, and as physicians were few, non-professionals 
aided in the work. This heterogeneous and indiscriminate arm 
to arm vaccination, soon sowed a bountiful crop of both leprosy 
and syphilis. But Mr. Walter M. Gibson, president board 0/ 
health in Honolulu, has expressed the opinion that the chief 
cause of leprosy and secondary syphilis, was the indiscriminate 
and careless practice of vaccination in 1868. After this general 
vaccination, numerous leprous centers sprang up in various 
parts of the islands where the disease had previously been un- 

A remarkable outbreak of fresh leprous cases occurred at 
Lahaima in 1871-72, Island of Maui. This was one year after 
a general vaccination. Sixty cases occured suddenly in a local- 
ity which up to that time had been almost entirely free from the 

When Capt. Cook visited the islands their population was 


estimated at 400,000; and in 1900 a population of 35,000 would 
be a very liberal estimate, — a race literally swept off the face of 
the earth, that the business of the vaccinator may continue to 
yield an unfailing annual revenue. A race "protected" by the 
murderous practice of professedly civilized men on the pretence 
that they are "too ignorant to protect themselves." Notwith- 
standing these appalling facts confronting them in their midst 
and on every side, what do they do? What redress or mitiga- 
tion of wrongs already committed do the doctors propose? 
Just what the College of Physicians proposed on another occa- 
sion. They heap insult upon injury! 

In the biennial report of the president of the board of 
health to the Hawaii legislature of 1888, the said legislature was 
informed and advised, "that the work of vaccination had been 
pushed with vigor," and that "the board would recommend the 
passage of a more stringent law, imposing heavier penalties and 
giving vaccinating authorities all necessary authority." If this 
is not deliberate, cold-blooded, and demoniac cruelty, perpe- 
trated against a defenceless native race, some of which promi- 
nent white men have married, it would be difficult to find an 
example. And who is it behind the board and largely constitut- 
ing it? Who is it urging on this infamous work? They are the 
doctors who run vaccination on "business principles ;" doctors 
who seemingly place no higher value on the "Kanucks" than 
their vaccination fee will yield them, — on a West India native, 
or Afrikander, or Hindoo. How the legislature must be "im- 
pressed" with the vaccinator's philanthropy when he is so per- 
sistently lobbying their body for a more "stringent law." Nor 
can we suppose that th° legislature is quite so "verdant" when 
passing vaccination acts that they are simply aiding these self- 
sacrificing, kind-hearted (?) doctors in the "protection of those 
who are too ignorant to protect themselves." 

In Cape Colony vaccination was made compulsory in 1882. 
A large number of cases of vaccinal injury soon followed, which 


the London "Daily News" attributed to "impure lymph." But 
a most vigorous vaccination of the natives was prosecuted ; and 
on Sept. 6, 1883, an additional act was passed by the local legis- 
lature, in which Section 60 reads : — "No person who has not 
been vaccinated shall be appointed, or if appointed prior to the 
taking effect of this act, promoted to any office in the public 
service." A penalty of £2 was provided for non-vaccination of 
children. Nothing was either said or done to remove the real 
cause that was breeding the pestilence — the "long continued 
filth, neglect, and scarcity of water, foul, unkempt streets, seas 
of mud in the winter, of dust in the summer, and a population 
ignorant of the commonest instincts of decency." What did 
the vaccinators care for sanitation? They had not invested in 
that direction. As a natural consequence, in 1884, after the 
wholesale vaccination of 1882-3, there was an epidemic of small- 
pox, and leprosy was increasing at a fearful rate. In 1885 the 
medical officer for Herbert reported: — "During the year small- 
pox, syphilis of a particular type, and leprosy, have been the 
prevailing epidemics. The last two named are still prevailing 
to an alarming extent." 

In summing up the evidence for Cape Colony, Mr. Tebb 
observes : — 

"One experienced district surgeon told me that he had, 
again and again, year after year, called the attention of the 
board of health to proofs of this terrible havoc wrought by arm 
to arm vaccination, and had advocated its suppression in the in- 
terests of public health. A careful examination of the official 
documents would show that the facts incriminating vaccination 
have not been allowed to appear." — Tebb, p. 245. 

"When making inquiries regarding etiology and spread of 
leprosy in South Africa, I was generally referred to the Rev. 
Canon Baker, of Kalk Bay, Cape Colony, as a high authority 
on the subject, and one who had probably devoted more atten- 
tion to it than any other resident in the colony. Canon Baker 
had in 1883 given evidence before the select committee of the 


House of Assembly, Cape Town, and presented a statement of 
his views, which appeared in Appendix A, pp. 1-9. Since then 
he has continued his investigations and accumulated a consid- 
erable body of facts bearing on the subject. Vaccination, he 
says, is carried out in the colonies in a most careless and per- 
functory manner. He has seen the operator pass his lancet 
from one arm to another without the smallest attempt to disin- 
fect the instrument or discriminate between the diseased and the 
healthy, in districts where both leprosy and syphilis are endemic. 
From other reliable sources I am satisfied that this is the rule 
rather than the exception. Canon Baker believes that leprosy 
is chiefly communicated by means of inoculation, and that arm 
to arm vaccination is a prolific cause of the spread of this fearful 
plague in South Africa. 

"The Colony of Natal passed Vaccination Law No. 3 in 
1882, and Law No. 10 in 1885. Penalties for non-vaccination 
£5. In a communication from Archdeacon Colley, (I have the 
honor of personally knowing Archdeacon Colley, meeting him 
not only in Natal and Cape Town, South Africa, but later, fre- 
quently in London. The Archdeacon is not only a most re- 
liable witness, but personally a most scholarly, broad-minded 
English clergyman,) dated Natal, August 25, 1885, I learn that 
hundreds of summonses were issued in vain upon the colonists, 
but the natives were vaccinated by thousands ; one operator 
would get through two hundred a day. 

"While the vaccination laws for several years have not been 
enforced against the white population in Natal, all the natives 
are vaccinated either under persuasion or threats, the operation 
being carried out in the usual careless manner, with arm to arm 
virus taken from native children without previous examination, 
and not the slightest attempt is made to clean or disinfect the 
lancets after each operation. Hundreds of natives, as I am in- 
formed on unimpeachable authority, have died of blood-poison- 
ing and of inoculated diseases. 

"A member of the Legislative Council, Sir John Bisset, re- 
ported in Parliament that many were 'blood-poisoned, present- 
ing a horrible sight, and dying masses of corruption.' In Janu- 
ary, 1891, leprosy disseminated in this way was discovered in 
fifty kraals in one electoral division alone. The natives in their 


simplicity submit to vaccination, being told that it was the 'In- 
cosi' (King) that ordered it, and this was the way the white man 
secured himself against the plague of small-pox. 

"As the government of Xatal does not publish reports from 
the district surgeons, and appears to be indifferent as to the 
suffering and mischief caused by the vaccinators, I found it dif- 
ficult to obtain further details." — "Leprosy and Vaccination," 

PP- 273-75- 



"Science is in the main most useful, but is sometimes 
proud, wild and erratic, and has lately proposed a desperate de- 
vice for the prevention of infectious perils. She proposes to 
prevent one peril by setting up another. She would inoculate 
new diseases into our old stock, in the anticipation that the 
new will put out the old. I pray you be not led away by this 
conceit. This manufacture of spick and span new diseases in 
our human, bovine, equine, ovine, canine, and perhaps feline 
species is too much to endure the thought of, especially when 
we know that purity of life is all-sufficient to remove what exists, 
without invoking what is not." — Sir. B. W. Richardson, M. D., 
LL. D., F. R. S. 

In the foregoing pages I have frequently coupled a large 
percentage of the medical profession — and especially the vac- 
cinating fraternity — with a species of commercialism whose ma- 
jor purpose of pecuniary gain is in direct antagonism with the 
public health and welfare. And as I propose to continue the dis- 
cussion somewhat along similar lines, I will here offer a word 
of qualification. 

I do not arraign the profession for violation of the higher 
ethical law in any different sense than I arraign all professions 
and occupations embraced in our modern politico-selfish and 
competitive life. The entire structure of existing society — so- 
cial, religious, professional, political, and commercial — is one in 
which all the parts are in mutual antagonism. Every form of 
social movement is an inversion of the higher normal order. 
The normal order finds its expression in love and reciprocity. 
The mversive order, in which we live, is one whose actuating 


force is self-interest, and hence one in which jealousy, rivalry, 
competitive strife, fraud, deceit, hypocrisy, injustice, oppres- 
sion,, murder, war, conquest, etc., are abundantly interwoven 
with the social movement. The root out of which these hydra- 
headed antagonisms spring is the intense "love of money." 
This is the prime motive which impulses nearly every detail of 
human activity. The age is culminating; all lines are converg- 
ing toward the "golden calf," wherein the specialties of the 
"Devil's" form of order will be bound in an apocalyptic "bun- 
dle" preliminary to its final destruction. Error is mortal and 
must die ; truth alone is immortal, eternal. 

The general system by which each individual and each class 
are able to promote their apparent welfare is one of competi- 
tion and strife, not the best but the worst motives are accord- 
ingly brought to the front and kept there. This inversive sys- 
tem, general menstrum, or social environment prompts the gro- 
ceryman to water his syrup, the manufacturer to put shoddy in 

his goods and to undersell his rival by a species of deception. 
It prompts the vaccinator to puncture and poison with putrid 
pus, while he swear? it is the very "savor of life unto life ;" 
prompts the lawyer to multiply contentions and quarrels, while 
to put an end to frauds and all quarrels would serve him poorly. 
Each individual and each class find their environment already 
provided when they arrive on the stage. The "rules of the 
game" are established, and they find it far easier to adopt these 
rules than to induce mankind to abandon them ; so they take 
up the struggle and the strife where their fathers left it. 

It is beyond the power, I fear, of any class of reformers to 
change the scheme by which society moves like a mighty ava- 
lanche toward the vortex of an impending revolution ! While 
this system continues to remain it is absolutely certain that the 
majority will apply it in the prosecution of their daily business 
affairs. The old order is a broad highway which is crowded 


with '"soldiers of fortune," the strong treading down the weak, 
and each intent on gaining a vantage ground where they may 
compel the less fortunate to pay them tribute. The new and 
prospective order is as yet but a narrow lane, in which the tall 
grass is seldom trodden down by the weary feet of solitary pil- 
grims who keep their integrity. 

It is not my purpose therefore to unjustly condemn or crit- 
icise the doctor, lawyer, priest, manufacturer or trader, who 
feels compelled to use the tools bequeathed them by their an- 
cestors. To each of these I am willing to concede they would 
practice the law of love under a more beneficent scheme of liv- 
ing — a scheme based upon justice and benevolence — a scheme 
in which self-interest would not antagonize the general welfare. 
It is the corporate greed, fraud and injustice I am aiming at, 
not the individual. While we are under the law of ''struggle 
for existence and survival of the fittest" it must needs be that 
"offences come," yet nevertheless, "woe unto him through 
whom they come !" God is just. Nature knows no forgiveness. 
The "Good Law" holds each individual to account. You are hu- 
mane men whom I meet on the street or in the public assembly, 
being neither strangers to pity nor generosity. You are moved 
by the spectacle of suffering, and put your hands deep into 
your pockets to relieve individual cases of distress. But when 
you combine with other men in a corporate capacity ; I know 
then that the system will take precedence of the man ; I know 
that you will then scheme for money and place and power, 
wholly indifferent to the disease, poverty, suffering and wide- 
spread disaster you may occasion. Thus banded together, your 
only concern for the "goose" is that she shall continue to lay 
golden eggs. It is your corporate character I am trying to in- 
troduce to my readers. I want them to realize how crafty, hypo- 
critical, untruthful and utterly disregardful of the common good 
corporate bodies are in general, and the Vaccinating Syndi- 


cate in particular. It shall be with me a purpose — a persistent 
endeavor to clip the claws of this medical monster and so di- 
minish its capacity for harm. 

Now, the heads of the medical profession having hastily 
committed themselves to vaccination as an unquestioned pro- 
phylactic against small-pox, and having induced Parliament to 
award Jenner £30,000 from the public treasury, and also to en- 
dow a National Vaccine Establishment at £3,000 a year, hence- 
forth reputations and vested interests were at stake, and so the 
vaccination delusion soon petrified into a dogma which both 
the profession and the state had a powerful motive to defend. 
In this way vaccination became one of those time-honored in- 
stitutions, which courts and classes and professions conserva- 
tively guarded as a sort of heirloom of the race. It was there- 
fore as reprehensible to neglect vaccination as to neglect bap- 
tism ; far more so indeed, since to the former were attached 
fines and imprisonment in this world, while neglect of the latter 
was mercifully left to be adjudicated in the next world. To this 
giant evil the reformer stood like David before Goliah. The lit- 
tle handful of reformers who at first organized the London An- 
ti-Vaccination Society began their work with much the same 
appearance and prospects as the little band in Boston, headed 
by Garrison, when they commenced their assault on the great 
institution of American slavery in the United States. This lit- 
tle coterie in London, with the noble Wm. Tebb at their head, 
were regarded as insane fanatics, and handled by the profession 
much as a householder handles a polecat that has found its way 
into his cellar. For them contempt, misrepresentation and per- 
secution by the corrupt ring of feed and salaried professionals 
and officials who "stand in" with the state to reap their monthly 
and annual harvest at the expense and pain and protracted mis- 
ery of the poorly informed and crucified public. 

We know somewhat the kind of spirit that actuates a party 


machine which has long feasted on public spoils ; how con- 
scienceless and infamously corrupt they become ; how they 
carry their measures by subsidizing the press, falsifying facts, 
and twisting statistics ; hot, cruel, and unscrupulous they are, 
in crushing those, whom they cannot use or appropriate ; with 
craft and cunning they pose before the people as guardians and 
defenders of the public safety. It is indeed high time the pub- 
lic should be made aware of the animus which is behind the 
whole vaccina' ion 1 usiness. Vaccination as a therapeutic is 
the pivotal fcr Inversion, the keystone in the arch which 

carries the full weight of old-time mercurial, blood-letting prac- 
tice. It is the barometer, the indicator, which shows the finan- 
cial outlook for medical practice from year to year. When 
boards of health can be spurred up to "enforce the law ;" when 
the public schools are closed against those who refuse to sub- 
mit; and when a fresh "set-back" can be given to advanced 
practitioners, then business is good and old-school medical 
stock is at par. To attack vaccination, therefore, is to run up 
against the "Wall Street" interest and syndicate trusts of value 
in the medical profession. 

The medical profession, including the three more promi- 
nent schools, with a few exceptions, individually and collectively 
are either tacitly or expressly pledged to resist all attacks ; to 
stand by the vaccination rite as persistently as a hard-shell Bap- 
tist stands by immersion as the only door into the Kingdom, 
or as a Catholic stands by the Pope's infallibility. Not only will 
the profession carry the fight to the last ditch in defence of their 
vaccine dogma, but they will push their disgusting practice un- 
der our noses, in season and out of season, with a standing pros- 
pect of a small-pox cyclone just ahead! Health boards .are the 
principle means for the enforcement of such legislation as the 
vaccinators have been able to secure. The vaccinating "trust" 
has a prominent place in the structure of that "Old Dragon" 


whose slimy trail marks a path of desolation over which the 
victims of disease and poverty are hopelessly treading toward 
their untimely graves. A few reformers — fellow sufferers with 
the masses — conscientious royal-souled reformers — are trying 
to make the householders of this country — the parents and 
guardians of the rising generation — realize that the old vaccine 
virus monster, notwithstanding his flattering promises of salva- 
tion from disease, is really a disease-breeder — a parasite fas- 
tened upon their vitals, poisoning their life-blood and slowly 
but surely undermining the integrity of their bodily structure. 
Be assured dear readers, vaccination is not your friend, but 
rather your insidious and implacable enemy, compared with 
which prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment are light penalties. 
Martyrs in the coming time wear crowns. It is far better that 
your children have the doors of the public school slammed in 
their faces than that you submit their bodies to be inoculated 
with the virus of detestable and incurable diseases. 

It is not flattering to the voting population of the United 
States that they have permitted every state legislature to frame 
and pass a compulsory vaccination act. If the majority — or any 
less number — think vaccination a good thing, they are free to 
adopt it without any compulsory legislation, when, if the claim 
of the vaccinator were valid, they at least would be safe, whether 
their neighbor was vaccinated or not. It should concern the 
neighbor alone whether he choose to adopt vaccination, sani- 
tation or any other form of protection. 

Bushmen of Australia, may eat, as they do, mice if they 
choose ; the Basutos of Africa may eat spotted adders, as they 
do, if they choose ; the Digger Indians of California, may eat 
dried and finely-powdered grasshoppers, as they do, if they 
choose, and gormandizing gluttons may eat market-hung fowls 
till they are bluing and purpling into rottenness if they choose — 
but I will not do it, and I insist that there will not be no such un- 


American statute-law enacted as will compulsorily compel me 
to subsist upon such abominable stuff. Mildly drawn, I should 
consider it a daring — a most audacious menace to personal lib- 
erty ! And yet, better, almost infinitely better, have mice and 
grasshoppers in the digestive apparatus than cow-pox virus in 
the circulatory system, poisoning the blood and breeding such 
diseases as eczema, boils, eruptions, erysipelas, cancers, scrof- 
ula, tumors and sluggish syphilitic sores. 

Once educate, once raise people above poverty, depend- 
ence,dirt and wretchedness, and they will discover a sufficient 
motive to live, as to voluntarily adopt real and efficient means 
of protection against every form of epidemic disease. But the 
American citizen and sovereign has surrendered his liberty to 
class privilege and power. He has permitted the vaccinator to 
enter his household and plant the most filthy diseases in the 
pure and tender bodies of his children. A whole nation con- 
sents to be put under compulsion to submit to the barbarous 
practice of the vaccinator whose only interest in the rite is the 
ready and unfailing revenue which the legislative guarantee of 
vaccination affords. Our fathers who laid the foundation of 
the state had better conception of liberty than their weak de- 
scendants, and it is the voter's own fault that compulsory vac- 
cination was ever permitted, and once permitted and proved to 
be an unmitigated curse, that it is any longer tolerated. The 
general community have not informed themselves on this ques- 
tion which vitally concerns their welfare and their children's 
welfare, and so have quietly submitted to be bound and handed 
over to the executioner. As a people we have regarded with 
apathy and indifference the compulsory legislation which has 
conferred upon doctors and boards of health arbitrary powers 
by which they may compel parents to submit their children to 
the merciless vaccinator or otherwise incur dreaded penalties. 
Through ignorance, dear readers, you have permitted a "rob- 


ber's roost" to be established over your front entrance, where 
t nclean birds may congregate and poison the airs of your home 


The amount of anti-vaccination literature which has been 
put in circulation, is a fair indication and measure of the popu- 
lar protest aroused against the practice. A catalogue of anti- 
vaccination literature, printed in 1882, showed: — 

Writers. Publications. 

British 100 205 

American 17 36 

German 39 104 

French and Belgium 8 29 

Dutch 2 4 

Swedish 3 7 

169 385 

Since 1882 both the number of writers and publications 
have greatly multiplied, until now it may fairly be assumed that 
500 publications, books and pamphlets have been put into cir- 
culation against the vaccination delusion, and particularly 
against compulsory legislation. The uniform attitude of the 
medical profession toward this literature has been one of con- 
tempt. A standing reproach has been levelled against the anti- 
vaccination literature as being intrinsically "poor stuff." A 
similar reproach was levelled against Garrisonian literature dur- 
ing anti-slavery agitation in the fifties. When abuses cry to 
heaven for redress, reformers do not study an elegant and re- 
fined mode of writing and speaking, but address themselves 
primarily to the work in hand. It is quite true that previous to 


1880 but few medical men from the old school of physic cham- 
pioned anti-vaccination reform. It would be folly to expect 
them to do so. Popular reform does not originate among the 
members of a privileged class who can obtain from govern- 
ment anything they ask for; a class moreover, who readily se- 
cure appointment to official positions, and who reap pecuniary 
benefits from the oppressive measures complained of. Popular 
ieforms are generally espoused for the benefit of the poor, since 
the poor being defenceless are the principal victims of com- 
pulsory and oppressive laws. In this agitation the reformers 
are principally physicians from the new schools of medicine — 
Homeopaths, Eclectics, Hydropaths, and Osteopaths. But in 
1887 and 1889 two eminent names were added to the reform 
list from the old Allopathic school — Dr. Creighton and Prof. 
Crookshank, who have treated the whole subject of vaccination 
so scientifically, thoroughly and conclusively, that old school 
doctors generally are conspicuously silent touching their labors 
in this field. Some, however, are anti-vaccinationists, and many 
do not believe in making it compulsory. Then the distinguished 
naturalist, Dr. Alfred Russell Wallace, has more recently made 
most important contributions to anti-vaccine literature, which 
not only materially assisted the London society in securing the 
"Conscience Clause" in the vaccination act of 1898, but also 
constitutes a powerful factor in the reform agitation in the 
United States. 

Progressive new school physicians being far more numer- 
ous in this country than in Europe, they are almost to a man 
opposed to the vaccination scourge, and from this class scores 
of pamphlets on various phases of the subject are published and 
sent forth every year. Moreover, in every municipality where 
health boards close the public schools against unvaccinated chil- 
dren, these progressive, broad-minded physicians. open the fight 
to secure their rights and are foremost in the organization of 
anti-vaccination leagues. 



One of the chief difficulties that stands in the way of those 
who desire the repeal of oppressive laws, is the attitude of the 
press. The great dailies, and to some extent, the popular mag- 
azines, are owned and managed by pivotal minds who represent 
class interests and leading party organizations. Their existence 
is for the promotion of these interests — place, power, and 
wealth. They each and all profess complete and undying devo- 
tion to the common interest and welfare, but these they un- 
hesitaiingly and invariably subordinate — and, if necessary, sac- 
rifice—to the aforesaid class and corporate interests. Their 
professions are usually a hollow mockery and hypocritical pre- 
tense. We know they have no interest in reform or reformers, 
and further than they can turn them to lucrative and popular 
account. The real reform journal is round the corner, in a 
back alley, whose editor is also both typo and printer. But the 
"press," the political press, which I am writing about is located 
in a twelve-story building with marble front which it owns. 
The "press" does not hesitate to send the reformers to jail; to 
brand him as a malefactor, an anarchist, an insane fanatic, a 
tioublesome disturber of the peace. What the privileged classes 
hate the press hates. 

The great newspaper is the mouth-piece and defender of 
chief inversions that characterize modern society ; it is part and 
parcel of that "Old Dragon" which has been made the conquest 
of the world ; which has fenced itself in with privilege and place 
and power. Once the great newspaper represented a principle ; 
cow it represents a corporation, and therefore has no soul. 
When Horace Greeley launched the "Tribune" it became a liv- 
ing exponent of a living and breathing man. The modern "Tri- 
bune" is the organ of a corporate interest ; its editorial page is 
anonymous ; its writers are paid to run the machine under its 
corporate management. 


The great newspaper is on good terms with the vaccinator 
and upholds compulsory vaccination laws. When it makes men- 
tion of the anti-vaccinator it is with an air of flippancy and arro- 
gance, styling him as an "advocate of free trade in small-pox." 
(St. James Gazette, London.) It uniformly excludes communi- 
cations that contain statements to the discredit of vaccination. 
This was the case with the San Diego "Union," and the "Tri- 
bune," both water syndicate sheets. The "London Times," as 
another for example, displayed gross unfairness two weeks be- 
fore the report of the Royal Commission on Vaccination was 
published, by printing a lengthy article, "Professional Criti- 
cism on Non-professional Evidence of Opponents of Vaccina- 
tion;" said article evidently being the work of a medical mem- 
ber, hiding under a fictitious name, of the Commission and de- 
signed to prejudice the public in advance in favor of vaccination, 
which the Commission was trying to bolster up. This article 
passed over in absolute silence the most important evidence 
that came before the Commission, namely, that of Prof. Crook- 
shank, which occupied the Commission nine days and embraced 
no printed pages; being by far the fullest and most complete 
indictment of vaccination on scientific grounds which has ever 
been made. It is not difficult to find a motive for this silence ; 
for what the "Times" does not notice, the average well-to-do 
Englishman regards as of little account. The legislators who 
make laws for the vaccinators, and the justices who send pro- 
testors who refuse to be vaccinated to prison, get their knowl- 
edge of current events from the "Times." As the "Times" did 
not deign to notice the terrible indictment of vaccination con- 
tained in Prof. Crookshank's evidence, the legislators and jus- 
tices who make and execute vaccination laws, will never trouble 
themselves to go to the Blue Book and look up the evidence. 
Then magazine editors are very careful not to admit articles 
which might offend a haughty aristocracy or medical ortho- 
doxy. So with current journalism, truth and falsehood are 


trivial and unimportant matters ; but to stand well with that 
portion of the public that gives patronage and offers pelf are 
matters of vital concern. 

In the Normal Order the daily press would be the great 
exponent of truth and righteousness, but in the existing order 
its general moral rottenness is so manifest that the careful 
thinking public has come to regard it as the liar par excellence. 
No great newspaper hesitates to destroy the reputation of any 
man who dares to offend, or who advocates an unpopular cause. 
Had not Capt. Dreyfus been a son of a member of one of the 
millionaire firms of Alsace, it is very doubtful whether the daily 
press outside of France would have expended the eloquence 
and employed the machinery of hundreds of publishing houses 
in his behalf. There are thousands of innocent men under con- 
demnation — thousands who are wronged and defrauded whom 
the great daily papers do not work for. Millionaire press-cor- 
porations do newspaper work, not in the interests of humanity, 
not that justice and mercy may abound on the earth, but to se- 
cure the same ends for which all trusts are organized in the in- 
verse order — the gratification of corporate greed. Moral con- 
sideration is wholly ignored by corporate press combinations. 
Personal responsibility and individual conscience have quite 
disappeared from the modern newspaper. Its editorial page 
is anonymous ; its backing is aggregated wealth ; its character 
is compositely infernal ; its purpose is to possess and dominate 
the world. It is persistently, deliberately and systematically 
employed in fostering class hatreds, race hatreds, and this very 
often by falsehood and malicious provocation. It never cham- 
pions reform except as the Pharisee and hypocrite champions 
reform. It is not in the reform business, only as the style of 
selfish business can be made to serve its purpose. As well ex- 
pect to gather figs from the thistle stalk, as to find a candid con- 
scientious and important discussion of class encroachments 


upon the people's liberties by the metropolitan press. 

It will thus be seen that reform of public abuses and class 
encroachments, has no champion or defender in the popular 
press located in the great commercial centers. The reformer 
knows by oft repeated experiences that he has no friend or ally 
in the millionaire newspaper ; knows, too, that when the press 
uncovers scandal or exposes fraud in high places, it does this 
with party motives or as a paid detective or attorney ; knows 
moreover, that in its daily record of current events it has but 
a slight regard for truth, which is most conspicuously mani- 
fest in its publication of war news. Consider, therefore, what 
a difficult task lies before the regal-souled reformer in his en- 
deavor to reach the masses with the facts and the truth which 
vitally concern their welfare. 


I have already made frequent mention of the "Mammon" 
feature associated with the practice of vaccination, and doubt- 
less many readers will think I have made it too prominent ; but 
the more I reflect on the history of legislation which the vac- 
cinating fraternity have been instrumental in bringing about, 
the more thoroughly convinced I am that they are actuated by 
the same motives that impel business combinations in every 
sphere in life. Moreover, each class has a cede of morals 
adapted to its particular form of self-interest which is wholly 
different from that of practical life. War, politics, trade, law, 
medicine, each have their so-called moral code, winch is modi- 
fied from year to year if a manner to conform to local circum- 
stances. The Golden Rule is good doctrine to profess and 
adapt to Sunday worship, but in practical life it is construed in 


a "Pickwickian" sense and not permitted to interfere with bus- 

While modern "civilized" warfare discards poisoned arrows 
and explosive bullets, it is nevertheless compatible with war- 
morals to employ explosive shells, concealed mines, torpedoes, 
ambuscades, starvation, cutting off the water supply, fabricating 
lying dispatches, employing spies, spreading false reports, dis- 
playing false signals, etc. 

In law again, the "code" is adapted to the interests that are 
to be subserved. By common usage an advocate is pledged 
to "defend his client," whether his cause be just or unjust. The 
only end he has in view is to win the case, to do which he is 
justified in suppressing or discounting the facts on the other 
side. If he prosecutes, his object is to hang the prisoner — in- 
nocent or guilty. If he is on the defence, then the prisoner must 
be cleared, though not a doubt exists as to his guilt. No man 
can enter a chancery suit with a reasonable hope of being alive 
when a final decision is reached, if he has a determined adver- 

The medical profession, perhaps more than any other, is 
interwoven with the misfortunes of mankind. The pecuniary 
feature of medical practice is associated with disease, not with 
health. Old school physic has a similar stake in disease that 
the law has in private and public disagreements and quarrels. 
Neither war, law nor medicine will waive pecuniary interest, 
office or power to mitigate human suffering, but in further- 
ance of these interests they would not hesitate to lay waste 
the fairest fields that industry and thrift ever conquered from 
rude nature. 

Dr. Pickering (Xew School), w r ho has fought the vaccina- 
tors the last thirty years, and who knows the fraternity better 
than almost any other writer, says in preface to his large work: 

"Vaccination with the faculty is purely a money question.. 


I shall drive this nail home at every point ; it is the bone and 
sinew of the practice. Every argument employed, every statis- 
tic requisitioned, finds its inspiration in the money value of the 
observance. There is no craze so absurd that it could not be 
legalized with the aid of similar endowments pains, and penal- 

"If the faculty deny the charge I make, then I challenge 
t u em to surrender the public monies and grants they receive, 
ond to let vaccination stand or fall on its own merits. They 
know too well the truth of what I allege. If vaccination were 
left to fight its own way in the world it would die of 'atrophy 
and debility' within a twelvemonth — and medical men know it 
— hence it is not very likely they will trust their craft to the 
perils of an open sea." 

Walking out one morning in the city of Leeds, Dr. Picker- 
ing met a physician with whom he was well acquainted. Per- 
sonally this doctor possessed the virtues and sympathies of a 
kind-hearted man, but professionally his actions conformed to 
the current methods in business affairs. When passed on the 
pecuniary side of vaccination, the physician observed : — 

"It is absurd saying that medical men have no money in- 
terest in vaccination. Let both parties discuss the subject hon- 
estly. Lately I was requested by letter to re-vaccinate the 
girls in a ladies' seminary where a limited number only are un- 
der tuition. I was occupied less than an hour. Every one was 
prepared for the operation at the time I called. I took home 
with me ten guineas — 20 at 10s. 6d. fee for each pupil. Can I 
conscientiously say that I have no pecuniary interest in vacci- 
nation? The thing is absurd. I hate "cant." There are public 
vaccinators who earn £100 per annum by vaccination under the 
Local Boards of Guardians, in addition to that they may obtain 
a bonus of £100 to £300 a year for supplying charged vaccina- 
tion points to the authorities, and they may further gain £50 or 


£100 a year by private vaccinations. Have these men no pe- 
cuniary interest to subserve? If the vaccination question is to 
be thrashed out, by all means let it be done on fair principles. 
I admit, I must admit that medical men have a strong pecuni- 
ary interest in vaccination and that this interest is a factor in 
determining the retention or surrender of the observance." — 
"Sanitation or Vaccination." p. 44. 

"I emphatically assert that the money product is the com- 
mon sense definition of vaccination ; it is not susceptible of any 
other interpretation, and it accounts fully for all the efforts put 
forth by the faculty, or lather the medical officers of the Local 
Government Board, to retain it. The money value of vaccina- 
tion is its only value. It never had any other appraisement." 

Dr. James Braithwaite, editor of the "Retrospect of Med- 
icine," wrote in 1872: — "As for the faculty, what I say for my- 
self I say for each one — vaccination is viewed by us as a thing 
to be done ; it is a law, and we carry it out without making 
many serious injuries. We do not admit responsibility for the 
legal enactment." — (Pickering, p. 30.) 

Neither does the lawyer admit responsibility when using 
his legal art and subtlety to defeat the ends of justice ; nor does 
the army scout admit responsibility when he succeeds in in- 
veigling the enemy upon the mine prepared for his destruction. 
Certainly, this admission of Dr. Braithwaite illustrates and sup- 
ports my contention, that few people in our modern life — es- 
pecially in a professional capacity — act with a sense of personal 
responsibility in the prosecution of their calling, any further 
than the efficiency required for success. If their acts involve 
suffering, they do not consider it any affair of theirs. Their 
conscience is not troubled. 

The profession find it far easier to conserve and defend a 
"good thing" like vaccination, than to let that go and adopt 
some other form of blood poisoning. Letting go of "inocula- 
tion" and substituting therefor vaccination, cost much labor and 


time and money. Experience has taught the profession wisdom 
in matters relating to vaccination as a business enterprise, since 
this is the only business firm in this country which has state 
endorsement to the extent of compeling the people to buy their 
goods. In England the vaccinator's annual bonuses amount to 
$100,000, and their doles through Boards of Guardians to $500,- 
000. But their various benefactions, of which no account is 
taken, is estimated to reach $10,000,000 a year. The profession 
will hardly consent to part with a friend like that. 

The old school doctors, with their vaccine virus and false 
promises have robbed the people of all nations during the last 
hundred years — civilized and uncivilized — to the extent of hun- 
dreds of millions of dollars, and what have they given them in 
return ? A long catalogue of filthy, loathsome and incurable 
diseases among the poorer classes of civilized nations, and a 
wholesale spread of eczema, syphilis, and leprosy among the na- 
tive races in tropical lands, by which they are rapidly verging 
toward final extinction; and this under the pretense of "pro- 
tecting people who are too ignorant to protect themselves." 
There is no cunning, no infernal device, no infamous craft, 
no false array of statistics they have not put under contribution 
in their efforts to conceal the real truth from the government 
and the people. They we!l know their practice has not the valid 
warrant of science. They know that the introduction of putri- 
fving animal tissue into the delicate blood vessels of a human 
being is an operation against which not only psychic science, 
but the instincts of humanity revolt and for which every victim 
is liable to pay a fearful penalty. 

"Some two years since a retired officer, lately holding an 
important appointment in the Queen's army, took his son to a 
well-known surgeon in London for his opinion as to certain 
symptoms which affected the youth's health. The father is a 
staunch advocate of non-vaccination views and loses no oppor- 
tunity of improving his knowledge. As he was leaving the con- 


suiting-room he turned to the surgeon and inquired, 'Doctor 
may I ask, are you opposed to vaccination?' 'No,' the doctor 
replied, 'I should think not, indeed, when I consider that it 
brings me in £400 a year.' Four hundred pounds a year from 
surgical cases due to complications following the vaccine fever 
which Jenner called 'vaccination.' 'This fever runs its course.' 
And you answer, 'Yes, for eight days.' Aye, and sometimes for 
80 and 800 days after that, and occasionally it accompanies each 
heart-beat till that poor heart ceases its beating. I have seen 
many such instances. My third illustration is an example — the 
disease communicated with the vaccine virus 'ran its course' 
for 5,000 days, only killing its victim after nearly twelve years 
of cruel suffering. 

"If one surgeon in London estimates that his income from 
his practice is increased by £400 every year, dependant upon 
vaccination, it would be an interesting statistic if we could ascer- 
tain how many surgeons there are in London, and throughout 
the country, who derive similar advantages 'from public and 
private vaccination !" — Dr. Pickering, p. 338. 

The annual revenue from vaccination in India, South Africa 
and British West Indies, where the practice is enforced by com- 
pulsory laws, must be much greater than that derived in Eng- 
land. So far as the United States are concerned, I have no 
present access to information on this point, but the annual rev- 
enue from vaccination, and for treatment of diseases incident- 
ally growing out of the practice, certainly mounts up into the 
millions, and from a business point of view, constitutes one of 
the most lucrative branches of medical practice. 

The appointment of a royal commission on Vaccination 
and Parliament (1889) has played so important a part in discus- 
sions of the subject, in England, upon the continent, 
and in the United States, that the reader will pardon 
some further comments on its appointment and proceedings. 


While this commission was appointed to silence popular clamor, 
yet that portion of the public who protested against compul- 
sory laws, had no voice in selecting members who were to com- 
jse it. It was appointed to shelve a troublesome subject, and 
provide a way to dispose of the interminable series of ques- 
tions which came before Parliament as to the administration of 
vaccination laws. Its appointment was whoily in the hands of 
those who had an interest and stake in the practice. Medical 
men were represented on the Commission by six to one in favor 
of vaccination. Of the eight laymen appointed, none of them 
has expressed a definite opinion on the subject, but as might 
have been expected, these naturally deferred to the medical 
experts upon a subject so largely medical in its character. 

Suppose a municipality, like Chicago, should appoint a 
Commission to enquire into the fouling of Chicago River by the 
manufacturing industries, and the appointing power — which 
the people have no direct voice in — should select six to one 
from the very manufacturers who are perpetrating the evil 
complained of, to sit on the Commission. The people would 
justly conclude that this farce of a Commission was merely a 
"sop" to silence their murmurings, while the nuisance would 
be in no wise abated as a result of the Commission's findings. 
For a similar reason the medical profession had no occasion 
to fear a final report at the Royal Commission. In theory we 
do not allow a magistrate having a large property interest in 
public houses to adjudicate licenses ; nor one who has railway 
shares to sit on Railway Committees. But when the people 
want to know the truth about vaccination; how it may affect 
their households ; what protection may be expected and what 
dangers may be feared from a practice to which the law com- 
pels them to submit, this commonsense rule is reversed : The 
doctors have their own way : They appoint themselves to ad- 
judicate the momentous issue. 


"A Commission or committee of enquiiy into this mo- 
mentous question should have consisted wholly, or almost 
wholly, of statisticians, who should hear medical as well as 
officisl and independent evidence, would have all existing offi- 
cial statistics at their command, and would be able to tell us, 
with some show of authority, exactly what the figures proved, 
and what they only rendered probable on one side and on the 
other. But instead of such a body of experts, the Royal Com- 
mission, which for more than six years was occupied in hear- 
ing evidence and cross-examining witnesses, consisted wholly 
of medical men, lawyers, politicians, and country gentlemen, 
none of whom were trained statisticians, while the majority 
came to the enquiry more or less prejudiced in favor of vac- 
cination. The report of such a body can hive but little value, 
and I hope to satisfy my readers that it (the Majority Report) 
is not in accordance with the facts." — Prof. A. R. Wallace — 
Wonderful Cen. p. 235. 

In their eagerness — as interested parties — to defend vac- 
cination as the sole protection and safeguard against small- 
pox, this Royal Commission totally ignores all other forms of 
liability, as age, over-crowding, poverty, notoriously unsanitary 
conditions, etc. The distinctions of rich and poor, or of cleanli- 
ness and filth they never notice. Vaccination alone is the qual- 
ifying factor. The Commissioners say : "Those, therefore, 
who are selected as being vaccinated persons might just as well 
be so many persons chosen out of the total number attacked. 
So far as any connection with the incidence of, or the mortality 
from, small-pox is concerned, the choice of persons might as 
well have been made according to the color of the clothes they 
wore." (Final Report, par. 213). Now, there are extant ex- 
haustive statistical tables which show that about one-seventh 
of all small-pox mortality occur in the first six months of life, 
and more than half of these again occurs in the first three 
months. Small-pox is especially a childhood disease, infants 
being far more liable to it than the adult population. Many 


children have their vaccination delayed on account of ill-health. 
Hence the "unvaccinated" always include a large proportion 
of those who, merely because they are infants, supply a much 
larger proportion of deaths from small-pox than at any other 
age. How inaccurate and misleading, therefore, the statement 
of the Commissioners, that the unvaccinated might as well be 
chosen at random, or by the color of their clothes, as far as any 
liability to small-pox is concerned. 

Again, any man with a grain of commonsense and a scin- 
tilla of conscience knows, that independent of the question of 
vaccination, the liability to an attack of smail-pox is vastly in- 
creased by bad habits and unsanitary surroundings. Take the 
epidemic of Gloucester in 1895-6. Divide the city by a line 
running east and west through St. Michael's Square, into the 
clean, well-to-do northern quarter, and the South Hamlet 
which is crowded, poor, filthy, extremely deficient in water sup- 
ply, and most abominable in its drainage. Would not any un- 
prejudiced medical man say that the chances for taking the 
small-pox were increased tenfold in this Drouth District? 
What were the facts? As we saw in a previous chapter, both 
quarters were about equally vaccinated. The northen half had 
the largest population; yet the number of fatal cases in the 
South Hamlet were 2,036, while those in the North District 
were 214, — ninety per cent of the fatality fell in the crowded, 
filthy and unsanitary quarter of the City. The most of these, 
too, had been vaccinated. These facts were before the Com- 
mission, but were considered by them too trivial and unimport- 
ant to even mention. Well, the medical members ot the Com- 
mission were the "attorneys'' on the defense, and saw only 
what would contribute to the acquittal of the accused. 

In their examination of evidence, the Commission treated 
witnesses whom they knew to be opposed to vaccination very 
much as President McKinley's Commission on the army beef 


scandal treated all witnesses who complained of its bad quality. 
The policy was to worry, badger, harass, and if possible, render 
the testimony contradictory and worthless. The work of the 
Commission was an enquiry which it was desirable the public 
should follow from day to day, yet the majority decided its 
proceedings should be conducted with closed doors — mark 
this closed doors — and so its hundreds of columns of printed 
malter was sequestered in the Parliamentary Blue Books which 
none but students and professional men ever examine. In this 
way, the general public, which should have been instructed re- 
garding the practical workings of vaccination throughout the 
Kingdom, were not a whit better enlightened than they were 

But the accumulating wrath of the people might in some 
degree be appeased. The Commission in their Final Report, 
while they acquitted vaccination and hesitatingly voted to re- 
tain it, conceded the propriety of a "Conscience Clause" to be 
inserted in the Compulsory Vaccination Act. In the United 
Slates we have not even secured that ; and although the State 
Supreme Court in several States have decided compulsory vac- 
cination to violate both State and Federal constitutions, yet 
State and Municipal Boards continue to dose the Public 
Schools to unvaccinated children, whose parents refuse to obey 
the pseudo-vaccination laws. Oh, for a i'ttle of that spinal 
stiffening — that stalwart spirit of liberty which actuated our 
forefathers in 1776, to infuse into the weak-kneed house- 
dawn of a new century ; the rank and file of cur American citi- 
zenship ; the feeble folk whose once vigorous young sap has 
been contaminated, poisoned, and rendered well-nigh worthless 
by a century of vaccination ! 

A vast amount of misconception has arisen in the public 


mind from the unfair and misleading mannei in which vaccina- 
tion promoters, and physicians who have a pecuniary interest 
in vaccination, handle facts, and figures. From the first the 
National Vaccine Establishment of Great Britain has exhibited 
the usual traits which characterize a heartless, soulless corpora- 
tion. Supported by Government grants, it has issued periodical 
reports which were printed by order of the House of Com- 
mons. In 1812 and again .n 1818 it was stated: "Previous to 
the discovery of vaccination the average number of deaths by 
small-pox with the (London) Bills of Mortality were 2,000 an- 
nually, whereas, in the last year 751 persons have died of the 
disease." Again, in 1826, the report stated: "But when we 
reflect that before the introduction of vaccination the average 
deaths from small-pox within the Bills of Mortality (London) 
was annually about 4,000, no stronger argument can reasonably 
be demanded in favor of the value of this important discovery." 

This malicious, misleading, and grossly exaggerated figure 
was repeated in 1834; and then again in 1836 there was added 
another thousand thus : "The annual loss of life by small-pox 
in the metropolis and within the Bills of Mortality only, before 
vaccination was established, exceeded 5,000, whereas in the 
course of last year only 300 died of the distemper." In 1838 
this lie — this doctor's lie — was again repeated; and this sort of 
advertising by the medical profession was sanctioned and paid 
for by the Government. A patent medicine vender has to pay 
for his own advertising and depend on the good will of the 
public for the disposal of his wares ; but the government has 
adopted a system of "paternalism" toward the vaccinator un- 
heard of before, giving him offices and salaries, advertising his 
goods, and guaranteeing their prompt and ready sale by 
compelling every house-holder to become a purchaser. We 
should not be surprised to see some heavy twisting, turning, 
and pettifogging to retain a sysem that can boast such unpar- 


alleled backing and Government guarantees as vaccination. 

Now, 2,000 was the average annual small-pox mortality 
in London for the whole of the eighteenth century. So the 
number in the alleged fact is multiplied by two, plus one thou- 
sand; while the misleading features of the report is, "Whereas 
in the course of last year only 300 died of the distemper;" 
leaving the inference that as 300 is to 5,000, so is the average 
annual difference that should be set down to the credit of vac- 
cination. No regard is here paid to the epidemic and periodical 
character of small-pox — to the fact that a series of years inter- 
vene between the periods when small-pox becomes epidemic, 
when the small-pox mortality reaches but a tew hundred an- 
nually. But as a sort of rebuke and masterly irony on the last 
lie above cited, immediately after the report was published, 
small-pox broke out in vaccinated London with epidemic vio- 
lence, and carried their boasted figure up from 300 to 4,500. 
This was the London epidemic of 1838. Vaccinationists for a 
time, at least, were ashamed of their misstatements. 

Again, Dr. Letson — a public vaccinator — testified before 
the Parliamentary Commission in 1802, that before vaccination 
the annual small-pox fatality in London was 3,000, and in Great 
Britain and Ireland 36,000. In this way: The population of 
Britain and Ireland was estimated to be twelve times greater 
than that of London. Assuming small-pox fatality to be 3,000 
in London, he multiplied by 12 — 36,000. He first takes the 
London death rate for small-pox at one thousand above its 
average, and then assumes that the town, vi'lage, and country 
populations have the same proportional amount of small-pox 
as over-crowded and superlative filthy London. We have 
here once more illustrated the fact that the vaccinating syndi- 
cate, from the Royal Commission down to the scrub-doctor, 
totally ignore sanitation and every species of personal habit and 
environment as factors concerned in the relative liability to 


contract small-pox. The whole question is made to turn on the 
vaccinated and unvaccinated. Sir Gilman Bianc tells us that in 
many parts of the country small-pox was "quite unknown for 
periods of twenty, thirty, and forty years." In 1782 a surgeon 
at Seaford, in Sussex, knew of only one small-pox death in 
eleven years. Hence, to compute the small pox fatality of the 
country from that of London in order to show what vaccination 
had done toward "utterly stamping out the disease," is, to say 
the least, a species of dishonest, if not disgraceful, pettifogging. 

Dr. W. B. Carpenter — author of a well-known work on 
physiology, but whose word no literary man in England could 
be induced to swear by — in a letter to the "Spectator" of April, 
1 88 1, says: "A hundred years ago the Small-pox fatality of 
London alone, with its then population of under a million, was 
often greater in a six months' epidemic than that of the twenty 
million of England and Wales now is in any whole year." Now 
the facts, known to every well-informed enquirer, are, — that 
the highest small-pox mortality in London in any single year, 
for twenty years before vaccination came into vogue, was in 
1772, when it reached 3,992; while in the London epidemic in 
1871 it reached 7,912 — in a thoroughly vaccinated population. 
(See Won. Cen. p. 226.) I have good authority that this amaz- 
ing mistake was pointed out to Dr. Carpenter and acknowl- 
edged by him privately, but it was never withdrawn publicly. 

Mr. Earnest Hart, editor of the "British Medical Journal," 
in his work, "The Truth About Vaccination," p. 35, states that 
in forty years from 1728 the average sma'd-pox mortality for 
London was 18,000 per million living, which was the correct 
figure multiplied by nine, and this was tnumphantly dwelt upon 
and compared with modern rates, which vaccination has re- 
duced to a minimum. Then the local Government Board has 
authorized, published and distributed in thousands of families, 


such statements as the following: "Before the introduction of 
vaccination, small-pox killed 40,000 persons annually in this 
country. This was in 1884. In later issues of this tract the 
language is slightly modified: "Before its discovery (vaccina- 
tion) the mortality from small-pox in London was forty times 
greater than it is now." 

It is such "official" figures, such demonstrations of moral 
dishonesty as I have here cited, that our local lillipution doc- 
tors draw upon when they get down off their professional stilts 
to demolish the "erroneous" statments of Anti-Yaccinators. 


It is no uncommon thing to hear a public vaccinator assert 
that his practice has extended through a series of years ; that 
he has vaccinated a certain number of thousands, and has never 
seen the slightest evil results therefrom. Interested men have 
wonderful power and aptness of not seeing what they have de- 
cided should not interfere with their business. One need not 
see the sun while he resolutely shuts his eyes. Public vaccina- 
tors, it is true, do not see the result except by accident. Those 
who get small-pox go to the hospital, and cases of vaccinal in- 
jury are usually treated by other physicians. The vaccinator 
goes his way and is never interested in the results of his prac- 
tice. Medical men, like other men, have a habit of covering up 
and prevaricating when the facts look ugly. The end in view 
is the important matter, means are secondary and subservient. 
In strategy, a lie generally serves the end more effectively, than 
does the truth. 

Prof. Wallace — "Wonderful Century," p. 228 — gives a list 
of 785 deaths in fifteen years directly traceable to vaccination, 
yet which were officially returned as deaths from erysipelas. 


But now and then we find a public vaccinator with a spark of 
conscience left. Dr. Henry May, in an article published in the 
Birmingham "Medical Review," January, 1S74, says: 

"In certificates given by us voluntarily, and to which the 
public have access, it is scarcely to be expected that a medical 
man will give opinions which may tell against or reflect upon 
himself in any way, or which are likely to cause annoyance or 
injury to the survivors. In such cases he will most likely tell 
the truth, but not the whole truth, and assign some prominent 
symptom of the disease as the cause of death. As instances 
of cases which may tell against the medical man himself, I will 
mention erysipelas from vaccination, and puerperal fever. A 
death from the first cause occurred not long ago in my practice, 
and although I had not vaccinated the child, yet in my desire to 
preserve vaccination from reproach, I omitted all mention of 
it from my certificate of death." 

While there may be many, here was ceitainly one honest, 
conscientious doctor. The omen is a good one. The millen- 
ium must be at our doors ! 

That this style of suppression has been going on during 
the whole period of the vaccine practice, is rendered more than 
probable by the statement of Dr. Maslean, who says : "Very 
few deaths from cow-pox appear in the Bills of Mortality, 
owing to the means which have been used to suppress a knowl- 
edge of them. Neither were deaths, diseases, and failures trans- 
mitted in great abundance from the country, not because they 
did not happen, but because some petitioners were interested 
in not seeing them, and others who did see them were afraid 
of announcing what they knew." — Quoted by Dr. Wallace 
(Won. Cen. p. 229). 

Dr. Charles Fox, of Cardiff, published 56 cases of vaccinal 
injury, 17 of which resulted fatally; but in the medical returns 
only two were mentioned in connection with vaccination. 
Among those which survived, some were permanently injured, 
and others were crippled for life. The sufferings of some of 
the children were so great and so prolonged that their moth- 
ers were obliged to endure mental tortures for years on their 


account. And this is the account of only one medical man. If 
all the medical men, in all the civilized coutries of the earth, 
should by some inscrutable providence go to the confessional 
and make a full disclosure of things they now declare they have 
not seen, we should then have something of a picture — a gen- 
uine picture — of the cost price of the disease and suffering oc- 
casioned by a century of vacccination ; a piccure of the ruined 
temples which God made divinely fair ; of native races in trop- 
ical lands verging toward extinction with the curse of scrofula, 
syphilis, and leprosy, which the vaccinator has sown broadcast 
among them. 

Mr. Alfred Milnes, a statistician who h'is paid special at- 
tention to this subject, expresses the deliberate opinion, that if 
the officially admitted deaths were multiplied by twelve, it would 
come much nearer representing the actual number of deaths 
resulting from vaccination. After a most thorough review of 
the misstatements, special pleading, and deliberate falsifying 
by the medical profession, Professor Wallace sums up the case 
against them : 

"The facts and figures of the medical profession and of 
Government officials, in regard to the question of vaccination, 
must never be accepted without verification. And when we 
consider that these misstatements, and concealments, and de- 
nials of injury, have been going on throughout the whole of the 
century; that penal legislation has been founded on them; that 
homes of the poor have been broken up ; that thousands have 
been harried by police and magistrates, have been imprisoned 
and treated in every way as felons ; and that, at the rate now 
officially admitted, a thousand children have been certainly 
killed by vaccination during the last twenty years, and an un- 
known but probably much larger number injured for life, we 
are driven to the conclusion that those responsible for these 
reckless misstatements and their terrible results have, thought- 
lessly and ignorantly, but none the less certainly, been guilty 
of a crime — a terrible crime — against liberty, against health, 
and against humanity, which will, before many vears havp 


passed, be universally held to be one of the foulest blots on the 
civilization of the nineteenth century." 

— The Wonderful Century, p. 232. 

In notes on the Small-pox Epidemic at Birkenhead, 1877, 
(p. 7), Dr. F. Vacher says: "Those entered as not vaccinated 
were admittedly unvaccinated or without the faintest mark. 
The mere assertion of patients or their friends that they were 
vaccinated counted for nothing." Another medical practitioner 
justifies this method of making statistics as follows : "I have 
always classed those as 'unvaccinated,' when no scar, presum- 
ably arising from vaccination, could be discovered. Individ- 
uals are constantly seen who state that they have been vaccin- 
ated, but upon whom no cicatrices can be traced. In a prognos- 
tic and a statistic point of view, it is better, and I think, neces- 
sary, to class them as unvaccinated." 
— Dr. Gayton's Report for the Homerton Hospital for 

1 87 1 -2-3. 

This method, which is so general as to be well nigh uni- 
versal, is such a falsification of the real facts as to render them 
worthless for statistical purposes, and bears out Prof. Wallace's 
contention that "there is much evidence to show that doctors 
are bad statisticians, and have a special facility for misstating 

"I know one gentleman, a manufacturer in Lancashire, 
who has a family of 13 children, not one of them has been vac- 
cinated, and a certificate of successful vaccination was handed 
in to the authorities in proper form, and within the prescribed 
period after the birth of each child. 'How can that be?' do you 
ask? Ah, the ways of the vaccinator are past finding out. 'Do 
you mean to infer that the medical men signed those certificates 
knowing them to be false?' Do not repeat that question I im- 
plore you, lest I should say, 'Yes, I do !' 

* * * * 

"I am acquainted with a physician in a northern town, one 
who is honored with a government appointment. I hold a let- 
ter from him in my hand now, dated Dec. 3, 1889, who says that, 


'whilst in practice in London I frequently filled up death certifi- 
cates of children as Marasmus, Debility, etc , when I felt per- 
fectly certain that such cases of wasting and debility in delicate 
children had been induced by vaccination, — er, aggravated by 

— Pickering's Sanitation or Vaccination, p. 165. 
"When I know that the deaths from atrophy and debility, 
diarrhoea, and convulsions, a total of 54,^44 deaths annually, 
are wrongly certified ; that they are symptomatic, not caustive, 
I am justified in saying that the whole system of registration 
and certification requires to be remodelled and reformed. Medi- 
cine will never reform itself. Certification should be in the hands 
of an independent authority. 

"Again, when I contemplate the resources of infection 
in its power to spread epidemic and fever miasmata all around, 
and know, at the same time,, that all fever contagiousness given 
off by the patient is the result of bald-headed ignorance in the 
treatment, I am not surprised that Medicine should seek to hide 
some death causes under misleading symptoms, and that a con- 
tinued warfare should be kept up between itself and the other 
three rival systems, all of which are immeasurably in advance 
of Allopathic practice." 

— Ibed, p. 194. 

"Within the last four or five years the mortality from 
typhus has dropped from 7,000 to 300 and 160. This is to be ac- 
counted for by the fact of some sudden eruption, or instruction, 
either from the Registration Department, or from the Royal 
College of Physicians. It is not claimed to be in consequence 
of the discovery of some andidote, or some violent national ex- 
penditude, counteracting the conditions which give rise to this 
fever. No, it is too sudden to be real. It is, on the whole, 
entirely a change in certification. Instead of being found under 
the heading 'Typhus,' the deaths have been transferred, I should 
say, by authority, to other death-causes which are similar or 
symptomatic. It was necessary to show a change somewhere 
in the dull, continuous, mortality from fevers, and typhus was 
selected. Fashion rules even in certification. Query, Is it 
fashion ? 

"Sanitarians know that typhus has not much chance ofever 


becoming epidemic again. 

"We still have epidemics, plenty of them y such as phthisis, 
bronchitis, pneumonia, atrcphy, diarrhoea convulsions, other 
diseases of circulatory system, cancer, etc. ; but these are quiet 
and permanent epidemics, they come and go without observation, 
Death retains his power and popularity, and as he conducts his 
victims off the stage, he saunters on with discursive step to 
mark liis contempt for the impotency of physic." — Ibid, p. 213. 



The startling assertion is made by an expert in inebriety 
in a paper read before the Connecticut Medical Association, that 
morphinism is being spead among the people of the United 
States by the example and advice of medical men themselves, 
ten per cent, of whom are now opium drunkards. The asser- 
tions and deductions of the author, Dr. T. I. Crothers, of Hart- 
ford, and thus summarized in the Memphis "Appeal." (Dec. 4, 

"According to Dr. Crothers, twenty-one per cent. — or one 
in five — of the physicians of the Middle and Eastern States use 
spirits or opium to excess; and he concludes that from sixtoten 
per cent, of all medical men are opium inebriates. It is esti- 
mated that there are 150,000 opiumists in the United States; 
and this fact in connection with the prevalence of the opium 
or morphine habit among doctors presents one of the greatest 
problems for solution before the American people. It would 
seem a fair inference that the responsibility for the spread of 
morphinism among the people rests largely with those doctors 
who are addicted to its use. It would never occur to an unin- 
formed person to contract the opium habit. This can only 
come from example or from constant prescription by a doctor, 
and if the latter is addicted to the use of the drug he is more 
apt to be reckless in prescribing it. Thus the spread of the 
habit is no doubt largely due to that part of the profession 


which has become cursed with morphinism. Physicians have 
the reputation of being very strict in the observance of the eti- 
quette of the profession, and very rigorous in their hostility 
against the quacks, whose capacity of harm is readily under- 
stood. Certainly then it w r ould seem that the medical profession 
ought to protect itself as well as the people at large from the 
opiumists among the doctors. Unless something is done to 
stop the growth of inebriety in its various forms among physi- 
cians, it may be necessary to invoke the aid of the law, and have 
doctors examined once a year to ascertain whether they are ad- 
dicted to any of the habits which are so utterly incompatible 
with the proper discharge of their professional duties. There is 
no calling which makes such a demand for a clear head and a 
steady hand as that of the doctor." 

If the bad habit could be confined to the old-style drug 
doctors, the public might in the end be the gainer ; but since 
every doctor who is an opium fiend will be instrumental in fast- 
ening the habit on scores of his patients, he thus becomes a 
"center of contagion," from which the curse will spread and 
ramify through society. At least nine-tenths of the opium, the 
morphine disease, with much of the drunkenness in this coun- 
try is directly traceable to practicing physicians. Whom could 
the world spare better than the old-school drastic-drug doc- 


J. W. Hodge. M. D., at Xiagara Falls, N. Y., contributes a 
vigorous paper on vaccination to "Light of Truth," published in 
its issue of September 16th, 1899, from which I extract the fol- 
lowing : 

"To affirm that there never has been any scientific war- 
ranty for a belief in the alleged protective virtues of vaccination 
and that its practice is backed by ignorance and indifference, 
is a sorry charge to make against the medical profession at the 


close of the nineteenth century ; but the charge, I regret to say, 
is only too true. I know whereof I affirm, for I, too, must 
plead guilty to the charge. Before discovering my mistake I 
had vaccinated more than 3,000 victims, ignorantly supposing 
the disease I was propagating to be a preventative of small-pox. 
Having taken for granted what my teachers had asserted, I was 
a staunch believer in the alleged efficacy of vaccination as a 
prophylactic against small-pox. I remained in this blind and 
blissful state of ignorance for several years, and not until I ac- 
quired a little experience in the school of observation and re- 
flection did I discover my faith was pinned to a shameful fraud. 
The first real eye-opener I received upon the subject was in the 
year 1882, while practicing my profession in the city of Lock- 
port. At that time small-pox made its appearance in this city 
and soon attained the proportions of an epidemic. At the out- 
break of the disease general vaccination was ordered by the de- 
partment of health and the writer was officially appointed public 
vaccinator. My duty was to go from house to house and vaccin- 
ate all persons who could not present vaccination scars on their 
bodies, and to re-vaccinate all those who could not give assur- 
ance of having been vaccinated within a period of two years. 
Just before and during the prevalence of this epidemic I oper- 
ated upon nearly 3,000 victims, using the so-called 'pure calf 
iymph' obtained every third day 'fresh' from the vaccine farm 
of the New York city board of health. Much to the disgust 
of the people, and more to my own surprise and chagrin, I was 
confronted with a large number of cases of vaccinal erysipelas, 
as well as several cases of phlegmonous axillary abscesses fol- 
lowing as results of my work. One death occurred from blood 
poisoning, the result of vaccination. This was not all. A num- 
ber of those vaccinated were attacked with confluent small-pox 
at periods varying from twelve days to three weeks, after hav- 
ing been rendered 'immune' by cowpox. 

"These astounding facts, so contrary to my preconceived 
notions about vaccination and small-pox I was unable to ac- 
count for, and they worried me not a little, as I was unable to 
see where the 'protection' came in. 

"With Pascal, 'I considered the affirmation of facts as more 
powerful than the assertions of men,' and began a careful study 


of the relations existing between small-pox and vaccination, 
with the ultimate result that I was forced to entirely abandon all 
faith in the medical dogma of vaccinal protection against small- 
pox. During the epidemic I had under inspection 28 small-pox 
patients, all of whom, with one exception, (a very mild case), 
had been 'successfully vaccinated,' as attested by vaccinal scars 
on their bodies. Several of these patients have been revaccin- 
ated before contracting the disease. Thus was I forced through 
the stern logic of disagreeable facts to the unwelcome conclu- 
sion that vaccination had not 'protected' these victims of small- 

"After the remarkable revelations of this dismal experi- 
ence had dawned upon me I determined to make a careful study 
of the literature on small-pox and vaccination, and accordingly 
procured all the works I could find on these topics. After a 
thorough investigation of the statistics of small-pox epidemiol- 
ogy collected from various parts of the world, I was treated to 
snother great surprise, namely, the world's greatest statisti- 
cians on small-pox and vaccination fully corroborated the ex- 
perience that I had met in the Lockport epidemic. Previous 
to this disappointing experience I had read only orthodox lit- 
erature as is usually found in the medical libraries of physi- 
cians. I had heard only the exparte testimony of the provac- 
cinists. I knew (?) but one side of the question, and was like 
him of whom John Stuart Mill said : 'He who knows only his 
own side of the case knows little of that.' After a careful study 
of the history of vaccination and an extensive experience in 
its use, I am thoroughly convinced that it is utterlv useless 
as a preventive against small-pox, that millions of vaccinated 
persons have died of small-pox — that the practice of this de- 
grading rite is enforced by doctors as a dogma without being 
understood. That like that other infamous dogma (inoculation) 
it is only good for 'fees." That inoculation was unanimously 
believed in and practiced by the 'regular' doctors for 100 years 
in multiplying small-pox cases by spreading the contagion. 
That small-pox epidemics were checked by the cessation of in- 
oculation, not by the introduction of vaccination. That small- 
pox continued to increase under vaccination until sanitation 
came into more general use. That sanitation and isolation have 
controlled small-pox, and vaccination has claimed the credit. 


That vaccination protects from small-pox only by killing the 
persons 'protected." That vaccination has been the means of 
disseminating consumption, cancer, syphilis and many other 
fatal and loathsome diseases. . That consumption follows in 
the footsteps of vaccination as directly as an effect can follow 
a cause. That tuberculosis is a disease common to cattle and to 
human beings, and has frequently been conveyed by vaccination 
from the former to the latter. That Edward Jenner saddled a 
legacy of disease and death on the human race and incidentally 
made $150,000 by the transaction. That many doctors and 
some editors are making money by propagating this curse. 
That vaccination is called 'successful' when it makes a healthy 
person diseased. That disease as the result of vaccination is the 
legitimate harvest from the seed sown. That vaccination has 
no scientific basis upon which to rest its claims and no analogy 
in any ascertained principle or law in nature. That 'sponta- 
neous cow-pox' is a myth, the disease so-called being tuber- 
cular or syphilitic in its nature. That when vaccination kills its 
victims the facts are suppressed and health (?) boards return 
death certificates so made out. That compulsoiy vaccination 
has recently been abolished in Englaid and Switzerland, while 
laws sanctioning this crime still disgrace the statute books of 
'free' America. That vaccination is one of the foulest blots on 
the escutcheon of the 'noble art of healing.' " A portion of the 
above article appears in a previous page of this volume ; but this 
vaccination subject, so notorious in results, deserves line upon 
line of condemnation. 

Prof. Thomas D. Wood, of the Stanford University, re- 
cently said in a lecture : 

"Tuberculosis bacilli is a rod-shaped plant, the i-5000th 
part of an inch in length. It is a parasite on animals, and does 
not exist outside of the warm-blooded animals. It will pene- 
trate almost every tissue of human beings or of animals. It 
will die at 175 degrees Fah., may be killed in sunshine, and ob- 
jects to the air. It may be killed by certain forms of chemistry, 
but it cannot be frozen. It hibernates, too ; dries up, remains 
quiescent on your mantel, awaiting to be taken into the system, 
Consumption has been developed in the human system by oc- 
cupying rooms in which no consumptive had lived for five 


years. It effects human beings, especially when crowded to- 
gether in large cities of big buildings. It is partial to the do- 
mesticated animals, but rarely attacks the horse, and more 
rarely the dog. Swine are most affected. Next to these are 
cows and heifers." 

Now mark — tuberculosis in cows and heifers; and from 
these we get the cow-pox lymph which vaccinationists thrust 
into human arms, which is tantamount toinoeculatingthemwith 
consumption or tuberculosis tendencies. It is generally admit- 
ted that both consumption and cancers have increased in the 
world since the introduction of Jenner s cow pox system. 

It is said that these heifers are entirely healthy. How do 
you know? Did the officials look at their tongues and feel of 
the pulse? Cows, heifers are dumb. They can not tell you 
whether they have a kidney complaint, or indigestion, or any 
other disease. And then — think of it — they take supposed 
healthy heifers from the fields, confine them in 'sterilized sta- 
bles' (a phrase used by a San Diego doctor), rope them, throw 
them, shave their abdomens, puncture this portion of the hair- 
less body with 'small-pox pustular poison,' and then watch the 
irritation, watch the animal's thirst, the increasing inflammation 
up to the point of puss-rottening — and now call the brute 
healthy, do you? Would you consider your own body healthy 
if half covered with inflamed pustules and discharging sores? 
Then watch the applied clamps as they squeeze out the putrid, 
mucus-like pus, mingled with a little of the animal's inflamed 
blood, to be manipulated into 'pus-lymph' — rather impure poi- 



"How would it do to take catarrh mucus from the nose of 


some otherwise healthy young lady and manipulating it up to 
the point of pure catarrh lymph, introduce it compulsorily into 
the school children's arms as a preventive, say against the grip, 
erysipelas, or some kind of eczema? 

"These half-fledged medical scientists forget, however, that 
a heifer may have the germs of tuberculosis or some other mal- 
ady in its blood before such disease is visible in its tissues, or 
before it could be detected by a postmortem examination. In- 
deed, the opinion of eminent chemists is that whatever lurking 
and latent disease there may be in a heifer, is drawn out by the 
violent poisoning to which a small-pox inoculated animal is sub- 
ject and that it commingles with the so-called 'pure pus' which is 
squeezed out of the poor creatures' 'running sores !" — J. M. P. 
in San Diego Daily Sun. 

Here is a sample of the practical working of this "specially 
prepared," "pure" vaccine matter — some that was guaranteed 
to have been secured by the latest and most improved methods. 
In the early part of 1894, the Iowa State Board of Health sent 
out a decree that all the school children in the state should be 
vaccinated and amongst the other children so maltreated was lit- 
tle Alma O. Peihn, daughter of L. H .Peihn, president of the 
First National Bank of Nora Springs — a beautiful little girl six 
years of age and unusually healthy. Shortly after her vaccina- 
tion with this "pure" pus, her arm swelled and became inflamed 
and was soon covered with black spots. No pains or expense 
was spared to give her the best medical attention, but all to no 
purpose. In a few days her whole body was covered with simi- 
lar spots ; then they became putrid and loathsome sores, and in 
less than a week thereafter her sufferings were ended by death. 
The doctor who performed the operation, probably, in all his 
practice extending to thousands of cases, "never saw a case of 
vaccinal injury follow vaccination." 

Early in 1899, a whole family in New York contracted 
syphilis from vaccination. The St. Louis "Medical Gazette" 


"The New York 'Medical Journal' of March 26th last, re- 
cords an epidemic of syphilis in which the disease was intro- 
duced into the family, according to the history, by vaccination, 
and in which every member of the family of eight was ultimately 
infected. The first case was a child of two years ; then the moth- 
er, aged 32 ; then two girls aged 9 and 14 respectively ; then a 
boy of 4 ; then a girl of 7, and then a nursling, aged 6 months. 
The father escaped until the last, but late in the spring he came 
to the clinic with a characteristic eruption, alopecia, etc. The 
cases were all severe. There were several irites, all had obstin- 
ate and some very extensive mucous patches, and the two-year- 
old child had syphilis pneumonia. Tiie site of inoculation was 
discoverable in two cases only, probably on account of the late- 
ness and irregularity with which patients were brought to the 
clinic. In the other it was upon the center of the cheek, and 
in one girl it was upon the eyelid." 

The Board of Health, of Winona. Minn., made a vaccina- 
tion order and furnished vaccine virus to the surgeons. P. Yon 
Lackum was appointed vaccinator for the Third district. After 
the epidemic had subsided he returned the virus which had 
been furnished him and proved he had used pure cream instead. 
He also showed that his district did not have a single case of 
small-pox, and that the general health was good, while in the 
other districts there were many cases of small-pox and much 
sickness and many deaths. This occurred in 1873. Until the 
detestable compulsory law is repealed, we will pray that the 
"Von Lackum's" will multiply in the land. 

I presume I may be excused if I refer to the City of Lei- 
cester once more. It is the city of standing reference with 
Anti-Yacccinators. It is the champion city in the world for its 
successful and practical protest against compulsory vaccination 
and in finding a better way. For the sake of once more reas- 
serting its position, a member of its Boa d of Guardians last 
year moved "that this Board resolve to continue the policy of 
the three previous Boards in not instituting proceedings against 
parents under the vaccination act." This was adopted by forty 


y eas — no nays. This means that Leicester has tried ignoring 
vaccination and is abundantly satisfied with the result, not by a 
majority merely, but unanimously. We saw in a preceding 
chapter that Leicester's Board of Guardians has been elected 
for many years by a unanimous anti-vaccine constituency. That 
city will always be accorded the proud position of having held 
the foremost place in the agitation against compulsory vaccina- 
tion, snd especially for havng risen en-masse in open defiance of 
the vaccination act. It has a noble record of sacrifice and labor, 
its protesting citizens having paid over $100,000 in fines for re- 
fusing to submit to vaccination. Over 7,000 cases have been 
brought before the magistrates. The cost and loss of time 
exclusive of fines represent a sum equal to $50,000. Seventy 
persons have been sent to prison for "conscience sake." 

For over twenty years Leicester has made a specialty of 
sanitation, and has practically demonstrated the fact for the 
whole world, that to be free from small-pox, and all other filth 
disease, the person, the house, the street must be clean. This is 
their form of prevention ; this their secret of safety. Walt Whit- 
man must have had some such city in mind when he wrote : 

"Where no monuments exist to heroes, but in the common 

words and deeds, 
Where thrift is in its place, and prudence is in its place, 
Where the men and women think lightly of the laws, 
Where the slave ceases, and the master of the slave ceases, 
Where the populace arise at once against the never ending 

audacity of elected persons." 

The Atlanta Constitution, a vigorous broad-minded South- 
ern Journal, recently had the following: 

"At Americus (Ga) several Christian Scientists, who re- 
fused to be vaccinated, were sentenced to an imprisonment for 
thirty days, and a fine of $15. 

"This in free America, sounds like autocratic rule in Russia, 
or the semi-barbaric methods of China. The despatches tell us 


that many of those thus sentenced belong to the best families 
in the place. The refusal to be vaccinated therefore, can not be 
charged to ignorance. Call it rather elightenment. They have 
read of the fatalities, and the disease which follows the use of 
the vaccine lance, and in self-protection, they are defying an 
unjust and arbitrary law. 

"The course pursued by the authorities of this Georgia 
town, will have an effect entirely contrary to that intended. It 
will be looked upon as persecution, as an attempt to deprive 
people of rights and liberties, which are inherit to America. 

"It will arouse a hostility which will give a strong impetus 
to the anti-vaccination movement — a movement that is surely 
growing in all civilized and enlightened countries." Yes, it is 
growing and all the powers of earth and hades can not check it. 
Let the doctor consider, let the conservative beware when sci- 
ence let loose a great truth. 

"Swing inward, O gates of the future I 
Swing outward, ye doors of the past, 
For the soul of the people is moving 
And rising from slumber at last ; 
The black 'rites' are retreating, 
The white peaks have signaled the day, 
And freedom her long roll is beating, 
And calling her sons to the fray." 


The eloquent and cultured Dr. E. M Ripley, of Unionville, 
Conn., said in a public address delivered in New Britain, Conn. : 

"Never in the history of medicine has there been produced 
so false a theory, such fraudulent assumptions, such disastrous 
and damning results, as have followed the practice of this dis- 
gusting rite; it is the ultima thule of learned quackery, and 
lacks, and has ever lacked, the faintest shadow of a scientific 
basis. The fears of the whole people have been played upon as 
to the dangers of small-pox, and the sure prevention by vaccina- 


tion, until nearly the whole civilized world has become phys 
ically corrupted by its practice. 

"The life-blood of nations has become the cesspool of vac- 
cinators, wherein they have poured the foul excretions that are 
thrown off from diseased beasts, nature adjudging it too vile 
to contaminate the system of any living creature. Scrofula, that 
hydra-headed monster of pathology, whose ramifications ex- 
tend into and complicate nearly all the diseases that flesh is heir 
to, and whose victims are as the sands of the seashore in num- 
ber, is one of the oldest children of vaccine poisoning. Syphilis, 
that disreputable disorder, that sinks its victims below the scale 
of decency, and hounds them to dishonorable graves, has been 
carried by the vaccinator's lance into the homes of the innocent 
and the virtuous, and there the blighting curse has been left to 
consummate a work of disease and death, wi^h consequent suf- 
fering that defies the imagination of man to depict." 

When a mad dog enters a community and bites a chSld, the 
whole people rise up and demand the death oi the creature, and 
desire that all available means be immediately used to elimin- 
ate from the system of the child the virus that has been so 
cruelly inserted. The action of the people in this case is a very 
natural one; but let me tell you that where the bite of a mad 
dog has caused death in one case, the mad doctor, with his 
calf-lymph poisoned lance, has caused his tens of thousands. 

It is the most outrageous insult that can be offered to any 
pure-minded man or woman. It is the boldest and most im- 
pious attempt to mar the works of God that has been attempted 
for ages. This stupid blunder of doctor-craft has wrought all 
the evil that it ought, and it is time that free American citizens 
arise in their might and blot out this whole blood-poisoning 

"It is a sorry charge to make against a learned profession 
to say the that the cause of vaccination is backed by ignorance, 
but so it is. I know whereof I affirm, for I, too, must plead 
guilty to the charge. I vaccinated for five years, ignorantly sup- 
posing that it was a preventive of small-pox. I took for granted 


what my medical teachers had affirmed. I came near being a 
murderer, and in my own family, too. For weeks my child, vac- 
cinated by my own hand with pure vaccine lymph, and from the 
calf, too, was tended upon a pillow by his faithful mother ; and 
when not in a stupor he suffered as only the damned can suffer. 
After a time the crisis passed and he came back to life; and I 
then and there took a solemn oath never, so long as God would 
let me live, would I poison another human being with vaccine 
virus, and I have kept my vow. 

From that time on I studied the subject, as I should have 
done before, and as all doctors should before commencing 
medical practice, and I was appalled to find how fearfully I had 
been deluded." 

In consonance with Dr. Ripley's above address, it may be 
said, that vaccination is a moral cancer, a santanic contagion, 
invading all the sanctities of human life. Masquerading as 
sanitary science, it is the champion harlequin of our time, and 
while a source of revenue to medical boodlers, at last it "biteth 
like a serpent and stingeth like an adder." 

The English physician, Dr. John Pickering. F. R. G. S., F. 
S.S., F. S. A., etc., says : 

"Wherever you have no vaccination you have the best 
health. The moment you give up vaccination you do away with 
small-pox; it will die out.*' 

The late Dr. William Hitchman, Consulting Surgeon to the 
Cancer Hospital, Leeds, and formerly public vaccinator to the 
City of Liverpool, expressly stated, in 1083, that "Syphilis, 
Abdominal Phthisis, Scrofula, Cancer, Erysipelas, rndalmostall 
diseases of the skin, have been either conveyed, occasioned, or 
intensified by vaccination." — (Transactions of the "Makuna Vac- 
cination Inquiry, p. 31, London, 1883. 

Dr. Hitchman further says: "Cancer may be generated 
anew whenever the necessary conditions are present. And here 
a strong indictment is again furnished against both 'calf-lymph' 
and 'arm-to-arm' vaccination. Cancer," says Dr. Hitchman, 


"is a blood disease ; so also is cow-pox ; and when, to inherited 
or acquired morbid tendency, vital exhaustion, digestive dis- 
order, and unhealthy surroundings, are added the various com- 
plications attending vaccination, the presence of certain growths, 
or even bony structure in the larynx or ai.y other part, is not 
surprising to one who believes in causal sequence. Scientific- 
ally, whatever tends to a diminution in the natural color and 
specific gravity, especially of the red corpuscles of the blood, 
may, sooner or later, lead to serious transfoimation into tuber- 
cular, syphilitic, or cancerous affection." — Vaccination Inquirer, 
London, February, 1888. 

To introduce any animal substance directly into the human 
lymphatic system is perilous, especially as the lymph is, to use 
Swedenborg's forcible and scientific definition, "the true, purer 
blood." So that, even were the actual lymph of a perfectly 
healthy calf to be introduced into the lymphatic system of a 
healthy child, the conditions sufficient for the generation of a 
cancer would then be present ; owing simply to the mere differ- 
ence in the rate of growth in the representative cells of calf and hu- 
man being, or in that of the protoplasm out of which they are 
respectively formed. 

W. H. Burr, a clear-headed student, historian, writer and 
author, residing in Washington, D. C, says: "I gave the follow- 
ing English statistics to the New York Daily Sun, fourteen 
years ago :" 

"Vaccination was made compulsory in England in 1853, 
again in 1867, and still more stringent in 1871. Now mark the 
result as given in the vital statistics authorized by Parliament. 
Since the first year named England has been visited with three 
epidemics of small-pox, each more severe than the preceding, 
as appears from the following figures : 

Epidemic of Deaths. 

1857-58-59 14,194 

1863-64-65 19,816 

1870-71-72 44,631 


"And you tell us that in New York Cit) ''August, 1885), 
where vaccination is not yet compulsory, the disease has almost 
disappeared, while in London, where most stringent compulsory 
laws prevail, the small-pox is raging. 

"All the foregoing facts appeared in the Sun of August 
21, 1884, with the editor's own heading in ihese words: A'ac- 
cination a Fraud — Xew York Healthier Withoui It ' * * * 

"It is sanitary regulations, and not vaccination which abate 
the ravages of small-pox. 

"The anti-vaccinationists have always been able to demol- 
ish the pretensions of their adversaries. I don't wish to say 
any more on the subject. Let Brother Peebles come forth with 
his 'pen-gatling.' " W. H BURR. 

The Chicago Inter Ocean of recent date prints the f • 
ing special from Fort Wayne, Inch, concerning the evil effects 
of vaccination : 

"Indiscriminate vaccination has caused many children here 
to suffer seriously. This morning the seven-year-old 5 n of 
William Maddux, foreman of the Xew York, Chicago and St. 
Louis Railway wrecking gang, died suddenly from blood poi- 
soning, superinduced by vaccination. There are six other cases 
where chidren are afflicted with blood poisoning from the same 
cause, and children were vaccinated who were unable to stand 
the shock, and some physic ; ans have not used fresh vaccine 

•5. but have used virus from the arms of other children." 

In the Transvaal, where war is now raging, vaccination, 
says Dr. Bond, is enforced with a cat-o-ninetails. In Algiers 
soldiers if refusing vaccination, 2re bound with cords and then 
illy poisoned. The fee here is $5. when it "takes." 
The Abyssinian Emperor Menelik had encouraged vaccin- 
ation for a long time; but seeing the bad effect he became dis- 
gusted with the results. Dr. Wurtz reports the following- 
see p. 124 Life in Abvssinia : "A rich Abyssinian refused vac- 
cine lymph offered him by Dr. Wurtz and insisted on having 
eight young female servants inoculated with the result that they 
all died of small-pox. In 1896 a French trader of Addis-Abada. 
had nine servants inoculated with the result that each of them 
soon afterward had a sphilitic sore on some part of their bodies 


and one of them, a chancre-like ulcer on the wrist. Three other 
neigboring children were vaccinated with what was termed pure 
calf-lymph. One of these exhibited scrofula immediately after 
and the two others syphilitic symptoms." 

The erudite Dr. A. Wilder, of New York, physician and 
author, assures us that if vaccination has any influence, it is that 
of changing the body from a natural and normal condition to an 
unnatural and diseased one; in which case, repeated vaccinating 
can be but an endeavor to make this unnatural and diseased 
condition permanent. The individual is thus rendered sickly, 
and placed in a state of chronic aptitude to contract other dis- 

The doctor further says that Lorenzo Dow was once chal- 
lenged to preach from a text to be given him by a minister just 
as he was about to begin. The text assigned was from Num- 
bers xxii., 21 : "And Balaam rose up in the morning and sad- 
dled his ass." 

"This text," said Dow, "embraces three distinct ideas, 
which I will explain. First, Balaam, the wicked prophet ; he 
denotes your minister. Second, the saddle, which is the salary 
which he receives. Third, the ass ; this means the people of his 
congregation. The improvement is this : that your minister has 
his saddle fastened upon you, and is riding you to inevitable 

"Of our friends in Brooklyn I say, as Chatham said of the 
American colonists : "I am glad that they have resisted." It 
may be that martyrdom is in store for the friends of personal 
freedom and pure bodies ; we shall see. We read that when the 
apostle cast the Python-spirit out of the soothsaying girl (Acts 
xiii.) "her masters saw that the hope of their gains was gone," 
and in the mad fury of their disappointed cupidity, caught 
Paul and Silas and dragged them to the agora, under the 
charge of teaching illegal and pernicious customs. The multi- 
tude — the majority — rose up en masse, and the magistrates 
beat them and cast them into prison. Doctor-craft is about as 
malignant and obstreperous today. It abides no law, no con- 
stitutional safeguard that conflicts with its selfish ends." 


During the Civil War, 1863-4-5, Mr. C. C. Watkins, a 
solid, substantial citizen of San Diego, Cal., 125 Grand Avenue, 
was with other soldiers exposed to the small-pox. Soon there 
were exhibited symptoms of the disease. And including Mr. 
Watkins, nearly a dozem of them were put into a pest-house 
in Tennessee. Seven of them had been vaccinated and every 
one of them died, while C. C. Watkins, who had not been vac- 
cinated, was the only one that fully recovered from the terrible 
disease. And yet there are physicians, either ignorant enough 
or impudent enough, to declare that calf-lymph vaccination 
is a preventive of small-pox. It is strange that thinking cul- 
tured people are losing faith in the average doctor? Many 
of them had better drop their profession and become black- 
smiths or daily tillers of the soil. 

Dr. Johnson, of Xewburyport, Mass., says : "We have five 
children, all of whom have been exposed to the disease. The 
only one who took it was the one who had been vaccinated." 

The Hon. A. B. Gaston, present member of Congress 
from Meadsville, Pa., writes as follows in the monthly Cassa- 
dagan : "Americans unfortunately have some of the most 
tyrannical laws that could possibly disgrace any statute books. 
Among the numerous vicious laws of my own state. I may name, 
the compulsory vaccination law, as it is at present being en- 
lorced in my own city, a benefit to physicians, and hundreds 
of filthy poisonings for the victims. This vaccination fad car- 
ries a thousand dollars into the pockets of the doctors, and two 
thousand bits of health-destroying virus into the systems of 
our children, to vitiate and curse their rich young blood. 
Every intelligent reader knows that the best preventive of 
small pox, or of any contagious disease rests, in sanitary regu- 
lations, in personal and municipal cleanliness, by fortifying the 
system with pure air, pure food, pure drink, pure habits of 
thought and of living, and entire abstinence from excesses and 
over indulgence in all directions." 

The Washington Star informs us that Congress has made 
an appropriation of $100,000 to be expended in an effort to ex- 


terminate tuberculosis among the cattle in the United States. 
What appropriation will it make to exterminate the tubercu- 
losis — imparted virus — or the cow-pox virus — that doctors are 
strenuously, selfishly and compulsorially putting into our 
children's arms under the baseless pretence that it will prevent 

Cows and heifers ate known by the well-informed to be 
very many of them unhealthy. "A herd ten days ago," (says 
Public Opinion, Jan. 14, 1891), "on a farm in this district, was 
found to have 80 per cent, of its animals infected ; and a few 
days before that no fewer than 90 animals in a herd numbering 
125 near Richmond, Va., were discovered to be diseased. These 
are extreme and unusual cases, it is true ; but occurring syn- 
chronously within a narrow radius, they were enough to rouse 
the Government to a sense of the danger to which the country 
is exposed from this source. An experiment performed by one 
of the scientists attached to the animal industry laboratory 
about the same time tended in the same direction of alarm. 
Ascertaining from test experiments which he had been making 
with Ihe milk supply of f he Capital that it was tainted with 
tubercle, he inoculated a guinea pig with the milk ; and, sure 
enough, after a few days when the tubercle bacilli contained in 
the milk had had time to plant itself and develop in his sys- 
tem, the rodent exhibited unmistakable tuberculosis. Concur- 
rent circumstances like these, forced on the attention of the 
Government, produced the belief that it was about time a gen- 
eral investigation of diseased cattle should be made, if the 
danger to human health so portended would be avoided. 

Sores or ulcers on these tuberculosis cows, heifers or calves, 
are tapped and the discharged pus — virus manipulated, is forced 
compulsorily into the arms of our children. How long — oh 
how long will our suffering countrymen permit this outrage! 

The following is from the Rev. Isaac L. Peebles, a promi- 


nent preacher in the Methodist Episcopal church, Mississippi. 
It is an exhibition of not only high-grade Scotch grit, but of 
southern chivalry on a leligious plane. He thus writes in his 
able pamphlet on Vaccination : "The virus that Dr. Jenner, the 
accredited father of vaccination, used first was from a sore on 
the hand of a young woman. This sore, she claimed, was pro- 
duced by matter from the sores on the teats and udders of 
the cows, while milking them. This was the filth start of vac- 
cination, but the extreme nastiness of its filthiness will appear 
more clearly when we remember that the sores on the cow's 
udders and teats were caused by an oozing matter called grease 
from the diseased heel of badly kept horses. Persons attend- 
ing the horses would milk the cows without washing. It almost 
makes us vomit to think of such filth, and yet to think that 
human beings would have it compulsorily thrust into their 
children's bodies. Although this was the beginning of Jen- 
ner's vaccination, yet it was not its limit. Two years after his 
first vaccination, he vaccinated his own son with the virus of 
hog-pox. Indeed, he vaccinated with the putrid matter from 
the disease of horses' # heels. Kr further by way of experiment 
vaccinated with horse-pox, cow-pox, goat-pox and hog-pox, 
and it is a wonder that some of his disciples have not completed 
his list by taking filth from some dirty mangy dog and vaccin- 
ating some poor ignorant fellow and calling it dog-pox. Jen- 
ner contended that all thtse poxes were of the same origin. 

Some claim that it is produced by vaccinating a cow with 
a virus of small-pox, while others of equal ability claim that 
the virus of small-pox will produce small-pox, and not cow- 
pox, and that cow-pox must appear of itself in the cow. The 
doctrine of spontaneous cow-pox is without foundation. In- 
deed, it is contrary to reason and the nature of things, unless it 
can be proven that the good Lord, through special regard for 
the ladies, made the cow of such peculiar sensitive nature that 


the pox develops in her, and her only, so that the nice term 
"cow-pox" could be used, instead of the gross term "bull-pox." 
* * * Fifty years from ik v\ there will rise up a well-in- 
formed generation, who will look back on this time of vaccina- 
tion and forced vaccination with wonder and pity. Let those 
who love the darling, filthy, butchering business practice it on 
themselves as much as they choose, but for humanity's sake, 
if for nothing else, let others alone." 

What becomes of the heifers and calves after they have 
yielded their harvest of Pustular and poison pus Lymph? 

This question, legitimately asked, is a very serious one ; — 
what becomes of them? Are they killed and their shaven, sore 
and pus-scarred bodies buried from human gaze? This would 
be a waste of beef, not "embalmed beef," but rather veal from 
a calf-iymph producing farm. No, these pus, or pustule-tapped 
heifers, are returned to the farmers or sold in city meat mar- 
kets. Such facts the moie deeply intensify vegetarians in their 

The Philadelphia Daily Item, Nov. 22nd. 1899, has the fol- 
lowing trifle condensed: "Some more interesting facts are 
coming to the surface in connection with the fight inaugurated 
by the Anti-Compulsory Vaccination Society of America 
against the law which was passed at the last session of the Leg- 
islature, and Attorney C. Oscar Beasley is willing to tell his 
experience in getting matters into shape for what he says will 
be one of the greatest lc^al battles ever waged in the State. 

In the Sunday Item he said that there were only twelve 
farms, or "factories," as he called them, in the country for the 
production of vaccine virus. 

"We have abundant evidence," said Attorney Beasley, 
"direct from the people who have seen the calves, after they 
had been used fcr the purpose of producing the virus, taken 
from these farms full of poisonous vaccine matter and sold. 


''Naturally, everyone interested in this matter wants to 
know what becomes of these poor animals. What I have just 
told you is only part of the story, but we also know that they 
have been sold to the public as veal after the virus has been 
put into them. We can prove that, and if such action is pre- 
venting the spread of disease, I, at least, would like to be in- 
formed how the authorities reconcile the facts. 

"The people who run these cow-pox farms rent the calves 
from the farmers. After the calves are kept the proper time 
they ?re sent back to the farmers. Now, the question is, 'What 
do the farmers do with them?' I have already told what we 
know — and what we can prove. 

"There are a number of mattters which will be brought out 
before this affair is concluded, and I want you to understand 
that I will be responsible for everything that I tell you. 


"There are hundreds of children who are kept away by the 
enforcement of this law from public, private and Sunday 
schools, and it is not unlikely that the League may arrest some 
of the Sunday school superintendents on the charge of pre- 
venting the children from attending the school because they 
are not vaccinated. A test case will be made and then we will 
see where we stand on that phase ot the case." 

At this point in his talk, Mr. Beasley referred to a letter 
which he had received from a Catholic priest who was a resident 
of this city. He was immune from small-pox and during the 
terrible epidemic of the winter of 1872 and 1873 was one of 
the Catholic clergymen who were detailed by the Archbishop of 
the diocese to visit the poor and afflicted in all parts of the city 
and give them extreme unction, the last rite of the church. 

This reverend gentleman says he is positive that the dis- 


ease caused by the inoculation of vaccine virus is at best a 
very vile one. It not unfrequently causes death. The virus, 
he says, is sure to fasten upon the weak portion of a child's 
system. These are still more greatiy weakened by the virus 
often with fatal results. He concludes by saying that he hopes 
the League will be successful in having the bill repealed." 

The April number of Frank D. Blue's Vaccination, pub- 
lished in Terre Haute, Ind., has the following: 

"David Mackay, M. D., Surgeon General of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, in sending a subscription to Vaccina- 
tion says : 'The abominable practice is only one of the horri- 
ble delusions arising from filth, and from a false dietary, — flesh- 
eating. Until that ceases man will go on his crazy method of 
'curing' a disease, by creating a worse one.' " 


As I write January 15th, 1900 — the evening mail brings 
to my desk an item from the Los Angeles East Side News, 
giving the latest phase of the Vaccination Question in Chi- 

"A small-pox case escaped from the chief medical inspector 
of the health department and ran into a crowd of people. The 
inspector called a half dozen policemen to his aid, rounded up 
seventeen persons supposed to have been touched by the 
small-pox patient, and in spite of protests, threats and resist- 
ance, vaccinated the lot. The Tribune says : 

"With his back to the side of a house Dr. Spalding seized 
his patients as fast as they were pushed toward him by the 
police and applied the virus in record-breaking time." 

Now, dear reader, I shall have to "take back" the asser- 
tion I made in the fourth chapter that "no person has yet been 
vaccinated in the United States by applying actual physical 
force.'' The Chicago incident inaugurates that phase and makes 


the compulsion of the "Code" a concrete fact. We now stand 
on a par with Germany in the mode of enforcing the law. The 
same paper from which 1 clip the above casually mentions that 
recently 2,500 medical students in Chicago mobbed a preacher 
for criticising the drug practice. The doctors are evidently 
numerous in Chicago — indeed, so numerous that quite a large 
army of them must needs be numbered among the "unem- 
ployed." The unemployed "\ag" holds the citizen up in Chi- 
cago as he returns late from business or pleasure, and if caught 
is "sent up." And why should not the unemployed doctors 
"round up" a few citizens occasionally and vaccinate them, 
when the law says they may do that very thing? At this sea- 
son of the year — since the "Appendicitis" racket is about played 
out — many doctors must find but a scanty demand for their 
"professional" services in that city. With office rent falling due 
and no "revenue" with which to buy coal, we should not be 
surprised to learn that they are arming with the lancet, with 
tubes, or a phial of calf-pus and taking to the street, physic- 
ally enforce vaccination. They well understand that the Legis- 
lature gave them leave to vaccinate all "goers and comers," and 
agreed to help them do it up to the point of efficiency. 

Now, by lending to the doctors the services of the police, 
we may be assured the Government is faithfully performing its 
part of the contract. Why should we not hope and pray that 
the State Legislature and the doctors shall carry out their 
mutual "understanding" that the common people shall be "pro- 
tected," seeing that they are "too ignorant to protect them- 

I would suggest (seriously) that on the next election day in 
Chicago, the doctors charter a sufficient force of police to 
"round up" a few hundred voters, and that the doctors be 
ready for duty with "pure" glvcerinated and "sterilized" calf- 
lymph to duly "protect" the aforesaid voters ; and that this 


operation be repeated on each successive election day, until 
American "sovereigns" are aroused to the point of rising en 
masse to break and repeal this infamous compact between the 
doctors and lobbied legislatures — legislatures that are bought 
and sold by unprincipled multi-millionaires. 


The Militia called out ! Such was a recent heading in the 
Hudson Journal, June 15th. Called out for what? Here's the 
paragraph — it speaks for itself: 

"The Hudson company of militia, ninety men strong, went 
to Stockport today to aid in enforcing quarantine regulations 
against a number of persons who have refused to be vaccin- 

"An epidemic of small-pox has prevailed among 500 col- 
ored brickyard laborers at Walsh & Company's yard, Stock- 
port, for some time. About fifty, white and colored, refused 
to submit to vaccination, so a company of the State Militia 
was ordered to Stockport to enforce the quarantine rules." 

And this is the free America, is it? This, a land of per- 
sonal liberty, is it? This a country of inalienable rights, is it? 
No — it is rather an oligarchy manned by certain "professsional" 
doctors, the repulsive dules and unconstitutional laws of which, 
are to be enforced by the militia. 

There's not a thoroughly-read, intelligent physician in 
America but that knows, and if honest, will frankly admit that 
cow-pox vaccination is not an invariable preventative of small- 
pox. They know from the most unimpeachable testimony that 
thousands vaccinated and re-vaccinated have died and still die 
every year of small-pox. And yet in Hudson the militia is 
called out to enforce the blood-poisoning process of vaccina- 
tion — compulsory vaccination — with fire-arms behind it ! Think 


of this, freedom-loving American citizens, and blush for your 
country ! 

Soon after their anival Miss Nora Donahue, Worcester, 
Mass., was reported by the Health Board to be suffering from 
small -pox and was sent to the pest-house. The Steamboat 
Company, bestirring itself, the Boston Board of Health went 
to Worcester and after due investigation and examination de- 
cided that the case was not small-pox. In the meantime it came 
out that this young woman had been twice vaccinated, once 
when she left Queenstown and again as she entered the harbor 
of New York, but that "neither took" — when the plain truth 
was it took too well, producing "a new disease," said the 
Rockland (Mass.) Independent, "worse than the small-pox." 
This is what we have all along contended for, that vaccination 
creates new diseases, as well as sows the seeds and lays the 
foundation for eczema, erysipelas, ulcers, tumors, cancers, and 
other of the filthiest, festering diseases known to the human 


Dr. R. M. Leverson, of Fort Hamilton, gave his views on 
vaccination before the Brooklyn Philadelphia Association in 
Williamsburg, Jan. 14th, 1900. He said: "Should small-pox 
be discovered in your family, do not be foolish enough to send 
for your doctor or any other one who would notify the Board 
of — well, some call it Health. Do not, I say, resort to that. All 
this talk about the danger of the disease is exaggerated. It is 
easily treated and not in any way formidable. The importance 
of vaccination as a subject of discussion is increased now, be- 
cause of the prevalence of bubonic plague in many sections. It 
is the disease which a generation ago was predicted by those 


who opposed vaccination. Scientifically we say the cow-pox 
was really the specific disease of an animal. Vaccination means 
the inoculation of the dreaded taint, and the bubonic plague is 
nothing more nor less than the result, is a sporadic form, of 
this evil specific disease." — New York Tri-Weekly, Jan. 15th, 

The above is a note of warning — I do not say timely warn- 
ing, for the time is past. A century of vaccination over the 
civilized world has fullv prepared the soil for the crop which 
we must now reap. It has been prepared in India, where for 
two generations compulsory vaccination has been forced en the 
native population — mostly arm to arm vaccination, which has 
given rise to a distinct diathesis, and to new and before unheard 
of diseases, as set forth at the beginning of this chapter. Bu- 
bonic plague is undoubtedly one of thes^ new species, which 
will abundantly flourish during the first quarter of the twen- 
tieth century. 

The wholesale vaccination on ihe Hawaiian Islands since 
1853 has prepared the soil there, and as I write — January, 1900 
— the dreaded plague has gained a strong foothold there, and 
will undoubtedly reach the Pacific Coast during the ensuing 
summer. At any rate, sooner or later it is bound to come and 
ravage the United States, for a poorly-informed public have 
submitted themselves to be made merchandise of by a class of 
semi-consciousless physicians, until sloth and ignorance will 
exact a sterner mode of teaching". The object lessons which 
the plague, with varied zymotic diseases, will furnish, may have 
the effect of opening the eyes of an apathetic public to the 
grave violations of physiological law to which they have so long 
blindly submitted. 

Unlike the yellow fever, bubonic plague is most virulent in 
winter, but like all zymotic diseases, its home is where filth 
abounds. It continues to spread in India, and in the city of 


Bombay it acts fatally within a few hours. The natives refuse 
European aid, remembering well the sad lesson taught them by 
the vaccinators. Nearly all cases prove fatal. Everywhere 
there are little puddles of water, especially in the suburbs, 
amidst the most filthy surroundings, and the water is used by 
the natives, they preferring it to the water supplied by the city 
authorities. Last winter (1899) there were 250 deaths daily 
in Bombay, sometimes 2,500 a week. The epidemic recedes 
for a few weeks during the hottest season ; then reappears with 
destructive violence when the cooler weather sees in. 


Just as "inoculation" was prohibited by law in England, so 
will vaccination in both England and Amerira soon be strenu- 
ously prohibited by law. Its death knell is already being 
sounded. All honor to Covington, Ky., for pronouncing vac- 
cination "felony" for physicians. This, bear in mind, is one of 
the highest classes of offenses with a severe penalty attached 
thereto. Here is what the Cincinnnati Times-Star, May 2nd, 
says : 

"At the meeting of the Covington City Council Monday 
night the ordinance demanding compulsory vaccination was 
repealed. Mr. Evans, from the Third ward, introduced an 
ordinance making it a felony for any physician to vaccinate a 
person under any circumstances and provided a fine therefor 
of $100 and four months' imprisonment." 

The English inoculation fad had its reign in Britain and 
died. The cow-pox lymph, the serum and the anti-toxin will 
pass away with the increased intelligence characterizing this 
era of thought and profound research. 

Just now, there is a bubonic-plague scare in San Francisco, 
originating, the Press says, among the doctors and directed 


towards the Chinese. On my third journey to and through 
the great cities of India, I was brought into close connection 
with this plague, which, like the small-pox, is a disease of dirt 
and filth. It first appeared in Bombay among the underground 
rats and then among the poorest and dirtiest poition of the 
lower caste. It seldom affects the cleanly, and if it did, it would 
be comparatively harmless. Those treated with drastic drugs 
generally died. Those placed under cleanly sanitary conditions 
lived. This disease should have been called the glandular 
rather than bubonic plague. Those previously tainted with 
syphilis, gonorrhea, and whose blood had been poisoned with 
calf-lymph virus, were the first attacked by this oriental dis- 
ease. Women were seldom seriously affected by it. The San 
Franisco Press of May 20lb, says: "there are several cases of 
bubonic plague in the city and that portion of the city occu- 
pied by the Chinese." The San Diego Sun of May 24th pub- 
lishes the following: "A great number of Japanese have vol- 
untarily presented themselves for inoculation with serum, and a 
few, L-ut not many, Chinese have submitted to treatment." 

Inspection of the Chinese quarters is in progress, and san- 
itary measures are being enforced. 

The Chronicle editorirdly declares that there has been no real 
cases of bubonic plague, and said the cry was raised by the city 
board of health, some of which are physicians, to compel the 
supervisors to appropriate a large sum of money to hire an 
army of guards and inspectors, and that the whole scheme is a 
political conspiracy." 

No doubt, this scare and scheme was "a conspiracy" be- 
tween the politicians and physicians for selfish ends, all of 
which is painfully deplorable, in this boasting, self-assertive age 
of civilization and moral enlightenment. 



The Homeo Envoy, Philadelphia, Pa., records the case of 
a man, who in the category of a good compulsory law-abiding 
citizen, was vaccinated with pure glycerinated lymph and "it 
took" — took so well that the doctor got frightened and had 
him quarantined for the reason that the vaccination had actually 
developed into a full-fledged case of pronounced small-pox. 
The family physician, with a great degree of gravity, said: 
"This is unaccountable — unaccountable !" 

Recently, says that eminent physician, J. W. Hodge, M. D., 
Niagara Falls, N. Y., "The Buffalo Courier printed a statement 
taken from the records of the surgeon general's office at Manila 
showing the number of fatalities and their causes among our 
troops up to the second of last June. 

"According to this compilation," says the editor of the 
Courier, "of 699 privates, 294 died of wounds received in action, 
9 killed accidentally, 23 were drowned, 7 committed suicide, 106 
died of typhoid fever, 89 of small-pox and 14 of meningitis." 

By examining the above tabulation we find that the deaths 
from small-pox among our troops (all of whom, without excep- 
tion, have been repeatedly vaccinated since leaving this coun- 
try) constitute 317, nearly 50 per cent, of the entire number of 
deaths from all diseases. 

The Courier frankly and truthfully says: "Opponents of 
vaccination find a good argument in this condition of affairs at 

In many of the old countries where vaccination has been 
tried long and faithfully, its compulsion has been abandoned 
from the army. In Sweden, Norway, Belgium, Holland and 
Switzerland no soldier is now obliged to be vaccinated. The 
prevalence and fatality of small-pox among our much vaccinated 
troops in the Philippines is no unique experience and does not 


at all surprise those who are familiar with the history of vac- 
cination. The London Morning Advertiser of Nov. 24, 1870, 
reported as follows : "Small-pox is making great havoc in the 
ranks of the Prussian army, which is reported to have 30,000 
small-pox patients in its hospitals. These were all vaccinated 
and re-vaccinated." 

And yet there are doctors — rather non-studious medical 
professionals (complimentarily called "physicians"), who per- 
sistently tell the people that vaccination prevents small-pox. 
They either do, or they do not know better Do they think — 
do they observe — do they investigate — do they study and rea- 
son? It has been wisely said that he who will not reason is a 
bigot, he who dare not is coward, and he who can not is an idiot. 
Each back-chapter physician, touching this all-important matter 
of small-pox, vaccination and anti-vaccination, must necessarily 
pose upon one of the points of the above trilemma. Take your 
positions, Physicians ! The people constitute the jury. 


"He who said the age of myths was psst was surely un- 
acquainted with the suspicious ways of certain doctors in sus- 
taining the tottering vaccine idol. Perhaps the most remarkable 
of the many fables invented by the advocates of vaccination to 
bolster up the Jennerian dogma, surely the basest and most 
insistent is that known as the "Franco-German war statistic." 

Along in 1872 the following falsehood first appeared in 
English print, in the British Medical Journal. In June, 1883, 
it was used by Sir Lyon Playfair in a debate in the Commons 
and challenged by Mr. P. A. Taylor. Sir Lyon Playfair, wav- 
ing Dr. Colon's book, La Variola, said, "I got it from the 
Physician General of the French armv," but he did not, for in- 
vestigation showed it was not in the book, nor was Colon ever 


physician general of the army. In the official report of the 
speech Play fair had it put "I give these figures on the author- 
ity of Dr. Philenus of the German Reichstag, and of similar fig- 
ures of the statistical congress in St. Petersburg." This started 
a new line of investigation which revealed the fact, that it first 
appeared as a stray newspaper paragraph in an Austrian journal. 
So here in brief we have a fanciful tale involved in the imag- 
inative brain of an unknown newspaper man, through an Aus- 
trian-Russian-German-English source to prove a French sta- 
tistic that never did have any foundation in truth. 

The matter was not allowed to rest here. Earl Granvillle in 
Paris was appealed to by Dr. Carpenter, (who was very active 
in disseminating the lie) and Granville reported that the French 
authorities stated the deaths from small-pox were unknown, 
that the confusion was too great for registry, thus effectually 
disposing of the French part of it. The story was publicly re- 
tracted in the London News, August, 1883.* And the Ger- 
man part tared no bettei for Herr Lisouke, in a letter to Geo. 
S. Gibbs, dated July 20th, 1883, expressed regret that during 
the twelve months of the war the deaths from small-pox were 
not recorded. So followed the German ha!* of the lie. 

Herr Steiger, February, 1883, at Berne, gave the German 
loss lrom small-pox as 3,162, the French as 23,469; by June, 
1883, Playfair got it down to 261 and by the time the British 
Medical Journal published it the second time in 1898 it had 
dropped to 49, and 23,400 respectively. The French army was 
perfectly vaccinated, but a part of it was not re-vaccinated be- 
fore this campaign. Dr. Bayard says, "Re-vaccination origin- 
ated in France, and every soldier is revaccinated on his entrance 
into the regiment — our army knows no exceptions." 

Dr. Oidtmann. staff surgeon, says : "Shortly before the 
war the whole French army was re-vaccinated. This general 
re-vaccination tended rather to extend small-pox than to protect 

*The first edition of "Vaccination Vindicated, by Dr. McVail contained this falsehood, 
but in the second edition (1898) it is dropped. And it is weil that it was, for infamy in 
sustaining a bad cause could not have weil gone further. 


against it." Dr. Colon, in charge of the small-pox hospital 
Bicetre, says : "The mortality was much less in the militia who 
were not re-vaccinated than in the regular army which was re- 
vaccinatecl." Dr. Jehner in Etiology of Variola, says : "The 
French prisoners were not sick on their arrival, but small-pox 
in epidemic form broke out among them after they were placed 
in Gei man camps ; all measures to repress it, even the daily re- 
vaccination in mass were useless. Even the German guards 
took sick." The soldiers were finally washed and their clothes 
steamed, and from that time the epidemic rapidly declined. 
(Phys. Jl., 1873). 

It is no new thing to go to Germany for proofs of the value 
of vaccination. I have a copy of Hall's Journal of Health, Oc- 
tober, i860, that says, "The Prussian more than any govern- 
ment in existence, practices vaccination, every soldier is re- 
vaccinated upon entering the army. 

Early in 1870, Dr. Seaton, of the English local govern- 
ment board, before the Commons, declared that Prussia was 
well protected; and that that country was safe, yet inside a year 
59,839 persons died from small-pox in Prussia; 2,083 in Berlin 
alone. Nor did the we'J vaccinated army fare any better. Dr. 
Creighton, the great epidemiologist, says : "Evidence as to re- 
vaccination on a large scale comes from the army. The rate 
from small-pox in the German army, was 60 per cent, more 
than among the civil .population of the samp age. The Bava- 
rian contingent, re-vaccfnated without exception, had five times 
ine death rate from small-pox that the civil population of the 
same age had, though vaccination is not obligatory among the 
latter. The statistics of Prof. Vogt, of Berne, prove the same 

Severe epidemics are not unknown in Germany in these 
days. Nor are deaths and injuries from vaccination uncom- 
mon. So true is this that in 1896 the German Imperial Health 


Board, alarmed at the increasing anti-vaccinationisfs, and their 
growing influence, issued a pamphlet cf 192 pages confessedly 
for the purpose of meeting their ever increasing attacks. As 
the annual income of the loctors from vaccination is over 40,- 
000,000 marks this zeal is easily understood. Even forcible vac- 
cination of all children is advocated, of course, at State rates. 

The pamphlet was at once attacked by the anti-vaccination- 
ists, and charges made that the German mortality list contained 
no column for deaths from vaccination ; and that all such deaths 
are covered up under secondary causes, such as erysipelas, 
pyemia, etc., that it is a written rule in the army that even in 
severe cases of small-pox, such illness is entered as skin erup- 
tion, and Col. Spohr, 48 years in service, testified to hearing 
army surgeons censured for entering recruit^ as suffering from 
small-pox, and that small-pox cases were always entered under 
some "appropriate illness." 

Dr. J. A. Henscl, late surgeon in the German army, in an 
address delivered in Salt Lake City, Feb. 2nd, 1900, said in 
brief: "In June, 1888, I was on duty in Strasburg, and over 
2,000 small-pox cases were in the pest house ; every one suc- 
cessfully- vaccinated but three months before, for the third 
time. I myself, was laid up for five weeks, although I had been 
vaccinated for the seventh time, successfully. In 1898 I wit- 
nessed the amputation of three arms and the discharge of four 
men from the army for general disability, all from vaccination. 
After this experience I am convinced that vaccination is no 
protection against small- pox. Dirty barracks started the epi- 

December, 1899, R. Gerding was held before the Berlin 
Criminal Court for making these charges in his book on small- 
pox and found guilty, but the supreme court promptly re- 
versed the case and ordered the State treasury to pay all the 
cost. A German corespondent in December, 1897, wrote : 


"We must not lose sight of the fact that the German doctors 
are experts at making statistics. Fine sounding new names, 
as 'variolides,' etc., are invented for diseases from which people 
die, but by no recording deaths, small-pox is made to appear 
as stamped out." So after all the abscence of German army 
small-pox is simply a case of logic, for vaccination prevents 
small-pox; these men are vaccinated and can not take small- 
pox; therefore, there is, and can be, no small-pox in the Ger- 
man army. 

It is a too common habit of the vaccinators to pick up 
figures anywhere and vouch for them as authentic, just be- 
cause they happen to lie in favor of vaccination. 

In June, 1898, the British Medical Journal again started the 
same old lie, and it began the round of the American press. 
From Maine to California has it circulated, appearing in all state 
health bulletins, including the Government bulletins and quoted 
as gospel by Surgeon General Sternberg in defense of his fre- 
quent poisoning of the poor soldier boys in the far East, who 
continue to die of smali-pox, despite the assertions of Surgeon 
Lippincott, that our army is the best vaccinated army ever put 
in the field. 

There is some excuse for the laity not knowing these facts, 
but there is, at this late day, no good excuse for all physicians 
not knowing the truth, and with them it is either a case of woe- 
ful ignorance or wilful lying." — F. D. Blue. 

All medical journalists, or doctors, who have published or 
mouthed this falsehood — malicious falsehood — should, if pro- 
fesed Christians, read upon their knees Revelations xxi. VIII. : 
"But the fearful, the abominable, the murderers, the whore- 
mongers (the abortionists) and all liars" — mark these last words 
— "and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burnetii 
with fire and brimstone : which is the second death." 

And why this terrible doom? Possible because, as the 
Scripture saith, they have put the "mark of the beast" — (cow- 


pox lymph) — upon our children's arms and limbs ; and further, 
before God and men they have repeatedly lied for the glory of 
vaccine virus — the curst of the centurv ! 


In the foregoing p?ges I have endeavored to bring into 
prominence the following features of f he Vaccination question: 

(i.) That Vaccination was neither a scientific discovery, 
nor is its claim as a prophylactic against small-pox valid or 
philosophical. Vaccinanon with sphilitic virus to prevent the 
"bad" disease would be jast as rational; but that has been tried 
and abandoned. Dr. Koch's much vaunted tuberculin has been 
tried in almost every country on the globe, and proved to be 
worse than useless. Indeed, if the principle on which vaccina- 
tion is predicted was founded in physiological laws, then every 
zymotic disease might be similarly prevented. 

(2.) That the vaccine virus is invariably a form of putrefy- 
ing animal tissue which while its substance and quality may in 
part be determined by the microscope and chemical analysis, it 
nevertheless declares bv its effects that it contains subtle poten- 
cies which present day analysis is utterly unable to detect ; and 
therefore that its inoculation in the blood of a human being is 
always attended with grave danger and often plants in the body 
the most loathsome anc incurable diseases known to men. 
Vaccination is aiways a form of blood-poisoning, while the vaccine 
virus is often the vehicle of specific occult qualities and seeds 
of disease which defies all present powers of detection. More- 


over, such poisons are a hundredfold more dangerous when in- 
troduced through a skin puncture than if taken into the stom- 

(3.) That the much vaunted rite of Vaccination fails to 
"protect." I have adduced ample evidence that the vaccinated 
are just as liable to an attack of small-pox as the unvaccinated 
— especially during a srtall-pox epidemic; that epidemic out- 
breaks of the disease have nothing to do with the question of 
-accination, but everything to do with habits and modes of liv- 
ig. The quarter in a great city where the people are clean, 
nealthy and vigorous, never suffers severely from small-pox, 
even in epidemic years. On the other hand, small-pox has its 
home and breeding ground in filth, poverty, wretchedness, in- 
temperance, and over-crowding — a fact about which vaccinators 
are uniformly silent. All that is needed to evert an attack of 
small-pox is uniform obedience to hygienic and sanitary laws ; 
and should small-pox symptoms appear when one is thus forti- 
fied, it need not be feared more than a mild attack of measles. 
Then a rational procedure is not to resor L to a drug spcific 
but suggests a wise use of the natural accessories of air, water 
a cooi temperature and a ^pare diet. Then the disease need 
never pass even into the confluent form. Generally, if people had 
small-pox under the same circumstances that induce cow-pox, 
it would rarely assume the malignant form, except where it has 
its own natural breeding ground — filth. Epidemic small-pox 
is the cyclonic culmination of causes that have become ripe for 
expression ; and those caases might be scientifically anticipated 
and effectually removed before they reach the typhus or the 
small-pox stage of epidemic intensity. 

(4.) I have pointed out that vaccination — destructive and 
desolating as it has proved to be — has become the curse par-ex- 
cellence of civilization through its alliance with the politico- 
state. No man has a right to disease another against his will. 


It is indeed a most intolerable tyranny to compel vaccination 
by law. It is un-American. It is unconstitutional. It is dan- 
gerous, often causing death. No privileged class ever before 
formed so unholy a compact with the state as has the medical 
profession in respect to vaccination. Compulsory vaccination 
is the most flagrant — the most dastard crime ever perpetrated 
against the liberty of the citizen, and its permission of tolera- 
tion on the statute books of the states in th^-se United States, 
raises a serious query whether democratic populations are in- 
telligent enough to govern themselves. The permission given 
by American voters to thei: servants —the Legislators — to 
frame and enact into law such an infamous statute, is a pretty 
sure prophecy that the people's liberties will at last fall some- 
thing as Rome's fell, before the miserly schemes of the priv- 
ileged classes. 

(5.) I have pointed out how the populace is becoming 
aroused in various towns and municipalities where Boards of 
Health have closed the public schools to unvaccinated children ; 
but these local contents, being fractional and scattered, will 
bear but little fruit toward securing the repeal of the compul- 
sory law. There is no general uprising of the whole people, 
no aroused public seniment to thunder at the doors of the 
State Legislatures, no well-informed populace regarding the 
real status and respect oi this vital question. Therefore, the re- 
peal of compulsory vaccination laws in this country belongs to 
the indefinite future. 

6. That vaccination has been convicted as the vile par- 
ent and direct cause of a long list of incurable diseases, such as 
scrofula, syphilis, erysipelas, eczema, cancer, consumption, lep- 
rosy, boils, tumors, and other diseases for which science has not 
as yet found a name. r iom a very large recorded list of vac- 
cinal injuries, fatalities and deaths, I have cited a few cases, 
enough, however, to incl.cate the menacing danger which con- 
stantly threatens ,and w'lich ought to be sufficient to deter fath- 


ers and mothersof children from subjecting them to be poisoned 
with the vaccinator's lance, whatever the legal penalties might 
be. Defy the compulsory law, stamp it in the dust, pay fines, 
be imprisoned if needs be, die the martyr's death — do anything 
rather than have your children's blood poisoned and their 
health wrecked for life. 

(7.) That the root and inciting cause of all this vaccination 
tyranny centers in the inordinary "love of money" — the mad 
lust for gold. Money is the universal solvent. It is the sym- 
bol of everything which the earthly natural man desires, and will 
procure everything which he desires, power, privilege, office, 
emoluments, ease, luxury, flattery, worldly honor, the favors 
of women, unholy gratifications, etc. The love of money im- 
pulses every class, whether in law, theology, politics, trade, or 
especially the medical vaccinator — to plot against the liberty of 
the citizen, i. e., to reduce the citizen to a condition of depend- 
ence where tribute may be exacted of him. 

It was along these lines the medical profession lobbied 
governments and legislal.ii res and secured a compulsory vac- 
cination law, for which they promised the most and fulfilled the 
least, of any corrupt ring that ever formed a league with the 
state, or cursed a countiy — and all to "protect" the dear peo- 
ple from an attack of small-pox (?) Reader, friend and fellow- 
citizen, your protection never occupied the smallest corner in the 
vaccinator's heart. He sows calf-lymph virus to reap a har- 
vest today, and larger, richer harvest in the future. Let us 
think, study, pray, write, vote and remove this compulsory 
curse from our statute books ; then the vaccination delusion 
will speedily disappear, r.nd Americans enjoy the freedom for 
•vhich their foremothers prayed and their forefathers fought and 
died. Henceforth — toil on — vote for men, not politicians. 
Your homes are your casrles, defend ihem against the aggres- 
sions of the deadly vaccinator. Fight with pen and tongue and 


ballot for the right, and though the evening be gray, and the 
night dark, morning will come. 

"Look up, look up, desponding soul, 

The clouds are only seeming, 
The light belv.nd the darkening scroll, 

Eternally io beaming. 

The warm glad glow of deathless youth, 

Shall crown the true endeavor ; 
The tide of God's immortal truth, 

Climbs up and on forever." 


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fDan a 5oul**E>to it preexist? 

From whence the Immortal Soul ? This question of the nature and 
the origin of the human soul has occupied the thought of the world's 
best thinkers through all the ages. Did it begin to exist with the 


body ? Is it evolved from the bod}- ? Did it ascend up through all 
the lower orders of creation, or is it a potentialized portion of God? 
What relation does pre-existence bear — if any, to transmigration, re- 
incarnation or re-embodiment. Price 25 cents. 

Unfcta anfc Iber flDagtc. 

A lecture delivered by Dr. Peebles' before the medical students of the 
College of Science in San Francisco, January, 1S95. Astounding 
wonders described that he witnessed during his three journeys around 
the world. Price 10 cents. « 


A handsomely bound book of 300 pages, showing the proofs of a 
future existence from consciousness, intuition, reason and Psychic 
demonstrations. Price $1. 00; paper, 50 cents. 

Gbe Cbriot Question Settles. 

A magnificently bound volume of 400 pages — a very symposium by 
Rabbi Wise, J. S. Loveland, Hudson Tuttle, W. E. Coleman, Colonel 
Ingersol, J. R. Buchanan and others, treating of the existence of 
Jesus, His Conception, His Manhood or Godhead. What the Grostics 
said of Him. What the Talmud said of Him. What the learned 
Rabbi I. M. Wise and other erudite Jews said of Him. What Cerin- 
thus, Celsus, Julian and Pagan philosophers said of Him. What 
ministering angels through intermediaries said of Him. Notwith- 
standing the Atheism and the icy Materialism rampant in some por- 
tions of the world, it is conceded by those competent to form a sonnd 
judgment that this book absolutely settles the qu< stion of Jesus' ex- 
istence, and His mission to this world. Price #1.25. 


Its import and duration, a review of the Rev. Dr. Kipp's sermon de- 
livered in the Presbyterian church, San Diego, Cal., upon "What is 
Hell?" by Dr. J. M. Peebles. A pamphlet of 25 pages. Price 10 

£be Seers of the Hges. 

This large volume (9th edition) treats exhaustively of the Seers, 
Sages, Prophets and Inspired Men of the past, with records of their 
visions, trances, and intercourse with the invisible world. It gives 
the Doctor's belief concerning God, Heaven, Hell, Inspiration, Bap- 
tism, Faith, Repentance, Judgment, Evil Demons, the Resurrection, 
Prayer, Immortality, etc. etc. This book of some 400 pages, consid- 


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\l 2 1 2005 

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